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November 21, 1962 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1962-11-21

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INDIA-CHINA WAR:
A NEW STAGE?
See Editorial Page

YI L

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CLOUDY
High-45
Low--35
Windy, occasional
showers through tonight

Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, No. 58 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1962 SEVEN CENTS

EIGHT PAGES

Khrushchev

Agrees

To

Remove

Bombers

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Kennedy Orders
Blockade Lifted
Soviets Comply With U.S. Demands;
Announce Limit on Withdrawal
WASHINGTON (A)-President John F. Kennedy disclosed last
night that Nikita S. Khrushchev has promised to pull all of Russia's
offensive bombe'rs out of Cuba in 30 days.'
Kennedy immediately ordered an end to the United States naval
blockade of Cuba.
Kennedy called for continued vigilance, adequate inspection and
lasting safeguards against the mounting of any more offensive weap-
ons in the island.
But he said that the danger has receded and "in this week of
thanksgiving, there is much for which we can be grateful." The Chief
-Executive held his first news con-

'Na

as

ease

ire

PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY
. . . lifts blockade
Issue Order,
On Ho0using
WASHINGTON (A) - President
John F. Kennedy signed yesterday
his long-delayed order barring ra-
cial discrimination in all future
housing built with direct govern-
ment help or federal home loan
insurance and guarantees.
Less sweeping than many had
anticipated the order does not
provide for enforcement against
discriminatory practices in "con-
ventional" mortgages - housing
loans which are not underwritten
by the.government-or in the sales
of existing houses by private indi-
viduals.
But officials called it a "first
bite"-indicating that it may be
broadened later, when the admin-
istration becomes more certain of
its legal ground.
Deny Assistance
Builders and lenders undertak-
ing new tract developments, apart-
ment houses and other multi-fam-
ily projects would be denied fed-
eral assistance if they discrimin-
ate in the sale or leasing of the
housing.
Housing officials estimated the
action would affect about 25 per
cent of all new housing-the por-
tion which is financed by the Fed-
eral Housing Administration and
the V e t e r a n s Administration
through loan guarantees, mortgage
insurance and GI loans. This would
bring a substantial part of the
nation's future housing under the
anti-bias ban.
Mounting Pressure
Kennedy has been under mount-
ing pressure and criticism, because
of his 1960 campaign pledge to
outlaw housing bias.
"It is neither proper nor equi-
table that Americans should be
denied the benefits of housing
owned by the federal government
or financed through the federal
assistance on the basis of their
race, color, creed or national ori-
gin," the President said.
Besides publicly subsidized low-
rent housing and units underwrit-
ten by the FHA and VA, the order
applies to the federal program of
housing for the elderly.
Student Rips
WSU Paper
The chairman of W a y n e
State University's homecoming
committee ripped the Wayne Col-

ference in 10 weeks and said he
wanted to use it to bring the
American people up to date on the
Cuban crisis and make several
other statements.
To 381 newsmen, and with his
words going out over national ra-
dio and television networks, Ken-
nedy started off by saying, "I have
today been informed by Khrush-
chev that all of the bombers now
in Cuba will be withdrawn in 30
days." He also agreed that these
planes can be observed and count-,
ed as they leave.
Reduce Danger
"Inasmuch as this goes a long
way toward reducing the danger
which faced this hemisphere four
weeks ago, I have this afternoon
instructed the Secretary of De-
fense to lift our naval quarantine."
Secretary Robert S. McNamara
quickly followed through with the
announcement implementing this.
The Cuban crisis, of course,
commanded the center of the
stage at the news conference.
But Kennedy also announced he
is sending a mission to beleagured
India and, at home, that he has
ordered an end to racial discrimi-
nation in federally financed or as-
sisted housing.
No Invasion Promise
Despite Khrushchev's pledge to
get jets out of Cuba, Kennedy still
was withholding the solid promise
the Soviet Premier seeks that the
United States will not invade
Cuba.
First, Kennedy said, there must
be adequate arrangements for ver-
ification of the removal of all of-
fensive weapons systems from the
island and for the continued with-
holding of such weapons from
Cuba. Once that is done, he said,
"we could give assurances against
invasion of Cuba."
"Until that is done," Kennedy
said, "difficult problems remain."
Checking Process
And until that is done, he said,
"this government has no choice
but to pursue its own means of
checking on military activities in.
Cuba." This appeared to hint at
continued aerial surveillance.
"As for our part," Kennedy said,
"if all offensive weapons are re-
moved from Cuba and kept out of
the hemisphere in the future, un-
der adequate verification and safe-
guards, and if Cuba is not used
for the export of aggressive Com-
munist purposes, there will be
peace in the Caribbean. And as I
said in September, we shall neith-
er initiate nor permit aggression
in this hemisphere."'

Nehru Aides
Respond
To Proposal
Call Move Treachery;
Await Specific Plan
By The Associated Press
TOKYO-Indian Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru was awakened
at 2 a.m. in New Delhi and in-
formed of the Peiping broadcast
announcing the Red China cease-
fire.
An official spokesman then told
newsmen, "This is a treacherous
move on the part of the Chinese
and they mostly do this whenever
they have committed aggression.
If they are genuine about it, why
don't they withdraw immediately?"
However, some time later, an-
other official spokesman issued a
different comment on the Peiping
announcement.
Await Proposal
"We have received no such pro-
posal before making any com-
ment on it," the spokesman said.
"If in detail the Chinese proposal
is the same as the government of
India's-namely restoration of the
status quo as it existed before
Sept. 8, 1962-then we will posi-
tively respond to it."
Red China said the measures it
announced were taken on its own
initiative in a sincere desire to
settle the border dispute peace-
fully. It warned, however, that
fighting would resume if Indian
troops try to advance beyond the
positions outlined by Peiping.
Harriman Mission
In Washington last night Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy said he is
dispatching Secretary Averell Har-
riman "in order to better assess"
India's needs in fighting the
Chinese intruders. India has been
sending mounting lists of arms
it wants from the United States,
but United States authorities have
had difficulty in ascertaining pre-
cisely what the Indians need.
Kennedy took pains to make
clear that American arms aid to
India is Designed to help defend
India against Red China, not to
fortify India in her dispute with
neighboring Pakistan, a United
States ally.
Pakistan Position
The President said "our help to
India in no way qualifies our com-
mitment to Pakistan" and this has
been made known to both gov-
ernments.
Rather, he said, the Chinese
drive against India poses a threat
to Pakistan as well as India.
In answer to a question, Ken-
nedy indicated there had been
no Indian request for United States
troops. As for United States mili-
tary technicians, he said a pur-
pose of the Harriman mission was
to ascertain what type of support
was needed.

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HIMLAYAN WAR-Arrows show w hereAIdian trosweer
getn. wti 0 ie f terihPaisofAsmRd.hn
suddenly<: pulled a surpriseoveby allng ca .
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_AP Wirephoto
HIMILAYAN WAR-Arrows show where Indian troops were re-
treating under the pressure of heavy Chinese offensives. After
getting within 80 miles of the rich Plains of Assam, Red China
suddenly pulled a surprise move by calling a cease fire.

Suspends.
University
Students

u. vy AT A RG'uAt , f

AFL-CIO:
Meany' Asks New Start
In NAACP Relations

1
1
i

WASHINGTON () - AFL-CIO
President George Meany called for
new harmony yesterday between
his union federation and the Na-
tional Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People.
But a warning accompanied his
call. "We cannot disregard a cam-
paign of systematic falsehood and
distortion," he said.
Clemson Wins
First Round
Of Law Suit
ANDERSON, S.C. (A') - Harvey
Gantt, Negro student seeking to
transfer to Clemson College, ad-
mitted under cross examination
yesterday that he never completed
one application for admission to
Clemson.
Under questioning by Attorney
William Watkins of Anderson,
Gantt said he did not complete
the application for the school year
beginning in 1962.
The testimony came during trial
of a suit brought by Gantt, who is
seeking to transfer from Iowa
State University to Clemson, South
Carolina's engineering s c h o o l
which has an all-white enrollment.
Gantt's lawyers claim he is bar-
red by a segregation policy.
Clemson officials argued that
Gantt was not admitted because
he did not follow proper procedure.

Relations between the AFL-CIO
and the NAACP were strained near
the snapping point last week when
the labor organization's executive
council said it cannot work with
Herbert Hill, the NAACP's labor
secretary.
Suspended Contributions
Meany said then his organiza-
tion was suspending its financial
contributions to the NAACP. Roy
Wilkins, NAACP executive secre-
tary, replied, "They are suspend-
ing something that doesn't exist."
He said individual unions, not the
AFL-CIO, contribute to t h e
NAACP.
Hill has charged several unions
with discriminating against Neg-
roes. Meany said in a letter to
Wilkins yesterday, "These attacks
are objectionable to use on three
grounds." First, "They are un-
true."
False Impressions
Second, "These attacks seek to
create the impression that the
AFL-CIO is blocking Negro pro-
gress . . . the facts are that the
trade union movement has spear-
headed every phase of the fight
to advance the cause of Negro
equality."
Third, the NAACP, he said, by
asking the National Labor Rela-
tions Board to decertify a United
Steelworkers Union in Atlanta,
had tried to destroy a union. "The
fact is," Meany said, "whatever
progress has been made toward
equality for Negroes in this in-
stance has been made by the un-
ion. Is it sensible to suppose that
destroying the union will hasten
the process? We think not."
Meany said he had outlined the
AFL-CIO's differences with the
NAACP "in the hope that we may
re-establish the mutual under-
standing and good will with which
we once worked in the case of civil
rights ...
"But I am sure you will recog-
nize that such unity is impossible
in the present atmosphere."

BY DAVID FAN~BEM
Four students at the University
of Nebraska have been suspended
from school "for an indefinite
period of time" for participation
in sub-rosa or secret, factional or-g
ganizations on the campus.
The suspensions resulted from
extensive investigation of the ac-1
tivities of these organizations by
G. Robert Ross, dean of studentI
affairs at Nebraska.
Ross cited seven major areas
where members of the organiza-
tions from Pi Xi and Theta Nu
Epsilon fraternities, and Rho Del-
ta sorority had broken state laws1
and the university code.i
Cite Violationss
They were the creation of sus-
picion among students and fac-I
ulty members; division of student1
groups in the student government;
acts of dishonesty and vandalism;
unlawful consumption of alcoholic
beverages and failure to assume
responsibility for acts or state-,
ments.
This group of individuals, not
all of which were affiliated, had
banned together in an attempt to
infiltrate campus groups, and,
through manipulation and deceit,
gain positions of leadership and
responsibility. Members use this
power for personal gain to the
detrement of the group the stu-
dent asserted. It is a secret or-
ganization, and members will not
admit to membership in it. The
group has never stated its purpose
for existence.
Fraternity Dissolved
Theta Nu Epsilon had dissolved
itself from Nebraska's campus in
1951, and had only been re-
established there in 1957 through
the efforts of their alumni organ-
ization. In connection with sub-
rosa the fraternity had been dis-
solved again in 1961.
The student government, the
Interfraternity Council, and other
major campus organizations have
all issued statements condemning
sub-rosa action and supporting
Dean Ross' immediate action.
Dean Ross, in commenting on
the activities of sub-rosa, stated,
"The opposition of the University
to such groups is based upon their
violation of the fundamental
American concept of democracy,
their incompatibility with the
methods the university employs
in its search for truth and know-
ledge and in its efforts to sup-
port the maximum development
of personal integrity." The in-
vestigations are being continued
in an all-out effort to rid the
campus of sub-rosa activity.
Experts To Study
Tracking Station
TOKYO (WP) - Japan has ap-
proved an American request to
allow experts to study the possi-
bility of setting up a satellite
tracking station in Japan, For-
eign Minister Masayoshi Ohira
said yesterday.
Japan is reported reluctant to
approve the tracking station for
fear it may be labelled a military
facility.

Indian Government
Awaits Confirmation
Communists Pledge To Withdraw
Troops from All Fronts by Dec. 1
By The Associated Press
Red China unexpectedly announced yesterday orders for its troops
in India to cease fire at midnight and prepare to pull back on all
fronts along the disputed Himalayan frontier.
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's government awaited official
communication of the Peiping measures before making final judgment.
But a New Delhi spokesman said India would "positively respond" if
Peiping's plan conforms to Nehru's proposals for negotiating a settle-
ment.
Old Fronts
The Indian spokesman said this meant a return to positions each
side held before the Chinese launched major drives on three fronts

1,
f

Sept. 8, breaching India's moun-
tain defenses and pushing to with-
in 25 miles of the populous plains
of Assam.
Peiping claimed its intentions
more than matched Nehru's condi-
tions, and indicated the Chinese
troops will begin withdrawing Dec.
1 no matter what position India
takes. However, Peiping urged In-
dia to make comparable moves,
and called for early talks to settle
the dispute peacefully.
Indian officials were skeptical,j
however, and the immediate offi-
cial response-apparently contra-
dicted later-called Peiping's an-
nouncement treacherous. Indian
officials noted that the Chinese
were neither abandoning their
claims to 40,000square miles of
territory India considers her own
or giving up large areas of it. -
Early Advances
Only hours before the surprisei
Peiping announcement, Chinese
troops were reported pressing their
advances into India, at some points;
even beyond areas Red China1
claims.
The United States government
advised all United States citizens
in the threatened northern As-
sam Valley to get out at once.
In Washington, President John
F. Kennedy announced that a spe-
cial high-level mission will be sped
to India to determine what arms
the United States can supply.
British Aid
In London, the British govern-
ment announced it also is sending
a mission of high military and
diplomatic officials to New Delhi.
It was assumed there the United
States and British missions will
work together. A Commonwealth
relations spokesman said he did
not know how Peiping's announce-
ment will affect the work of the
mission.
Britain has offered to send India
massive military aid and is set to
start an airlift almost immediate-
ly.
Evacuate Women
The British said they still are
flying women and children of
British tea planters out of the
danger zone. The British govern-
ment expressed surprise at Pei-
ping's announcement and disclos-
ed that Red China had rejected a
British feeler on mediation.
The Chinese statement said its
troops would begin withdrawing
Dec. 1 to 12/ miles behind the
line of actual- control of Nov. 7,
1959. On the eastern sector, said
the announcement broadcast by
Peiping radio, the Chinese will
withdraw to the disputed McMah-
on Line and then pull back an ad-
ditional 12% miles.
Claim Territory -
The Chinese claim about 12,000
square miles in Ladakh, in the
West, and in recent fighting have
occupied almost all they claim. To
pull back to the 1959 control line
would appear to be giving up more
than they captured in the recent
fighting but would still leave them
in control of the major share of
the disputed area.
The middle and eastern sectors
are on the opposite ends of the dis-
puted border with Chinese-ruled

Study Group
Hears Dean
By, JAMES NICHOLS
The Union-League Study Com-
mittee, which is working on "rec-
ommendations to the respective
governing board of the Michigan
Union and the Women's League
for improved operational effective-
ness, including the possible desir-
ability of a merger," heard out-
lines for four of the possible forms
the committee's final recommen-
dations can assume.
Associate Dean of the Literary
College James H. Robertson said
the committee could decide to rec-
ommend no changes of any kind
in either organization; to recom-
mend certain "internal reorganiza-
tions" in either facility; to suggest
a merger of the student staffs of
both organizations into a central
activities-oriented policy board,
with both Union and League re-
maining separate entities and pro-
viding resources jointly; or, the
committee could decide to recom-
mend a complete merger of Union
and League.
The group expects to complete
its study in March.
New Structure
The last alternative would pro-
vide "a whole new structure de-
voted to stud'ent activities," possi-
bly in a new, more centralized lo-
cation, Robertson said. The second
would probably provide for less
participation by students in the
management of the organizations'
physical plants, he added.
Union President Robert Finke,
'63, told the committee the ex-
perience he has gained in that
office is "unquestionably well
worth all that it requires. Some
aspect of this ought to be preserv-
ed," he said.
The group also decided to meet
on Monday with Vice-President
for Student Affairs James A. Lewis
and other Office of Student Af-
fairs administrators, and with the
Faculty Senate Student Relations
Subcommittee, headed by Prof.
Richard L. Cutler of the psychol-
ogy department, to discuss present
needs of students, contributions
now made to the campus by Union
and League, and "concrete sugges-
'tions" for changes in the two fa-
cilities,
Joint Conference
Robertson said the joint con-
ference was intended "to reduce
some of the unknowns" faced by
the committee at this stage of its
discussions. Other members sug-
gested that the effects on student
needs of the planned trimester sys-
tem, the University's desire for a
conference center, and the exten-
sion of facilities on North Ca-
pus should be discussed at the
meeting.
The committee yesterday re-
ceived the report of a League staff
seminar. The report questioned the
wisdom of a complete Union-
League merger, but suggested that
the two occupy the same building.
It called for a merger of some

FREEDOM:
Students To Desert Campus

By HARRY PERLSTADT C
Co-Magazine Editor
"Five at Markley, two at 702
East University, all for the de-
pot."
"Willopolitan leaves at 7:45
a.m.?"
"My ride is in a convertible, it's
free but cold."
With these cheerfulproverbs
floating o'er the Ann Arbor at-
mosphere, anyone can tell that
a mass exodus is taking place.
Fleeing the armies of the pharoah
of tests, papers, and early morn-
ing classes, the children of Mich-
igan hurry to the parental lands.
They carry sandwiches to nibble
on train, car and plane and lug

Discard Mandatory ROTC
In Proposed New Program
By The Collegiate Washington Press Service
While the details are not yet clear, it is obvious that the Defense
Department is about to come up with a new Reserve Officers Train-
ing Corps program to be offered on a purely voluntary basis to
American Colleges and Universities.
The services are backing away from the large compulsary pro-

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