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Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXIII, No. 53 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1962 SEVEN CENTS
Stockmeyer, Ross Outdistance Field in SG
Brown, Epker Place
After Seventh Ballot
Barnell, Gilbar, Kass Wage Duel
For Remaining Council Positions
By GAIL EVANS
A record vote of 7,193 was cast at the polls in yesterday's Student
Government Council election, which saw SGC President Steven Stock-
meyer, '63, emerge the first place winner with an unprecedented 1,711
votes on the first ballot.
Incumbent Robert Ross, '63, was also elected on the first ballot
with 1,370 votes.
SGC Treasurer Thomas Brown, '63BAd, and Russell Epker, '64,
were not elected until the seventh ballot, when Brown received 808
votes to put him in third place and Epker 798 votes, making him
fourth place winner. Charles Bar-
Maintains 'U Ties
Ross Cites Effective Speakers;
BOO To Continue Reform Efforts
By RICHARD KRAUT
Students voted in a referendum yesterday to continue Stu-
dent Government Council's membership in the United States
National Student Association.
According to an 11 p.m. count, 3,667 voted to remain in
USNSA and 3,483 voted to withdraw. The referendum was
clearly valid, for more than 75 per cent of those voting in the
SGC election voted on USNSA.
In fact, the total number of votes in the referendum sur-
passed the number of valid ballots cast in the SGC election.
The referendum is binding ont4~
.. . places first
ROBERT ROSS THOMAS BROWN
... places second . . . places third
. . places fourth
By MICHAEL ZWEIG
The administration of Wayne
State University agreed to allow
a former Communist to speak at
Wendell Phillips, who claims to
have fired from a teaching post
in California because he refused
to divulge his acquaintances in
the Community Party, spoke to
about 60 students in State Hall
on the subject of academic free-
dom. He was sponsored by the
Wayne State Students Civil Liber-
A spokesman for WSU said that
Phillips was allowed to speak be-
cause he is no longer a Commun-
ist and because he would not vio-
late the university speaker-ban by
advocating the violent overthrow
of the government.
Appoint Editor at C olorado;
Editor To Use Better Taste'
The University of Colorado board of publications last Monday
appointed Tom Parmeter editor of the Colorado Daily.
Parmeter succeeds interim-editor Jon Kolomitz, who was ap-
pointed by the board after university president Quigg Newton fired
editor Gary Althen last month.
"The Colorado Daily will continue to take strong stands on con-
troversial issues," Parmeter said last night, "but we will do it in
- better taste than before." He was
But there were two restrictions
placed on Phillip's remarks, the
spokesman added. Phillips was not
allowed to solicit funds for any
cause, and he could not make any
plea for personal support.
Phillips said he wants to "win
the privilege, to teach in the pub-
lic tax-supported schools." He is
presently appealing to a higher
California court a . county court
decision against reinstatement,
and he is trying to raise 16,000
for legal fees.
Phillips visited Detroit as part
of a national speaking tour he is
making under the auspices of the
Wendell Phillips Academic Free-
In a press conference yesterday
Phillips said that he was active
in the Communist Party from
1940-1951. He denied advocating
the violent overthrow of the gov-
ernment or trying to influence the
students' political thinking.
Phillips was prosecuted under
California's Dilworth Act, which
permits California school author-
ities to question teachers about
Communist connections. Phillips
said he answered all questions
about himself, but refused "to in-
form on my friends."
"It's my personal opinions that
they object to," Phillips said.
"They conceded that I'd done no-
thing wrong in my classes." Phil-
lips was a welding instructor at
a junior college before being fired.
Phillips was originally slated to
speak at the University, but Voice
Political Party, which was to have
sponsored him, announced that
it had no opportunity to plan and
schedule any talk because of its
work on the USNSA referendum.
Philips, who might be in Ann
Arbor today, will not speak here.
His original invitation, however,
was in no way connected with any
attempt to test the University's
controversial speaker bylaws.
nell, '63, was elected on the ninth
ballot as the fifth place candidate.
At 2 a.m. the sixth and seventh
place winners had not been deter-
mined. Michael Kass, '64, and Gary
Gilbar, '64A&D, were still fighting
for the needed votes to be elect-
ed. The seventh place candidate
will _have only a half-year term
instead of the full-year terms to
be served by the other six.
Kass and Gilbar were secure in
their claim to a Council position
but the order of their election had
not been determined.
In order to be elected on the
first ballot the quota of 833 had
to be reached. When Brown and
Epker were elected the quota had
dropped to 788.
The quota is determined by di-
viding the total number of votes
cast in the SGC election, which
was 6,654--a full 539 votes under
the referendum total-by one more
than the number of seats open.
By the seventh ballot 641 votes
had been declared invalid. The
seven candidates were elected un-
der the Hare system as the ballots
were tabulated in the Michigan
David Nelson, '64, was the first
candidate to be dropped because
his 103 first place vote total was
the lowest. By the seventh ballot'
when Brown and Epker were
elected Thomas Swaney, '64; Ron
T. Haskins, '65, the write-in candi-
date, and Regina Rosenfeld, '64,
had also been dropped and their
votes redistributed to the remain-
Bruce Hopkins, '64, was elimi-
nated on the eighth ballot, leav-
ing Frank Strother, '64, as the
only remaining candidate to op-
pose Gilbar and Kass. However,
he trailed the two by sufficient
margin to preclude his election.
The election of the three Voice
candidates and the other four will
make the Council's liberal-conser-
vative split now eight liberals to
Stockmeyer's total vote was the
highest first place vote in SGC
history, topping his last election
total of 1,186. The total vote was
the highest since the March, 1955
Student Legislature vote of 6,070.
Of AAUP ,Hits
The- Michigan State University
chapter of the American Associa-
tion of University Professors over-
whelmingly passed a motion rec-
ommending the reversal of ad-
ministration-imposed discipline of
Robert Howard and other students
who last month refused to "clear"
a speaker under the-,university's
Prof. Paul Adams commended
the students for being "far ahead
of us in the fight for academic
freedom," and several other AAUP
members praised "the courage of
these students in standing for
their principles in the face of great
The AAUP chapter also voted
to request that the faculty senate
establish a committee to "expose
any procedural injustices" that'
might occur in the administrative
prosecution of alleged by-law vio-
lations. The AAUP particularly
discussed due process and the
right to appeal.
The open meeting heard a panel
discussion on a substitute speaker
by-law proposed by' the speaker
screening committee. Larry Baril,
a graduate student, spoke against
the provisions prohibiting obscen-i
ity or advocacy of violation of uni-
versity, state or federal law, term-
ing them "against the right of free
Prof. Robert Repas joined Baril
in opposing the proposed by-law,
saying "it is time for the univer-
sity to take a stand in support of
a free society and the right to
Red China Hits
referring to the labeling of Sen.
Barry Goldwater (R-Ariz) as "a
mounteback, a murderer .. .," and
Dwight Eisenhower as "an old
futzer" in the Colorado Daily
articles which led to Althen's
Before his appointment by the
publications board, Parmeter had
been a member of that board.
"When the board opened peti-
tioning for editor to the campus,
I resigned from the board and
tried for the editorship," Par-
In the Colorado state election
on Nov. 6 University of Colorado
Republican regent Charles Brom-
ley was re-elected, while Republi-
can challenger Dale Atkins defeat-
ed a Democratic incumbent.
"Bromley has promised to work
for the dismissal of Newton for
his action against Althen, but
there will probably be no move
until after January," Parmeter
By PHILIP SIJIN
Daniel Rubin. self-styled Com-
munist youth leader and editor of
the newly formed "Communist
Viewpoint" magazine, said during
a brief visit here yesterday that
he had no plans to speak in Mich-
Igan in the immediate future, but
was willing to help fight speaker
He declared that it was up to
student organizations to invite
Communist speakers, and urged
them to do so.
"It is a pity that Michigan is
behind most states. The list of col-
leges and universities who have in-
vited Communist speakers reads
like a who's who of institutions,"
Emphasizes Effect of Ban I
The more important issue is not
whether Communists should have
the right to speak, but what the
effect of a speaker ban is on stu-
dents and faculty, Rubin said.
He "expressed confidence hie
could make his audience more fav-
orable to Communist beliefs.
Although he did not expect to
gain converts to Communism, Ru-
bin asserted he and similar speak-
ers could dispel the illusion that
Communists are monsters carry-
ing bombs while working in the
interest of the Soviet Union.
"After h e a r i n g Communist
speakers, people would be more
willing to defend the constitution-
al rights of Communists, as well
as everybody else," he asserted.
Rubin asserted that attdacks on
civil liberties have been disguised
in a cloak of anti-Communism.
They are really directed against
a large segment of opinion that is
He refused to identify his exact
role in the Communist Party be-
cause of the McCarran and Smith
Denouncing these laws asrviola-
tions of the First and Fifth
Amendments, Rubin charged that
the federal government had never
proved in any court that Commu-
nists violated sabotage and espion-I
age laws. Communist leaders have
always been tried on conspiracy, in
violation of their civil rights, he
Despite these difficulties, Rubin
claimed "there is now growth in
the Communist movement-espe-
cially among young people."
He disputed Federal Bureau of
Investigation director J. Edgar
Hoover's report that the Commu-
nists had recruited 10,000 young
people into the party, saying "I
would be happy if this were true."
. . . places fifth
By JEAN TENANDER
"Teaching is the greatest pro-
fession of them all," Prof. Earl C.
Kelley of Wayne State University
said last night as he discussed
"New Fontiers in the Profession
"What the world really needs is
better people and if we are going
to have better people they will be
made in schools," Prof. Kelley said.
"This is why I believe the teach-
ing profession to be the best in
Prof. Kelley pointed out three
things he feels are essential for
a teacher to be aware of, if that
teacher is going to "teach the
student rather than the subject."
"We simply must humanize the
educational process," he said. "The
concept of knowledge which says
that somewhere outside there is
knowledge and you want to get
that knowledge is as materialistic
as wanting an oil well.
"I am in favor of people learn-
ing a great deal but what ever
the main objective of this learn-
ing turns out to be is the thing
of most value. Some of the world's
most damaging people have been
extremely well informed," he said.
Next, Prof. Kelley, a vigorous
exponent of John Dewey's ideas
on education, discussed the change.
that he feels has taken place in
our culture. "The machine will get
us if we don't watchnout," he com-
mented. People have gone test
crazy. "Pretty soon they will start
testing students for uranium.'
Education is supposed to be the
encouragement of responses rather
than the conditioning of them, he
said in discussing the recent ad-
vent of the "teaching machine."
His final point dealt with the
problem of indifference. "We have
been talking about individuality
for 30 years but we would not be
teaching school -the way we do!
at present if we really believed in
the uniqueness of the individual,"
SGC and the Council therefore
cannot vote to withdraw from
USNSA until after the spring
The referendum served as a fo-
cal point for debate in the SGC
campaign. Controversy revolved
around charges that USNSA has
subverted its original purpose and
does little for the campus directly.
Reaction to and interpretation
of the referendum was diverse.
SGC member and Voice political
party chairman, Robert Ross, '63,
said the results "show that people
on this campus will vote for in-
volvement in world affairs."
Ross attributed the "yes" vote
in the referendum to "the fact
that we effectively reached people
with good speakers." Looking to
the future months, Ross said that'
the SGC Committee on USNSA
"will work towards incorporating
a peace course or a course on in-
ternational relations in the Uni-
Michigan Union President Rob-
ert Finke, '63, said that the "great-
est benefit of the referendum, was
that it greatly increased student
concern and awareness. No such
interest was shown in any other
campaign I have seen in the last
Also thinking of the months
ahead, Finke suggested that the
Committee on USNSA "reexamines
its programs to see which could
be implemented in a positive way."
SGC President Steven Stock-
meyer, '63, said the results of the
referendum "indicates that the
campus favors a national union of
students." However, Stockmeyer
thought that the referendum "was
also a mandate to work for the re-
form of the association."
Stockmeyer said that he was
"proud to have helped bring the
issue of USNSA out into the open."
According to a statement issued
by "Better Off Out," an organiza-
tion formed to advocate withdraw-
al from USNSA, "the narrow mar-
gin of the referendum indicates
that the victory was only a tech-
Speaking for BOO, Fred Batlle,
'63A&D, claimed that the referen-
dum was "not a victory for USNSA,
but a defeat of the proposed meth-
od of action on the association."
Batlle said that "BOO will continue
to function as an organization ded-
icated to reforming USNSA."
Ross could make no statement
about whether or not "Friends of
USNSA" will continue to function
as an organization. "This is a de-
cision the people in the organiza-
tion will have to make," he said.
Ross also said that he thought
a necessary reform in USNSA is
the selection of delegates and al-
WASHINGTON (A) - Soviet
Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev
has sent President John F. Ken-
...ew . ..F e _ - _ _ 4' A am Cnoi
. .. sixth or seventh?
... seat assured
Excitement Fills Count Night
The decor of the Michigan "
Union Ballroom is a pale blue, but
it hardly matched the mood of the
spectators at the Student Govern-
ment Council count night last
As each total was announced,
scattered cheers and applause
rang up in the crowd. The height
of the demonstrating was reached
when the unofficial count of the
United States National Student
Association was announced.
After' the initial cheering died
down, a chorus of "We Shall Not
Be Moved" was struck up by some
of the more moved individuals in'
As usual, an interesting variety
of write-in candidates spiced the
Five proposed amendments to
the constitution of the Michigan
Union were passed by the male
students of the University yester-
a vote of 2,909 to 429, well
over the needed two-thirds of the
votes cast, the following changes
1) The Union's financial secre-
tary will now be recommended by
the President of the University in-
stead of the University Senate, will
serve for three years and will only
be able to serve two consecutive
2) The office of the financial
secretary will no longer need to
co-sign Union checks.
3) The words "Vice-President for
Student Affairs or his representa-
tive" replaces "Dean of Men"
wherever it appears, so that the
constitution will be in line with the
new Office of Student Affairs