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January 13, 1963 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-01-13

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ARY13, 1963

TIDE MICHIG~AN UAIIV

I aaa.. al = P Sll-S!r £ S 5*V

PAGE THREE

J .5., USSR Conference)

)n Nuclear

Tests Ban

Fo- Begin in New

York

INGERS

CROSSED:

President Seen Hopeful
On Fate of Legislation
WASHINGTON (M)-President John F. Kennedy apparently is
keeping his fingers crossed about the fate of his legislative program in
Congress, despite his victory in the House Rules Committee fight.
Kennedy has told those who have discussed the political situation
with him he believes the chances for passage of controversial pro-
posals he makes may have improved somewhat in the Senate but

World News
Roundup.
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - A United
States district judge last night or-
dered the Brotherhood of Loco-
motive Firemen and Enginemen
to call off a strike against the
Southern Railway Co. that had
been scheduled to begin this
morning., A temporary restraining
order enjoining the union from
striking for 10 days was issued by
Judge Leonard P. Walsh after he
had conferred at his home with
attorneys for the carrier and the
union.
HAVANA-Carlos Rafael Rodri-
guez, one of the top Communists
in the Cuban government, was shot
and severely wounded in an as-
sassination attempt last Wednes-
day, an informed source reported
yesterday. There was'no confirma-
tion of this from the government
of Prime Minister Fidel Castro.
WASHINGTON-The Army will
start within a few weeks to re-
shape its regular divisions into the
most heavily-gunned and most
maneuverable in United States
history. Fourteen infantry, armor
and airborne divisions in the Unit-
ed States, Germany, Korea and
the Pacific will be revamped.
WASHINGTON - The Justice
Department is investigating alleg-
ed corruption of public officials in
22 states and has dug into reports
of attempts to fix professional and
amateur sports events, the White
House announced yesterday.
S.' *
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
State Dean Rusk yesterday pre-
dicted further exploratory talks
with the Soviet Union during 1963
to see whether some basis for
serious East-West negotiations can
be developed.
WASHINGTON - A published
report that a Soviet study of
United States military strength
had fallen into American hands
brought from the Pentagon yes-
terday the suggestion that the ma-
terial appeared to be a book sold
commercially. Officials said it in-
cludes no material considered se-
cret by the United States. The
Omaha World-Herald described
some of the details in what they
said was a "vast and comprehen-
sive study of United States mili-
tary strength prepared by the Rus-
sians."

" are about the same in the House
as they were in 1962.
The President was represented
as surprised by his margin in the
235-196 vote by which the House
decided to continue its Rules Com-
mittee at the 15-man level. Nom-
inally, this is expected to produce
8-7 votes in the traffic-directing
group to send major administra-
tion proposals to the House floor.
Too Good a Job
There is some thought in Con-
gress that Democratic leaders may
have done too good a job in round-
ing up support for a move Kenne-
dy said would determine whether
his program was to get a hearing
or would be shunted aside by a 12-
member committee controlled by
Republicans a n d conservative
Southern Democrats.
There may be a tendency by
Democrats who back the admin-
istration only when they are put
underheavy pressure to point to
the 39-vote margin as indicating
their help isn't needed on indi-
vidual measures they want to op-
pose.
With a contribution of 28 votes
toward the result, Republicans
have put themselves in a position
to deny any charges the President
may level against them that they
are only obstructionists.
Tough Going Ahead
A subordinate's remark that in
winning the House test the ad-
ministration got only "a ticket to
the stands" to see the game played,
obviously r e f 1 e c t s presidential
thinking that there is some toughj
going ahead.
Senators Seek
Rules Changes;
WASHINGTON (M)-Three Sen-
ators called on Congress yesterday
to overhaul its legislative machin-i
ery and a fourth proposed changes.
in the method of electing Presi-l
dents.1
Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D-(
Minn) ,Deputy Democratic leader,
suggested the appointment of aI
Senate-House committee to "ad-
just Congressional procedures to
allow members to spend their timeE
more effectively handling the in-f
creased demands on Congress."
Sens. Clifford P. Case (R-NJ)
and Joseph S. Clark (D-Pa), an-
nounced in a separate statement
they will offer legislation to' set
up a bipartisan commission of 12f
to recommend reorganization
moves.
The Case-Clark proposal would
bring together six members of
Congress with six public members
to study methods of simplifying
and speeding up Congressional
procedures.

To Examine
Soviet Hints
For Treaty
Leaders' Skepticism
Checks Possible Ban
WASHINGTON (P)- President
John F. Kennedy's top disarma-
ment expert will open talks with
Soviet representatives in New York
tomorrow in an effort to find out
whether recent Moscow hints of a
nuclear test ban agreement mean
that a breakthrough in the long
disarmament deadlock is possible.
The Soviet Union, like the United
States, may be reaching the point
of diminishing returns in its nu-
clear test program, United States
officials said yesterday. That is
the point at which the possibility
of discovering new information de-
clines sharply. Russia may also
want to check the nuclear arms
race because of its hardening split
with Red China, a potential nu-
clear power.
But despite such reasoning in
official quarters here, administra-
tion leaders are reported essen-
tially skeptical that the Soviets
really intend to change their policy
on the vital issue of inspection. In
well informed quarters, therefore,
optimism is sharply curtailed by a
"show me" attitude.
To Hold New Talks
The state department announced
that the new round of probing,
exploratory talks will be held be-
tween William C. Foster, repre-
senting the United States, and
Ambassadors Nikolai T. Fedorenko
and Semyon T. Tsarapkin of Rus-
sia. Foster is chief of the United
States Disarmament Agency. Fe-
dorenko is Soviet Premiere
Khrushchev's new ambassador at
the United Nations and Tsarapkin
is the regular Russian disarma-
ment negotiator at Geneva.
Foster met with Kennedy for
about an hour this morningprior
to the announcement that the
United States - Soviet talks had
finally been agreed on and would
open tomorrow. The first session
will be held at Russia's UN head-
quarters in New York.
Plans for the talks were dis-
cussed here this week in a meet-
ing between Kennedy and Soviet
Deputy Foreign Minister Vasily
Kuznetsov. They topped off tenta-
tive arrangements already worked
out between United States and
Soviet disarmament delegations in
Geneva.
Kennedy Wants Agreement
Kuznctsov was reported to h'ave
expressed high hopes to Kennedy
of an agreement to end nuclear+
weapons testing in the foreseeable
future. Kennedy reportedly took
the line that he would seriously
like to see such an agreement as a
step toward bringing the nuclear
arms race under control.

Laotians
Infiltrate
Thailand
BANGKOK ()-The Red back-
lash of the settlement that gave
the pro-Communist Pathet Lao a
share in the government of Laos
is whipping across the Mekong
River into Thailand.
The politically astute, pro-West-
ern Thais had long feared that
the establishment of the rightist,
leftist and neutralist coalition in
the neighboring kingdom last
summer would mean Communist
infiltration of Thailand. Now they
know .it.
During the past week, an exten-
sive roundup of Communist sus-
pects in the aid northeast prov-
inces showed that the infiltrators
have started arriving.
Well Aware
United States policy planners, in
constant touch with Thai authori-
ties during the international nego-
tiations that led to formation of
the Laotian coalition under neu-
tralist Prince Souvanna Phouma,
were privately as aware as Thai-
land of the dangers.
As the settlement neared, Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy responded
to outspoken criticism from Thai-
land for opening the country's
flank by sending in United States
Marines and infantrymen to help
Thailand's armed forces keep the
peace.
These troops have long since
gone. But the American commit-
ment remains.
Arrives for Talks
Adm. Harry D. Felt, United
States commander in chief, em-
phasized this when he arrived Fri-
day for talks with Thai authori-
ties.
"We are comiletely aware of the
problem of infiltration and subver-
sion into the north and northeast
of Thailand by Communist cad-
res," Felt said. "That is why there
is a large (United States) military
assistance program. It is to help
the Thais with this problem."
Thailand brings into the plan-
ning a centuries-old record of
Oriental subtlety and practical
politics.
Report States
Try To Curb
Federal Power
TALLAHASSEE (P)-Efforts to
curb federal power and give the
states a check-rein on the judi-
ciary were reported yesterday
ready for tossing into the legisla-
tures of 11 states-from Wyoming
to Florida.
Florida strategists of the move
said three proposals to amend the
United States Constitution soon
will be introduced in 11 states and
plans are under way for similar
action in other states.
Two proposals have attracted
the most attention. They would
take legislative apportionment
cases away from the federal courts,
leaving the field to the states and
establish a court of the union of
all 50 state supreme court justices
to rule, under restricted condi-
tions, on the federal courts' juris-
diction in state matters.

By BARBARA PASH
The recently announced major
change in the Czechoslovakian
government is more for economic
reasons than political, Professors
Arthur P. Mendel and Zdenek Da-
vid of the history department
agree.
"As long as Czechoslovakian
President Antonin Novotny re-
mains, any change occurring on
the administration or economic
levels reflects an attempt to gain
more efficiency and doesn't seem
to have great political implica-
tions," Prof. Mendel explained.
Prof. David noted that the fail-
ure to meet the present economic
program has led to a severe down-
grading of the plan. None of the
men involved in the administrative
change, however, belong to the up-
per echelons of the Communist
Party.
No Change
Thus, he said, the shifting of
ministers does not indicate a sub-
stantial alteration in the direction
of the party's regime. "Novotny is
associated with the Stalinist tra-
dition. He is one of the few re-
maining in such a high position,"
Prof. Mendel explains. Last year,
in fact, he was able to defeat a
major attempt by an anti-Stalin-
ist group to remove him.
In contrast to the Stalin period,
the local Communist parties now
possess considerable more voice in
determining general party poli-
cies.
"There appear to be three main
factors for the recent economic
difficulties of Czechoslovakia,"
Prof. David says. The heavy sub-
sidization of Cuba with Czecho-
slovakian products is straining the
economy.
More Goods
Another factor is the emphasis
on manufacturing more consumer
goods to please the people. Per-
haps the most serious reason for
the economic problems is the de-
mand for a greater investment in
agriculture.
The government is collectivized
virtually 100 per cent and this re-
quires increased capital or agrar-
ian machinery. "Details are close-
ly-guarded secrets, but recent 'vis-
itors to Prague have reported gov-
ernment officials telling them of
the serious economic trouble the
state is in," Prof. David says.
Regarding the relation of Czech-
oslovakia and Cuba, Prof.. Mendel
notes that very frequently the for-
mer "makes sacrifices as a result
of Soviet premier Nikita S.
Khrushchev's commitment to for-
eign aid programs in Cuba."
STC To Urge
No Tax Change
The State Tax Commission will
recommend no substantial change
in state equalization of property
values for tax purposes, Chairman
Robert A. Eckhardt revealed yes-
terday.
If the State Board of Equaliza-
tion accepts the recommendation
of the commission in May, as ex-
pected, there will be no state-
wide increase in tax bills.

ECONOMIC REASONS:
Professors View
New Czech Change

ANTONIN NOVOTNY
. .. economic shifts
Meredith
Calls Re p o rt
Inaccurate'
OXFORD, Miss, (2')-- Negro
student James H. Meredith termed
"inaccurate" a report in yester-
day's Memphis Commercial Ap-
peal that he might transfer back
to Jackson State College, a Negro
institution, after he completes the
present semester at the University
of Mississippi.
The Commercial Appeal said
sources indicated Meredith had al-
ready applied for a telephone in an
apartment near Jackson State,
which he left to enter Mississippi
last fall. The paper said this might
be a prelude to his re-entering
Jackson State.
Friday, the head of the Univer-
sity of Mississippi said that Mere-
dith's recent news conference
caused the latest student demon-
stration against him.
Meredith told newsmen last
Monday he may not return to
Mississippi next semester unless
harassment is stopped.
"The press conference sparked
the whole thing," Chancellor J. D.
Williams said.
"The students resented it. We
were getting along quietly and
normally."

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