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August 27, 1963 - Image 21

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-08-27

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Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom

V, No. 1



teulty Act in Ma
[JA Groups}
iss 'U' Policies r..xf_ .

i The University Senate is made
up of all members of the faculty,
all the executive and central ad-
ministrative officers of the 'Uni-
versity, and the deans of the
schools and colleges.
It deals with any subject which
it considers of relevance to the
University and the action it takes
is binding on the faculty, as long
as the area in which the, action
has been, taken does not enter into
the area of jurisdiction of the in-
dividual colleges and schools jur-
isdiction. It is a potentially power-
ful body and in the past has taken
the leading role in some controver-
sies of vital importance to Uni-
versity policy. Its vigor has waned
somewhat in the past few years, al-
though the possibility for concrete
action is by no means dead.
Perhaps the most important
branch of the University Senate is
the Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs, which is made
up of 17 members of the University
Senate elected by that body. Any
matter of University policy the
president choosestoybring before
SACUA is discussed and, the de-
cision SACUA makes is relayed to
the president. Here it has the pow-
er to consider and advise only,
Ihowever, as on all matters within
the jurisdiction of the University
Senate "which affect the func-
tions of the University as an in-
stitute for higher learning."
Major Committees



he major committes of SACUA
the Educational Policies Com-
ee chaired by Dr. John Hen-
on of the Medical School, the
pus Planning and Develop-
t Committee chaired by Prof.
win Waterman of the Busi-
s Administration School, the
ic Relations Committee chair-
y.Prof. Howard Peckham of
history departMent, the Stu-
Relations Committee chaired
'rof. Richard L. Cutler of the
hology department, the Re-
ch Policy Committee chaired
Prof. Gordon Brown of the
lic Health School, the Univer-
Freedom and Responsibility
mittee chaired by Prof. Claude
rtson of the Education School,
Professionalism in Inter-Col-
te Athletics Committee chair-
y Prof. Robert C. Angell of the
>ogy department, and the
-Round Operations Commit-
chaired by Prof. Stewart
rch of the Engineering Col-

.. SACUA head
Fills Need,
The Dearborn Center of the
University is a unique develop-
ment in American college educa-
This Center was developed by
the University at the request of
industry. It was developed in re-
sponse to a specific need in a
specific place.
The entire program at the Dear-
born Center has been set up to
comply as completely as possible
with this need and to retain all
the usual high standards of ad-
mission, instruction, and gradua-
tion of the Ann Arbor campus.
Aids Lower Colleges
In order to add support to the
various community colleges in the
state it was decided that the Degr-
born Center would include facili-
ties for only junior, senior, and
graduate work.
The standards of admission are
the same as those for any transfer
student entering the University.
Admission is open to all qualified
students in regular four-year col-
leges, University students, and
parallel program community col-
There are three programs of in-
struction offered at the Center.
These are. Business Administra-
tion, Engineering and Liberal Arts
with teachers certification for both
elementary and secondary schools.
Provide Liberal Arts
It was decided at the time of
development that the enrichment
given this campus by the liberal
arts program was invaluable and
that the same enrichment should
be offered rstudents at the Dear-
born Center. As long as ',he pro-
gram was there it. seemed only
logical to make it a full degree
Another of the unique aspects
of this center is its co-operative
program with industry. In this
program a student in Business
Administration, Engineering, or
some parts of the liberal arts pro-
gram will alternate semesters be-
tween on campus instruction and
working in his chosen field in
It gives the instruction at the
Center the vitality and currency
that is deeply needed by industry.
It keeps the students completely
abreast of the latest technological
advancements. And perhaps most
important, it acts as a guidance
counseling service of the first or-
der, allowing students to be sure
the field they have chosen is what
they want by actual work in the

ny Areas
AAUP Preserves
Academic Rights
The chief means for guarding
academic freedom at the disposal
of University faculty members is
to support the local chapter of the
American Association of Univer-
sity Professors.
Several hundred faculty are
The AAUP is a national body
whose members include faculty
from colleges and universities all
across the nationsand whose pri-
mary dedication is to the preser-
vation of academic freedom.
The term academic freedom
means the right of professors to
express their opinions freely and
without tear of reprisal from their
school if the opinion happens to
be a controversial one. The most
common deterrent a professor
faces m voicing controversial ideas
is the fear that he may lose his
job as a result of his outspokeness.
Political Pressure
The AAUP has no legal or ac-
tual powers but it wields a strong
political pressure in the form of
censure. If it is called in to in-
vestigate a question of academic
freedom violation and finds the
case to be such a violation it cen-
sures the accused institution. The
censure list is published in the
AAUP bulletin. Public statements
are also issued at the time of the
censure /which the AAUP hopes
will pressure the school into re-
vising whatever policy or action:
had been in question.
The University was on the AAUP
censure list from 1955-59 because
of certain Regents' bylaws which
the AAUP felt violated faculty
members' rights.
Last year the University chap-
ter of the AAUP spoke out on
several issues. It expressed op-
position to the policy of censor-
ship directed at the Flint Junior
College student newspaper. It cen-
sured the faculty intimidation at
the University of Mississippi and
investigated charges of academic
freedom violations regarding the
dismissal of Prof. Samual Shapiro
at Michigan State University-
Koch Case
The charges brought before the
AAUP are varied. One of the long-
est lasting cases was that of Prof.
Leo Koch at the University of
Illinois. Three years ago Koch
made some statements in the stu-
dent newspaper condoning free
love. He was fired a while later
as a result of the adverse pressure
put on the university.
After an extremely lengthy de-
bate the AAUP put the University
of Illinois on its censure list for
failing to use due process of law
in firing Koch.
, The Shapiro case at Oakland
aroused a furor at the University.
Groups picketed in front of the
Oakland student center and the
AAUP was asked to investigate.
The local AAUP looked into the
case and issued a statement criti-
cizing the rationale Oakland used
in dismissing Shapiro.
In Mississippi the faculty faced
strong pressure from the national
AAUP for its continued silence in
the face of the injustices faced
by James Meredith. The faculty
was accused of abnegating its
duty as ,teachers because of its
failure to take the responsibility
many felt was so clearly laid upon
its shoulders.
Groups like the University Sen-
ate also offer faculty a means of
voicing disfavor at certain Uni-
versity practices, although again,
any decisions made in the Senate

have only the advisory power the ,
AAUP decisions have.

Nehuss Acts as Chief Deputy
In February of 1962, the Regents established the post of Execu-
tive Vice-President and Marvin L. Niehuss was chosen to fill it.
Regent Carl Brablec of Roseville commented at that time that
heretofore "the by-laws have not provided the President with a com-
petent deputy. I'm glad this has'been remedied."'
As executive vice-president, Niehuss is the chief assistant to
President Harlan H. Hatcher. When the University's chief executive is
away, Niehuss assumes command.
During his 11 year stint as vice-president and dean of faculties,:
Niehuss became a familiar figure in Lansing and at Regents' meet-
ings, attempting to inform these.

Hatcher as


bodies about University needs, and
faculty needs in particular.
Roger M. Heyns took over many
of Niehuss' old duties in his post
of vice-president for academic af-
fairs. This allowed Niehuss to be
free to concentrate his engergies
on relations with the state and
federal government.
He joined the faculty in 1927 as
an instructor in the business ad-
ministration school. In 1936 he be-
came an associate professor in
the Law School. Niehuss became
a professor of law and vice-presi-
dent for University relations in
1944. He was named vice-presi-
dent and dean of faculties in 1951
and holds a bachelor of arts and
bachelor of laws degree from the
Faculty Confidence
At the time of Niehuss' appoint-
ment, Regent Eugene B. Power of
Ann Arbor said that he had been
"impressed with Niehuss' skill and
adroitness and the confidence
placed in him by the faculty."
He added he was glad to see
Niehuss "promoted to a position
that will make special use of his
particular administrative skills."
Niehuss employs these skills
when he talks to legislators, Re-
gents and governmental commit-
tees. A large part of his work cen-
ters around the University's battle
of the budget.
He, along with all other top Uni-
versity administrators, attend and
take active part in Regents meet-
During this past year, Univer-
sity administrators spoke before
Governor George Romney's Citi-
zen Committee on Higher Educa-
tion about the needs and problems
of Michigan education.
Informs Legislatures
Niehuss has also taken part in
informing Michigan legislators
about work being done at the Uni-
versity. He was ifi Lansing when
the University demonstrated in-
struments of scientific achieve-
ment to the legislature.
Another one of his duties is to
work with the Coordinating Coun-
cil for Higher Education. Com-
posed of the presidents and a
board member of each of the ten
state supported schools, the coun-
cil meets about four times a year
to discuss common problems be-
tween the universities and also
with the legislature.
He usually attends the meetings
and advises President Hatcher on
issues considered by the council.
Niehuss as chief assistant to
President Hatcher has 'a post
which entails varied jobs. He
commands g r e a t responsibility
along with a great amount of

Aids Alumni
"Service is the foundation of the
Alumni Association," Alumni Asso-
ciation Field Secretary Phillip J.
Brunskill said recently.
There are indeed many ways in
which the Alumni Association
serves University alumni. When a
group of alumni-comes back to the.
campus for a class reunion, it is
the Alumni Association's job to
find quarters for those who need
them and also to prepare a pro-
gram for the reunion, including
such things as speakers and films.
When an alumnus wants to con-
tact an individual or an office
here on campus, the Association
makes the arrangements for him.
The Association also directs
alumni interest toward the Uni-
versity into constructive channels.
Alumni play key roles in preserv-
ing and perpetuating the well-be-
ing of the University. -There are
many ways in which they do this,
such as:
--helping to maintain a top-
notch student body by directing
outstanding students to the Uni-
--advertising the University-to
the legislature and the news media
in particular.
--giving advice and counsel to
the University.
--providing financial support
through their own contributions
and through soliciting; contribu-
tions from others.
The Alumni Association spon-
sors many activities aside from
class reunions. One of these is the
annual European Tour that was
started last year under former
General Secretary Jack Tirrell,
and which was continued this
and which was continued this year.
Alumni going on the European
tour benefit not only from reduced
group rates, but also from the fact
that U of M alumni greet the trav-
elers in various countries. '
In 1963, the Alumni Association
launched its first fulltime program
of Alumni Family Camping. Camp
Michigania, on Walloon Lake, near
Traverse City, Michigan, was op-
ened this summer for Alumni
Family Camping. The camp offers
a blending of education with rec-
reation, as outstanding members
of the University faculty are resi-
dent campers,
The camp is run on- a family ba-
sis, and all members of the Alumni
Association are welcome.

Fast- Growln


... second in command

C' This past academic year SACUA
committees were in the midst of
some of the biggest controversies
on campus.
Last summer, changes in the
Office of Student Affairs brought
about by a demand by the Stu-
dent Relations Committee for a
re-evaluation of the OSA were ef-
fected. This evaluation led to some
major transformations in the of-
Responsibility for Policy
The Committee on Academic
Freedom and Responsibility, began
a study last fall "on the extent
to which the faculty is responsible
for the development of University
policy." A special SACUA commit-
tee on Conditions for Staff Excel-
lence was established this spring.
It will deal with "the conditions
essential to the development and
preservation of an excellent staff.",
Acting in an advisory capacity
only, it will meet with the vice-
president for academic affairs once
a month. «
This spring the Student Rela-
tions Committee drafted a resolu-
tion adopted by the University
Senate backing the power of Stu-
dent Government Council to take
action against student organiza-
tions practicing discrimination in
membership selection practices.

igU niversit)
Regents Create Post
At Faculty Demand
Modern Times Brig Problems
,Unimaginable to First President
The job of University President is a complex one.
It began in 1850 when the Board of Regents conceded
the demands of the faculty and created a special post to ha
dle the myriad of jobs which, up until then, the faculty h
been forced to assume in addition to their teaching. T
first University president was Henry Philip Tappan and
held his position from 1850 to 1863.
In the days when President Tappan first, came to Ai
Arbor, the University was a church oriented school deer
concerned with providing its students with the best classic
education possible. T h i n g s"
were calm and well ordered. 7
President Tappan kept the Uni-
versity's affairs, well ordered but
his strength lay in his ability to
disrupt the calmness of the Uni-
versity community and introduce
vigorous and thoughtful discus-
sion of the goals the University
should be seeking to attain. He
pushed his school out into the f '
fields of the sciences from its pure-
ly liberal arts orientation and.}
sought to increase the number of
professors, buildings and courses.
In 1850 the post of president called
for leadership and innovation. The
situation is the same today.
New Problems

To Propose.
Talk Series
The Committee on Public Dis-
cussion, the University's new lec-
ture committee set up by the Board
of Regents last October, will move
into highe gear this coming semes-
The committee is composed of
three faculty members including
the vice-president for academic
affairs who acts as chairman,
three students and the vice-presi-
dent for student affairs who acts,
as secretary.
The major part of its work next
semester will be devoted to set-
ting up a lecture series for the
University an'd working with stu-
dent groups desiring to sponsor
Prof. Sanford H. Kadish of the
Law School and Prof. George Peek
of the political science department
were just named to complete the
faculty representation on the com-
mittee. The student members have
yet to be selected.
In addition to their regular
classroom focused academic activi-
ties, many of the various schools
and departments within the Uni-
versity also sponsor lectures, sym-
posia, and colloquia on topics re-
lated to their particular disciplines.
The lectures, usually held at
4:15, in the last year have dealt
with topics ranging from Indian
art to cosmology and beyond.
These talks are open to the pub-
lic without charge and there is a
question and answer period fol-
lowing the formal presentation if
time permits.
The symposia and colloquia are
usually a series of talks or dis-
cussions dealing with a. general
subject or even a particular topic.

Today, University President Har-
lan H. Hatcher is faced with prob-
lems President Tappan would have
been unable to visualize. The world
of automation and mass produc-
tion cannot help but have an in-
fluence on all aspects of modern
life and one 'of th chief jobs of
the president is to'keep the Uni-,
versity from feeling too keenly
the sharp edge of depersonalized
The role of University President
is a double one. There are specific
duties which the office entails and
there are many more tasks which
can be learned only through a
knowledge and interpretation of
the office's scope, The specific du-
ties may in some cases rank sec-
ond to the ultimate effect of in-
formal action taken by the chief.
The president is authorized by
the Board of Regents to exercise
"such general powers as are in-
herent in the chief executive for
the protection of the interests
and the wise government of the
University, the improvements of its
standards and functions." Regents
Bylaw 2.01 'states that he "shall
cooperate with the Board by con-
sulting it in advance, except upon
emergency and in making tempor-
ary appointments, when he shall:
exercise his sound discretion, sub-
ject to confirmation of his acts
by the Board."
Close Cooperation
The president and the Board of
Regents work together closely. The
president chairs the monthly Re-
gents meetings, at which times he
reports to the Regents matters of
import to the University and leads
discussion on policy making deci-
He is an ex-officio chairman of
the University Senate and a mem-
ber of each of the governing fac-
ulties of the University. He testi-
fies before the state Legislature
in support of the University's an-
nual budget request. An under-
standing relationship between the,
president and the Legislature can
do a great deal to smooth the
University's way at appropriations
The Regents also specify that,
the president must deliver an an-
nual state of the University ad-
dress, detailing the progress the
University has made in all the
areas of its poncern during the
previous year. President Hatcher's
last state of the University speech
was concerned with the increasing
enrollment and the plans for put-
ting the University in operation
on a year around basis.
Full Year Calendar
In preparation for this trans-
formation, President Hatcher re-
ported last fall that the adminis-
tration of ,the summer session has

... chief administrator
Explains '1
Ihe Office of University Re
tions is charged with the mand
of interpreting the University
the citizens of Michigan.
Headed by Director of Univers
Relations Michael Radock, the
fice works through several di
sions and operates many progra
in carrying out its mission.
This year the office put it
operation a new seven point p:
gram covering a wide variety
One of these is a move to I
prove University relations with 1
Ann Arbor community. "Peo
think that the University mo
through self-interest and a la
of planning. There are concei
such as land acquisition of 10
property and community relatic
ships with students on which
lations could be improved.
want the community to recogn
that we are responsible, Radc
There will be a continuation
the "Operation Michigan" p:
grams but, the major responsil
ily for conducting them has b
shifted to the Alumni Associat
which has been granted additic
al assistance and staff.
Under the grass roots progn
members of the Michigan st
travel to different Michigan cit
to conduct seminars, show fill
and speak about the University
interested business and civic lea
ers and alumni.
In another program, "We he
asked departments to nominE
professors who will be willing
go around the estate two or th:
times during the year and tf
about the University.
A program to form advisc
committees for specific scho
and departments is being expar
ed. For example, the journali
department has an advisory co
mittee composed of publishers a
journalists from around the sty
who come once or twice a yE
to talk about problems in the fi
and offer advice. The Law Sch
has a similar committee.
Turning to the field of comr

Regents' Roles Evolve from Long Past_

Sometimes from rather humble
origins, great governing bodies
make their way to the surface.
It happened that way with the
University Bord of Regents,
which had its beginnings 145
years ago as a small band of
When the University was initi-
ally established in 1817, a govern-
ing board composed of 13 didax-
um (or professorships) was ap-
pointed by the territorial gover-
nor to regulate all concerns of the
institution including the estab-
lishment of "colleges, academies,
schools, and libraries."

New York institutions of higher
education) and consisted of 12
members and a chancellor, who
was the ex-officio president of
the board.
Procedural Change
The governor no longer ap-
pointed board members, but
rather submitted his nominations
to the state Senate for their ap-
Rather slowly, the Regents
evolved into the group they are
today: an eight-man board, elect-
ed by the state and responsible
for its actions only to the elec-

regular meetings 10 times during
the year.
The meetings take place over a
two-day period, usually Thursday
and Friday of the second or third
week of the month.
Sessions held on Thursday and
Friday morning are behind closed
doors. Until April of 1962, the Fri-
day afternoon meeting was also
closed--only members of the press
could sit in-but since that time
has been opened to the general
Long Sessions
The monthly meetings take be-
tween 12 and 20 hours. and in this




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