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September 22, 1963 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-09-22

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S&w-ty-Third Year
ere opinions Arte STUDENT PUmiCAcois LDG., ANN ARBoR, MICH., PHONE NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevanl"
itorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Cold War Temperature
Shows Signs of Thaw

ECENT GESTURES on the part of both the
United States and Russia imply that the
rent thaw in the Cold War may be of more
mn just temporary nature.
Such thaws have appeared to be on the hori-
before. State Department policy planning
ef Walter W. Rostow has cited this as the
rd such period since World War II. But
h time they have vanished amid new blasts
the Cold War.
'here are good reasons, however, for be-
ring that this will not be the case this time.
I China poses a threat to the Soviet Union
,t it has never faced before. It has already
'cked the unity of the Communist parties
oughout the world. Some now look to Red
ina for leadership, some follow thle different
e of the Soviet Union. Some parties have
n hurt greatly by conflicting loyalties *ith
ir membership split at an ideological
EE KREMLIN can no longer control Com-.
munist actions in Laos, Viet Nam or much
Asia, and its foreign policy is hindered by
s in much the same way that United States
eign policy is hindered by France, or per-
>s more accurately, the Central Intelligence
mcy. t.
Zed China also poses a deep physical threat.
its drive to expand, to make more room for
people, the lowly-populated border regions of
ssia. appear very tempting. Then, too, a
eless Chinese action that could throw the
rld into an atomic war would virtually
iterate the Soviet Union.
or is Red China the only reason why the
emlin would desire a thaw in the Cold War.
net Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev has prom-
i his people not only an increased standard
iving, but also one that surpasses the United
tes in the near future.
HRUSHCHIEV has been able to do little in
this line. Arms spending occupies too large
hare of Russia's national product for there
be a significant improvement in the eco-
nic welfare of her people. The argument, still
rd occasionally in the Senate, that Russia
ild collapse under the strain of a heavy arms
get, has been proven false but that is not
same as saying that the burden is an ex-
nely costly one.
hrushchev, for both the sake of his peo-
and to prove gthat his way and not Red

China's is the path to Communist success, must
achieve notable economic improvements short-
ly. His failure to do so would end his political
career, greatly improve the Chinese position
in other Communist parties and satellites, and
raise'the spectre of popular dissension at home.
SOME DAMAGE has already been done to
Russia along this line. Albania has turned
more and more to Red China, and this has
blocked economic transactions that would have
been to Russia's benefit. Poland and East Ger-
many, among others, have become increasing-
ly restless over the failure of their Communist
bloc economic community to approach anything
like the success of the Common Market.
The Soviet Union's recent purchase of Cana-
dian wheat highlights another reason why
Moscow wants accord with the West. With
more capital to devote to agriculture and freer
trade with the West in agricultural items, much
could be done to solve the perennial Soviet
problem of crop shortages.
In addition to all these reasons, it is now
generally accepted that Khrushchev desires an
atomic war as little as the United States does.
He clearly sees the consequences of an unlimit-
ed arms race and the proliferation of atomic
weapons to still more nations.
HE NUCLEAR TEST ban treaty not only
speaks for the above, but offers further rea-
son for believing that the thaw is of a more
permanent nature. Unlike the 1958 moratorium
on testing, the treaty is a signed document
whose violation would have great consequences
in terms of Russian prestige throughout the
rest of the world. It must be remembered that
the Soviets broke the moratorium only after
the United States announced that it did not
feel bound by it.
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko's
recent speech before the United Nations offers
still further 'evidence of the Soviet's change in
policy. He recommended that an 18 nation sum-
mit conference be held shortly in Moscow, and
offered new proposals for disarmament and the
control of weapons in space.
President Kennedy is cognizant of this
change in Soviet attitude and has held out the
olive branch. Beginning with his speech at
American University and followed by the sign-
ing of the test ban treaty, his peaceful ges-
tures have extended to proposing a joint United
States-Russian effort to reach the moon.
In the sphere of foreign trade, one of the
major impediments to improved East-West re-
lations, a new policy appears in the making. The
possibility of a wheat deal with the Russians
cannot be discounted.
NOR CAN THE VARIOUS cultural exchange
programs be forgotten. More and more
Americans are visiting the Soviet Union each
year, and the air of rivalry between United
States and Russian sports teams appear to be
becoming friendlier.
Next summer a group including two members
of the University faculty will go to Russia in the
hope of establishing a Hostages-for-Peace pro-
gram in which relatives of leaders in both
countries would move to the other country to
act as a deterrent to war.
BEFORE THE YEAR is over, much more
should be known as to the actual degree of
the current thaw. But it is not going over the
deep end of optimism to believe that the Rus-
sians will accept our proposal for a joint moon
project, that trade relations will improve and
that further steps toward limiting the threat
of war will be taken. It could be a warm winter
for a change and the change could be a long-
lasting one. -EDWARD HERSTEIN

"Of Course, I Abhor Violence---Have A
Book Of Campaign Matches, Bud"
/ *
- --
- A-Mc x f,
A f
Y~ia Y I


THE NEW PLAN called the first
step toward student-faculty
government is not a meaningful
advance towards a uptopian gov-
It is a very mechanical device
for bringing student opinion di-
rectly to the faculty, whose role in
policy-making at the University is
purely advisory.
When S tu d e n t Government
Council and the University Senlate
Advisory Committee on University
Affairs decided last spring toset
up parallel committee structures
to facilitate this plan, there was
much talk about student-faculty
government. Many saw this deci-
sion as a first step towards an
ideal of which student-faculty gov-
ernment which exists on. few col-
lege campuses anywhere,
* * *
THE TRUTH IS that this for-
mal structural change will not
advance campus government to-
ward such an ideal.
But, given the right kind of par-
ticipation from the students chos-
en to participate with the faculty
in committees and, indeed, from
the faculty itself, this very me-
chanical device could become a
most effective method to improve
the University.
Where there is real exchange be-
tween students and faculty, where
students participate as mature, re-
sponsible individuals-not as lob-
byists for a pressure group - and
where the faculty hears-and is
willing to listen to-student opin-
ion, there will be genuine advance-
ment of theidea of the university.
Educators will be protected from.
the danger of working within a
vacuum; students will have a voice
in obtaining the best kind of edu-
cation possible.
parallel committee structure in
its present form is an educational
one. At this point, any connection
with real student-faculty govern-
ment is incidental by-contrast.
This point was made only too
clear last week in a series of in-
terviews with several people in-
volved with the parallel committee
Michael Rosen, Grad, vice-presi-
dent of Graduate Student Council
and member of one of the SGC'
subcommittees, noted the.inherent
narrowness' of the present pro-
"The SACUA subcommittees are
themselves small units, including
only about 20 faculty members in
all. The problems they deal with.

Student-Faculty Plan:

Brewers Blast Beer Tax Cut



Senior Board President Lauren Bowler said
his statement is quite a switch from the
erances of soliciters for dues who, at Water-
n Gym during registration, said payment
enior dues are a small matter of $3. If a
tor feels an obligation to his class or the
versity, if he feels a desire to contribute
ething to his prospective alma mater, then
him pay his dues.
OWEVER, tactics such as the bald-faced lie
that dues must be paid are unnecessary
, incidentally, unethical. This tactic un-
btedly forced some seniors who did not
h to pay into paying their dues.
:opefully, now that the Senior Board has
acted a record $2,829 in dues, it will not
ander them on something as senseless as a
k. The tactics the soliciters for dues used
ainly are worth more than a rock.

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
sixth of avseries of articles investi-
gating Gov. George Romney's pro-
posed fiscal reform program.)
FOR A relatively insignificant
tax and one which diectly
affects a comparatively small
number of people, Gov. George
Romney's proposal to revise Mich-
igan's current brewery tax has
sparked quite a bit of controversy.
The governor's suggestion; which
composes the eighth specific legis-
lation included in his 12-part plan,
calls for an exemption of 50 per
cent of the annual production of
state breweries, not to exceed 25,-
000 barrels per brewery, from the
tax of $6.61 per barrel.
Says Romney, "This will pro-
vide specific relief to the Michigan
brewing industry, which is hard-
pressed by competition from non-
Michigan breweries. Along with
other general business tax relief,
this measure will help provide
more jobs and more secure jobs
in the Michigan brewing industry."
* *.*
cost the state of Michigan the
sum of $1.3 million, which is al-
most three times as much as the
state will lose through revision of
the corporation franchise tax. Yet
even that relatively minor legis-
lation sounds like a monumental
issue in comparison to the beer
tax revision.
For one thing, only one group
of people stands to gain anything
from Romney's plan, and that
group-the brewers-is hardly an
important part of the total in-
dustry picture.
FURTHERMORE, the brewers
themselves do not think anything
of Romney's plan. According to
Robert A. Schiff, president of the
Michigan Brewers Association, the
governor's proposal is not enough
to keep the beer industry from
going flat.
Schiff comments, "Although we
appreciate being included in the
tax reform program, the gover-
nor's proposal won't solve the
problem, which is paying just too
high of a tax on beer. The only
solution is to get rid of that
nuisance tax."
"About 2000 jobs have been lost
in the brewery industry and in
beer distributorships since the en-
actment of nuisance taxes . .
1960. Eventually Michigan may
lose its beer industry unless we
can get help," he lamented.
* * *
WHETHER such a consequence
would be a cause for great con-
cern is a topic for subjective com-
ment. It is interesting to note,
however, that the nuisance tax of
which Schiff speaks has been
neither revised nor repealed by
Romney in his proposed program.
The reason for this is clea: it
is mainly the system of nuisance
taxes-on beer, liquor, cigarettes,
gasoline and telephone and tele-
graph service - that has been
bringing in most of the money
ever since those taxes were put
into effect. To kill the goose that
lays the golden egg is never a wise
economic move.
With this in mind, it seems
reasonable to assume that the

taxes, however, fall into the same
category as the brewery tax: they
are both advisable and necessary.
If anything, they should be raised,
not lowered.
* * *
SOME LANSING observers con-
tend that Romney's plan to cut
the brewery tax is a political move,
paying back the brewers for the
political support they have given
him in the past. It will be in-
teresting to see if their support of
the governor is as enthusiastic
next time, considering their gen-
eral attitude toward his plan.

The coming legislative session
will decide this part of Romney's
program as it, will the rest of
it. If the brewers put up a big
enough fight against what they;
consider a minimal relief for their
industry, it might be worth watch-
ing as the controversy comes to a
As long as Romney persists in
further cutting the amount of
revenue gleaned from a practice
that serves no useful purpose to
begin with, however,"it constitutes
misguided "tax justice" at best.

are confined to a narrow area
compared to the total function of
the University," he pointed out.
"Most of the maJor policy prob-
lems, such as the setting of cur-
riculum, which students would like
to work with, are no considered
by these groups. They are given
whatever problems are left over."
Thus, Rosen saw as one of the
disadvantages of the present plans
the fact that students will not be
acting in an area where the fac-
ulty meets as a whole.
However, he expressed optimism
about the plan's educational mis-
sion-"to see students and faculty
in more responsible roles in struc-
tural programs and the workings
of the University."
man of SACUA, also recognized
the limitations of the program.
"I don't regard the present step
as a deliberate one to achieve stu-
dent-faculty government. In ap-
proving the plan, the faculty sim-
ply felt it could be valuable to
have students participate inh the
advisory function in a direct way
where previously their participa-
tion had been indirect," he said.
Prof. Kerr was not so pessimis-
tic as to say that the present par-
allel committee structure would
not expand into some -forts of stu-
dent-faculty government, but he
did note that "there would have to
be a lot of evolution betweeni the
present program and student-fac
ulty government."
* * *
CLEARLY, THEN, in a program
in which the aim is hot to estab-
lish a formalized governmental
system but to bring student opin-
ion to an advisory body, the bur-
den of responsibility rests on the
individual student. He must be
mature-mature enough to deal
with complex, far-reaching prob-
lems. He must be responsible-as
a member of the University com-
munity and not a narrow interest
group. He must exercise good
judgment in the interest of the
entire University-not just its stu-
dent members.
Prof. Kerr reflected that "stu-
dent influence will be felt in large
measure as the individual student
makes his influence felt in the
Students involved with the pro-
gram are optimistic about the re-
turns on student participation.
Rosen said, "I think the students
on the subcommittees are compe-
tent and will impress the faculty."
* * .
trative vice-president of SGC and
coordinator of the parallel com-
mittee plan, foresaw students
"making a meaningful contribu-
tion to Policy-making" burt added
that "students mightconceivably
be judged, In part, on whether
those students participating this
year make a meaningfulcontribu-
"But I don't think the faculty
will be so narrow-minded as to
judge the whole program by that
criterion," he added.
If the parallel committee plan
exists to bring student opinion to
the educators and if the burden of
its success falls upon the indiid-
ual, what then of the larger con-
cept of student-facultygovern-
ment? On whom does the burden
of responsibility for its creation
Clearly, it must be the individual
student and faculty member and
their elected representative bodies.
of student - faculty government
that could be easily set up with-
out Regental ruling. This form
would exist entirely within the
academic departments of the Uni-
versity where students-particu-
larly graduate students who pre-
sumably possess greater academic
maturity-would help establish
graduate programs.

"Graduate students, who have
a good idea what their needs are,
could easily help set up degree
programs, determine course con-
tent and schedule preliminary
exams for doctorate candidates,"
he predicted.'
"Although this would not achieve
the full degree of student-faculty
government, greater participation
by students in policy-making on a
departmental basis would make
greater total student participation
easier on a University basis," he
According to Rosen, such pro-
grams already exist in some de-
partments, notably the psychology
department, and GSC will concen-
trate this year on spreading the
concept to other departments.
this and other possible forms of
student-faculty government should
be obvious. Student-faculty gov-
ernment is too clearly a beneficial
concept to be cast aside. GSC has
already taken it up. It remains for
other representative bodies - SGC
and SACUA--to follow suit.
The present parallel committee
structure program will not ac-
complish this end. It will bring
together two factions of campus



Harris' Remark in Poor Taste


Ann Arbor: CORE Target

To the Editor:
I WAS SHOCKED to read the re-
marks in Thursday's Daily at-
tributed to Prof. Robert Harris of
the Law School relative to the
presentation by Lawrence Smith
at Monday night's Student Gov-
ernment Council hearing while
representing a number of sorori-
ties in his capacity as a practicing
attorney. Smith is a graduate of
the Law School, and Prof. Har-
ris' remarks were made before a
student group.
Not being an attorney, I cannot
speak with authority on the legal
ethics which might or might not
be involved. However, the remark
that was quoted as "I think he's
either incompetent or in bad
faith," makes one pause to con-
sider the professional ethics of a
teacher discussing an alumnus of
one's own school in such a manner
before a group of students.
words, and other remarks attrib-
uted to Prof. Harris, are in ex-
tremely poor taste, whether or not
one considers Prof. Harris's posi-
tion at the University and Smith's
position as a prominent lawyer in
Grand Rapids.,
It should be noted that Smith's
objections and opinions were di-
rected at a procedure based upon
Prof. Harris's work with SGC last
spring. In his remarks Smith did
not find it necessary to impugn
the good faith or competency of
those responsible for the procedure
upon which he was rendering his
legal opinion.
If Prof. Harris would represent
his conduct in this matter as an
example for his students to fol-
low, I would be concerned for the
continued good name of the Law
-William E. Le Clere
Pin-Prick . ..
To the Editor:
MANY well-intentioned liberals,
both Negro and white, have
expressed shock and dismay over
the recent activities of the Direct
Action Committee. What they
don't realize is that the militant
spirit of DAC seethes-usually
submerged-in the heart of every
Negro American.
Their sharp anti-white out-

white community for they feel,
with great justification, that Ne-
gro needs are usually of secondary
concern to the white man.
Their black nationalistic spirit-
with its increased self-esteem for
themselves as Negroes-is not
much different, in substance, from
the ethnic self-identification of
Jewish-Americans, Irish-Ameri-
cans, etc.
That the spirit is somewhat
stronger and more shocking is
greatly due to the tragic fact that
it was so long in coming.
-Sol Plafkin, Grad
Expression .. .
To the Editor:
THE FOLLOWING expression of
opinion was sent to President
Kennedy by the executive board of
the University Young Democratic
The University of Michigan
Young Democratic Club calls
upon the President of our nation
to use all means available to as-
sure that genuine federal pro-
tection be given to the citizens
of Birmingham to prevent fur-
ther incidents like the senseless
murders of Sept. 15, 1963. We
condemn the failure of Alabama
public officials to preserve law
and order and assure equal jus-
tice to all their citizens.
We call upon the Justice De-
partment for more aggressive
use of existing federal authority
to protect voter registration
workers from overt and covert
-David Vaughn, '66
Marty Baum, '64
Mike Grandin, '66
Alan Jones, '66
Carole Cromley,'66
Chris Cohen, '64
Debby Gould, '64
Dick Katzman, '67
Mark Killingsworth, '67
Pat Murray, '66
Mary Feldman, '64
Elmer White, '64L
Jim Hanley, '64
Reciprocation . .
To the Editor:
I WOULD LIKE to take exception
to one statement made by Jean
Tenander in her editorial "To Rot
or to Russia?" She says, "The


idea, by agreeing to sell wheat to
the Soviet Union, we leave the
door open for a reciprocal act on
their part. We, of course, have no
guarantee that this.act of/recipro-
cation will take place. But one na-
tion must open that door, and, in
the present situation, the United
States has a perfect opportunity.
** *
does not involve a vital sacrifice,
and may help to open the door to
greater confidence and coopera-
tion between the Soviet Union and
the United States. Reciprocation
on a small level can lead to a re-
duction in tension between the
two nations, and may eventually
lead to reciprocation on a higher,
more vital level, such as in the
problem of armaments.;
This plus the economic and mor-
al arguments pointed out by Miss
Tenander demonstrate to me that
it would be advantageous to the
United States to sell wheat to Rus-
sia, both politically and econom-
ically. It would also show that the
United States is interested in
"peaceful coexistence" with the
Soviet Union, not only in terms
of the arms race but in other
spheres of life as well.
-Marilyn Broida, '64
Crudity ...
To the Editor:
A AN ENTERING freshman, I
had several predisposed ideas
as to what could be gained from
a university education. Most im-
portant would be an awareness of
one's surroundings and a sensitiv-
ity to the esthetics of art and a
sensitivity of mankind. It seems
that these ideals are not being
adopted by a portion of the stu-
dent body.
The death of the Negro chil-
dren in the South prompted the
recent student demonstration. The
reaction of some onlookers was not
at all satisfactory. Some individ-
uals are inclined, in some cases,
to make crude jokes about the
murder and the people involved.
The murder had nothing to do
with civil rights or integration, but
with, children attempting to wor-
ship their God. When this is
brought to mind, how can jest be
made of this murder, when the
people involved were merely prac-
ticing one of the basic ideals of

VIES FARMER, national director of the
;ongress of Racial Equality, has named
Arbor as a major target for the anti-bias
ities of CORE.
a national magazine, Farmer gives the
egy for continuing efforts of civil rights
ers in Ann Arbor as "Plan B," one of six
rams for action across the country.
lan B" is an integrated housing program,
Editorial Staff
,oriel Director City Editor
ARA LAZARUS............Personnel Director
[P SUTIN.............National Concerns Editor
EVANS .................. Associate City Editor
OIE BRAHMS ...... Associate Editorial Director
IA BOWLES .................... Magazine Editor
NDA BERRY............. Contributing Editor
GOOD..................... Sports Editor
BLOCK.......... ....Associate Sports Editor
ERVER.. ........... Associate Sports Editor

calling for Negro visits to new homes, whether
or, not they are interested in buying, simply
to accustom the realtor to Negro clients.
The next step in "Plan B" is termed the
"Dwell-In" under which first a white couple,
then a Negro couple will visit real estate of-
fices, mortgage lenders and banks in a white
area to test differences in response, or a Negro
family will actually move into a segregated
section. This is intended to put the onus on
the landlord to evict them.
The Ann Arbor Fair Housing Association, an
affiliate of CORE, is not necessarily bound to
this modus operandi. In fact, the various chap-
ters of CORE are highly decentralized.
However, if enforcement of the fair housing
ordinance passed by city council recently is
taken as being good and worthwhile fighting
for, then the plan set forth by Farmer is good.
But significant results will probably not
follow such a plan if the percentage of housing
covered is only in the 25-30 per cent range.
A HUNGER STRIKE is not a hunger strike


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