THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 26,1963
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1963 THE MiCHIGAN DAILY PA(E
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B'NAI B'RITH HILLEL FOUNDATION
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Friday, Sept. 27, 7P.M., RackhamnLecture Hall
U.S. Halts Dominican Relations
By EDWARD HERSTEIN
If the United States does not
exert pressure to restore democ-
racy in the Dominican Republic,
then it shows that "the Kennedy
administration does not have its
heart in the promotion of democ-
racy in the hemisphere," Prof.
Martin C. Needler of the political
science department said yester-
"Certainly it will withhold rec-
ognition (of the new regime), but
this is.only a matter of form."
Prof. Needler asserted that the
United\States could do far more
than that. "When we've wanted to
we've shown we could exert pres-
sure," he said.
Prof. Needler called the coup
that ousted Dominican Republic
President Juan Bosch "extremely
unfortunate." It is a step back-
ward in the "evolution toward
democracy that has been taking
place very gradually in recent
years" in Latin America.
Prof. Needler said that while
"it is true in general" that recent
military coups in Latin America
"have been directed, however mis-
takenly, toward the public good
rather than toward private ad-
vantage," he would "be more than
a little skeptical" in this case.
"Regardless of what justifica-
tion the military have given for
the coup, Bosch was the only demo-
cratically elected president in the
history of the Dominican Repub-
lic. This coup is a very serious
"I will be looking with interest
to see how this is handled,", said
The United States has already
withdrawn recognition of the
island nation, but Prof. Needler
cited thestationing of Marine and
warships just outside the Domini-
can Republic's three-mile limit as
a more powerful form of pressure
the United States has used before.
Kennedy Sets Group.
To Study Wheat Trade
WASHINGTON (M)-President John F. Kennedy moved into the
Soviet-United States wheat sale question yesterday by requesting two
House committees to meet with Secretary of Agriculture Orville L.
Freeman and Secretary of Commerce Luther Hodges today and review
The request was made of the agriculture and foreign affairs com-
mittees. Announcing this last night, agriculture chairman Harold D.
By The Associated Press
SAIGON-Combat police nipped
in the bud late yesterday a Bud-
dhist anti-government demonstra-
tion that was attempted while the
presence of President John F.
Kennedy's military survey team
centered international attention
* * *
UNITED NATIONS - Senegal's
foreign minister, Doudou Phiam,
said yesterday African nations
would submit a resolution to the
United Nations General Assembly
demanding the expulsion of Por-
* * *
JAKARTA - Talk of military
movements on both sides punctu-
ated the Indonesian-Malaysian,
crisis yesterday. President Sukarno
declared Indonesia will crush Ma-
laysia, a British-backed federa-
tion which he called neo-colonial-
The Malaysian defense ministry
in Kuala Lumpur announced plans
to ship two battalions of a crack
Malay regiment to reinforce de-
fenses of the anti-Communist fed-
eration's Borneo members, Sara-
wak and Sabah.
* * *
ROME-The Italian government
warned last night that the nation's
economy is in grave danger.
*, * *
NEW YORK-The New Yorkj
Stock Exchange surged further in-
to record high ground yesterday,
then ebbed swiftly after profit-
taking. Dow-Jones 65-stock aver-
age was down .74, 30 industrials
down 2.27, 20 rails off .34, and 15
utilities off .15.
Cooley (D-NC) said a joint meet-
ing of the two committees with+
the Cabinet members will be held
Heightens Speculation +
Kennedy's request heightened
speculation that the Soviet Union
already has approached the United
States government, either direct-
ly or indirectly through trade'
sources, regarding the possibility
of buying American grain.
Cooley said the joint session will
go into recent Canadian and Aus-
tralian sales of grain to the Reds
as well as whether this country
should relax policies to encourage
Soviet purchases of farm products.
"If our policy is to step aside
and permit all other free world
nations to take world markets, we
will never be able to sell the com-
modities we now have stored in
our warehouses," Cooley said.
\ Rusk Confers on Wheat
Meanwhile at the United Na-
tions, Secretary of State Dean
Rusk conferred yesterday on sell-
ing wheat to Communist Czecho-
Czech Foreign Minister Vaclav
David said Czechoslovakia's wheat
crop is better this year than last
but his country still needs wheat
and would buy from the United
States if conditions are right.
Rusk took the position that "we
are not soliciting, but we are list-
ening" on any wheat offer.
United States sources said Amer-
ican policy-which has contribut-
ed to limiting United States trade
with the Red bloc in the past--
still is to bar subsidized sales to
the Communists and require cash
But Rusk obviously was listen-
ing hard amid the echoes of Rus-
sia's $500 million wheat deal with
Canada. The United States sources
said he voiced hope for a quick
windup of 8-year-old secondary fi-
nancial negotiations with the
Czechs which would pave the way
for wider trade.
Cuts Off Aid
SANTO DOMINGO (R) - The
armed forces and police yesterday
overthrew Juan D. Bosch, the Do-
minican Republic's first legally
elected president in a generation.
Leaders of the plot charged that
Bosch's eight-month rule-a se-
quel to the Trujillo dictatorship-
had plunged the country into
The United States quickly sus-
pended relations with the nation
of 3 million that shares the island
of Hispaniola with Haiti.
The United States aid program
also was suspended, and a State
Department spokesman in Wash-
ington said "any overthrow of a
democratically elected government
is a loss to the policies of the
countries of this hemisphere, in-
cluding our own."
Bosch was variously reported
under arrest inthe presidential
palace and at the San Isidro mili-
tary base about nine miles from
the capital. There were rumors
abroad that he was being flown
Many left wingers were arrest-
ed. Communists and leftist orga-
nizations supporting Cuban Prime
Minister Fidel Castro were out-
lawed. White-helmeted riot police
tore down their signs and slogans.
At least two political leaders
were reported to have taken poli-
tical asylum in Latin American
The military leaders summoned
heads of opposition parties to pick
a "respectable man" to succeed
Bosch. Members of Bosch's Do-
minican revolutionary party and
their allies were not invited to the
session aimed at setting up a
In the meantime, the military
abolished the constitution and dis-
solved the legislature. Public gath-
erings throughout the country
were banned. Schools, all stores
and factories were closed.
Santo Domingo remained calm.
The only sign of the military take-
over was the posting of a machine-
gun in the square in front of the
KOL NIDRE SERVICE
Address: Dr. Carl Cohen, Prof. of Philosophy
"On Personal Ideals and Collective Morality"
Choir directed by Dan Eichenbaumn
JUAN D. BOSCH
... eight month ru
Saturday, Sept. 28,
Traditional Service, 9 A.M., Rackham Lecture Hall
Reform Service, 10 A.M., Zwerdling-Cohn Chapel, at Hillel
Break-the-Fast Dinner, A LA CARTE
at Michigan League, 6:45 p.m.
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