By DAVID MARCUS
Cheating is as straightforward as ever.
Despite reports that college students hide answers in empty
watch cases, cleverly connive to get the exam to a compatriot
waiting outside the exam room and have files of term papers for
every occasion, most of the cheating detected is still the desperate
but unprepared student peeking at his neighbor's exam paper.
Describing the run-of-the-mill cheater as "terribly unimagina-
tive," Associate Dean of the Literary College James H. Robertson
says that most academically dishonest students are acting "more
out of desperation than amorality" and have "simply not thought
about the consequences of their actions."
Dean Robertson is chairman of the literary college's adminis-
Grative board which handles cases of academic dishonesty. Usually
the board deals with 30-40 such cases each year, he says.
"Occasionally, we get a case of a student who has stolen an
exam or who has broken into an instructor's office and changed
his grade or who is selling ready-made lab assignments.
"But overall, I don't think cheating is a serious problem,"
Dean Robertson says, noting that cases of amoral, premeditated
dishonesty are especially rare.
Faculty Fights Back
In at least a few cases, faculty members are catching on to
some of the more conventional cheating devices and sometimes
even inventing their own ingenious preventive devices.
For example, one large lecture course was plagued by students
bringing up their graded exams and asking for adjustments on
supposedly misgraded or overlooked answers.
After one exam, many of the bluebooks were photostated and,
when students requested a change in grade, their bluebooks were
compared with photostats of the original.
In another case, proctors were stationed outside a lecture hall
where an exam was being given and apprehended several students
attempting to pass copies of the questions through the window to
fellow students who would manage to turn in a written exam in,
the confusion of the mass exit at the end of the test.
Once they are caught, the mechanisms for handling cheaters
vary from school to school. Some, like the engineering school and
the medical school, have honors systems which place the respon-
sibility for detecting, apprehending and penalizing cheaters direct-
ly on their student peers.
"There is no system that will prevent all cheating," Prof. Axel
Marin of the engineering school and chairman of the engineering
faculty's discipline committee, says.
"But the honor system does say that the faculty trusts the
students until directly proven otherwise. The proctoring of examina-
tions shows a lack of trust."
The honor system has been in effect in the engineering col-
lege since 1916 when it was instituted at the request of the senior
class. Under its provisions, exams are distributed and then the in-
structor leaves the room. If a student notices somebody cheating,
he is supposed to bring it to the attention of the class. If the
cheater does not cease immediately, it is the responsibility of the
student who. noticed the dishonesty to turn the cheater in.
Stressing that the problem of cheating is minimal in the en-
gineering college, Prof. Marin points out that less than one-tenth
of one per cent of the students in the college have ever been in-
volved in any difficulty regarding their academic honesty.
Privilege and Responsibility
"When new students come, we tell them about the system, that
it is both a privilege and a responsibility for them," Prof. Marin
In most cases, the penalty for cheating is a failing grade on
the bluebook, paper or in the course plus a letter sent home to
the student's parents. In a few hard core cases, where the student
is found guilty of committing a premeditated act such as stealing
an exam, he is asked to leave the University.
See ANTI-CHEATING, Page 8
Cloudy and colder with light
snow beginning tonight
See Editorial Page
Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, NO. 86
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 11, 1963
Pollution Laboratory at
Select North Campus
As New Facility Site
Congress Must Appropriate Funds
For Constructing New PHS Center
By PHILIP SUTIN
The University has been selected as the site for a $2.5 million
United States Public Health Service water pollution control labora-
The laboratory, one of seven to be built in various regions of the
country, will be constructed on the east side of North Campus, Vice-
BY GAIL EVANS
Romney To Appoint Group
To Study Education, Needs
'President for Research Ralph A.
Sawyer said yesterday.
As Congress has not yet appro-
priated funds for the laboratories,
Sawyer indicated the date of its
completion is uncertain. However,
he noted, if the money is appro-
priated by summer, the facilities
would be completed in about two
To Employ 150
Sen. Philip A. Hart (D-Mich),
in announcing the laboratory, said
he had been advised by the Pub-
lic Health Service that the facility
would employ approximately 150
scientists and engineers. '
The laboratory would be the
center for water pollution research
in 14 Midwestern states. It will
attempt to determine more effec-
tive ways of sewage treatment,
trace sources of pollution and to
devise ways of altering common
and industrial pollutants.
The University will have no con-
trol over the laboratory, having
only given the land for it, Sawyer
said. However, it will informally
cooperate with it and possibly
conduct some contract research at
The public health school, the'
natural resources school and the
Institute of Science and Technol-
ogy are expected to be involved
with the laboratory.
Hart indicated that the Univer-
sity had beaten out possible sites.
in Minnesota, Illinois and Missouri
to gain the laboratory.
"The University has a big pro-
gram in water research. Itsmgood
facilities were probably an impor-
tant factor in establishing it here,"
The University is making pre-
liminary arrangements for formal
negotiations with Delta College to
discuss the possibility of estab-
lishing a University campus at Del-
The University will announce its
negotiators in the next few days,
Director of University Relations
Michael Radock said yesterday.
Wednesday night the Delta Col-
lege Board of Trustees appointed
a committee to discuss the possi-
bility with the University.
Delta is a two-year community
college near Bay City. Recently,
Delta has been trying to interest
the Legislature, Michigan State
University or the University in
helping the college become a four-
In a recent statement to the
Legislative Study Committee, Uni-
versity President Harlan Hatcher
stressed the fact that the original
charter of the University has au-
thorized it to establish branches
throughout the state, and that the
University must be ready to "ex-
tend its educational programs be-
yond the Ann Arbor campus."
President Hatcher praised the
branch plan of educational expan-
sion. He said that the University
recognizes that the state may pro-
vide for branches of existing in-
stitutions in the future. However,
he also added, "By pursuing dis-
cussion with the Delta Board, we
are not jeopardizing the success
of any long-range program."
The University will continue its
policy of discussing any plans for
new off-campus branches with the
Legislature, he said.
WAHNT4TOrMN (P)I The
By RICHARD KELLER SIMON
Graduate Student Council un-
animously called for a complete
reorganization of Student Govern-
ment Council last night.
The plan drawn up by GSC
President Edwin Sasaki, Grad.,
proposes a Council elected by the
15 schools and colleges of the
University, with one representa-
tive per 1000 students or part
thereof. The president and vice-
president would be elected at large
from the entire student body.
By the 1960 enrollment break-
down, this would create a Council
of 32, plus the president and vice-
Sasaki's plan creates an- advis-
ory board, a committee on non-
academic affairs, made up of all
the ex-officios now on Council ex-
cepting the Editor of The Daily,
and adding the heads of the In-
ternational Students' Association,
Inter-Cooperative Council, and
Graduate Student Council.
The proposal also calls for in-
ternal committees made up en-
tirely of Council members, and
external committees made up of
non-Council members with a
Council member as chairman.
Currently, SGC members are
either elected at large by the en-
Romano Amplifies Position
. RALPH SAWYER
Students who signed up for
classes under the new preclassifi-
cation system will get their classi-
fication materials in the mail 'or
at their college office by Jan. 25,
according to Ronald Keller, ad-
ministrative assistant in the office
of Registration and Records.
All ,studebntsa .musit. 'rina their
By WILLIAM BENOIT
Rep. William D. Romano (D-
Warren) yesterday clarified his
position regarding out-of-state
students at the University, whose
enrollment he had charged on
Wednesday was too high.
Romano agreed that the Univer-
sity's official figures did indeed
indicate a decrease in out-of-state
enrollment, but he intimated that
the figures had been manipulated
to disguise the true situation.
He had said on Wednesday that
the University's out-of-state en-
rollment had increased over last
year by one per cent, but he ad-
mitted yesterday that he had con-
fused the University in that in-
stance with Michigan State Uni-
But the Warren Democrat con-
tinued to express concern on the
matter of non-resident students,
attacking particularly the high
level of New York and New Jer-
sey residents attending the Uni-
Romano emphasized that the
Audit Commission would "make a
thorough study" of the out-of-
state enrollment situation, with
particular attention paid to the
He said he was "fed up" with
varying definitions of an out-of-
state student. He hinted that the
Audit Commission would propose
steps to limit appropriations for
the University unless some agree-
MedicaltCenter Details Need
For New Children's Hospital
The Medical Center has prepared a four-page special publica-
tion detailing the need for a children's hospital as the latest part of
its continuing drive for state capital outlay funds.
The proposed $7.9 million hospital has been a high-priority item
in the Medical Center capital outlay requests'since 1951 and is now
the number one building on its list.
William Bender, Jr., editor of the special supplement to the
University Hospital Star, the house organ of the hospital, explained,
"To show you how critical is this -
ment on a standardized definition
of a non-resident student was
"We don't want to run their
business because under the Con-
stitution they are a body by them-
selves governed by the Regents,
but we do give them money and
unless standards are set up, some-
thing will have to be done," Ro-
.111 ~ j6 VCi11b 11uA Ii 116 VL WA..LX1111V- *
classification materials to the reg- Sawyer asserted. Washington Post said last night tire student body, or are ex- The Michigan Union Board of
u 1 a r 1y scheduled registration, Fifth Group the United States and the Soviet officio members who hold their Directors last night referred back
where students will be assessed The facility will be the fifth Union are actively exploring new positions because of their rank on to the Union Executive Council
their fees. studying water resources. The approaches to a nuclear test ban other campus organizations. for clarification a proposed policy
S t u d e n t s who preclassified United States Bureau of Commer- agreement that has eluded nego- Since SGC must approve any statement on the Union's status as
courses will only have to go cial Fisheries operates a labora- tiators for years. changes in its organization, Sa- an apolitical organization.
through the basement half of the tory here. The Post said a new Soviet saki hopes that his proposal will The statement, which stressed
registration process in Waterman The Great Lakes Commission overture toward breaking the receive sufficient student endorse- that "the Union does not and
Gymnasium. and Fisheries Commission are al- deadlock on international inspec- ment to force Council to adopt should not lend partisan support
Late registration can result in so semi-attached to the University. tion of a test ban is understood the plan. He plans to enlist the to specific issues or causes, unless
loss of reserved class space gained The Great Lakes research division to have been made to the United support of as many campus or- indicated otherwise by official ac-
through preclassification. of IST also studies this area. States. ganizations as possible. tion of the Board of Directors,"
recognized the Union "Reports" as
"the official organ for the respon-
'MAGNIFICENT REVOLUTION': sible expression of individual opin-
ion by students working within the
" In a committee of the whole dis-
o ns n V ews ega&- 11 g t orua = ussion on the possibility of a
Jonso Views Negro Fight for Equaty the Union and
____the Michigan League, the Board
By MARTHA MacNEAL considered the probable use of
Bearth," he said, "but if we do, Calling Lincoln a man of stern etery, "and this was in the United the Union plant shouldea unified
"The progress in the Negro's we shall pass through exceedingly intelligence, reason, and realism, States of America." student activities organization be
struggle for equality is the most strenuous effort to a result that he stressed that Lincoln "would White educational missionaries located elsewhere. Director of Fi-
magnificent revolution you have could be decisively constructive in have done with love whatever was from the North, who "knew what nancial Aids Walter B. Rea fa-
ever looked at in your life," Rev, the whole world." necessary to set the souls of these Lincoln meant," taught Southern vored an enlargement of the Un-
Mordecai Johnson, president emer- Rev. Johnson called himself pes- people free, socially and politically, Negroes to become aware of them- ion as a comprehensive center for
itus of Howard University, said simistic, but emphasized that his for he loved the Southern people." selves, instilling in them the con- student activities, faculty, alumni
yesterday. kind of pessimism is useful in Andrew Johnson, Loncoln's suc- ception of the dignity of human and guests.
"We must prove to ourselves that it causes one to be careful, cessor, "had Lincoln's heart, but' nature. They sent the best Ne'ro Also considered was a sugges-
that we still have the inspiration "to be sure that you are putting it was too soft. He did not know high school students to the best tion made by Union President
of Thomas Jefferson, and make your feet on solid ground before how to make people commit them- colleges and universities in te Robert Finke, '63, that an organ-
it concrete now," he stressed. taking the next step.' selves to the proposition that 'all North, and thus began real eman- ization be estatlished to bring to-
Speaking on "Modern Progress Continuing his discussion with men are created equal ." cipation. gether the heads of all student
in Civil Rights" as part of the an appraisal of Abraham Lincoln, Failure "It is still overwhelmingly true groups in a non-political atmos-
University's observance of the "the greatest name n popular ; nnlPn1intlv h r*ennstrlc that Negroes are disciminat-d phere and that this group be given
need in our own house the Star
has prepared this special four-page'
section. We urge you to read it.
Show it to yourfriends and neigh-
"It is the same old push, the
situatign is critical. The children's
unit was well-planned -in 1918, but
it is not good now. The need for
a new one becomes greater each
year," Medical Center Director Dr.
A. C. Kerlikowske declared.
Statements by President Harlan
Hatcher, Dean William Hubbard
of the Medical School and Ker-
likowske emphasized the "critical-
ly important" need for the hospi-
See 'U,' Page 2
Student Government Council
has been given legal authority to
continue its investigations into
membership discrimination in the
SGC legal counsel William P.
Lemmer gave his opinion in a let-
ter released at Wed. night's SGC
meeting to Council President Ste-
ven Stockmeyer, '63. He ruled that
the Regents can legally delegate
administrative authority to SGC,
but not "Constitutional author-
To Seek Aid
To Hold Split Session
By KENNETH WINTER
Gov. George Romney announced
yesterday in his State of the State
message that he will appoint -a
citizens' committee to study Mich-
igan's schools on a statewide basis,
"from kindergarten to graduate
The group would investigate ex-
tending methods of financing edu-
cation, consider the establishment
of community colleges, seek a sim-
plified school-aid formula, and
view other statewide educational
Romney also promised to seek
"an immediate appropriation" for
necessary capital outlay funds to
state colleges and universities. His
speech did not mention operating
appropriations for higher educa-
tion, although he said that public
could not be increased this year.
Steps toward Reform
Romney told the Legislature
that his office has already taken
steps toward state spending re-
form, and, asked them to hold off
on tax reform until "unquestioned
efficiency and economy" in spend-
ing are achieved,
To this end, he suggested that
the present legislative session be
brief and "action-packed," last-
ing until April, to be followed by a
second session after Labor Day to
enact tax reform measures.
Reaction to.the two-session pro-
posal followed party lines. Demo-
crats said they were ready to co-
operate with the Governor on im-
mediate tax reform action, and in-
sisted that there is no time for de-
Chance To Agree
But House Speaker Allison Green
(R-Kingston) backed the split ses-
sion, which he said "will give us
a chance to agree on areas where
we are in agreement and then de-
vote full attention to tax reform
in the fall."
The rest of Romney's message
outlined his proposals for legisla-
tive action, "an orderly, reasoned
and immediate attack" on the
state's problems, "premised on
what is possible."
He said that Michigan's fore-
most need is for economic growth
to create more jobs-a million
more by 1970.
Among the impossibilities for
this year, at least, are new spend-
ing programs, because a balanced
budret is a nrimary need at the
1' ifk ."