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September 22, 1963 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-09-22

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President's Move
Topples Premier
PRAGUE (M-President Antonin Novotny fired Premier Vilem
Siroky in a full-scle Czechoslovakian government shakeup yesterday
amid official recriminations over the nation's Stalinist past and
present economic woes.
Siroky was dismissed for "shortcomings in his work" and "cer-
ain mistakes in his past political activity," among other reasons, the
official news agency CTK reported. Josef Lenart, a Slovak and head
t of the Slovak Communist Party,

* out of a job
Ask To Bar
KALAMAZOO (9)-Negro Con-
gressman Charles C. Diggs Jr. (D-
Detroit) yesterday urged Western
Michigan University officials to
cancel a speech by Mississippi Gov.
Ross Barnett scheduled for next
Barnett was invited by WMU's
senior class Ito- talk on "Segrega-
tion in the South."
Diggs said in a telegram to
WMU President James W. Miller
that the Barnett appearance would
be."patently offensive to the of-
ficial democratic character of this
Diggs pointed out that Missis-
sippi law does not permit inte-
grationists to speak on any cam-
pus under its jurisdiction.
Barnett was also to have ad-
dressed the State Bar of Michigan
convention in Detroit on Tuesday,
but the appearance was cancelled
by the southern governor.
Meanwhile, in New Haven, Con-
necticut, the acting president of
Yale University intervened to per-
suade a student debating group to
cancel an invitation to Alabama
Gov. George Wallace to speak at
Devastating Impact
University Provost and acting
president Kingham Brewster Jr.
had appealed to the officers of the
debating group, the Political Un-
ion, to consider the impact the
invitation to Wallace would have
on New Haven and its Negro popu-
Wallace had accepted the in-
vitation and was scheduled toj
speak Nov. 4.
The invitation to the Alabama
governor was sent a day before
a bomb exploded in a Negro
church in Birmingham. Four Sun-
day school students died in the'

was named to the premiership
that Sirosky, also a Slovak, had
held for 10 years. Two deputy pre-
miers and several ministers also
were replaced.
Drastic Move
Neutral quarters in neighboring
Austria called the dismissals a
drastic move prompted by No-
votny's own fight for political sur-
vival. They said Novotny's ap-
parent aim was to brand those
ousted as the culprits of the no-
torious Stalinist purge trials of
the 1950's and Czechoslovakia's
declining growth rate and power
These quarters felt, however,
that Novotny is himself too iden-
tified with these policies to es-
cape blameless.
Siroky had come under public
attack recently for his part in the
prosecution of the so-called "Slo-
vak nationals." One of these men,
former Foreign Minister Vlado
Clementis, was excuted along with
one-time Czechoslovak Communist
Party chief Rudolf Slansky in
Posthumous Acquittal
The Czecholslovak supreme court
has since held that all defendants
in the Slansky trial were unjustly
condemned. They were legally re-
habilitated, posthumously.
Novotny also played a role in
the Slansky purge. After the 1952
trial, Novotny was publicly praised
for his part in "unmasking the
Slansky clique." He succeeded
Slansky as party secretary on the
same day that Siroky became pre-
mier, March 21, 1953.
Like his successor, Siroky had
been Slovak party chief before his
appointment as premier.
Blamed for Economy
In Vienna, it was said Siroky
also figured in. Czechoslovakia's
ailing economy; for it was he who
submitted the economic' plans.
CTK said his removal was also
prompted by his having "inade-
quately implemented the party
line in directing the activity of the
Czechoslovakia's economic
growth rate has seriously declined,
observers in Vienna said. Power
savings measures, announced last
winter, are still in force.
A five-year development plan
was scrapped last year and re-
placed by one-year programs
which provide for almost no
growth. A new seven-year plan
was expected to be presented next
year, but it will have no detailed
provisions for longer than two-
year periods.
Czechoslovakian Communists
have blamed red tape and insuffi-

PAP Wins
SINGAPORE (-Prime Minis-
ter Lee Kuan Yew and his People's
Action Party were returned to
power yesterday in Singapore elec-
tions that dealt pro-Communists
a sev re setback.
Lee's party, which follows a
firm anti-Communist line, secured
37 seats in the 51-member state
legislative assembly.
The sweeping victory gave the
party a majority of 12 seats. It
held 25 in the old house.
The PAP's most potent opposi-
tion, the Barisan Sosialis (Social-
ist Front) wound up with 13 seats,
one less than it held in the last
assembly. Another leftist splinter
group, the United People's Party,
gathered one seat.
The victory assured the PAP of
its second term as the government
of Singapore, an island state that
became a part of the Federation
of Malaysia last Monday after
years as a self-governing British
Although the elections were held
on the state level only, they were
significant, since Lee plans to
pick Singapore's 15 members to
the Central Malaysian Parliament
from the new assembly.
T reaty N ear
WASHINGTON ()-Assured of
more than enough votes to ratify
the limited nuclear test ban treaty,
Senate leaders set out last night
to kill off any entangling reser-
vations to the document.
A half dozen proposals have
been offered and these will be
voted on tomorrow, with the final
roll call on ratification set for
Meanwhile Sen. Herman Tal-
madge (D-Ga), who had been
counted as being inclined to vote
for the treaty, said today he will
oppose it. In a brief statement
Talmadge said he believes the pact
is "too great a military gamble
and would pose too great a threat
to our national security."
After Talmadge's announcement
an unofficial tally showed 81 sen-
ators either announced as for the
treaty or inclined to vote for rati-
fication. However, some of them
may vote for reservations to the
treaty which the administration
says would have a crippling ef-
Proponents of the treaty con-
ceded that many of its supporters,
in speeches during the past two
weeks of general debate, had tem-
pered their endorsement with
fears and misgivings.
While the reservations may com-
mand more support than there are
opponents of ratification, both
Majority Leader Mike Mansfield
(D-Mont) and Minority Leader
Everett M. Dirksen (R-Ill) have
expressed confidence of enough
votes to turn them back.
The big question tonight was-
by how big a margin?
Sen. George D. Aiken (R-Vt),
an outspoken supporter, said that
Sen. Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz), a
possible GOP 1964 presidential as-
pirant, might muster as many as
30 votes for his Cuban reserva-
Goldwater, who has said he will
oppose the treaty even if it should
mean "political suicide," wants to
hold off its effectiveness until af-
ter the United Nations can assure
the Senate that Russia has remov-
ed its military base from Cuba.

Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON-"In the early
days we used to think anybodyI
could learn to speak Spanish or
Swahili. Now we give them a
tough language aptitude test."
This comment by Deputy Direc-I
tor William Moyers hints at the
changes that have been made in
the Peace Corps since it came into
official being two years ago to-
There is more know-how about
what it takes to do the job, but,
surprisingly, the same eagerness
about getting the job done.
By the Numbers
However, even though the Peace
Corps has made an impact at
home and abroad that exceeds the
fondest hopes of Director Sargent
Shriver or President John F. Ken-
nedy, who conceived it, numerically
it is a flop.
In the heady days of its organ-
ization, plans called for 10,000 vol-
unteers in training or oversease by
Aug. 31, 1963. There were already
200 volunteers overseas Sept. 22,
1961, when Kennedy signed the bill
formally creating the Peace Corps.
He had started it in early 1961 by
an executive order.
Congress appropriated o n 1 y
enough funds for 9,000 volunteers
in the past fiscal year ending last
June 31, but $4 million of this
total has been returned to the
Treasury. Latest figures show only
about 6,600 volunteers in training
and overseas.
Great Demand
Despite these figures, demand
from overseas has never been;
higher. The Peace Corps is now
operating in 48 countries, but
moved into only two new ones this
year. Thirty nations ave been
either formally turned down or
discouraged from asking for volun-
During 1962, applications from
prospective volunteers ran 85 per
cent above 1961 and currently are
running 240 per cent above levels
of the early days.
The reason why the Peace Corps
didn't reach its numerical goal ap-
pears to be a calculated slowdown,
an emphasis on quality rather
than numbers.
Achievements Count
"Our programs don't have to do
with numbers," said Moyers. "They
have to do with achievements.
It's twice as hard to get into the
Peace Corps this summer as it
was a year ago."
"We made a big impact initially
with a lot of good people," he said.
Russia Refuses
Bid To Mingle
In Laos Affair
Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gro
myko yesterday rebuffed Laotian
Premier Prince Souvanna Phou-
ma's efforts to have the Russians
intervene with Laos' rebellious
pro-Communist faction.
Informed sources said Gromyko
told the neutralist Laotian leader
that the Russians consider the
Laotian troubles an internal af-
fair and the Souvanna would have
to settle it by negotiating with his
half brother, Prince Souphanou-
vong, leader of the pro-Communist
Pathet Lao.
Souvanna and Souphanouvong
have been unable to agree on a
site for negotiations. Souphanou-
vong is a deputy premier in the
neutralist-leftist-rightist coalition
set up with the blessings of the
United States, The Soviet Union
and Red China, among others.
However, he is refusing to partici-
pate in the coalition now.
Gromyko and Souvanna spent
two hours together at lunch at
New York headquarters of the
Soviet UN delegation. A Laotian
source close to the prince said:
"It seemed to our prime minister

that the Soviet Union still backs
the Pathet Lao."
The informant said the two did
not discuss the position of Poland
on the international control com-
mission for Laos. The Polish mem-
ber has declined to go along with
the Canadian and Indian mem-
bers in findings against the
Pathet Loa.

"In examining our program, we
decided the best way to continue
and expand this impact was not to
send large numbers of people over-
seas hurriedly, but to send fewer,
but better people overseas."
After the three-month training
period, volunteers often have to
sink or swim in a strange country
largely on how fast they pick up
a brand new language.
This sometimes results in strange
mixups, such as the volunteer in
a former French colony in Africa
who thought he was bargaining to
have his clothes washed and
wound up with a wife.
Last January, the Peace Corps
toughened up its requirements on
language aptitude and has doubled
the amount of languages taught
during the training period.
For example, a group training
for Nigeria at UCLA is being re-
quired to learn the rudiments of
threedtribal dialects, with special-
ization in one the last three weeks,
even though the official language
of the country is English.
Aptitude Emphasized
"This emphasis on language ap-
titude meant that we accepted
fewer people," Moyers said. Eng-
lish speaking programs are not the
wave of the future for the Peace
Where one of six applicants was
accepted before the new language
requirements were established, now
only one of 11 is invited for train-
Also, Moyers said there now is
an assessment officer-a trained
phychologist-who stays with each
group of trainees and the screen-

Language Tests Aid Corps

ing process continues through the
training period.
High Attrition Rate
"Even though we have better
in training, fewer graduate,"
Moyers said, adding that the at-
trition rate in training has risen
from about 18 per cent to nearly
25 per cent.
But he predicted fewer people
trained this past summer would
fail to complete their two years
overseas duty than from previous
So far, 380 volunteers have re-
turned home for all reasons, about
6.6 per cent of those sent overseas.
None has been requested to leave
by the host country.
Syracuse Hits
Student Action
SYRACUSE (P)-Syracuse Uni-
versity officials yesterday assailed
reported efforts to recruit stu-
dents from classrooms to partici-
pate in racial demonstrations at a
nearby urban renewal site.
Syracuse Vice-President Kenneth
G. Bartlett warned, "If this sort
of think continues, it will be stop-
ped." He did not say what steps
the university would take.
Meanwhile, 20 more persons,
five of them Syracuse faculty
members, were arrested at the re-
newal site yesterday. The total
number of arrests at the site now
stands at 82, including nine fac-
ulty members. Many of the 82
have identified themselves as uni-
versity students.

World News Roundup



By The Associated Press
MOSCOW--The newspaper Sovetskaya Rossiya yesterday called
the Malaysian Federation "a new barrier to the national liberation
movement in Southeast Asia." It said only imperialists could rejoice
in its foundation.
WASHINGTON-Eight Americans investigated and found of
doubtful loyalty to -the United States still are employed by interna-
tional organizations such as the United Nations, it was disclosed yes-
terday. The information was published by a House appropriations sub-
committee, which held a hearing on the matter last Jan. 23.
* * * *'
NEW DELHI-India's delegation to the United Nations General
Assembly session in New York is being instructed to support various
Asia-African resolutions aimed at South Africa's segregation and
Portugal's overseas territorial policies, informed sources have reported.
BELGRADE-Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg, chairman of the United
States Atomic Energy Commission, opened the American exhibition
"Atoms for Work" here yesterday and called for further cooperation
between Yugoslav and American scientists.
* * * *
ROME--Maria Ciampi, a star of Italian musicals back in the
1920's, died yesterday at the age of 86.
HAVANA-The Cuban government announced yesterday it will
continue to hold Teodoro Picado Jr., the son of a former Costa Rican
president, to determine whether he had any part in recent raids on
Cuba. Four others with him were released. He was forced down by anti-
aircraft fire while flying over the Cuban coastal city of Cienfuegos
Sept. 11.
' 4' * *
SANTIAGO-Two conservative ministers walked out of Chile's
caretaker cabinet yesterday in protest against the visit next Monday
of President Tito of Yugoslavia.
LISBON-More than 2000 Portuguese soldiers sailed for Angola
yesterday and informed sources said the men would replace men who
had been stationed in that West African territory for the past two


cient planning for the bad
nomic situation.
Rewrites Clause
To Omit States



fense Department is rewriting an
anti-discrimination directive to
make clear it does not apply to
the National Guard while under
state control, it was learned yes-



Michigan WOMEN ..
Petition Now!
Petitioning Sept. 23-Oct. 2
Interviewing Sept. 30-Oct.5

Make Your Reservations Now!
Inn America's,
Tuesday, September 24

.. ....

Publicity * Amusementse Refreshments* Booths
Parades * And Many Other Committees


C) r IrTF NnANY-



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