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November 29, 1962 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-11-29

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See Editorial Page


Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom



Continued mild
little change in temperature



Queens College Case To Open

A jury trial was granted Tues-
day to. two associate professors at
Queens College, New York, who
charged that they have been de-
nied promotions because they are
Roman Catholics.
After a long history of investiga-
tions by various bodies, the case
was sent for trial to the State

Supreme Court by Justice Vincent
A. Lupiano.
The suit was brought by Pro-
fessors Josef V. Lombardo and
Joseph P. Mullally to void the col-
lege's refusal to promote them to
full professorships last year.
They cited a 1960 finding of the

Lae Sees A nachronismHS
In Theory of Education
"The popular approach to education that sees learning as involv-
ing exposure to ideas is an anachronism out of keeping with modern
advances in the science of behavior," Prof. Harlan Lane of the psychol-
ogy department said yesterday in the third session of the sixteenth
annual Michigan College Association Conference on Higher Education.
In his speech on "Current Research in the New Learning Theory
Underlying Programmed Instruction," Prof. Lane discussed the three

Vi1ews Ways
of Lecturing
In an explanation of possible
areas in which teaching machines
and programmed learning might
be used, Prof. Finley Carpenter of
,the education school said that the
two would be effective in areas
of information-giving.
Delivering the final address at
the Conference on Higher Educa-
tion, Prof. Carpenter explained
that the average lecturer would
fare badly as a programmed in-
structor but he could modify his
lecture style to include some of
programmed learning character-
To improve an information-giv-
Ing lecture, several possibilities,
culled from programmed learning
plan, could be used. Prof. Carpen-
ter suggested the lecturer prob-
lem-orient his talk by starting it
with a series of questions. This
follows the principle of feedback
used in programmed learning.
Other principles that lecturers
can employ are breaking problems
done into same units for easier
learning, having a question period
which would create good subjec-
tive feelings toward the teacher
and indicate in the lecture items
to be on the test.
Prof. Carpenter noted that the
acquisition of information by stu-
dents will be greater if these sug-
gestion are followed.
Three States
Still in Doubt;
Recounts Start
By The Associated Press
The election is still in doubt.
This is still the case in three states
because, Minnesota's state can-;
vassing board cannot decide on
what figures to count, so the
courts get the job of deciding;
Rhode Island has not got the last
6000 votes, and the Massachusetts
recount is going slowly.
In Alaska a recount is under
way, but in view of the small total
vote, the race there is not nearly
so tight percentagewise. After one
day of retallying Democrat Gov-
ernor William Egan -is leading
Republican Mike Stepovich.
The issue in Minnesota is
whether to use the original official
returns which favored Democrat
Lt. Governor Karl Rolvaag or to
accept new figures from 10 coun-
ties which put Republican Gover-
nor Elmer L. Anderson ahead.
A split on the canvassing board
has sent the matter to the courts
to decide which returns to accept.
Evan after the court decision an-
other recount is probable.
In Rhode Island the absentee
ballots were taken from their in-
ner envelopes yesterday. The
actual tally will probably begin
today. With all the voting ma-
chines rechecked Republican John
H. Chafee is ahead of Democratic
Governor John A. Notte Jr. by 77
The Massachusetts recount, with
71 of 2,011 precincts checked,
shows a gain of 11 votes for Re-
publican Governor John A. Volpe
on Democrat Endicott Peabody.
Volpe said he intended to push the
recount all the way and then de-
cide whether to challenge the re-
sult in court.

models of learning which underlie
educational technology: exposure,
communication, and behavior.
The first method of learning he
labled the "sunburn" method be-
cause the student is taught by
exposure, by basking in his teach-
er's wisdom. This method is the
oldest type of learning. It is effec-
tive either for large lectures, or
small classes, but Prof. Lane noted
that a student of lower apptitude
who does not learn as quickly is
lost in this type of academic at-
The other two methods Prof.
Lane presented were the commun-
ication and the behavioral models.
Both these methods require a com-
puter, which is the teaching ma-
chine, or a programmed textbook.
Both let the student pace himself,
quizzing him until he has an-
swered the question correctly. Both
require the student to develop
knowledge instead of simply ab-
sorbing knowledge.
However, the great difference
between the communication and
the behavioral methods is that
the former includes learning by
absorbtion. Because the communi-
cation method contains the "sun-
burn" method as one of its tech-
niques, it is not as effective as the
behavioral method.
The behavioral method is "the
model which holds the greatest
promise for education," Prof. Lane
said. This method involves a sim-
ple progression of exercises or
questions, an immediate feedback
or response from the machine to
the student, a stimulus, and a re-
ward or reinforcement. Prof. Lane
used the illustration of program-
med language instruction where
the student is given certain phras-
es or sounds to mimic.
These phrases usually work in
a progression; first the student,
immitates one sound, then a
group of sounds, then phrases,'
and finally longer phrases or sen-
tences. The stimulus is the voice'
which says the phrases, the re-'
ward comes when the student re-
peats them correctly.
Witha teaching machine the
student knows how well he is do-3
ing. He can work at his own pace,
but he is required to respond. The
teaching machine enables the stu-
dent to work by himself, and re-
lieves him from the "relatively
chaotic state of the classroom."
Minister Reveals ;
De Gaulle's 'Plans'
PARIS (RP)-A French minister
said unofficially yesterday Presi-
dent Charles de Gaulle had told
the cabinet he does not plan to4
ask for re-election when his term1
ends Dec. 31, 1965.

State Commission Against Dis-
crimination (now the State Com-
mission for Human Rights) as in-
dicating that Queens College had
discriminated against Catholics in
employment and promotions.
The Appellate Division of the
State Supreme Court ruled then
that SCAD lacked the authority to
investigate the workings of the
city's Board of Higher Education.
In 1958 the Board of Higher
Education had initiated its own
investigation of the bias charges.
Its special committee reported in
1959 that it could find no evidence
of discrimination. Subsequently,
SCAD took up the investigation.
Justice Lupiano declared in his
decision that the lack of authority
of SCAD was "wholly immaterial"'
and that the state agency's find-
ings constituted a "serious af-
fair" worthy of a jury's delibera-
Dr. Gustave G. Rosenberg,
chairman of the Board of Higher
Education, reiterated its denial of
the charge of anti-Catholic dis-
crimination. He said the board,
after legal consultation, would de-
cide whether to appeal Judge Lu-
piano's ruling or to "avail our-
selves of the opportunity presented
by the court to air this matter
before a jury."
Judge Lupiano ruled that the
dispute was properly one for the
courts, rather than administrative
agencies, to decide.
No date for trial has yet been
set, Bill Donnino, managing editor
of the Queens College newspaper,
said. He noted that two years ago
instances were picked out . by
SCAD which it felt to be anti-
Catholic, but nothing specific was
proven in the case of the profes-
sors in question.
He stressed that the professors
are quoted as saying they were
denied promotions "solely because
of anti-Catholic bias," not con-
sidering other factors.
Puts Schools
On Probation
DALLAS (A') - The powerful
Southern Association of Colleges
and Schools put Mississippi's state
colleges and universities on strict
probation yesterday with a warn-
ing that accreditation may be lift-
ed at any time.
The action was, in effect, a blunt
"hands off" warning to the state
legislator, politicians, and pres-
sure groups such as the white
citizens councils. It also was a.
demand that student discipline
on the campuses be maintained.
It stemmed directly from the
riots on the University of Mis-
sissippi campus two months ago
when Negro James Meredith was.
admitted, and the charge that
Gov. Ross Barnett and other state
officials had illegally interfered
with the university administration
at that time.
The council has been meeting
since Sunday behind locked and
guarded doors in a Dallas hotel.
"We make no apology for going
into secret sessions on a matter as'
delicate as this," Henry King
Stanford, President of the Uni-
versity of Miami, told reporters+
Stanford also serves as presi-
dent of the executive council of
the Southern Association's Com-
mission on colleges.
The council will present its rec-
ommendations to the commission;
on colleges today, also in secret!
If the 54-member commission
approves, es expected, they will
be brought before the college dele-
gate assembly in an open meeting.'

SGC Vote
Sets New
Student Government Council
yesterday established a monthly
newsletter, delayed a motion ask-
ing that Council and the Univer-
sity Senate each have a represent-
ative at Regents' meetings, and
held a lengthly committee of the
whole discussion on the problems
the University and SGC must
deal with in its relations with the
National Student Association.
The newsletter, planned to in-
crease constituents' interest in
the Council's actions, will be com-
plied by a Public Relations Direc-
tor, to be appointed by SGC, who
will work with the chairman of
student government's four stand-
ing committees and the heads of
the Council's related boards in
preparing the publication.
The director will be able to ap-
point a staff, charged with editing
and distributing the information
sheet, to all University living units
and given out at several prominent
campus locations.
The periodic publication will
summarize all important or rele-
vant action and decisions by Coun-
cil, its committees, andirelated
boards. The SGC executive com-
mittee will be responsible for re-
viewing the letter before publica-
tion to insure its factual accuracy
and the maintance of bi-partisan
A motion presented by Council
member Howard Abrams, '63H,
to "allow both the president of
Studen Gotvernment Council and
chairman of the Faculty Senate
Advisory Committee on University
Affairs to sit at all meetings of
the Board of Regents with full
speaking privileges" was remand-
ed to a special committee, com-
posed of Abrams and Daily Editor
Michael Olinick, '63.
While it is likely that the ma-
jority of the Council members are
currently in favor of the motion
there was a general feeling that
action should be delayed until the
proposal, comprehensively re-
written, would merit the attention
of the Regents.
Half-way through the session,
Council moved into committee of
the whole to allow for a 100-min-
ute examination of potential an-
swers to several problems raised
by the recent referendum on the
United States National Student
Included in the discussions were
elimination of what some Council
members consider increasing po-
litically-oriented organization and
yearly congress, as well as the
difficulty of implementing changes
-such as directly-elected repre-
sentatives to the USNSA congress
-on campus.
During the SGC campaign, it
was often charged that USNSA
did not specifically deal with
"students in their role as students"
but got involved in national and
international issues which most
delegates knew nothing about. In
addition, it was claimed that
USNSA was controlled by a "man-
ipulative elite."
One of the reforms suggested
during the campaign was direct
election of delegates and alter-1
In other action, SGC Prexy Ste-1
ven Stockmeyer, '63, read a letter
from Edwin Sasaki, Grad, presi-
dent of the Graduate Student
Council, requesting SGC to ex-
amine the problem of an under-
graduate-oriented student coun-
cil, and urging them to add a

GSC representative to the current
ex-officio representatives.t
Stockmeyer noted he would noti
"bring forth such legislation" now,


Study Faculty Role in Policy Making

The University Senate Com-
mittee on Academic Freedom
and Responsibility is undertak-
ing a study on "the extent to
which the faculty is responsi-
ble for the development of Uni-
versity policy," Prof. John Reed
of the law school and commit-
tee chairman says.
Thus the committee's em-
phasis has been and will be on
"the responsibilityconcomitant
'with academic freedom," Prof.
Reed says.
The committee has been in
existence for a year and a half.
It will hold its first meeting
this semester sometime before
Christmas. Its original charge
was to consider "general mat-
ters of academic freedom out-
side the context of special cases
such as where a faculty member
refuses to answer questions be-
for a congressional committee
or advocates free love," Prof.
Reed says.
Faculty policy-making is not
a problem in the individual
schools and colleges but only
on a University-wide basis,"
Prof. Reed says.
Several Areas
He outlined several areas in
which the committee is at-
tempting to work.
First, the group is consider-
ing a number of plans to orga-
nize a body which can speak for
the faculty in times of emer-
Explaining his opinions on
the need for such a body, Prof.
Reed notes that the infrequent
meetings and large membership
on the Senate make it difficult
"to have meaningful debate on
issues. The meetings are usual-
ly based around a particular
event such as University Presi-
dent Harlan Hatcher's annual
state of the University address."
Furthermore, the Senate Ad-
visory Committee on University
Affairs is an admittedly non-

Claims Allies

representative body which is
only empowered to advise the
administration of its members=
opinions and cannot speak for
the faculty as a whole.
Often Arise
"Since crises often arise rap-
idly and unexpectedly, some ve-
hicle is needed for the facul-
ty to participate in their so-
lution," Prof. Reed says.
Second, the committee is con-
sidering areas in which active
faculty members can partici-
pate in policy making as oppos-
ed to which areas ought to be
"left to a corps of professional
For example, an active facul-
ty member attempting to work
with administrators on the
preparation of the University
budget might well have to spend
half or more of his time at it
in order to participate mean-
ingfully. If he continues to
spend that large a portion of
his time on budget work, the
question arises of whether he
is a faculty member or an ad-
ministrator, Prof. Reed says.
Have Participated
On the other hand, faculty
members have participated in
areas such as the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs, questions of Uni-
versity policy such as size and
have had large responsibility in
academic affairs without be-
coming administrators for all
practical purposes.
Prof. Reed terms academic
affairs as "almost purely a fac-
ulty matter in which even the
administration has only sec-
ondary responsibility in the for-
mulation of policy."
The committee is also study-
ing the committee system at
the University. Prof. Reed points
out that there are several hun-
dred committees in existence
some of which have not met for
many years.
To Compare
The group, in viewing faculty
committees, will also compare

the membership list of each
committee in an attempt to de-
termine statistically whether
the same faculty members are
constantly participating in com-
mittees or whether there is a
great number of different indi-
viduals working.
In the area of academic free-
dom, the committee has been
considering some proposals but
has not yet worked out any
Prof.sReed notes a feeling
among some of the committee
members that "younger faculty
members are less than fully
aware of the implications of
academic freedom and the ;ong
fight for it." However, the com-
mittee has not worked out any
plans to explore the problem
'further at this moment;
New Bylaw
During the formulation of the
new speaker bylaw which was
passed by the Regents at their
October meeting, Prof. Reed
worked closely with Prof. Sam-
uel Estep of the law school who
chaired the committee that
came up with a number of xec-
ommendations for revising the
Also, when Wayne State Uni-
versity lifted its speaker ban,
the committee worked, for some
coordination so that. opponents
of WSU's action could not se-
cure support by "divide and.
conquer tactics" among Michi-
gan's public universities and
Other committee members
Prof. Kenneth Boulding of
the economics Clepartment, Prof.
Claude A. Eggertsen of the edu-
cation school, Prof. Arnold
Kuethe of the engineering
school, Prof. William J. Lev-
eque of the mathematics de-
partment, Prof. Paul W. Mc-
Cracken of the business school,
and Prof. Theodore Newcomb of
the psychology and sociology

U.S. Charges
Soviets Tr
To Block Ban'
Both Sides Reject
Moratorium Motion
GENEVA {P)-The Soviet Union
accused the United States and
Britain last night of preparing new
underground nuclear tests in de-
Fiance of world public opinion.
The United States countercharg-
ed the Russians were carrying on
what it called "negative and un-
constructive maneuvers" to block
a meaningful test ban treaty.
Earlier the West rejected and
the Russians rejected a Swedish
proposal for a moratorium on nu-
clear tests until a satisfactory con-
rol system could be worked out.
Nuclear Tests
A Soviet accusation that the
United States and Britain were
preparing new underground nu-
clear tests in defiance of world
opinion yesterday drew a Western
cross-fire denouncing Kremlin
United States Chief Delegate
Arthur H. Dean demanded the.
Russians halt their "negative and
unconstructive maneuve r s" to
block a meaningful test ban trea-
Soviet delegate Semyon Tsarap-
kin leveled his accusation at a
meeting of the 17-nation disarma-
ment conference's three-power
subcommittee. He was quoted as
"It is quite obvious that neither
the United States nor the United
Kingdom intend to cease under-
ground testing. Everyone knows
new tests in Nevada are being pre-
Prime Minister Harold A. Mac-
millan announced recently that
Britain would fire off one small
underground shot on the United
States testing range in Nevada.
Members of Britain's opposition
Labor Party touched off a storm in
the House of Commons by con-
tending this test would be conduct-
ed at the worst possible time, just
after the .Americans and Russians
announced conclusion of a test se-
ries. Macmillan explained that it
was impossible to arrange for the
British blast earlier.
Western View
In the Western view the Rus-
sians have blocked all progress in
the conference by coupling a de-
mand for an. end to all testing
with a blanket refusal to allow
any on-site inspections.
Dean, in his speech to the sub-
committee, denied that the West
wanted to use on-site inspections
to spy on the Soviet Union. He said
every possible safeguard had been
written into the Western draft to
avoid just such a thing.
Sweden proposed an immediate
test ban based on arrangements
which would sidestep for the time
being the difficult underground
policing problem.
The United States and Britain
rejected any proposal for an un-
policed moratorium..
Dean told newsmen the Swedes
seemed to want some interim in-
ternational control machinery
manned by professors and de-
clared the United States would not
go "into anything on a half-baked,
amateurish basis."
Pressure is building up for an
end of all nuclear tests by New
Year's Day. Yet the United States
and Britain do not want to be
steamrollered into arrangements
which would provide no on-site
inspections of suspicious under-
ground disturbances.
Both Dean and British delegate
Joseph B. Godber insisted the two
alternative draft treaties intro-
duced by their governments on

Aug. 28 constitute the best possible
basis for agreement,
Plan Recounts
In Slim Races
LANSING R) Plans were form-
ally under way yesterday for re-
counts of the vote in two Upper
Peninsula legislative races decided
by razor-thin margins on Nov. 6.
Refusiney to accent the figures

Continued Nuclear


Adonla Retains Congo Power

Cyrille Adoula survived y'esterday
an opposition attempt to bring
down his government.
He was attacked on issues rang-
ing from the Katanga secession to
the Congo's economic plight.
A motion of censure against the
government got 50 votes in the
Congolese lower house of parlia-
ment-16 short of the required
two-thirds of the members present.
Adoula got 47 votes. Two mem-
bers obstained. The vote left him
in a minority in the lower house,
but he is not obliged to resign.
The United States looks favorably
on Adoula's leadership, and this
was one matter which brought him
under attack in parliament.
Strong Criticism
The premier said he was satis-
fied with the vote. Observers were
surprised at the number of depu-
ties who voted with him, includ-
ing some who criticized him
strongly in debate.

Adoula said the cabinet would
decide today on an important mat-
ter arising from the day's debate.
He refused to elaborate.
The storm against Adoula's gov-
ernment blew up last week when
the lower house demanded the re-
lease of four members arrested in
connection with an alleged seces-
sionist plot, and the end of a pres-
Begin Strike
At Canaverl
By The Associated Press
BU BANK - The International
Association of Machinists struck
the sprawling facilities of Lock-
heed Aircraft Co. yesterday in an
all out bid for a union shop.
Meanwhile, President John F.
Kennedy set Taft-Hartley ma-
chinery in motion yesterday by
creating a three-man board to
look into the dispute and report
to him by Monday.
Picket's, estimated to number as
many as 2000, went into action
outside company facilities in Cali-
fornia, Florida and Hawaii. The
union called the walkout 97 per
cent effective; the company, how-
ever, said work was going ahead.
At Cape Canaveral, it was re-
ported that about 200 machinists,
all employed by Boeing Aircraft
Co., refused to cross the picket
lines. It appeared that the major-
ity of 1700 machinists employed
by other companies at the nation's
missile test center stayed away
from work yesterday in sympathy
with the strikers.
Union sources said most of
these workers probably would re-
turn to work today even if the,
strike continues. Many are em-
ployed by General Dynamics and

idential state of emergency ordi-
nance introduced in Leopoldville
to combat gangsterism.
Rounded Up
The emergency ordinance was
bitterly resented by the Abako par-
ty, which is strong in the Leopold-
ville area. A government spokes-
man said Tuesday night the emer-
gency could be relaxed because
the gangsters had been rounded
The four imprisoned members
wer freed this week and took part
in the debate. They include Lu-
mumbist party chief Christophe
Gbenye and a former Minister of
Mines, Edmond Rudahindwa.
Many speakers stressed they
were not personally attacking
Adoula but the "Binza group"
which they claimed acted as a sort
of super-government.
Pollock Says
U*S. Still Weak
on Berlin Wall
The American stand in Cuba
has 'cheered the West Berliners
but "we are not better equipped to
react decisively and immediately
to a Soviet move in Berlin than
we were at the time the wall was
So said Prof. James K. Pollock
of the Political Science depart-
ment upon his return from a
week-long visit to Berlin where he
conferred with German leaders in-
cluding Mayor Willy Brandt.
"It now seems clear that we are
determined to remain in Berlin,
come what may. However, no im-
provement in the decision-making
process has been made, and in the
event of another uprising in East
Germany-and the situation there
is ouite desperate-there annears

Iaccus Be Calm,Ty Haven Remains
The Daily city room yesterday was swamped with anxious phone-;
calls concerning that important subject, 18 year old drinking in New -
NW "'£ York.

Acting on information from a usually reliable source of the Cor-
nell Daily Sun, a high Daily official solemnly ordered that this grave
news be inserted onto the first page. Alas, this information was taken
from the Daily Sun's mock issue.
The prominently placed article in yesterday's Daily stated that the
New York legislature raised that state's drinking age from 18 to 21
But the New York Society for Temperance will still have to wait
and fight for its serious and upstanding goals. For in this grave and
serious area, some insidious miscreant of society decided to play a
joke. Through the machinations a person or persons presently un-
known (the NKVD has been called in to investigate) The Daily was

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