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January 10, 1963 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1963-01-10

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BIRCH SOCIETY
SIMPLICITY
See Editorial Page

CIT r

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Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom

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COLDER
High-34
Low-31
Chance of snow flurries
and turning colder

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M LXXIII, No. 85

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 10, 1963

SEVEN CENTS

SI

IX PA

I.7J

UN Forces
Vacillating Leader
Called Irresponsible
Confinement Comes After Threats
YofScorched Earth Policy in Kolwezi
UNITED NATIONS UP)-- Katanga President Moise Tshombe,
after a day of alternately pledging peace and threatening destruc-
tion, was ordered under house arrest last night by the United Nations.
The United Nations decided that he must at last be confined as
irresponsible.
Tshombe already had been a virtual prisoner in his palace at
Elisabethville, the United Nations-occupied secessionist capital.
Plant Explosives
There he had threatened to blow up the great industrial in-
stallations at Kolwezi and elsewhere with planted explosives.
In Kolwezi, where Tshombe had taken refuge before his voluntary
and abject return to Elisabethville, it was reported that lawless-
"ness and grim suspense existed
among mining officials, Tshombe's
white mercenaries and Africans.
The United Nations in handling
Tshombe this time -.after many
months of his vacillation and sub-
terfuge on the plan to reunify the
Congo - at first ignored him, ex-
plaining there was nothing further
to negotiate.

)rder

Tshombe

Under

House Arres

4 "

MOISE TSHOMBE
... order for arrest

Scot Objects
To New Plan
Scott House in South Quad-
rangle has gone on record as
"reluctant to move to Mary Mark-
ley Hall with the implementation
of co-educational housing in
South Quad."
. A statement issued by the house
Went on to say the house wouldn't
object if "that part of the building
Scott House now occupies will be
occupied by women," but that it
would strongly protest being dis-
placed and sent to Markley, only,
to have its present physical quar-
ters continued as men's housing.
Strong Reaction
The statement came in ap-
parent reaction to the rumor that
the seventh and eighth floors of
South Quad, made up of Huber
and Van Tyne Houses, and also
Kelsey House in the ground level,
would be the units given over to
women's housing. However, since
Van Tyne protested being moved
to Markley so vigorously, it has
been rumored that it would be
shifted down into the present
quarters of Scott House on the
western portion of the fifth and
sixth floors.
As yet, no official decision as to
the exact location of women's
units within South Quad has been
disclosed.
Two Splits
Controversy centers around the
two possible ways of dividing South
Quad. One faction favors splitting
the quadrangle vertically giving
one side to the women and the
other to the men. The adminis-
tration indicates, however, that it
prefers to divide the quadrangle
horizontally, giving the top to the

Statement
This turn of events was dis-
closed in a statement issued by a
spokesman for Secretary-General
U Thant at United Nations head-
quarters.
Tshombe had warned he would
apply a scorched earth policy if
the United Nations command in
the Congo strikes toward Kolwezi.
In swift reaction to Tshombe,
the United Nations said the only
way Tshombe can prove his good
faith is to permit peaceful entry
of. the United Nations force into
that strategic mining and hydro-
electric center.
Weaken Position
The general view of United Na-
tions diplomats is that Tshombe's
position already had been . so
weakened by developments of the
past few weeks that the United
Nations can call the position as
it likes.
This point of view was reflect-
ed in a statement made in Leo-
poldville by United Nations Under-
secretary Ralph J. Bunche, who
has been reviewing the situation
in Katanga. Bunche indicated the
United Nations was going ahead
with plans to unify the Congo
without waiting for Tshombe.
United Nations officials have
indicated repeatedly that they
have nothing to discuss with
Tshombe and that the time has
come for action - not words. This
explains in part why United Na-
tions officials are in no hurry to
accept Tshombe's bid.
The developments which have
put the United Nations in a com-
manding position are primarily
the military occupation of Elisa-
bethville and the defection of
eight influential tribal chiefs, in
South Katanga.
There appears little doubt that
the United Nations wants to takel
over Kolwezi, in one way or an-
other, pefore United Nations offi-
cials consider the secession of Ka-
tanga at an end. They want to;
avoid the application of a scorched
earth policy, however, if possible.I

Zellner
A rrested
InSouth
MONTGOMERY WA)-John Rob-
ert Zellner, field secretary of the
Student Non-violent Coordinating
Committee, was convicted of vag-
rancy yesterday in recorder's court.
Zellner, who was ordered held
without bond, was arrested last
night on the Huntingdon College
campus by State Investigator Will-
ie Painter.
A vagrancy conviction carries a
maximum penalty of $100 plus
court costs and six months in jail.
He was expected to appeal.
Demonstrations
Painter testified that Zellner was
picked up and charged after con-
fidential information was receiv-
ed that he was in Montgomery to
organize demonstrations n e x t
Monday when Gov.-elect George
Wallace takes office.
Under cross-examination, Paint-
er told the court there was no
signed warrant when Zellner was
arrested. He said the warrant was
later signed by Detective Lt. Jack
Shows.
Shows said Zellner refused to
tell officers where he worked,
where he lived or what his means
of income was.
No Disturbance
' Sources with Zellner at the time
of his arrest said he was walk-
ing along the college campus
"minding his own business when
he was picked up and frisked. He
was creating absolutely no disturb-
ance of any kind." The sources
said they were "afraid to be iden-
tified."
The police department refused
any comment. "We're busy with"
holdups and burglars. We don't.
have any time to be concerned'
with Mr. Zellner," one officer said.
College Denies
Discrimination
ALEXANDRIA W) - Attorneys
for Clemson College said yesterday,
Harvey B. Gantt, 19-year-old
Charleston, S.C., Negro, was de-
nied admission because he failed
to complete his application, not
because of his race.

*

*

*

*

*

*

Commission

To

Scrutiriz

Non-Resident

Enrollmen

LEGISLATURE CONVENES:
Conlin MayLose CommitteeLeadership

By GERALD STORCH
Special To The Daily
LANSING - Reliable House
sources yesterday reported that
Rep. Rollo G. Conlin (R-Tipton)
will be summarily dumped from
the chairmanship of the House
Committee on Taxation in ap-
parent reaction to his pro-income
tax sentiments.
As the state Legislature con-
vened yesterday, speculation ran
high over who would replace Con-
lin at the helm of this key com-
mittee.
In the Senate meanwhile, an-
other leader got the axe. men.
Raymond C. Dzendzel (D-Detroit),

Gantt's attorneys countered that
Clemson hadrchanged admission
requirements every time he + com-
pleted an application and had re-
fused to accept samples of his
architectural design work - the
final requirement for transfer
from Iowa State University-after
he filed suit last July.
The 4th Circuit Court of Ap-
peals took the case under advise-
ment after Mrs. Constance Baker
Motley, one of Gantt's attorneys,
urged it to issue a direct order,,
similar to the one in James H.
Meredith's case, to Clemson to ad-
mit Gantt for its spring term.

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Non-wDefense
Grants Rise
By PHILIP SUTIN
Government - sponsored non -
defense research may surpass de-
fense department-sponsored re-
search for the first time this year,
as sponsored research at the Uni-
versity reaches a record $36 mil-
lion, Director of Research Admin-
istration Robert E. Burroughs es-
timated yesterday.
On the basis of sponsored re-
search for the first four months
of this fisecal year, he predicted
that non-defense department re-
search will be worth $14.25 million,
while defense research will amount
to $13 million.
Buildup
'This estimate reflects a greater
buildup in non-defense research
and a diversification of University
research efforts," Burroughs ex-
plained.
Total sponsored research at the
University will total $36 million
this year, an increase of approxi-
mately $5 million over the last
fiscal year.
Of the total, $31.150 million goes
for governmentally sponsored re-
search, $2.262 million for founda-
tion-sponsored research, $1.874
for expendable, restricted grants
covering a general field and $171
thousand for other sponsored re-
search.
Research Increase
Burroughs explained these es-
timates were based on the increase
in governmentally sponsored re-
search and assuming other spon-
sored research at the same rate as
last year. "This method makes the
estimate rather conservative," he
said.
Vice - President for Research
Ralph A. Sawyer noted as of last
Nov. 30 the University has 954
research projects sponsored by
non-state funds and additional
697 proposals pending. The total
cost of current and proposed pro-
jects is $48 million Sawyer es-
timated.

*

former Senate minority floor
leader, was rejected in favor of
veteran Sen. Charles S. Blondy
(D-Detroit), in a 6-5 ballot at a
Democratic caucus.
No Specifics
Sen. Basil Brown (D-Detroit)
explained that he "couldn't point
to any specifics," but felt that
Blondy "would make a better
'leader.
"Dzendzel didn't ask for my
support until mid-December, after
I was committed to Blondy," he
added.
Opening proceedings in the Sen-
ate were calm, but fireworks wvent
off in the House, even before the
membership was sworn in.
Unseated
The members-elect, before tak-
ing their oath of office, refused
to seat Rep.-elect Leonard S. Wal-
ton (D-Detroit), until such time
as the membership has the op-
portunity to consider his qualifica-
tions.
Walton, elected to his first term
in November, has been accused of
illegal election procedures, and
the case is currently pending in
Detroit Recorder's Court. The-vote
to bar him ran along party lines.
Democrats called the action
everything from "totalitarian" to
"unconstitutional." Minority floor
leader Joseph J. Kowalski (D-
Detroit) went so far as to suggest
that majority floor leader Robert
C. Waldron (R-Grosse Pointe),
who led the move to refuse seat-
ing of Walton, remain out of the
House until after the investiga-
tion.
Withdrawn
Kowalski's motion was with-
drawn, however, after Speaker of.
the House Allison Green (R-
Kingston) termed it "childish."
Meanwhile, the committee on
committees, chaired by moderate
Sen. Stanley G. Thayer (R-Ann
Arbor), will meet again this morn-
Probation Ends
For Howard
The former Michigan State Uni-
versity student government presi-
dent, Robert Howard and three
other former leaders of student
organizations have been released1
from the strict disciplinary pro-
bation imposed upon them since7
Oct. 30.
The four were placed on pro-
bation when they tried to defy
university regulations concerningj
outside speakers. Two other stu-
dents involved in the effort re-;
main on probation.
Howard said one of the factors
which brought about revocation of
his probation was a pending ap-
plication to graduate school. MSU
will not release transcripts of any1
students on probation.1

*

SHORT MEETING:
SGC Postpones Action
On Regna Elections
By GLORIA BOWLES and RICHARD KELLER SIMON
Student Government Council adjourned last night before taking
action on a proposal for SGC participation in Regental elections.
It also postponed consideration of the motion to change the stat-
us of ex-officio members, in a short two and one-half hour meeting.
Daily Editor Michael Olinick, '63, asked the Council to take an
active role in coming campaigns to fill vacancies on the Regents.
The motion proposes that SGC should outline qualifications for

Regental positions, interview and
endorse candidates, and present
its choices to the state conventions.
According to the proposal it should
also present information about the
candidates to the campus, to the
parents of Michigan resident stu-
dents, and to the state at large.
Olinick hoped for action on the
motion in time for Council par-
ticipation in the February party
conventions, and the April Re-
gents elections, when two seats
will be up for voter consideration.
Several Council members feared
Council involvement in party poli-
tics, and thought the proposal
overstepped the bounds of Coun-
cil's functions and responsibility.
Other members, supporting the
proposal, suggested that it gave
the Council an opportunity for
significant action, and a chance to
play a role in influencing the
choice of an important decision-
making body.
In other action, the Council re-
fused approval of four appoint-
ments to Joint Judiciary Council,
and asked that petitioning and
interviews be conducted again to
obtain more qualified petitioners.
It passed a motion by Executive
Vice-President Thomas Brown, '63,
setting up a second Conference on
the University, for the fall semes-
ter.

*

Eldersveld Analyzes Power
Of Political Action Groups
By ELLEN SILVERMAN
The political action group has a potential power which can be
utilized to promote our success of its objectives Prof. Samuel Elders-
veld of the political science department told a meeting of the Ann
Arbor Women for Peace last night.
Prof. Eldersveld commented that although there were three
methods or "styles" which could be used by an organization to achieve

ing to iron out committee ap-
pointments.
One of the biggest hurdles is
the appropriations committee, as
Thayer and the moderates want
to replace Sen. Elmer R. Porter
(R-Blissfield) with Sen. Frank D.
Beadle (R-St. Clair), who is a
conservative, but supposedly less
conservative than Porter.
Do Job
Beadle said "if given the job,
I'll do it."
Also, Blondy wants to change
the appropriations committee's
Republican-Democrat ratio from
7-2 to 6-3 for a more "equitable"
proportion.
At 11 a.m. today, Gov. George
Romney will deliver the "State
of the State" address to a joint
legislative session. His speech will
deal mainly with fiscal reform and
improving Michigan's economy.

LEONARD S. WALTON
... not seated

P air Relates
Experiences
By H. NEIL BERKSON
Benjamin Taylor and Ivanhoe
Donaldson, the two former Michi-
gan State University students who
just left a Clarksdale, Miss. jail
Monday, arrived in Ann Arbor
yesterday and spent the day re-
lating their experiences at the
hands of Mississippi police.
"We had no food during the
first 24 hours we were in jail,"
Donaldson said. "We weren't al-
lowed tosit, lie down or lean
against the wall, except at night
when we went to sleep."
Taylor said the police didn't
mishandle them physically, but
that their language was extreme-
ly foul. They weren't allowed a
phone call until they had been in
jail five days.
The pair explained that Chief
of Police Ben Collins tried to pre-
vent them from making contact
with Aaron Henry, Mississippi
state president of the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People. Collins told
Taylor and Donaldson that he had
called Henry, bt that Henry
didn't want to have anything to
do with the case. When Henry
tried to find out the situation,
Collins told him that the matter
had already been settled with an-
other Negro leader.
The situation in the Mississippi
Delta area is critical, they ;said.
Negro families, averaging nine-
ten people with yearly incomes
averaging $100, are being denied
relief by county authorities in re-
taliation for the large voter regis-
tration drive now going on.
They believe they were arrested
in order to discourage any more
outside efforts to help the Mis-
sissippi Negroes.
Delta Trustees

Romano Hits
"~gConflicting
'U'Figures =
LegislatorA To Hear
Report in Session
By WILLIAM BENOIT
Special To The Daily
LANSING - The Legislative
Audit Commission will study non-
resident student enrollment at
state colleges, including the Uni-
versity and report their findings
to the Legislature sometime during
the current session, Rep. William
D. Romano (D-Warren)said yes-
terday.
The report will include exten-
sive examination of out-of-state
student enrdllment figures re-
ceived from the University this
year, Romano continued.
"The figures we have from the
University for this year are not
concurrent with promises the
University made last year to cut
down non-resident student en-
rollment," he said. "The Univer
sity has a one per cent increase In
out-of-state students," he assert-
ed.
Way They Want
"They're alway$ giving ot fig-
ures that come out the way they
want them to," Romano said in
reference to University enrollment
reports to 'the Audit Commission.
As a possible cause for contin-
ued increase in out-of-state en-
rollment, "non-resident students
pay higher tuition, and schools are
greedy for that."
Last spring, the University,
Michigan State Universityand
Michigan Institute of Mining and
Technology at Houghton reported-
ly all came to an agreement with
members of the Audit Commission
to limit and reduce their enroll-
ments of rout-of-state students.
At that time, the University had
some 31.3 per cent of its enroll-
ment from out-of-state. MSU and
Tech had 19.1 per cent and 27.8
per cent respectively.
According to current University
figures, out-of-state enrollment
stands at 29.2 per cent of the total
number of resident students.
At Odds
Traditionally the University has
been at odds with lawmakers as to
what constitutes an out-of -state
student, with various definitions
of residence comprising the dis-
pute.
However, Romano claims that
he bases his statement on data re-
ceived by the Audit Commission
from the University.
In the past, the Legislature has
attempted to enact restrictions
upon the University to curb its
level of out-of-state students. Two
years ago, an amendment which
would have put a 15 per cent ceil-
ing on out-of-state students was
knocked off the general appropria-
tions bill by only four votes.
Some Question
There is some question, however,
as to whether the University, an
entity specifically set up under the
constitution, whose governing
board is accountable only to the
people, would be bound by such
a limitation, even were it to be
enacted by the Legislature.
Romano reiterated that the
main reason for continuing-a large
percentage of out-of-state stu-
dents was due to the fact that
they paid much higher tuitions,
and he said that he felt certain
the Legislature would appropriate
sufficient additional funds to com-
pensate the University .for reve-
nues lost through restricting the
number of non-residents accepted.
The Warren Democrat asserted
that "it is more important that
we educate a C or C-plus student
from our own state than an A stu-

dent from out-of-state."
The University has often chal-

Huber and Scott Houses have
gone on record favoring co-ed
housing under the present ar-
rangement, while Van Tyne House
has opposed it.
An Inter-Quadrangle Council-
Assembly House Council commit-
tee and a Board of Governors of
Residence Hall unit on co-educa-
tional housing are studying possi-
ble arrangements and are not ex-
pected to act until next semester.
Ward Suffers
Hearit Attack
Dean-emeritus Marcus Ward of
the dental school died yesterday
of a probable heart attack at the
age of 86.
Ward served as dean of the
school from 1916 to 1934. That
year he resigned as dean, but con-
tinued nn the failty until 1945_

maximum effectiveness, working
within a political party would
bring about more long range re-
sults.
Individualized Pressure
The firstumethod is individual-
ized pressure and "at certain
times this type of action is im-
portant." But the individual work-
ing as a separate entity ordinarily
is liimted as to what can be ac-
complished, he said.
The group working as an auton-
omous group outside of political
parties is the second method and
can accomplish a great deal, Prof.
Eldersveld stressed.
In order for the group to be ef-
fective the objectives must be spe-
cific and lucidly articulated. "Oft-
en there is ambiguity with this
point in relation to peace groups.
Few people would probably be

NEGRO STATUS:
Dumond Views Effect of Proclamation

k - <*>

By CARL COHEN
"Until we start thinking about
character and intelligence instead
of color, there will be no justice
and no certain peace," Prof.
Dumond said last night.
Prof. Dumond spoke on "The
Emancipation Proclamation:
Freedom in the Fullness of Time."
at the second in a series of three
campus programs commemorat-
ing the centennial of Lincoln's
Emancipation Proclamation.
Prof. Dumond said that the
nrAclamation had nbt an end tn

because emancipation, in its
broader aspect, has not yet been
accepted throughout the country.
It has been a "sickening story"
and a "sad documentary on the
progress of people" that we as
"moral leaders of the world" have
been cynical, selfish and cruel to-
ward a large segment of our pop-
ulation.
"Hope fades away after three
centuries of patient requests" Du-
mond said, and we are now faced
with angry demands that will not

decision, our government found
"new dignity and strength."
Greatness
Dumond stated that this refusal
to compromise "proved the great-
ness of our institutions."
He explained that slavery is the
exercise of the force of one man
over another and that it had been
broken by the Union army. There-
fore, it was not a question of aboli-
tion, but one of restoration that
Lincoln settled by issuing the
proclamation and it was a guar-

I

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