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December 05, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-12-05

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'U'Security Clearance Plan Proceeds Smo


Despite processing approximately 200 persons a year, the Uni-
versity has had no difficulties with its security program, Joseph J.
Keeley, University Research Security officer declared yesterday.
In the seven years that he has been security officer no applicant
for security clearance has been refused, nor has anyone refused to
comply with clearance requirements, he said.
Work requiring security clearance includes approximately $20
million worth of research in the physical sciences and employs 1,200
persons. Personnel working on defense department, National Aero-
nautics and Space Administration and Atomic Energy Commission-
sponsored research must seek clearance before they may gain access
to classified documents required for their work.
Clearance Requests
Keeley noted that requests for clearances come from the elec-
trical and aeronautical engineering, physics, chemistry and mathe-
matics departments, the Institute of Science and Technology from the
Willow Run laboratories and from miscellaneous personnel.
No-one from the humanities or social science departments or
from other departments of the engineering colleges currently hold

clearances, he added. Several years ago, however, menbers of the
nautical engineering department received clearances to do feasibility
studies in the development of the nuclear powered ship, the Savannah.
Only one course - a six-week summer program taught by the
aeronautical engineering department - requires a security clear-
ance. All participants are Air Force personnel, Keeley reported.
'Need' Basis
Not everyone working in defense related projects seeks security
clearances. The Nov. 1, 1961 Industrial Security Manual for Safe-
guarding Classified Information, the federal security code under
which the University operates, specifies that clearance shall be given
on a "need to know basis only."
Several types of clearances are granted. For defense department
work, permission to see confidential, secret and top secret material
are granted. On AEC projects, participants receive "L" clearance for
limited access to "confidential restricted data" and "Q" clearance for
"secret restricted data."
The University Research Security Office is the central office for
filing clearance requests. It is the only University agency, Keeley said,
that handles this task. In addition to processing such requests, the
office also supervises security arrangements for research projects.

When a researcher or student applies for clearance he must fill'
out three forms - a "personnel security questionnaire," a "certificate
of nonaffiliation with certain organizations" and a finger print card.
The first form, filled out both by the applicant and the Univer-
sity requests personal and job data, information on relatives 16 years
old or older living in the United States and elsewhere, past employ-
ment record, and past arrests or convictions. It also requires an ap-
plicant to list all organizations except labor unions and those listed
on the "certificate of nonaffiliation with certain organizations" that
he has ever belonged to.
Subversive Organizations
The second form asks if the applicants have ever been a member
"past or present, in any organization, association, movement, group or
combination of persons,
1) Which advocates the overthrow of our constitutional form of
2) Which had adopted a policy of advocating or approving the
commission of acts of force or violence to deny other persons their
rights under the Constitution of the United States; or
3) Which seeks to alter the form of government of the United States
by unconstitutional means."

It also asks whether the applicant was a member of organizations,
listed on the form that have "interests in conflict with those of the
United States."
' Attorney General's List
This list is compiled by the attorney general and the Subversive
Activities Control Board and includes such organizations as the Com-
munist Party and affiliate organizations, the Ku Klux Klan, the Aus-
land-Organization de NSDAP, Overseas Branch of the Nazi Party, and
the Japanese Association as well as about 200 other organizations.
The current list is dated 1959 and is now being revised.
Keeley said the list is somewhat out-dated, noting that some
organizations disbanded even before the applicants were born.
Ask Affiliation
In addition to inquiring about membership, the form asked
whether the applicant was "affiliated or associated" with any of
the organizations.
It also wants to know whether the applicant has engaged since
1947 "in the sale, gift or distribution of any written, printed or other
matter prepared, reproduced or published" by the organizations,
"agents or instrumentalities" It also asks whether any material had

1 ;

See Editorial Page


Si4r i4au


Cloudy in the morning, becoming
colder in the afternoon

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom


Members To Elect
New SGC Officers
Council To Discuss Proposed Plans
From Committee on Membership
Student Government Council will elect officers tonight for all
SOC Executive Board positions and will consider proposals from the
Committee ondMembership in Student Organizations in a committee
of the whole discussion.
SGC President Steven Stockmeyer, '63, and Russell Epker, '64BAd,
are the only Council members who have announced their intention

Major German Parties
Seek Socialist Bonds
BONN WP)-Long spurned by the ruling Christian Democrats and
the Free Democrats, the socialists were wooed last night by both
parties in attempts to form a new German coalition government.
In a surprise move, the small Free Democratic Party of con-
servatives put out feelers to the socialists after Chancellor Konrad
Adenauer of the Christian Democrats conferred with the Socialist
Party members. The Free Democrats, holding the balance of power

Announce Detailed Plans

F orChanges




Says Situation
In Tennessee
Not Improved
The situation in Tennessee's
Fayette and Haywood counties is
still no better than it was two
years ago, related Mrs. V. A. Hor-
tenstine Vice-Chairman of Opera-
tion Freedom.
Operation Freedom was organiz-
ed in January, 1961, to provide
aid for families evicted from their
homes because they tried to reg-
ister to vote in the 1959 election
in Haywood and Fayette.
Although there is a clear nu-
merical majority of Negro citizens
in both counties, there are only
3,500 registered Negro voters in
Fayette and 2,000 registered Ne-
gro voters in Haywood county.
Evicted families have been liv-
ing in tent cities organized on the
outskirts of the counties. Opera-
tion Freedom has been sending
them food, clothing and money
since 1961, Mrs. Hortenstine said.
Work Projects
The group also aids with work
projects and craft industries
which were started to provide the
families in tent city with the ne-
cessary food and shelter.
In its first year, Operation Free-
dom made loans of up to $1500
to 82 families in Fayette and Hay-
There is a tremendous need for
help in these counties, she said.
The federal government's Accel-
erated Public Works Program has
stepped in and started the Teh-
nessee Development Corporation
which is designed to bring in-
dustry into the area and try to
eliminate some of the discrimin-
atory employment practices.
Tells Experiences
Mrs. Hortenstine also told of
some of her experiences while
working on projects in Fayette
and Haywood. While going to visit
the treasurer of Operation Free-
dom who had been jailed, she and
David Henry, another member of
the group, were stopped on a
charge of speeding and Henry was
His trial was set for four-thirty
the following day. When Mrs. Hor-
tenstine arrived she was told the
trial had been moved up to four
o'clock. Later in the evening, a
man entered Henry's cell and beat
him. He was released the follow-
ing day.
She told of several similar ex-
periences all of which have been
submitted to the Federal depart-
ment of justice. No action has
been taken on any of the cases.
Mrs. Hortenstine said that the
members of Operation Freedom
plan to continue the job they are
presently performing in Fayette
and Haywood counties.
VR Y F1Pnt H-lan r a

>of running for office. Stockmeyer
will seek re-election as president,
and Epker will seek election as ad-
ministrative vice-president. Other
positions to be filled are executive
vice-president, and treasurer.
The new officers will direct SGC
until the spring elections.
Membership Committee
The Committee on Membership
is asking for definite SGC endorse-
ment of its current and future
plans, in the light of SGC's for-
mer failure to give proper sup-
These current plans include fur-
ther investigations into written
discrimination in the fraternity-
sorority system, regarding mem-
bership regulations, and an at-
tempt to work with other univer-
sities on similar problems.
The Committee has cited four
main reasons for its accusation of
no support from SGC. These are
that: (1) Council failed to proper-
ly respond to the Committee's re-
port on its problems, (2) Council
attempted to curtail the activities
of the committee, but a motion
did not pass, (3) Council has
failed to fill two vacancies on the
committee since last February,
hindering its operation, and (4)
Council has continually postponed
action on membership violations
of sororities.
Student-Faculty Government
Also on the agenda is a motion
from the Cornmittee on the Uni-
versity, proposing iritial steps to
be taken in a possible establish-
ment of a student-faculty govern-
This proposal rests on the prin-
ciple that students -and faculty are
the two facets of the University
most directly involved with the
education process, and hence they
have the greatest responsibility
for governing the academic com-
munity. The Committee feels that
students should take part in the
broader problems of the Univer-
sity as a whole, not just with stu-
dent organizations, and that the
way to accomplish this is through
the establishment of a joint stu-
dent-faculty government.

Spurr Notes
Water Needs
Though Michigan probably has
the best water supply of any state,
its water problems are increasing
with population growth; Dean Ste-
phen H. Spurr of the natural re-
sources school said, after a water
resources conference in Lansing
The conference, sponsored by
the Michigan United Conservation
Clubs, The Michigan State Cham-
ber of Commerce, The Farm Bur-
eau and The Municipal League,
was called to inform legislators
and educators about Michigan's
water management problems.
The problems of water supply
are most apparent in metropolitan
and suburban areas, where sewage,
drinking, recreational, fishing, and
industrial demands are ever pres-;
ent, he said.
Control of Supply
There are two ramifications of
these conflicts: Who shall control
the supply of water, and how will.
the laws interpret the conflicting
demands? he said.
Michigan has several water reg-
ulating offices, Spurr commented.
Among these are the public health
department, the highway depart-
ment, the conservation depart-
ment, and the state Water Re-
sources Commission.
Water-controlling laws will have
to determine whether attracting
industry of making Michigan a
recreational state is of primary
importance. The laws will prob-
ably compromise the two goals, he
Water Shortage
One thing is sure, Dean Spurr
noted, where water was once an
overabundant element, it is no
longer a commonplace commodity.
The supply is short in some places
where it is critically needed.
The conference was designed to,
publicize to legislators bills want-
ed by the sponsors, Spurr con-

in Parliament, walked out of a
coalition with the Christian Demo-
crats in a row over the Spiegel
affair. When Christian Democrat
attempts to bring back the Free
Democrats collapsed, Adenauer
turned to his old foes, the social-
No Decision
A joint communique by the
Christian Democrats and the so-
cialists said "possibilities about
future political cooperation" were
discussed but no decision was
Attempts to form a new coali-
tion government remained up in
the air as the crisis left Adenauer
in perhaps his toughest position in
his 13 years of rule.
The Free Democratic overture
to the socialists was made by party
Deputy Chairman Wolfgang Doer-
ing at a meeting of officials of
both parties. Negotiations are to
start today.
New Chancellor
If the parties were to form a
new government, it would mean
the end of Adenauer as Chancellor.
Meanwhile, the executive com-
mittee of the Social Democrats-
or socialists-voted to negotiate
with Adenauer's middle-of-the-
road Christian Democrats.
The decision has yet to be ap-
proved by the full party commit-
In the present Bundestag lineup,
Adenauer's party holds 241 seats,
the Socialists 190 and the Free
Democrats 67.
Adenauer needs support from
one of the two other parties to
muster a majority.
Hatcher To Tell
of Recent Trip
President Harlan Hatcher will
give a public report on his seven-
week trip to the Far East at 3
p.m. Friday in Hill Aud.
Hatcher investigated education
and research throughout the Far
East and surveyed possibilities of
increasing the University's effort
in that part of the world.

Committee Seeks Plan
Of Equal OpportunitV
The Michigan Union-Women's League study committee yester-
day concurred that the proposed merger of the two student organiza-
tions should take place only in the event that the resultant structure
provides equal opportunity for either sex to participate in and manage
student activities.
Separate statements enumerating the values now inherent in
the Union and the League which should be preserved in any event
were presented by each organiza-

Student Senate
Slaps Brower
OXFORD (P)-The University of
Mississippi campus senate last
night reprimanded Sidna Brower,
editor of the student newspaper,
for "failure to uphold student
The vote, taken after two hours
of debate, was 63-27.
The reprimand requests the edi-
tor of the "Mississippian" to take
corrective steps to editorialize only
the views of the majority of stu-
dents. However, election rules
point out that editors are not re-
quired to represent the majority.
Attacked Violence
During riots following Negro
James Meredith's arrival at Missis-
sippi Sept. 30, and days following,
Miss Brower attacked the violence
and called students involved "bar-
barians" and "rabble rousers" and
"immature weaklings . . . engaged
in civil savagery."
George Monroe, co-sponsor of
the reprimand resolution with
Gerald Blessey, ledsargument for
the vote.
Monroe charged Miss Brower, a
Memphis native, "failed to counter
the distortion by the national
press of events during the crisis
and failed to protest unnecessary
firing of tear gas into Faulkner
dormitory . ..
He countered arguments that
Miss Brower was not required to
speak for the majority by pro-
ducing an issue of "Jet" magazine
which showed a picture of Miss
Brower and Jackie Robinson and
said "this is the way she is rep-
resenting the university."
Earlier the Student Activities
Committee voted to reprimand the
editor for her "moderate stand" on
the school's interracial problem.

As evidenced by the two state-
ments, both groups were agreed
that the present services and fa-
cilities of each should be main-
tained and expanded. The oppor-
tunity for student participation
and leadership should be kept at
an ultimate.
Consider OSA Suggestions
The committee considered the
relationship of its study to several
statements made last week in a
meeting with representatives of
the Office of Student Affairs. At
that time several OSA represen-
tatives suggested that any Union-
League merger be made within the
structure of the Student Govern-
ment Council.
James H. Robertson, associate
dean of the literary school and
chairman of the committee, noted
yesterday that the OSA is mo-
tivated by the same fundamental
beliefs underlying the Union and
the League: specifically, that stu-
dent activities must have a re-
sponsible body to guide them and
that preservation of student man-I
agement and leadership within
this body is mandatory.;
But Dean Robertson cautioned
that those values now inherent in
the Union and the League must
be upheld, not simply vested in a
holding corporation that at pres-
ent has no power to support or
implement them.
Plan Open Meeting
The committee formulated plansI
for an open meeting to be heldj
with representatives from the stu-
dent body at 7:30 p.m., Tuesday,
Dec. 11, in the Third Floor Con-
ference Rm. of the Union.
It also decided to meet in closed
session with representatives from
the faculty at its next scheduled
In the meantime, questionaires
regarding student unions at other
Big 10 schools are being sent to
student, faculty and administra-
tive representatives.
This information may have some
bearing on the local problem pres-
ently under study.

.. . outlines plan
Of Broader
Administrator Robert C. Weaver
indicated yesterday that President
John F. Kennedy's order banning
discrimination in federally financ-
ed housing may be broadened to
include conventional banking.
Weaver's comment came at a
news conference spelling out reg-
ulations for enforcement of the
order on new projects by the pub-
lic housing, urban renewal and
community facilities administra-
At present the antidiscrimina-
tion order is restricted to private
homes financed by the Federal
Housing and Veterans Administra-
tions-about 15 to 20 per cent of
the total.
Cites 'Possibility'
Asked whether he thought there
is a chance the executive order
would be expanded, Weaver said,
"I think there is a possibility that
the presidential order will be re-
vised and expanded."
He refused to elaborate, except
to add, "I said possibility, not
The regulations issued yester-
day followed the same pattern of
persuasion first, with tough penal-
ties in the background, as those
of the FHA and VA issued last
"We're trying to get across the
attitude of conciliation and per-
suasion," said Weaver, "not fore-
cast court action. There is a lot of
muscle in the order but we don't
want to telegraph the precise ac-
tion we would take."'
Strict Penalties
Weaver said penalties for fail-
ure to comply with the nondiscrim-
ination provisions would mean
cutting off funds in some cases.
But he said that in implement-
ing the order "so far as possible
we will do so through conference,
conciliation and persuasion. But if
these fail we will have to invoke
the sanctions which are author-

To Enlarge
Secretary Cites Hope
For Combat Speed,
Stronger Divisions
expected overhaul of the Army
reserve and National Guard aimed
at gearing them to leap more
quickly and in fighting trim to the
aid of the regular forces was an-
nounced today by Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara.
This cold war modernization,
McNamara said, will build strength
"far greater than any we have
known in the past." His statement
announcing the action explained
it in these words, "The increase
in combat readiness will be achiev-
ed by reassigning men from low
priority units to high priority
units, by increasing the equipment
available to the highpriority units
for training and by increasing the
number of instructors and train-
rs assigned to these units."
Drop Units
What McNamara wants to do is
drop four reserve and four Na-
tional Guard divisions along with
a net 731 smaller guard and re-
serve units made obsolete by tech-
nical and tactical progress.
However, this will not mean a
cut in the currently authorized
700,000-man guard-reserve
strength. Most of the men in the
units wiped out will be taken into
11 new brigades and supporting
units or will help beef up six first
priority National Guard divisions.
The goal is to have them form
a force trained and ready to join
the army's 16 regular divisions
within eight weeks after a call to
active duty.
The remaining, low-priority di-
visions-17 guard and 6 reserve-
will be kept at about 50 per cent
Immediate Elimination
McNamara ordered the four re-
serve divisions and 393 lesser re-
serve units eliminated immediately
-an action he can take because
the reserve is completely under
federal control.
But he had to move more slowly
on the guard overhaul. The penta-
gon notified the various gover-
nors of the plan to eliminate the
four divisions and 338 lesser units
and appealed for their coopera-
tion. The law provides that a gov-
ernor must approve any change
in the guard within his state.
States Protest
There have been stiff protests
from some states over plans to
eliminate guard units. But the out-
cries seem to have lessened since
the plan was first unveiled eight
months ago, both in the states
and in Congress.
The pentagon has carried on a
vigorous campaign of persuasion,
arguing that the changes are ne-
cessary to modernize the army.
The aim is to complete the re-
organization, the first drastic one
in five years, before the guards-
men and reservists go to training

Players To Enact Carmen'

Bin gley Analyzes IFC
Social, Activity Problems
As a result of the general change in emphasis at the University
from the social to the academic, fraternities are only noticed for their
larger social events, John Bingley, director of student organizations
and activities for the Office of Student Affairs told an Inter-Frater-
nity Council social chairman's workshop yesterday.
He claimed that some fraternities follow the rules too religiously-

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