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January 05, 1963 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-01-05

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See Editorial Page

C, r



A few periods of light snow or
drizzle, turning colder tonight

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom


Tshombe Offers Peace or War

President Moise Tshombe-with
his forces reported in disorderly
retreat-said yesterday he is ready
to negotiate with the United Na-
tions or to fight its armies to the
He prepared to make a stand at
his war capital of Kolwezi, 150
miles to the west and north of
Elisabethville, the provincial cap-
ital now in UN hands.
UN forces at Jadotville stood 100
miles from Kolwezi and are under
strict orders not to advance as
they did-in a confusion of com-
mand communications-to capture
Jadotville Thursday.
Shows Confidence
Showing outward confidence,
Tshombe said in an interview in
Kolwezi that he is still willing to
negotiate a settlement of his se-
cession from the Congo Central
Government of Premier Cyrille
But he added "Now I understand
that the UN thinks it too late to
negotiate and their troops are still
advancing. We cannot stop fight-
ing in that case. We shall resist.
We shall fight to the end. If Kol-
wezi falls, then we fight in the
Union Miniere, the big Belgian-
based mineral firm whose riches
have financed Tshombe's seces-
sion from the Congo, reported
that all its operations in Katanga
had halted.
Chaotic Situation
This apparently was due to
sabotage to installations and to
the chaos in Katanga resulting
from the conflict.
Earlier, in Leopoldville, a UN
spokesman said UN troops had
taken an airfield five miles out-
side Jadotville. And the South Af-
rican Press Association had quoted
radio reports as saying UN troops
advancing from Jadotville toward
Kolwezi clashed with Katangans
at Mulongwishi, 20 miles to the
northwest. That would be about
one-fourth of the way to Kolwezi.
Belgium urged Tshombe to end
his secession, and reiterated sup-
port for UN Secretary-General
U Thant's plan to reunify the
Vengeful Katangans
The British and Belgians feared
vengeful Katangans would sabo-
tage the mining properties there
if the UN advanced.
A UN statement expressed re-
gret over "a serious breakdown in
effective communications and co-
ordination between UN headquar-
ters and the Leopoldville office in
regard to the Jadotville operation."
United States Air Force Globe-
masters were flying armored equip-
ment to the UN forces in Katanga.
Armored cars and amphibious
tracked tanks rolled out of the
huge United States planes at Elisa-
bethville shortly after the UN flew
ernment Surete (Security Serv-
ices) Immigration and Financial
T h a n t sent Undersecretary
Ralph J. Bunche from New York
to confer with UN officials in the
'U' Gets Grant
To Research
Illness Control
The University has received a
March of Dimes grant of $150,631
from the National Foundation to
cover the third year of a five-year
research project to discover new
ways to combat diseases, it was
announced yesterday.
The project under the direction
of Prof. Thomas Francis of the
department of epidemiology who
worked on the evaluation of the
Salk polio vaccine, is but one
phase of a University program on
disease control and eradication

that has been supported for more
than 20 years by foundation
Several drug plants from Trini-
dad - love vine, wild coffee,
shadow benee, black sage, chan-
delair and man-better-man --
were imported to the University
laboratories at the suggestion of
a medical student from that islend,
have shown a degree of promise
as anti-virus agents in early test-
Other possibilities are anti-virus
extracts made from selected mush-
rooms, from a birch-tree fungus
and from other natural products
and from other natural products.
Professors Kenneth Cochran,
W. Wilbur Ackermann and Gor-
don C. Brown of the School of
Public Health are also working on
various aspects of the studies sup-
ported by the National Foundation
Stidies Prowram

-AP Wirephoto
KATANGAN SOLDIERS-Katangan troops moved through rav-
aged areas as the crisis in the Congo moved swiftly to a show-
down between the United Nations and President Tshombe. UN
troops were ordered to restrain from further action,
USNSA Region Takes
Action To Find Funds
The Regional Executive Committee of the Michigan Region of
the United States National Student Association opened the three-day
regional assembly at the University last night by taking action to re-
cover its treasury.
The treasury is currently in the possession of Hugh Carr, who
resigned as chairman of the region early last month, and has not yet
returned or accounted for the money. Student Government Council
member Robert Ross, '63, who replaced Carr as chairman, and SGC
member Howard Abrams, '63, said that they have continually at-
" tempted to get Carr to act, but
7u~1 .' 'hwithout success.,

The Board of Trustees of Ohio
State University unanimously
passed an amendment to the uni-
versity's guest speaker rule at its
meeting Dec. 13 which clarifies
the authoritysof the president in
reviewing requests to invite speak-
ers to campus.
The amendment states that the
president shall have the authority
to review requests and decisions
related to invitations to guest
speakers "and to take such action
as, in his judgment, he deems
necessary or advisable in the best
and overall interest of the uni-
The amendment was passed two
days after the Faculty Council,
which represents the faculty, had
"recommitted" the proposal to the
Faculty Advisory Committee for
further study.
Fawcett Action
In recent action, OSU President
Novice G. Fawcett, acting under
terms of the speaker rule, de-
clined to allow Frank Wilkinson,
executive director of the National
Committee to Abolish the House
Un-American Activities Commit-
tee, to speak on the OSU campus.
Fawcett said that after con-
sultations, he concluded that Wil-
kinson's appearance would not be
in the best interest of the univer-
Fawcett issued a statement to
the Board following its Decemher
action which said that he views
the amendment as a clarification
of the rule and that another meet-
ing of the Faculty Advisory Com-
mittee and the Board will not be
called for several months.
He noted also that the Board s
decision was not in conflict witn
the Faculty Council's decision to
return the proposal to the com-
"The existing speakers rule has
worked satisfactorily for several
years with only an occasional con-
troversial incident," the presi-
dent's statement said.
"There has been no instance of
what some call thought control.
The issue has centered on the
person and not on the idea to be
explored in depth."
Rational for Policy
Providing a rationale for the
speaker policy, the president ex-
plains that "I repeat again my
strong belief in the right of our
faculty and students to examine
and to explore honestly and ob-
jectively all such controversial
matters as are in keeping with
the high standards of excellence
this university has achieved." He
adds that he shall defend the
right "in every case that is mark-
ed by the moral and intellectual
integrity characteristic of scholars
and students engaged in free and'
responsible inquiry."
The statement notes that while
freedom is "the keystone of a
great university," "coitroversy for
controversy's sake does not con-,
tribute to progress and does not
strengthen the image of this uni-;
versity as it strives to discharge
its responsibility to society."
In its action previous to the
adoption of the amendment by
the Board, the Faculty Council;
voted 31-23 to return the speak-,
ers rule recommendation to com-
Prof. Ralph Matthews, not a1
member of the Faculty Council,7
discussed the constitutional as-y
pects of the proposal. "I believe
the rule would, if enacted, be
subject with almost certainty to
constitutional invalidity."



Women's Dormitories Judge
New Senior Key Permission


10 Vuestlon
Liq uor Line
Ann Arbor voters will decide
April 1 whether the city's long-
standing prohibition against the
sale of alcoholic beverages east of
Division St. will remain a part of
the City Charter.
Petitions with 2,112 signatures
were filed with the city clerk's of-
fice less than six hours before the
5 p.m. Jan. 1 deadline. The mini-
mum requirement for signatures
was 1,505.
William Lolas, a public relations
man from Jackson, will lead the
April campaign for abolition of
the "dry line." Lolas successfully
helped a city group defeat a pro-
hibition on by-the-glass liquor
sales in the western part of Ann
Arbor in 1960.
He expects that some 30 east-
side businessmen will soon join a
licensee's group that will be in-
corporated to inform the public on
the issue. Officers will be elected
and announced along with a state-
ment of the group's principles.
The "dry line" provision of the
City Charter has been in effect
for 59 years.
Lolas has been working since
the summer on the "dry line" is-
sue. At first it was not clear that
enough merchants could be drawn
together to strongly advocate abo-
lition of the liquor regulation, but
in late December a working or-
ganization was formed.

The regional executive commit-
tee decided to make efforts to con-
tact Carr once more before con-
sidering taking legal action against
him. Ross, calling the situation a
"touchy problem," explained that
Carr has personal problems which
may partially explain his actions.
Desire Money's Return
He also said that although Carr-
should account for all the money
he has spent, and account for all
h i other actions, the region should
be satisfied if it merely recovers
the money, believed to be about
This morning the assembly will
hear a kenyote address on "Uni-
versity Autonomy" by Vice-Presi-
dent for Academic Affairs Roger
W. Heyns at 8:45 in Rm. 3RS of
the Union.
Five Workshops
Five workshops on the afternoon
agenda are: Speaker Policy; Fi-
nancing Education; Who Controls
Policy?; Academic Policy-Making
and Student Government; USNSA,
an Evaluation of Form and Sub-
stance; and the Tenth Interna-
tional Student Conference.
Also on the agenda for today and
tomorrow are election of new re-
gional officers and consideration
of constitutional amendments.
Ross has announced that he will
not run for the chairmanship.
USNSA National President W.
Dennis Shaul will address the dele-
gates tonight at a special banquet
in the Union.

Adopt Policies of Council
O0n WSU Guest Speakers

A need for clarification of what
is meant by the elimination of
hours for senior women with re-
spect to conduct is being felt in
some women's housing units as
evaluation of the new senior key
permission 'policy proceeds in ju-
diciary bodies of the housing units.
According to Mrs. Elizabeth
Davenport, assistant to the vice-
president for student affairs, the
University does have an official
SDBS Plans
To Stimulate
Local Action
The need to involve people in
insurgent political activity about
issues affecting their lives requires
a definite strategy, the National
Council of Students for a Demo-
cratic Society decided in its semi-
annual Council meeting.
Meeting here from Dec. 29-31,
the Council discussed a broad out-
line of what must be done in this
country making a general com-
mitment to organize at the local
Voice Political Party, the local
SDS chapter, will attempt to im-
plement many of the Council's
projects on tis campus, Voice rep-
resentative Joseph Chabot, '65,
Chabot Views Program
Chabot further commented that
the Council's definative program is
something long needed in the stu-
dent movement.
The projects and issues consid-
ered centered around peace re-
search, university reform and civil
The purposes of the peace re-
search project deal first with the
reform in the content of current
education so that it might focus
on crucial problems of war and
peace, SDS national president
Thomas Hayden, Grad, explained.
Project's Goals
The project aims secondly to
involve faculty and students in
study, research and publication in
the peace area; thirdly, to create
courses and seminars on peace and
disarmament whenever possible,
Hayden continued.
The project further plans to in-
volve widespread groups in com-
munity, political and educational
actions on behalf of peace, Hayden
He stated that the project has
already received several grants, one
to be used in writing a document
for strategy in the peace move-
Student Action
In university reform the Nation-
al Council is attempting to engage
students in action that would
make universities more democratic
institutions and education more
humanistic and relevant to imme-
diate social problems: the pro-
gram hopes to increase the stu-
dent's concept of the whole role
of education in society, Hayden
On the issue of civil rights SDS
will approach foundations for
grants to arrange for political or-
ganization and discussion on
Southern campuses.
Speaking to the SDS National
Council, Irving Bluestone, admin-
istrative assistant to United Auto
Workers president Walter Reuther,
noted that unions and the student
movement have not worked to-;
gether in the past, but that hope-
fully a closer coordination in areas
of common interest will occur soon.
China Denies
War Threats

TOKYO bP)-Communist China:

policy whereby "we cannot con-
done such behavior as a woman
staying in a man's apartment
"University Regulations Con-
cerning Student Conduct," an of-
ficial publication, states that a
woman may receive overnight per-
mission for other than University
housing if her hostess telephones
the woman's housing director and
is over 25 or married.
No Exact Regulation
No specific, written ruling, how-
ever, applies this policy to senior
key permissions, which require
only that a woman sign out of her
residence hall and return before
her house opens at 7 a.m. the fol-
lowing day.
According to Director of Stu-
dent Activities and Organizations
John Bingley it is impossible to
predict what action student ju-
diciaries might take if a case were1
brought to it concerning a woman
who had used her key permission-
to spend the night at a man'sr
apartment. No such case has yet
come up, Bingley noted.
While there is no specific rule
prohibiting a woman from using
key permission for that purpose,
Mrs. Davenport felt that action
could legitimately be taken in theT
case if it were felt that the womant
had acted in a manner "unbecom-c
ing a student and contrary to thet
mores of the society."i
Responsibility to Group
Mrs. Davenport pointed out thatE
a woman "who lives in a group
situation has a responsibility to
that group which includes ab-
staining from behavior which
would lower the reputation of the
group with which she is asso-f
"H o w e v e r, we expect high
standards of conduct from all wo-

men, no matter what their hous-
ing is," she noted.
"The principle of key permis-
sion lies in the belief that senior
womenfare responsible individuals
and do not need precise instruc-
tions telling them when to be in,"
Mrs. Davenport explained. "But
that is not a license to any kind
of behavior. We expect the women
to use their discretion and come
in at a reasonable hour and be-
have in a fashion which will not
embarrass themselves, the Uni-
versity or the residence hall," she
Student Judiciaries
While it is "difficult" to define
a reasonable hour and unem-
barassing behavior, the problem
will be dealt with by the student
judiciaries when they try an al-
leged violation of the key permis-
sion involving these principles,
Mrs. Davenport said. There is no
precedent to date, she added.
"The evaluation of student con-
duct in relation to key permission
should be the concern of women
on the campus, and I hope that
they will discuss the matter furth-
er," Mrs. Davenport concluded.
Soviet Radar
Scans Planet

... expresses views}

INew Bylaw
Free Inquiry
Follows 'U', MSU
In Approving Plan
For State Schools
Wayne State University became
the third state-supported univer-
sity to adopt the new outside
speaker policy at the December
Board of Governor's meeting.
The policy which encourages a
spirit of free inquiry with a mini-
mum of restraint is patterned aft-
er the University's speaker bylaw.
Michigan State University also ap-
proved the policy, as recommended
by the Michigan Co-ordinating
Council for Public Higher Educa-
tion, on Dec 14
The policy, which the Co-ordin-
ating Council hopes will become
state-wide, permits recognized
student organization to invite
speakers without any prior cen-
sorship of their topics
Audience Action
However, the policy states that
the speaker must not urge the
audience to take action which is
prohibited by the rules of the Uni-
versity or which is illegal under
federal or Michigan law
Advocating the modification of
the federal or state governments
by violence or sabotage is specifi-
cally prohibited
The student organization is re-
sponsible for informing the speak-
er of the university's regulation
Uniform Program
WSU Governor Benjamin D.
Burdick said that Wayne was
"glad to have the uniform policy,
one which the university can live
under and gives the student re-
He pointed out the problem of a
university located in a large city
where in addition to the univer-
sity community the public attends
and participates in WSU's func-
WSU President Clarence Hilber-
ry clarified the problem of the ap-
plication of the speaker policy to
the Detroit community by amend-
ing the policy at the Co-ordinating
Council meeting so that the policy
covers only "campus meetings"
and not "public meetings."
Principle of Policy
Burdick said that the implemen-
tation of the general policy state-
ment was "only a matter of form
and that any manner of imple-

Judge Upholds
Atlanta's Wall
Of Separation
ATLANTA {R) - A municipal
court judge upheld yesterday the
placement of city-erected barriers
between Negro and white resi-
dential areas in southwest Atlanta.
Judge Robert E. Jones dismissed
a petition brought against the
city by a group of Negroes and


Noble Relates Prison Experiences

"No nation can be free without
patriotism and the word of God,"
John Noble told the Christian Fel-
lowship club last night at a meet-
ing in the Union.
Noble, author of two books on
Christianity and Communism, de-
scribed his experiences as a pris-
oner in East Germany and Soviet
Russia from 1945 to 1954. He
described Soviet leaders as "crim-
Noble explained that fie met
Nikita Khrushchev's first wife, a
Madame Gorskaja, in 1955, after
he had been released from prison
through the intervention of Pres-
ident Dwight Eisenhower.
He said Mme. Gorskaja told
him much about Khrushchev's
life, plans and ambitions. In 1918
zwhrachnev ninei teist neeret..,


prison at Dresden. Starving, he
prayed for food - without success.
He stopped praying. The next day
he got food. And he was puzzled.
In the next period of starva-
tion he prayed again, he said, ask-
ing this time for either death or
for the Deity to "take my life and
make it whatever You want it to
be." Then he began to recover.
Sent to Vorkuta prison in the!
Soviet Union, he took strength
from the secret Christian services
there. "These were held secretly
almost every day, sometimes deep
down in the coal pits; sometimes
hidden away in the barracks, any-
where it was safe." Nothing, Noble!
explained, is so severely persecuted
behind the Iron Curtain as the
Itiephiny n a nreachina Ao the


white persons seeking to have the WASHINGTON (AP) -Soviet mentation will be bound by the
barriers removed. The suit charg- scientists say they have bounced principle of the policy."
ed that the barricades were a pub- radar signals off the planet Mer- Director of public relations
lic nuisance. cury - a significant scientific Frank X. Tuohey said that the old
The wood-and-steel barricades breakthrough the United States Student-Faculty Forum Commit-
were erected Dec. 18 after Mayor reportedly has passed up in favor tee, which previewed outlines of
Ivan Allen Jr. and the Board of of a try for a tougher target, Mars. speeches under the old policy, will
Aldermen approved ordinances An announcement of the Soviet now merely "process requests for
permitting them. accomplishment last summer was facilities and make local arrange-
Public Streets Closed made yesterday by the Soviet ments." Implementation will be
Jones ruled that the roads ceas- Academy of Sciences through the handled through the dean of stu-
ed to be streets when the ordi- Russian Embassy here. dent affair's office. "No advanced
nances closing them were approv- At the time of the experiment, materials will have to be sub?
ed Mercury was between 52 million mitted by speakers," Tuohey
'If it is not a public street then, and 54 million miles from Earth. maintained.
of course, an obstruction would not The Soviets achieved success, the The general policy statement,
be a nuisance," the judge said. announcement said, by using im- written by the Co-ordinating
His decision upheld contentions proved sending and receiving Council's speaker policy committee,
of Attorney Newell Edenfield, rep- equipment and the latest meth- says that any views expressed
resenting the mayor and aldermen, ods of detecting weak signals." should be stated openly and should
that the city had been granted To Publish Observations be subject to "critical evaluation."
full regulatory powers over its ailed r sults of t rada ob- Free Inquiry
streets through acts approved in servations will be published in sci-
Sth a s entific journals, said the embassy, It also holds that "restraints on
1919 by the General Assembly. which did not elaborate on what free inquiry should be held to that
No Limitation on Power new equipment or methods the minimum which is consistent with
Jones said there was "no con Russians used. preserving an organized society in
stitutional or otherlimitation- The Soviets said the results of which peaceful, democratic means
placed on the power delegated by the Mercury experiment suggest for change are available."
the legislature to the city allowing I that the planet's surface reflects WSU's previous policy was
it to "change, alter or abolish" its about the same amount of radio adopted on an interim basis until
streets at will. waves as the surface of the moon. the Co-ordinating Council recom-
The judge said that some allega- But the significance of that, as mended its policy.
tions had been made concerning far as the surface properties of
the motives of city officials in Mercury are concerned, was not
setting up the barriers. He cited made clear. flepresentative
a State Supreme Court decision American Plans
holding that a court "cannot in-! American, British and Soviet H OS 1a z
i quire into the motive" of the scientists have previously bouncedHospitalized
mayor and aldermen in taking signals off the moon and Venus.
such action. So far 'as is known, neither the OKLAHOMA CITY OP) -- Houst
White homeowners in the area 3 United States nor Britain has tried Majority Leader Carl Albert, (D-
had urged that the barriers be to bounce signals off Mercury. It Okla.), complained of chest pains
constructed to create a racial auf- was learned yesterday, however, and leg cramps yesterday and was
fer zone, intended to discourage that American radar experts de- taken to a hospital shortly after
the movement of Negroes into the liberately bypassed Mercury and attending the funeral of Sen. Rob-
all-white neighborhood. plan, instead, to try to bounce sig- ert Kerr.
Increased Racial Tensions nals off Mars sometime next IT'---- -iA _.1,n

.._. >

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