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September 20, 1963 - Image 3

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-09-20

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1963 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Airlift Carries Britons!
From Indonesia Crisis
Des ite Safety Pledge'

Destruction
Of Embassy
Follows Riot
Washington Regrets
Burning of Property
JAKARTA, Indonesia OIP)-Brit-
ish civilians started leaving In-
donesia by special airlift yester-
day despite a pledge of President
Sukarno's government to suppress
any further anti-British violence.
Women and children made up
most of a group of about 300
choosing to flee immediately- to
Singapore, one segment of the
Federation of Malaysia, whose
birth Monday set off Indonesian
riots.
Expresses Regret
Prodded by London and Wash-
ington, the government expressed
regret at the burning here Wed-
nesday of Britain's $400,000 em-
bassy and the ravaging of other
British property, public and pri-
vate, by a mob of more than 10,000
Indonesians.
It guaranteed protection in the
future and urged the Indonesian
people to avoid what it called wild
and counter-revolutionary action.
Britain had threatened to break
diplomatic relations with Indo-
nesia unless the safety of British
lives and property was assured.
U.S. Concern
President John F. Kennedy's
administration voiced grave con-
cern at, the destructive rampage,
which Indonesian security forces
let run unchecked from noon un-
til nightfall.
Wrecking crews began clearing
debris from the junk-filled Brit-
ish embassy compound,including
the twisted hulks of burned cars.
The embassy, now a burned-out
shell, had been in use little more
than a year.
Ambassador Moves
British Ambassador Andrew G.
Gilchrist now has moved in with
United States Ambassador How-
ard P. Jones.
Under instructions issued by the
government Wednesday night, In-
donesian troops mounted guard at
key points and armored cars pa-
troled the streets. Officials said,
however, this did not constitute
martial law. No curfew was im-
posed and the soldiers were under
orders to cooperate with civil po-
lice.
A line of troops in full combat
gear and with fixed bayonets
guarded the Kemajoran Airport
for the exodus of British subjects.

Ask Study
Of Trade
To Russia
WASHINGTON (A) - Canada's
big wheat deal with the Soviet Un-
ion is putting new steam into pres-
sures already building up for more
liberal United States trade with
the Communist bloc in non-stra-
tegic goods.
Sen. Frank Carlson, a Republi-
can from wheat-growing Kansas,
stated the proposition flatly to
his colleagues yesterday, calling
on the administration to study
proposals to do more business with
the Reds in such materials as food.
Secretary of Commerce Luther H.
Hodges had indicated only Wed-
nesday, not in direct connection
with wheat, that the subject is
coming up for consideration.
Carlson, a member of the For-
eign Relations Committee, said in
a Senate speech that Canada's
agreement to sell Russia $500 mil-
lion worth of wheat, with $33 mil-
lion of it earmarked for Cuba,
"should prove to us that we must
be practical and realistic in our
trade program."
His remarks came on the heels
of word from Secretary of Agri-
culture Orville L. Freeman that he
would be willing to sell some of
this country's surplus wheat to the
Soviet Union if the Russians pay
"our price." Freeman was refer-
ring, before a farm audience at
Monticello, Iowa, Wednesday, to
the 70 cents a bushel subsidy this
country pays on export wheat to
make it competitive in world mar-
kets.
Yesterday's New York Times
said Soviet representatives are re-
ported to have approached Ameri-
can traders with offers to buy
wheat. The story quoted a highly
placed source as saying the Rus-
sians are expected soon to make a
direct approach to the United
States government.
Any United States wheat deal
with Russia would run into regula-
tions of the Commerce Depart-
ment, which issues export licenses,
barring benefits of government ex-
port subsidies on farm products to
the Soviet Union.
Need Peace
To Get Branch
Maryland Gov. Millard Tawes
said recently that Cambridge
would have to clear up its racial
problems if it wished to attract
the Eastern Shore branch of the
University of Maryland to the city.
"With the continuance of con-
ditions that exist in Cambridge, I
would have no great desire to
agree to the establishment of a
branch there. It would be unwise,"
the governor stated.
Tawes agreed with Maryland
University Regent Richard W. Case
who previously said that the city's
chances might be better if it ease&
racial problems through the ap-
proval of a city charter amend-
ment on equal accommodations.

By FRED S. HOFFMAN
Associated Press Military Affairs Writer
WASHINGTON--"We've had a
couple of good years. Now it looks
like we may have a couple of
tougher ones."
This was the way one senior
Pentagon official sized up yester-
day the prospects facing the De-
fense Department in the light of
what appears to be a toughening
mood in Congress.
The realization is expected to
act as one more factor in holding
down next year's defense budget
requests - although even before
the Congressional pattern became
clearer Secretary of Defense Rob-
ert S. McNamara was putting on
the brakes himself.
Tightening the Reins
The feeling that Congress no
longer will be relatively open
handed in defense appropriations
-as it has been for the past three
years-was underscored by ac-
tions of the Senate Appropriations
Committee three days ago.
That committee restored only
about half of the $577 million the
Pentagon asked be put back after
the House slashed the current fis-
cal year's defense money bill.
The bill sent to the Senate
totals $47,371,407,000-more than
$1.6 billion below what President
John F. Kennedy asked in Jan-
uary.
Sharp Scalpel
Thus, for the first time since
the Kennedy administration took
office in January 1961, Congress
is wielding a sharp scalpel on its
defense. spending proposals.
Last year Congress gave the ad-
inistration $48,350,000,000 for
defense-somewhat more than it
had asked.
In 1961, Kennedy's recommen-
dations for big increases over the
Eisenhower administration's mili-
tary spending went through with-
out difficulty.
Congress voted large increases
in 1961 in response to arguments
that the nation's missile striking
forces and conventional fighting
power were badly in need of beef-
ing up.
Berlin Crisis
Another factor was the Berlin
crisis of two years ago, when
Russia was threatening military
action to drive the United States
and other western nations out of
Berlin.
The Intercontinental Ballistic
Missile buildup is well on its way,
and Congress has appropriated all
.1

the money needed to build the
Polaris submarine fleet to its goal
of 41 boats.
Also, the armed forces now have
about 200,000 more men than
when the Kennedy administration
took office-they now total about
2.7 million men.
And for three. years, the army
has been getting hefty infusions of
money to modernize with the lat-
est in tanks, artillery, helicopters
and other equipment.
To Get $3 Billion
Even with the cuts made by
Congress, the army still stands to
get nearly $3 billion this year to
continue re-equipping its 16 reg-
ular divisions and to start major
modernization of gear used by
high priority National Guard di-
visions.{
The army probably has seen the
peak of its modernization splurge,
although its leaders feel they need
a few more years at the present
rate.
It is highly unlikely, too, that
the army will get the two addi-
tional regular divisions it wants
and believes it needs to be able
to handle more than one emer-
gency at a time in different parts
of the world.
The services are due to turn in
their budget proposals around
Oct. 1.
Realistic Proposals
Knowledgeable sources said they
expect the services to come up
with realistic proposals that may
need a minimum of cutting.
These sources said the services
have learned by this time that
McNamara will take a searching
look at all their proposals--and
unhesitatingly reject those which
do not fit into his five-year pro-
gram projections and do not meet
his cost-effectiveness test.
All in all, these authorities said,
the prospect is for a fiscal 1965
defense budget package pretty
close to this year's level.

Congress Limits
New Defense Bill

-Associated Press
XLAYSIAN RIOTERS-Anti-Indonesian demonstrators march
on the Indonesian embassy in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, carrying
an upside down picture of Indonesian President Sukarno. The
demonstrators later tore up the picture and denounced Sukarno
as a liar.
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IiRoundup I
By The Associated Press
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia VP)P -
Drago Kunc, Yugoslav government
spokesman, said yesterday forth-
coming talks between President
John F. Kennedy and President
Tito "represent a contribution to
the present positive trend." He
said the two presidents, scheduled
to meet in Washington Oct. 17,
will exchange opinions on many
questions of mutual interest.
* * *
MACAO-Portuguese authorities
clamped down yesterday on anti-
Communist activities in this tiny
c o l o n y bordering Communist
China. The government said any
person involved in anti-Communist
activities would be deported to Red
China. The announcement follow-
ed reports of increasing raids by
Formosa government agents on
China's coastal areas.
ZANZIBAR-Representatives of
all shades of political opinion in
Zanzibar are in London talking
about an independence date for
that East African clove-growing
island. The Sultanate of Zanzi-
bar, a British protectorate, wants
to be free before the first of the
year so that it can unite with three
other former British territories-
Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika
-on Jan. 1.
NEW YORK-Showing surpris-
ing strength late in the session,
the stock market yesterday climb-
ed to another record high. The
Dow-Jones averages closed with 30
industrials up 5.36, 20 rails up
1.41, 15 utilities up .21 and 65 com-
bined stocks up 1.67.

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