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December 11, 1962 - Image 3

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-12-11

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TUESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1962

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE. THREE

TUESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1962 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE

Give
To

[9

ATOM-TEST Ti
Soviets.

SEMYON K. TSARAPKI
. ..'black boxes'
NEW CABINET :
Bonn Parti
Reach Teri
On Coalitio
BONN (MP)-West Germany'
political parties negotiating a
coalition government said
night they had reached com
agreement on all basic issues
The joint announcement
West German Chancellor K
Adenauer's Christian. Demo
and the FreeDemocrats pave
way for resumption of thec
tion shattered three weeks ah
the Der Spiegel affair.
The right-wing Free Demo
who held the balance of p
pulled out of the previous c
tion in protest against the
ernment's manner of arrestin
itors of Der Spiegel, a news n
zine, on suspicion of tre
charges.
The parties said they woul
sume deliberations today ons
tion of new cabinet members.
The 86-year-old Adenauer
said earlier that, if the neg
tors were unable to come to t
he would choose the cabinet
self.

Tshombe Command
ermrnate Secession
ALKS: UN Measure
Accept Robot Policig ould Lead
GENEVA (P)-The Soviet Union offered yesterday to accept inter-.To B oy cott
national supervision of black boxes to police a nuclear test ban and
said three such robot detectors could be placed on Russian soil. ,
Soviet delegate Semyon K. Tsarapkin made this offer to the 17- Thant To Seek Action
nation disarmement conference and described it as an important con- On Congo Unity Plan
cession by Moscow.
The idea aroused the interest of the United States and British By The Associated Press
delegates, who saw in the black boxes a possible way to break the test UNITED NATIONS-The Unit-
ban deadlock. There was no Western acceptance, however, of the ed Nations handed Katanga Pres-
specific proposals advanced by ident Moise Tshombe yesterday a
B , Tsarapkin, since the Americans virtual ultimatum to end Katan-
t sh G ain and British believe these are too ga's secession from the Congo or
narrowly based to make an en- face the immediate prospect of
forceable treaty possible. punitive measures,. including eco-
In S ultanate Tsarapkin proposed that three nomic boycott.
In'Sueacht Robert K. A. Gardiner, chief UN
black boxes be placed ineach officer in the Congo, told Tshom-
country possessing atomic devices, be that UN Secretary-General U
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaya ()- Presumably that would include Thant now intends to seek imple-
Rebels clung tenaciously yesterday France, which is not participating mentation of his plan for Congo
to Brunei's Seria oil field, focal In the Geneva talks and has said unity by calling on member na-
point of a revolt against British she would not be bound by deci- tions for action aimed at ending
rule in Borneo, in the face of a sions taken here what was described as Tshombe's
N steadily growing British offensive. The unmanned seismic instru- 'policy of "secession and civil war."
Duncan Sandys, Commonwealth ments placed in the Soviet Union, To Lead Delegation
relations and colonial secretary, Tsarapkin said, could be located To LeadD lin
summarized the situation. for the to cover three earthquake prone Meanwhile in Leopodville, the
House of Commons in London: areas-the Kamchatka-Kurile re- president of the Congo's lower
Re-establish Order gion in extreme Eastern Siberia, house of parliament said yesterday
"Order has been re-established the Altai Mountains in Southern he plans to lead a five-man dele-
es in Brune town (capital of the Siberia and the mountains oftCen- gation to Elisabethvile today in
BuhtralAi.hopes of working out an end to
British-protected sultanate), "but a sia.
LlS control of the oil field at Seria has Tsarapkin said foreign person- Katanga province s secession.
not yet been regained." nel could deliver and remove the Bertin Mwamba, a former close
n Hghanern rkhas, ro recording instruments for the in- associate of Tshombe who broke
n Highlanders, Gurkhas, royal ternational control authorities with him on the secession issue,
marines and colonial police join__________conrolautoriies
______d______p____m-said he felt the Katanga prob-
s two ed in efforts to put down the up- lem could be solved among the
new rising by which Sheik A. M. Axa- R usk Says U S Congolese in a matter of days if
last hari, the absentee rebel leader, Wi S -' foreign influences are excluded. He
plete hopes to weld Brunei and the Brit- admitted however, that neither
s ish crown colonies of North Bor- Cannot cce t Congo Premier Cyrille Adoula's
t by neo and Sarawak into a single free central government nor the UN
ynrad nation. " had authorized his trip.
crats Fly Assault Forces R eus in U u In a letter delivered to Tshom-
d the Royal Air Force transports sped be in Elisabethville Gardiner
coali- assault forces from rain-shrouded WASHINGTON MIP) - Secretary warned that while the UN will not
go by Bruinei town on a 45-mile flight of State Dean Rusk said yesterday initiate any offensive military ac-
southwestward to Seria. the United States and its Western tion against Katanga it does have
crats, An airfield near Seria was in Hemisphere allies cannot accept a strongly armed force.
ower, government \ hands. A 200-man " n Protective Measures
coali- combat group was reported to have any Soviet mlitary presence He added that it will use its
gov- seized it without a fight from reb- Cuba as a normal situation. arms "vigorously whenever and
g ed- els who had dug in there at the Rusk said thousands of Soviet wherever it may be attacked, and
naga- outbreak of the revolt Saturday. troops are still in Cuba although in such situations it will hence-
eason Brig. Jack Glennie, British mili- the Soviet government has indi- forth take the protective measures
tary commander in the North Bor- cated they will be withdrawn. deemed necessary to avoid a re-
d re- neo territories, said a twin attack Their presence is a matter of great currence of the attack."
selec- was under way to recapture the concern to the United States gov- This was regarded as a strong
town of Seria. ernment, Rusk said. warning to Tshombe that any mil-
had Sabotage of telephone lines At his first public news confer- itary action on his part would be
;otia- hampered communications. tr cino i atwudb
e-ms, Glene said, however, the situ- ence here since July, Rusk also: met with the strongest kind of
him- ation in all three territories was 1) Said the controversy over countermeasures by the UN.
very much improved. United Nations Ambassador Adlai Thant's plan provides for re-
yStevenson's role in making Cuban turn of Katanga province under a
crisis policy last October would federal type constitution and a 50-
not cause other officials to hold 50 sharing of tax and other reve-
back advice from President John nues from the operation of Union
F. Kennedy. Miniere, the giant mining com-
a n and Spanish 2) Reported the United States pany in the mineral-rich province.
is trying to work Qut with its As a matter of "immediate
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- u rg en cy" Gardiner confronted
hristm as Party tion allies agreed guidelines on nu- Tshombe with these specific de-
hrsm s P ryclear strategy. ans
3) Described Britain as "one of Tshombe must end "bombing
RTAI NM ENT the really great powers" of NATO. activities in north Katanga en-
4) Acknowledge'd that criticism gaged in by Katangese aircraft
of African countries voiced in Af- piloted by mercenaries . .. simil-
rica b Sen. Allen J. Ellender (- arly there must be an end to wan-
La) has made some problem for ton destruction of bridges and
Wed., Dec. 12 the United States government. other communications in north
5) Reported that Secretary of Katanga by Katangese gendar-
Defense Robert S. McNamara will merie.
Room at League be discussing with British officials
Admission the problem of whether the UitRomneyM ulls
A m s ed States Skybolt-an airbornenu-

clear attack missile-will continue
to be developed. Youth Group
Appointments
Three University faculty mem-
bers are awaiting word from Gov.-
,Dr ,elect George Romney as to wheth-
er they will be reappointed to the
uditorIum 'A', Angell Hall 'hbea ntdot
,u di tor iu m J j allGovernor's Special Youth Comis-
sion.
udent and Present WorldAfter meeting with several of
the 35 commission members last
Im pacts"week, Romney announced that the
group would definitely be contin-
ued after he takes office Jan. 1,
UL A. SCH I LPP-Department of Philosophy but he hasn't decided yet. on ap-
pointments.
Northwestern University Prof. Clarice Freud of the so-
cial work school is the commis-
OPEN TO PUBLIC sion's chairman, and Dean Willard
C. Olson of the education school
and Prof. Kathryn Robeson of the
public health school are members.
Operating only at the discretion
of the governor, the group pre-
f M.Folkore ocity Pesens pares reports and recommenda-
f M. Folklore Society Presents el;su"ao""e
tions on various problems affect-
ing youth. It has its headquar-
BEST IN F LKters in Ann Arbor, near Mary
BESTIN F LK M SICMarkley Hall.

FPA Builds Public Opinion,

Nehru Cites
New Threat
Of Fi Ihting
NEW DELHI (AP)-Indian Prime
Minister Jawaharlal Nehru warn-
ed his front-line troops yesterday
against being lulled into a trap
by the Chinese cease-fire and told
them to keep ,on the alert for- a
possible flare-up of fighting in
the Himalayas.
The Indian leader declared in
a special broadcast to the armed
forces that Peking's proclamation
of a pullback may be only a trick
-"we do not know how long it
will continue."
The Chinese betrayed India and
returned its good will with treach-
ery, the Prime Minister said.
'Will Not Submit'
"They have threatened to re-
sume hostilities if we do not ac-
cept their terfns, but .we are de-
termined not to submit to their
threat."
Earlier, Nehru set at rest anxie-
ty-evident recently among some
legislators-that he might be in
a compromising mood. He rejected
China's terms for a settlement of
the frontier conflict.
Nehru told parliament the Chi-
nese proposed line would give the
Communists "the benefit of their
recent invasion and place them in
an advantageous and dominating
position for further aggression in
the future."
'Clear' Answer
Nehru's defiant stand was taken
as the "clear and defenite" an-
swer that Peking demanded over
the weekend in what many re-
garded as an ultimatum, coupled
with a threat to go on the offen-
sive again.
A Peking broadcast claimed,
however, that Chinese troops, who
earlier pulled back along the east-
ern end of the frontier, continued
their withdrawal Sunday.
Peking's main demand called for
withdrawal of both armies from
the Chinese-defined line of Nov.
7, 1959 to create a demilitarized
'zone and disengage troops.

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU
.. . sounds warning

By BARBARA PASH
The purpose of the Foreign
Policy Association is to build an
informed public opinion on the
major issues of American foreign
policy and on world affairs, FPA
President Samuel P. Hayes ex-
plained while on campus for a re-
cent conference.
Formerly a professor of eco-
nomics at the University, Hayes
noted that most of the associa-
tion's work is done indirectly
through other organizations.
Organizations request - informa-
tion or help in forming and carry-
ing on seminars on world affairs
and/or the government's major
decisions. The association provides
assistance at no cost to the organi-
zations, although they must pay
for the printed materials used in
their seminars.
No Connection
"The FPA is a non-partisan or-
ganization which has no connec-
tion with the American govern-
ment. We are supported by 700
corporations and many private in-
dividuals," Hayes said.
Formed in 1918 as the Associa-
tion for a League of Free Na-
tions, it changedits name and
function three years later to an
educational organization rather
than an association promoting
America's entrance in the League
of Nations.
"We have been very active for
a long time, but it is really in the
past decade that our growth has
been substantial. Our budget has
doubled since 1950." he contin-~
ued.
Big Job
Hayes noted that there is a
"big" job to be done in America,
because the great size of the coun-
try tends to lead to an attitude
of self-containment. Isolationism,
he declared, isn't as important as
it formerly was.
However, many people who
don't know about foreign policy
become alarmed when crises are
reached..It is these people who
want a "quick" answer and see
matters in absolute terms of
black and white. The association
wants to give the American pub-
fic an educational background so
that they will not feel there is one
"final" answer in the realm of
foreign policy and world affairs.
The 75-person staff of the FPA
tries to fill this function by putting
out certaih publications, running
conference, for people visiting
New York 'ity and primarily- by
working wt'-n national organiza-
tions to form adult discussion
groups.

SAMUEL P. HAYES
... FPA president

forming people who are out of the
habit of formal education.
"Last year, 300,000 people in
1000 different communities par-
ticipated 'in this program. We,
would like to reach more people;
we have good contact with the
people running the national or-
ganizations although the general
public doesn't know us," he com-
mented.
Eight Topics
The FPA's executive board se-
lects the eight topics which will
be discussed, one per week, in the
program. The materials provided
bit the association present back-
ground information on all sides
of the topic and a list of questions
is provided to aid in guiding the
discussion.
The groups, however, administer
their sessions themselves. Among
If

the eight topics chosen for 1962
were the Common Market, the
Sino-Soviet rift, India's demo-
cratic approach to economic de-
velopment and Spanish-American
relations.
"Since we select the topics a
year in advance, we sometimes
make mistakes. For example, we
might choose a topic whichistno
longer an important question
when it is discussed, or we might
overlook an issue which later be-
comes vital," Hayes said. Gener-
ally, however, the topics are still
relevant when the groups meet.
Briefing Sessionsf
The main office of the associa-
tion is located in New York City
across from the United Nations
building. Groups visiting the UN
can arrange for briefing sessions
with the FPA.
The association also holds a
Community Leadership Program,
which meets every Friday when
the UN is in session. "Prominent
members of communities sur-
rounding New York City meet'
every Friday for an entire day's
discussion of current topics," he
explained.
Hayes observed that people in
European countries tend to be
very concerned with foreign policy
because of their close proximity.
Compared to citizens in countries
of a similar educational level, the
American public needs to be more
informed than they now are.
Army Announces
New Draft Quota
WASHINGTON .M) - The de-
fense department yesterday an-
nounced a draft quota of 4,000 men
for February. All will be assigned
to the Army.

...

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11

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