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January 16, 1963 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-01-16

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See Editorial Page

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom


Chance of snow
flurries tonight

lXIII, No. 90





Iru nitsky To Govern In Togo








OME, Togo (T) - Former
mier Nicolas Grunitsky agreed
erday to form a new civilian
ernment to replace the com-
ee of unemployed soldiers
seized power Sunday and
d President Sylvanus Olympio,
nitsky's brother-in-law.
runitsky, 49, who as leader of
Progress Party opposed Olym-
s nonalignment policies, im-
lately announced a policy of
lcan unity and alignment with
Union of Africa and the Mala-
Republic, made up of former
ich colonies. Togo was a
ich colony until independence
e years ago.
runitsky said, however, that
had not yet chosen any min.-



isters and power remained with
the military revolutionaries, for-
mer. French colonial soldiers
whose sympathies apparently lie
with France.
The revolutionaries disclaimed
any political or religious motiva-
tions for their coup. They seemed
most of all to want to return to
conditions as they were under
France, whenas soldiers they felt
they had a role in this tiny sliver
of West Africa.
Mustered Out
Junta leader Emmanuel Bod-
jolle, 35, ex-sergeant mustered out
of French colonial army last Feb-
ruary after 14 years of service,
said he and his fellow revolution-
aries, on their return, had sought
vainly to be taken into the Togo
army or administration.
The revolutionaries summoned
newsmen to their headquarters in
a dusty army compound for the
announcement of Crunitsky's de-
Son of a German father and
Togolese mother, Grunitsky was
one of three men the Junta sum-
xiioned home from exile after the
coup. Several hundred soldiers
gave him a rousing welcome on his
return from neighboring Daho-
mey, but Grunitsky hesitated at
first to accept the job.
The two others called home are
Idrissou Antoine Meatchi, an op-
position leader who has been in
exile in Ghana, and Anani Santo,
leader of the opposition Juvento
Party who seeks closer ties with

'o Discuss


WASHINGTON (jP) - The Sen-
ate launched yesterday what may
turn out to be a lengthy debate
over whether to talk about pro-
posals to make it easier to cut off
time-killing talk.
Thus, the fi ibus t er battle
opened with verbal sparring by
Southerners who want to keep the
present rule which requires a two-
thirds majority of senators voting
to limit debate.
The other side got in some jabs,
too. Sen. Thomas H. Kuchel of
California, the epublican whip,
said it is shameful that a small
minority in the Senate can pre-
vent an overwhelming majority.
from standing up and being
counted on legislation they favor.
There was no indication how
long there will be discussion of
whether to talk about the subject
held in suspense by yesterday's
talkfest. This subject is a proposal
by Sen. Clinton P. Anderson, (D-
N.M.), to permit filibusters to be
halted by three-fifths of the sena-
tors voting.
That could come next week.
There was some discussion of try-
ing then for a test of strength by'
moving to table and thus kill Hum-
phrey's more drastic proposal.
The majority leader, Sen. Mike
Mansfield (D-Mont), said he plans
to keep the Senate working regular
hours, with no early or night meet-
ings to prod for action.
Study Group
To View Basis
For Merger
The Union-League Study Com-
mittee yesterday examined the
general principles upon which
there appears to be agreement
concerning the proposed merger
between the Michigan Union and
Women's League in preparation
for drawing up a first draft work-
ing document of its recommenda-
This working document, sched-
uled for presentation to the com-
mittee by February 12, will be
written by several student and
faculty members of the committee.
It will be the committee's first pa-
per to present a unified stand on
the merger question. It will be
used as a basis for discussion with
the Union and League boards and
University officials, before, with
the appropriate revisions, it is sub-
mitted for final consideration.
General Principles
At present, the committee is
agreed that several general prin-
ciples should be included in the
first draft of its recommendation.
First among these is the desir-
ability of merging the Union and
League student activities programs
under a single co-educational stu-
dent board.
Second is the desirability of re-
ducing student responsibility for
business operations of plant and
facilities although it is acknowl-
edged that student representation
on the managing authority is es-

T o Present
Mlerger Plans
The Regents of the University
will hold their regular meeting at
2 p.m., Fri., Jan. 18, in the Regents
Room of the Administration Bldg.
At this meeting they will hear
the formal proposal for the in-
corporation of Delta College into
the University. The speaker by-
law concerning student organiza-
tion sponsored speakers scheduled
in October for final consideration
at this meeting may be discussed,
but no final action concerning it
is foreseen.
Delta College officials and the
Regents have been meeting to dis-
cuss the merger of the two insti-
tutions, yet no formal action has
been taken. The University's pol-
icy on expansion in the past has
been to present all plans fully to
the Legislature before such action
is initiated.
Vice-President Heyns noted
that official approval of the merg-
er could come only after legisla-
tive action. Delta Trustee Maurice
Brown of Saginaw, also pointed
out that the Legislature has the
final say, and that the Legislature
would be kept informed by the
Delta board.
Delta College, presently a two-
year community college in the
Saginaw-Bay City-Midland area,
desires the merger in order to be-
come a four-year institution. It is
reported that Delta will receive a
$1 million gift, from a private=
donor if the institution will be-
come a four-year college.
Last Issue
With this issue, The Daily
suspends publication for the
final exam period. Publication
will resume with the preview
edition Feb. 1; and the first reg-
ular issue on Feb. 5.

No announcement on their fu-
ture was made. However, first in-
dications were that the revolu-
tionary government's policy would
not be favored by Ghana Presi-
dent Kwame Nkrumah.
Grunitsky said the ministers
arrested in Sunday's coup were
still under guard and that the
government would decide later
what to do with them.
A few hours earlier, funeral ser-
vices for Olympio, gunned down
at the gate of the United States
embassy Sunday, were held in his
native village -of Agoue, just over
the border in Dahomey. A short
time after the funeral, Olympio's
85-year-old father died of a heart
No military opposition has yet
arisen to the soldiers' takeover.
If Grunitsky and the military
junta can remain in power, it
would appear that Togo will as-
sume a closer relationship with
France-including increased trade
with the Common Market.
Takes Toll
Of Faculties
NEW YORK--Colleges and uni-
versities across the nation are be-
comingincreasingly worried about
the demands industry is making
upon their faculties, according to
the Wall Street Journal.
"Industrial demand for consul-
tants is so great that if it were
to get any bigger we would have
to close the school," says George
Baker, dean of Harvard Business
"I doubt if there is a university
president in the country who is not
concerned about the problem,"
comments Herbert E. Longenecker,
president of Tulane University.
Nonetheless, educators agre
that a reasonable amount of fac-
ulty involvement in the workaday
world is healthy. "It's very im-
portant for teachers to maintain
contact with business and in-
dustry to derive realism from the
outside world;' says Myles Mace,
assistant dean of Harvard Busi-
ness School.
All the same, some educators
fear professors may be spreading
themselves too thin. American
Telephone and Telegraph Co. used
729 college consultants in 1960,
up from 450 five years earlier. Du
Pont Co. says its use of college
consultants has jumped about 25
per cent since 1958. In addition,;
many professors are plunging into'
business management and owner-
ship as a sideline.
Federal Jury
Indicts Rioters
OXFORD, Miss. () - A federal
grand jury late yesterday indicted
four persons in connection with de-
segregation rioting last fall at the
University of Mississippi.
The 23 members of the all-white
grand jury have been probing
charges against at least 10 per-
sons stemming from the rioting
which erupted when Negro James
H. Meredith arrived on the campus
last Sept. 30. One of those charged
was former Army MajGen. Edwin
A. Walker, who was not among
those indicted.ng
A court source said the panelI
returned three no-true bills-orf
failed to find sufficient grounds
for an indictment.




Fight Column
In Katanga
Report UN Forces
Suffer Heavy Losses
gans battled forward elements of
a UN Congo command'column late
yesterday on the Jadotville-Kol-
wezi road, a UN spokesman said
Military circles here said Ka-
tanga President Moise Tshombe's
offer of freedom of movement to
the United Nations throughout the
province so far had not affected
the military operations.
A Belgian radio correspondent,
Rene Thierry, reported a brief but
violent battle for the possession
of a bridge at the village of Guba,
35 miles northwest of Jadotville.
He quoted white men of Tshombe's
army as saying "the UN suffered
heavy losses.
The UN spokesman, apparently
referring to the same fight, said
one Indian soldier of the 4th Raj-
putana Rifles was wounded.
The spokesman said a company
of Katangan gendarmes and 20 to
30 white soldiers fired machine
guns, mortars and small arms at
UN troops from high ground on
the west bank of the Dikulwe river
near Guba.
To Address
University President H a r 1 a n
Hatcher will address the first Fra-
ternity Officers Conference held
here in recent years at 9:30 a.m.
Feb. 1, in the Union Ballroom, In-
ter-fraternity Council administra-
tive vice-president Fred Riecker,
'63, said last night.
The announcement came at a
Fraternity Presidents' Assembly
meeting. Hatcher will speak on
some aspects of the fraternity in
the University community. "We
think that Hatcher's willingness to
address an IFC function indicates
a change in attitude of the admin-
istration towards a more positive
approach to the fraternity sys-
tem," Riecker said.
Hatcher's speech will be open to
the public, but subsequent meet-
ings of fraternity officers are clos-
ed. The purpose of the Officers
Conference is "to bring together
fraternity officers other than the
presidents, so that they may ex-
change ideas and experience, and
to get faculty and administration
personnel to lead discussions of
various problems," Riecker ex-
IFC Executive Vice-President
David Croysdale, '63, emphasized
"the determination of the IFC
Executive Committee to curb
pledging practices which are con-
trary to the IFC bylaws." Judicial
action by the executive committee
will continue against those houses
which continue illegal pledging ac-
tivity, he said.
A motion to amend the IFC by-
laws to extend the smoker on the
second Sunday after rush begins
was discussed but later tabled be-
cause a quorum was not present
for voting. The matter will be
taken up at the next FPA meeting,
to be held the first Tuesday after
classes begin.
Romney Meets

In Washington
LANSING - Gov. George M.
Romney will discuss the best ways
of lining up Federal programs and
funds for Michigan at a break-
fast meeting in Washington today
with the state's Congressional
Romney said he has invited the

-AP wirephoto
TSHOMBE GIVES UP-Katanga President Moise Tshombe gestures during news conference yester-
day in Kolwezi, his emergency capital, when he announced he was giving up his fight for secession.
ICC Protests Zoning Classification

Inter-Cooperative Council has
submitted a petition protesting
the new zoning classification City
Council gave to co-operative
houses at its Monday night meet-
In the new zoning ordinance,
Council put co-ops into the same
category as multi-family dwellings
and rooming houses. Until now,
co-ops had been given a higher
classification with fraternities and
Same Position
"Co-ops would like to be in the
sororities," ICC executive secre-
same position as fraternities and
tary Luther H. Buchele said. HeI
mentioned that there is a large
block of two-family houses on the
south side of Cambridge Road
that "co-ops would like to have
the ability to purchase."
According to City Attorney Ja-

cob F. Fahrner, co-ops will prob-
ably receive their old zoning clas-
sification soon.
"I am sure that Council has no
desire to harm co-ups in any way,"
Buchele said, "because the ICC
pays about $6,400 property tax to
Washtenaw County and Ann Ar-
bor each year.
Council reclassified co-ops, ac-
cording to Fahrner, because it has
no definition for them, but as soon
as one is drawn up, co-ops will
probably be put back into their
former category.
Housing Units
On this matter, Buchele added
that co-ops were defined three
years ago as associated housing
units, but that "the definition
and Fahrner are meeting this
somehow got pigeonholed." He
morning. -
The zoning classification for
fraternities, sororities and co-ops

was set up in February and March
of 1951. All three had been in-
cluded in the same category un-
til the acceptance of the new zon-
ing ordinance Monday night.
Fees Ended
The Correspondence Study pro-
gram has announced that students
wishing to elect correspondence
courses while in residence at the
University may do so at registra-
tion without the payment of ad-
ditional fees.
Students may enroll in these
courses with the consent of and
on recommendation of their ad-

Asks Adoula
For Pledge
Of Amnesty
Thant Offers Aid
For Implimeiitation
Of Reunification Plan
Tshombe announced his capitula-
tion yesterday and said he will
cooperate loyally with the United
UN Secretary-General U Thant
welcomed the Katanga president's
statement. There was no immedi-
ate halt in military operations,
From his war capital in Kolwezi,
Tshombe said he is ready to end
Katanga's secession, go along with
the UN plan for the Congo's re-
unification and let UN troops rove
where they will throughout the
For Amnesty
He appealed to Premier Cyrille
Adoula's Central Congo govern-
ment for amnesty for himself and
all his followers in their 30 months
of independence.
The United Nations said the
Congo government agreed - in
messages from President Joseph
Ksavubu and Premier Adoula-to
grant amnesty to Tshombe and
his ministers and to assure Tshom-
be full freedom of movement.
Thant expressed pleasure at
Tshombe's declaration. In a state-
ment issued at UN headquarters in
New York he said:
A Readiness
"I welcome the message, which
indicates a readiness to end seces-
sion, to give freedom of movement
to United Nations personnel
throughout Katanga and to under-
take the full implementation of the
plan of national reconciliation.
"I most earnestly hope that this
statement will be promptly and
fully implemented and thus bring
to an end the conflict and destrue-
tion which have been needlessly
experienced in Katanga.
"The United Nations will cer-
taihly give its full assistance and
support to the implementation of
the promise implicit in Mr. Tshom-
be's statement."
To Blanket
But a high-ranking UN Officer
in Elisabethville said the military
plan to blanket the province, will
be carried out until new instruc-
tions are received.
A UN column moving on Kol-
wezi from Jadotville only Monday
forced a crossing of the Dikulwe
River under heavy fire of a com-
pany of Katangan gendarmes and
20 to 30 white soldiers of Tshom-
be's army. The United I,dons said
an Indian soldier was wounded. It
reported the capture of large quan-
tities of Katangan arms and am-
Adoula has recessed parliament.
There was no indication here how
that body, whose membership in-
cludes bitter opponents of both
Tshombe and Adoula, would re-
act to the proposed legislation.
The spokesman said UN forces
expect to enter Kolwezi, but as of
the moment a military standstill
prevailed "pending further devel-
Students Must.
Register Even
If Classified
Students must be sure to attend
registration even if they have pre-
classified for their courses, Ed-

ward Groesbeck, director of regis-
tration and records, emphasized
Although the student may have
signed up for courses in advance,
he must have his fees assessed
and turn in all registration ma-
terials in Waterman Gymnasium,
according to the registration
Failure to register by Feb. 2
ma *rC*il+ * in te (nec f la,

Karnof sky Cites Clinic Ethics

I 'Iecket' Presented

"It is comparatively rare these
days that any legal action becomes
connected with clinical research,"
Dr. David Karnofsky of the Sloan-
Kettering Institute-for Cancer Re-
search of New York City said yes-
Speaking on the topic, "The
Ethical Aspects of Clinical Trials,"
Dr. Karnofsky explained that this
remarkable fact comes about in
spite of the risk involved to the
patient, since this same risk causes
the attending physician to be that
much more watchful toward the
patient's condition.
Dr. Karnofsky noted the prob-
lems of the clinical investigator
as contrasted with those of the
family physician. The latter, al-
though he does not himself engage
in extensive research into new
drugs, has his own personal set of
principles by which he seeks to
avoid the health of his patient
being in any way abused.
Basic Decision
The problem of ethics is a far
greater one for the researcher, Dr.
Karnof sky said, for in his hands
lies the basic decision as to wheth-
er or not the use of a new type
of drug might help or hinder the
cause for which it is administered.
There are seven basic principles
which guide the actions of clini-
cal investigators today, Dr. Karn-
of sky explained.
The first of these is the idea
that "clinical research is socially
desirable and necessary." Quoting
a statement made by a doctor 100
years ago to the effect that the
physician should never perform an
operation or experiment if there

vidual patient and for the pfactice
of medicine in general.
Such Research
The second guiding principle
states that "the subjects of such
research must be carefully select-
ed in relation to the problem under
There are three types of pa-
tients involved: 1) normal sub-
jects, who are generally voluntary
participators; 2) subjects with a
reversible or non-fatal disease,
upon whom a limited amount of
research is conducted, and then
only after the treatment admin-
istered has been thoroughly test-
ed on animals; and 3) subjects
with a fatal illness, who often de-
mand that something be done to
help them get better.
Research on feeble-minded or
insane persons is not generally
considered proper today, except
when their illness is the topic of
the investigation; since such peo-
ple do not have enough control
over themselves to assume the re-
sponsibility of requesting that they
be used in research, Dr. Karnofsky
Age likewise presents problems
to investigators. Children must be
carefully selected and treated with
the utmost caution to make sure
that the drugs being tested on
them will not unfavorably affect
their future development. Older
people, on the other hand, are
sometimes not highly suitable,
either; as any other complications
which affect their health might
foreseeably interfere with the re-
searchers' investigations.
Possible Risk
The third basic principle for

eral government and other agen-
cies provide funds for many re-
search programs; which places the
investigators in the position of be-
ing more or less "compelled to
conduct research even where no
great issue is at stake," Dr. Karn-
ofsky explained.
Unique Position
According to the fourth princi-
ple, "the patient with a condition
not amenable to conventional
therapy is in a unique position to
participate in studies on his dis-
ease." "Within logical limits, the
patients have a certain social ob-
ligation to make themselves avail-
able to research," Dr. Karnofsky
The fifth principle states that
"facilities and personnel to con-
duct the study must be adequate
enough so that meaningful infor-
mation will be obtained." "Thus
today there is a tendency to refer
patients with certain problems to
certain specialists or institutions,"
Dr. Karnofsky added.
"The investigator-subject rela-
tionship must be protected, but the
conduct of the study should be un-
der sympathetic and critical re-
view, according to the sixth credo.
"Team effort in many hospitals
protects research program efforts
as well as any undue liberty being
taken with the patient's situation,"
Dr. Karnofsky said.
Know the Facts
The final principle maintains
that "the patient (or, if he is not
able to appreciate the situation) a
responsible member of the family
should be acquainted with the pur-
pose, nature, and possible risks of
the .iv" fi" Therejis no point in

Student Center
is the desirability of
a governing board charged
isiness operation of the
activities center respon-
the Regents, with a co-
ng relationship with the
sident fcr business and
1 is the desirability of a
actiivties center with
ee of adequate and appro-
pace, facilities, equipment

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