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September 10, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-09-10

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See Editorial Page



Clear skies, with
little change in temperature

Seventy-Three Years of Editorial Freedom


Fresh Crisis Grips
Laotian Government
Fight Rages Close to U.S. Embassy
Between Lao Troops, Neutralists
VIENTIANE ()-A fresh crisis, described as "dangerous and
explosive," gripped Laos yesterday after a two-hour gun-and-grenade
battle 100 yards from the American embassy between right-wing
forces and pro-Communist Pathet Lao troops.
An embassy spokesman said no Americans were hurt and the

1 1

building was not hit.
Neutralist Premier Souvanna Phouma put off his trip to the
United Nations Assembly session in New York and a right-wing com-
" munique charged the Pathet Lao
provoked the shooting to bring
i W "1this about. It said Souvanna in-
B row n tended to expose Communist in-
terference in Laos during his trip
ad therefore the Pathet Lao was
H a l's Cuba determined to prevent it.
Diplomats said they feared the
Pathet Lao might use the battle,
By EDWARD HERSTEIN in which one of their men was
"What I saw in Cuba was killed, as an excuse to re-open
people, given the opportunity, fighting elsewhere -- probably in
building a better life than they the tense Plaine des Jarres area.
had ever known," Michael Brown, The clash touched off a flurry
'63, said yesterday. of diplomatic activity, which re-
Brown returned to the Univer- sulted in a decision to evacuate
sity last week after spending the the 100-man Pathet Lao unit sta-
summer in Cuba with 59 other tioned in this right-wing controll-
American students. Another Uni- ed capital to protect pro-Com-
versity student, Patricia Sopiak, munist members of the coalition
'64, also was a member of the government.
party. Arrangements were announced
"People talked to us freely in for a plane to come in from
the streets, and we were so free Hanoi, Viet Nam, and fly the
to go where we pleased that we soldiers to areas controlled by the
frustrated our Cuban guides who Pathet Lao. Their departure is ex-
tried to arrange future accommo- pected to ease tension which has
dations," Brown said. fallen over the city - calm for-
No Troops months past-since the shooting
"I saw no Russian troops, and yesterday morning. On the other
everyone I asked said there were hand, it obviously will deepen the
none." split between the Pathet Lao and
The status of civil liberties in one side and the neutralists and
Cuba is somewhat difficult to ex- the right-wingers on the other.

plain in view of traditional Amer-
ican conceptions, Brown said. This
is *because "there is more unity
on what the government should do
than any other place in the
world. Cubans say there isn't that
much dissent.
"There are two types of dissent-
ing groups in Cuba. One type is
insidethe revolution. The other is
outside. One such inside group is
Trotskyite. Some of their policies,
such as the desire to-invade Guan-
tanamo; are inimical to the revolu-
tion. This group is not allowed the
use' of a printing press, but dloes
Outside Revolution
"The second type of group is
outside the revolution. Cubans
consider themselves at war with
these people. They (the second
groups) kill and bomb. They are
not allowed to publish."

Bentley Seeks
'Project Hope'
Financial Aid
"Project Hope does more good
for our country than almost any
other kind of foreign aid," former
Congressman Alvin M. Bentley,
chairman of the State Committee
for Project Hope, said yesterday.
Addressing a banquet gathering
persons interested in forming a
local group to support Project
Hope, Bentley outlined the organ-
ization of the state-wide group
and showed a movie illustrating
the work of the project.
As depicted in the movie, Pro-
ject Hope is a floating hospital
ship, traveling to areas throughout
the world where medical aid is
Peru Work
The film depicted the work of
the project in Peru where it gave
55,000 innoculations, distributed
without cost thousands of car-
tons of milk,. and gave medical
treatment, including major sur-
gery to - more needy thousands,
again with no charge.
In addition, all medical work
was done with Peruvian doctors
and nurses looking on or assisting,
thus giving them valuable medical
Professors James A. Taren of
the Medical School and C. E. Ging-
les of the Dental School also
spoke at the banquet. Both men
were with Project Hope in Peru.
"The project did what it set out
to do," said Prof. Teran.
"I have never talked with any-
one concerned with this project
who has not shared this enthu-
siasm," added Prof. Gingle.
Bentley explained that he was
organizing the first statewide or-
ganization for Project Hope. "Dis-
semination of knowledge is as im-
portant as funds at this time," he

State Police
Pulled Back
By Wallace
BIRMINGHAM W') - National
Guard troops reportedly were
called in to duty by Gov. George
Wallace last night to replace state
troopers at white schools in three
Alabama cities where Negroes were
turned away hours before.
Five federal judges meanwhile
ordered Wallace and other state
authorities to stop interfering with
court-ordered school integration DEI
at Birmingham, Mobile and Tus-
And President John F. Kennedy
said he would take whatever ac-
tion is needed to see that the de-
segregation orders are enforced.
Helmeted state troopers who WAS
earlier in the day had let white Senate
students in but refused to admit (R-Ill)
Negroes to five schools in the three prestig
cities were reported being pulled clear t
out. opened
In their place today, said offi- of the
cial sources close to the governor, He a
will be National Guard troops who John F
could be federalized instantly and Senate
ordered to escort the Negroes into ing "u
school. the pa
The temporary restraining or- laxatio
der was issued at the request of measur
the Justice Department after the Dirk
troopers under Wallace's orders from
kept Negroes from entering schools buoyed
ordered desegregated in Birming- solid b
ham, Mobile and Tuskegee. treaty
While moving to maintain seg- some i
regation in those cities, Wallace crats o
took no action at Huntsville and ices Co
four Negroes integrated as many
schools there peacefully. The
Colonel Yields stando
One of the state officials nam- minute
ed in the court order, Col. Al Lingo, the tre
accepted service at his motel room Democ
in Birmingham. Lingo is state (D-Mo
public safety director and com- Robert
mander of the state troopers.
He said he waited in his room
for a federal marshal to serve the
papers after learning that the or-
der had been issued.
Marshals showed up outside the Re
state capitol in Montgomery, ap- el
parently waiting to serve papers
on the governor, who was in his
office. He had said earlier he MOS
would not evade service. ion an
20 Days expelle
20 Dayssmuggl
Under federal procedure, the or- into R
der remains in effect for a maxi- Tass
mum of 20 days. After that it ex- istry h
pires unless changed into a pre- Chines
liminary injunction following a livered
hearing. embass
In this instance, such a hear- The
ing already has been scheduled for on th
Sept. 16 in Montgomery. were a
With the joint action of the fed- to smug
eral jurists, President John F. acter h
Kennedy withheld further an-
nouncements in Washington. Press The
Secretary Pierre Salinger said case of
there would be no further devel- se
opments until at least 8 a.m. to- Uoiet
day. Unin
Possibility of presidential inter- Chin
vention loomed. last J
Negroes' Request sharply
A federal judge, acting on the tension
request of Negro attorneys, ordered here to
the governor to stop interfering the two
with integration in Mobile. A sim-
ilar request was filed with anoth- The
er judge at Birmingham, but he said th
refused to issue such an order SovietI
without a hearing, set for Thurs- cials f
day. when it
Wallace made no attempt to It sai
prevent four Negro students from when t
going to class with white pupils in was cor
Huntsville, but he told reporters delayed
later in the day, "Huntsville was The<

not ignored, and will not be ignor- and me
ed. The principle is the same. to have
There are such things as time- Moscow
tables." tion uni










Aninounce s



)f Extra-Curricular

Dirkson Supports Test Ban

3HINGTON (P)-Republican
Leader Everett M. Dirksen
threw the weight of his
e behind the limited nu-
test-ban treaty as debate
yesterday on ratification
iso revealed that President
F. Kennedy will send the
a letter in a day or two giv-
nequivocal assurances" that
ct will not mean any re-
n in United States security
sen's actions, with support
some other Republicans,
administration hopes for
ipartisan backing for the
despite opposition to it by
nfluential Southern Demo-
n the Senate Armed Serv-
White.House Talk
GOP leader revealed his
as he emerged from a 45-
White House discussion of
aty with Kennedy, Senate
atic leader Mike Mansfield
nt) and Defense Secretary
S. McNamara.
issia Oursts.
d Chinese
COW o)-The Soviet Un-
nounced last night it has
d some Chinese citizens for
ling prohibited publications
said the Soviet foreign min-
ad ordered expulsion of the
e in a note of protest de-
yesterday to the Chinese
y in Moscow.
note said Chinese citizens
e Peking-Moscow express
pprehended in an attempt
ggle in literature "of a char-
ostile to the Soviet Union."
Second Case
incident was the second
Chinese smuggling of anti-
propaganda into the Soviet
ese train crew members
rdered out of the country
rune on similar charges,
increasing Soviet-Chinese
s on the eve of futile talks
settle differences between
Fight Inspection
Tass summary of the notel
e Chinese tried to prevent
frontier and customs offi-
rom inspecting the train
crossed the border Sept. 7.
d the Chinese started a row
the contraband literature
nfiscated and the train *vas
chief of the Chinese train
mbers of its crew were said
refused to proceed on to
and remained in the sta-
til the next day.

Sent to

Shortly afterward, the show-
down debate was opened by Chair-
man J. W. Fulbright (D-Ark) of
the Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee. He strongly urged ratifi-
cation in a lengthy speech fre-
quently interrupted by questions.
The debate is expected to run
for about two weeks before the
final vote in which two-thirds of
those voting must approve the
treaty if it is to be ratified.
Not Sufficient, But...
Fulbright said the treaty will
not of itself break "the fatal cycle
of fear and armaments and greater
fear and finally war." But he said
it could "in some small measure
mitigate the fears and suspicions
of, the cold war and perhaps in
timfe lead to further measures of
limited accommodation."
If the treaty is carried out,"
he said, it "could lead gradually
to an entirely new relationship
with Russia."
At a later news conference,
Dirksen said if Kennedy's letter
to Mansfield is forthcoming today
he will use it as the basis of a
Senate speech supporting ratifica-
Goldwater Demand
One subject discussed at the
White House, he said, was the de-
mand by Sen. Barry Goldwater
(R-Ariz) that effectiveness of the
treaty be postponed until Russia
withdraws all nuclear missiles and
troops from Cuba and permits on-
site inspection to prove this has
been done.
Dirksen said he does not think
Goldwater's proposal is germane to
the treaty.
"I could not go along with it. To
me, it would be a confession of
weakness. It would be saying 'we
can't deal with Castro, therefore
we'll get Uncle Nikita to deal with
As the debate got rolling, the
As the debate got rolling, the
Senate Preparedness Subcommit-
tee of the Armed Services Commit-
tee made public a report signed by
six of its seven members asserting
that Russia has surpassed the
United States in development of
big bombs. It said the Russians
may possess superior knowledge of
anti-missile programs and that un-
der the treaty they may draw
abreast in low-yield weapon tech-

The report said the disadvan-
tages "in our judgment, are not
outweighed or counter-balanced by
the claimed military advantages."
A dissenting view calling the
subcommittee's conclusions 'un-
duly pessimistic" was issued by
Sen. Leverett Saltonstall (R-
Mass), chairman of the confer-
ence of all Republican senators.
He said he will support the treaty.
Sen. Stuart Symington (D-Mo)
signed the report, he said, on the
ground he considered its factual
data correct. But he, too, included
a statement calling the report
"overly pessimistic" and repating
that he will vote for the treaty.
Sen. Margaret Chasem Smith
(R-Maine), another signer, listed
16 questions she wants answered
before she makes up her mind on
how to vote. She said she wants to
be convinced "that the paramount
issue of our national safety and se-
curity will not be put in jeopardy."
Other signers were subcommit-
tee chairman John Stennis (D-
Miss) and Senators Henry M.
Jackson (D-Wash), Strom Thur-
mond (D-SC) and Barry Goldwat-
er (R-Ariz). Stennis, Thurmond
and Goldwater have come out
against the treaty and Jackson
has not announced a stand.
Seventy-three of the Senate's
100 members are committed to or
are inclined now to vote for rati-
fication of the treaty, an Associat-
ed Press survey shows.
Co-O rdinating
Group To Meet
The Michigan Co-ordinating
Council for Public Higher Educa-
tion will meet tomorrow with
members of Gov. George Romney's
Citizen's Committee for Higher
Education in Lansing.
The council will present to the
"Blue Ribbon" citizens' committee
on higher education the results of
a study of the immediate prob-
lems facing higher education in
These problems are also being
studied by the "blue ribbon" com-
mittee which hopes to present its
report to the governor sometime
in September.

...seeks study
City Plans
The Ann Arbor City Council last
night scheduled two closed meet-
ings for tmorrow night with civil-
rights and other "interested par-
ties" to be designated by Mayor
Cecil 0. Creal, to discuss the pro-
posed fair housing ordinance.
The council meeting last night
was picketed for the fifteenth
straight week by about 50 people
under the cosponsorship of the
Ann Arbor Fair Housing Associa-
tion and the local branch of the
National Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People.
Professor Albert Wheeler of the
Medical School, local chairman of
the NAACP Housing Committee,
and Rev. Henry Lewis of the Hu-
man Relations Commission had
asked last week that theirs and
other civil rights groups be allow-
ed to meet alone with council.
However, the plan that included
meeting with the other "interested
groups" along with the civil-rights
groups was the one that the coun-
cil finally passed.
Amending this policy last night,
the council decided to meet with
the civil rights groups alone-after
meeting with both the civil rights
groups and the "interested par-
Then on Saturday morning, the
council will hold an informal clos-
ed session to discuss the results
of tomorrow's talks.
In telling of the city's need for
a full-time human relations com-
missioner, First Ward Councilman
John Teachout (D) said, "Ann
Arbor and the University commun-
ity are becoming large and inter-
national enough to warrant the
employment of a full-time human
relations commissioner by the
city." He also asserted that "the
Human Relations Commission is
kind of falling apart. We need a
man who can stay right on top
of things."
He also mentioned that such a
man could also be used "for pub-
lic relations."
Fourth Ward Councilman Wen-
dell Hulcher (R) replied to Teach-
out's remarks, "If you want a com-
mission to fall apart, just say it's
falling apart. I take violent ex-
ception to your statement, and I
wish that you would retract it."
Teachout replied, "I didn't mean
to imply that the Human Rela-
tions Council isn't up to par. I
publicly apologize. However, we do
have chaos, if not for any particu-
lar reason."
Further discussion among the
council membersresolved the fact
that the hiring of a full-time hu-
man relations commissioner might
be a good idea, and that there has
been discussion in the Human Re-

Plan Seeks,
Full Picture
Of Activities
Follows Delegation
Of Robertson Report
To Lewis, Pierpont
Regent Irene E. Murphy of
Birmingham announced yesterday
that the Regents have requested
a "program planning prospectus
for all non-academic activities"
from Vice-President for Student
Affairs James A. Lewis and Vice-
President for Business and Fi-
nance Wilbur K. Pierpont.
Referring the Robertson Report
for a Union-League merger to the
administration, the R e g e n t s
sought "to supplement that re-
port," she said.
"If we focus on just two piles
of bricks"-the Union and League
-"we will miss a lot. We want the
full range of non-academic activ-
ities. Then we'll see where activi-
ties should be housed," she ex-
October or November
"We would expect to receive the
repo in maybe October or No-
vem r," she continued. "When it
is completed and brought back to
us, we will publicize it.
"We have felt the way we
handled the calendar change and
the Central Campus Plan worked
well. Both were highly charged
with emotions. After we receive
the report and publicize it, we'll
table it for a month to see the
reaction to it. At this point we
have no preconceived opinions.°
As for the range and type of
activities being studied, Mrs. Mur-
phy "emphasizes the full-range of
non-academic activities. So m e
activities might not even need
roofs. I personally would like to
see small frequently scattered
tennis and handball courts built.
Long-Range Ideas
That Lewis and Pierpont were
studying long-range proposals for
student activities came to light
after it was discovered Friday that
the Regents had referred the
Robertson Report back to them.
Lewis, Regent PaulG. Goebel of
Grand Rapids and Regent Eugene
B. Power of Ann Arbor declined
to comment on the long-range
study. Among the long-range plans
Lewis had mentioned Friday,
however, was "an all-campus cal-
endaring group."
Lewis had also mentioned Fri-
day that he thinks the Office of
Student Affairs "would have to be
in some sort of an advising ca-
pacity" for the activity phases of
the Union and League, or a
merged Union-League or Univer-
sity Center.
'U' Researchers
To Particip e
In Negotiations
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-J. David Singer
and Prof. Anatol Rapoport, botW
of the Mental Health Research
Institute, will be members of the
"core" of an American negotiating
team proposing to exchange,"peace
hostages" with the Soviet Union.
Lawyer James B. Donovan, who
negotiated the release of Cuban'
prisoners, and Rev. Robert Pierson,
a son-in-law of New York Gov.
Nelson Rockefeller, will be the
other members of the group.
They will go to Geneva next
June 22 for a meeting with Rus-



... praises Castro

Brown said, however, that this
did not stop those who disliked
Castro or the policies of the gov-
ernment from speaking their mind
openly in public.
The state department was act-
ing illegally trying to keep Amer-
icans out of Cuba, Brown asserted.
He attacked the idea that the
government was trying to keep
Americans from going to Cuba so
that Latin and South Americans
would do likewise. "If America is
so afraid of Castro's ideas that
we won't let others just see them,
then America is in pretty bad
'Try To Learn'
"If Cuba is doing something
good, we should try to learn some-
thing from them," Brown said.
"The Cuban people are getting
what they want and the evidence
is the tremendousenthusiasism
and spirit with which they work.
"Cuban Prime Minister Fidel
Castro wants young people around
the world to see his revolution,"
Brown asserted. Americans were
specifically invited because it was
good publicity for Cuba,, and be-

Governor's Office Sources
Reveal Further Tax Details
LANSING-Reports circulating from the executive office yes-
terday indicated that Gov. Romney's still-unannounced fiscal reform
program will offer relief to property owners by seeking a bonus
school aid payment for counties that reduce local real estate taxes.
The story was the latest in a series of reports purported to be
advance details of Romney's program, and it tended to confirm
tearlier reports that corporate and

APA Players Announce Plans for Fall
As casting for the Professional Theatre Program's Fall Festival
nears completion, many players from last year's Association of Pro-t
ducing Artists company have been retained for this fall's plays.
Toereturning include artistic director Ellis Rabbse, and actors
Clayton Corzatte, Paul Sparer, Keene Curtis, Richard Woods, Sydney
W alker Ed Flanders and G ordon G ould. W:;;>:ee-, E.len :eer":nd:
Leaving the company are players Will Geer, Ellen Geer and
Rosemary Harris."
Most company members were active during the summer, with :.::.: :: ::"
Rabb staging Shaws "Ceasar and Cleopatra" at the American Shake-
spearetFestival in r atfo" nn.
Corzatte starred at Minneapolis' Tyrone GutreT aresdi
Miss Geer, t while Woods enacted the role ofBrittanicus in:bb'

personal income taxes will also be
part of the plan.
It was understood that the basic
property tax relief the governor
will propose is that the state would
provide a bonus over and above
its regular school-aid allotments
and equal to the amount the dis-
trict levies to bring its rate with-
in the 15-mill limitation (which
now can be exceeded only through
special elections).
In addition, it was said, the gov-
ernor will recommend giving coun-
ties the right to levy a motor
vehicle tax, which would give local
units of government more leeway,
in raising revenue.
The county auto tax would be
set at a specific sum by the Legis-

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