PAGE F(klVR 'C
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
'SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 4. 1962
PAGE FOUR C TIlE MICHIGAN DAILY SUNDAY. WOThMRFR 4 1qR~
- - - p i w V ikali iRiJ 1 V 1 V u 1.
The Mountain States
The Great Lakes
The Centennial State faces a
real knock-down, drag-out battle
or every major political office.
The usually reliable Denver Post
poll showed Republican challenger
John A. Love out in front of Demo-
crat incumbent Gov. Stephen L. R.
McNichols, and that fact added
new impetus to the Republican
Love, who has never run for of-
fice before, is hammering away at
"the fiscal mess in Denver" and
promises a conservative adminis-
tration. McNichols' advocacy of a
'pay-as-you-go' plan has not
Meanwhile, for the Senate, the
horse-race between Sen. John A.
Carroll (D) and Rep. Peter Domin-
ick (R) for Carroll's seat, prom-
ises to end in a dead heat. The
Post poll showed them deadlocked
with 46 per cent apiece.
Aides of Sen. Goldwater are
scouting the state, reminiscent of
the violent Carroll campaigns of
1954 and 1956. Dominick is cam-
paigning on an out-and-out con-
servative platform, branding Car-
roll as "a Kennedy man, not a
The House seats are always a
struggle. Republicans are fairly
certain to hold the second district,
while the Democrats will undoubt-
edly retain the fourth.
The GOP is looking forward to
an upset im the first district, where
William B. Chenoweth (R), son of
the GOP Rep. J. Edgar Chenoweth
from the third district, is op-
posing veteran Democrat Rep.
The senior Chenoweth is never
a sure winner, though. The dis-
trict comprises Colorado Springs
and Pueblo, and ticket splitting
THE OUTCOME ...
Love seems to be closely ahead
of Gov. McNichols.
Sen. 'Carroll seems to be just
barely withstanding Dominick's
The House line-up: Probably
no change-two Republicans and
Suddenly, the overriding issue in
Idaho has become legalized gambl-
ing, and every candidate, from
senator to drain commissioner
finds his campaign centered on
the pros and cons of slot ma-
The issue was introduced by
Democrat gubernatorial nominee
Vernon K. Smith, who favors it.
His opponent, incumbent Gov.
Robert Smilie (R) has thus far
managed to avoid taking a stand.
There is general dissatisfaction
with both parties in the state, but
Smilie has managed to win the en-
dorsement of several special inter-
est groups, including organized
labor. Smith, on the other hand,
received a smart setback from the
barnstorming former President
Harry S. Truman, who angrily
denounced the gambling issue.
There are also two Senate con-
tests, due to the death of Sen.
Henry C. Dvorshak (R). Sen.
Frank Church (D) seems to be
holding the lead over his very con-
servative opponent, Jack Hawley
(R). But Idaho voters have become
somewhat disenchanted with the
"boy senator," and there is some
For the unexpired term, inter-
im Sen. Len B. Jordan (R), a for-
mer governor and conservative in
the Dworshak tradition, is scrap-
ping it out with liberal and veteran
Rep. Gracie Pfost (D). Jordan
seems to have the edge, scoring
Mrs. Pfost for her "down-the-line
support of Kennedy," but the lady
could score the victory with a
last-minute handshaking tour.
Both House seats are presently
Democratic, but the GOP claims
Mrs. Pfost's old seat is "in the
bag." Democrats admit it will be
Republicans also have an out-
side chance to sweep the second
House seat if Smilie's margin is big
THE OUTCOME.. .
Gov. Smilie will return to the
statehouse, providing he can
continue to sidestep the gambl-
Sen. Church seems fairly safe.
Sen. Jordan should edge out
The House Line-up: Republi-
cans one, Democrats one-a GOP
gain of one seat, a Democrat
loss of one.
The campaign is almost non-
existent. The GOP claims they'll
take the first district away from
the Democrats, and they might.
But their hold on the second dis-
trict is. none too solid.
SEN. FRANK CHURCH
As it stands, Representatives Ar-
nold Olsen (D) and James F.
Battin (R) are out in front in
their respective contests.
No change in the House line-
up-one from each party.
Conservative Sen. Wallace F.
Bennett (R) is battling for his
political life against Democrat
Rep. David S. King.
Pollsters show the two running
about even, but the tide seems
to be turning toward the GOP
for the two House seats. This
could affect the Senate contest.
King's father served 24 years in.
the Senate, however, and the lustre
of his name still has not worn off.
Republicans are hammering
away at Kennedy's medicare pro-
gram, which King supported, and
pointing to his failure to get the
Bomarc missile plant in Utah re-
instated in the House appropria-
tions. (Bennett tacked it back on
in the Senate.)
For the House, Republicans
seem to have the edge for both
seats-now Democrat, though the
races are rated "very close." The
Mormon Church is traditionally
conservative, however, and it has
yet to reveal its endorsements.
Sen. Bennett should slip by
King's stiff challenge, with a
boost from the Mormons.
The GOP will probably cop
both House seats-a Democrat
loss of two and a GOP gain of
This conservative state is quite
alarmed about "big government"
and "political angling," both of
which the voters feel that Demo-
crats have been indulging in of
Wyoming is traditionally con-
servative in both its parties, and
the liberalism of the Kennedy ad-
ministration has notngone down
well, despite Sen. Hickey's own
As a result former Gov. Milward
Simpson (R) should be able to un-
seat Sen. J. J. Hickey (D), who
was appointed to fill the vacancy
when Sen.-elect Keith Thomson
(R) died before taking office two
Voters are still mad at the way
Hickey took the seat, and they
call him the "instant Senator."
They are also miffed at Acting
Gov. Jack Gage (D) whom Hickey
appointed to the vacancy gover-
norship. Gage in turn appointed
Hickey to the Senate, and as a
result, Gage himself faces the
prospect of being ousted by Re-
publican Clifford P. Hanson.
Hickey has been handicapped
by a mild heart attack and has
For the lone House seat, Rep.
William Henry Harrison (R) ap-
pears a shoo-in.
THE OUTCOME ...
Simpson should displace Sen.
Hanson should bump Gov.
The GOP will retain its House
In Illinois, Senate Minority
Leader Everett Dirksen (R) seems
to be in front in his fight for re-
election with Democrat Rep. Sid-
ney Yates (D).
A Chicago Daily News poll shows
Dirksen to be well, ahead of his
lesser known rival. Chicago's Dem-
ocratic machine, powerful as it is,
will have to go a long way to over-
come Dirksen's 2-1 edge down-
According to the News, person-
ality is the main issue in the sen-
atorial race, rather than issues.
Dirksen, with his national reputa-
tion, has an advantage over Yates
in this respect.
Republican leaders see a chance
for the GOP to pick up one to
four Democratic seats. The state
has lost one seat due to reappor-
Experts are predicting the Dem-
ocrats will end up with 12 seats,
the Republicans 11, with one race
between two incumbents hanging
in the balance.
THE OUTCOME ...
Sen. Dirksen seems to be as-
sured of victory.
The Democrats will lose one or
two House seats, making it Dem-
ocrats 12, Republicans 12-a
Democratic loss of 2, a GOP
gain of one.
Conservative Republican Sen.
Homer Capehart faces a strong
challenge from Birch Bayh, Jr. in
his bid for a fourth Senate term..
Capehart, considered a sure
thing early in the campaign, has
stepped up his campaign in the
face of impressive gains by New
Frontier Democrat Bayh.
The Cuban crisis may play a
large part in the outcome of the
election as Capehart has long been
an advocate of a tough line toward.
Castro and Cuba.
In the Congressional races,
House Minority Leader Charles
Halleck appears headed for vic-
tory. Other Indiana seats are not
expected to change hands either,
barring a strong Republican vic-
Capehart, a Republican in Re-
publican Indiana, should keep
The House seats should re-
main as they are: Seven Repub-
licans, four Democrats.
Minnesota, which appeared to
be a trouble spot for the GOP sev-
eral months ago, now appears to
be swinging to the Republican col-
Incumbent Republican Gov. El-
mer Anderson has moved into a
slight lead over Karl Rolvaag, his
Similarly, Republican Rep. Wal-
ter Judd, who gave the keynote
speech at the 1960 Republican
Convention, has apparently moved
ahead in a district that was ger-
rymandered to include several
heavily Democrat areas into it.
In Congress, Minnesota's loss of
a seat due to reapportionment will
most likely hurt the Democrats.
THE OUTCOME ...
A narrow victory for Gov. An-
A six to two Republican edge
in House seats, a Democrat loss
Although the seat of Sen. Frank
Lausche (D) seems safe, Robert
a newly created congressman-at-
large seat; the race for the Ohio
governor's mansion is still in
Incumbent Democrat Gov. Mi-
chael DiSalle, considered behind a
few months ago, has closed the
gap between himself and his Re-
publican challenger, State Auditor
However, he has been handi-
capped by Democrat squabbling in
Cleveland and public opposition to
a tax increase sponsored by his
Rhodes has proposed "Golden
Age" villages for the elderly, more
jobs, increased industrial develop-
ment, and aid for youth. The state
GOP organization is strongly be-
Both candidates have attempted
to tarnish the other's reputation:
DiSalle charging Rhodes with mis-
use of campaign funds, and
Rhodes charging DiSalle with ir-
regularities in the state liquor de-
Observers feel, however, that the
mud-slinging has balanced out and
left Rhodes with a slight edge.
Lausche's opponent in the sena-
torial race, Republican John Mar-
shall Briley, is waging a vigorous
campaign, while the senator re-
mains rather aloof from the battle.
But the Lausche name and face
are political trademarks in Ohio,
and his mercurial political phil-
osophy is liked by a good many
In the races for the House, one
Democrat seat and three Republi-
can seats seem in jeopardy. Taft
is favored in the statewide race
over Cleveland real-estate sales-
man Richard Kennedy, (D) an
THE OUTCOME ...
Rhodes barely leads DiSalle.in
the race for Governor.
Lausche is a cinch to be re-
The GOP will pick up the
newly-created at-large House
seat but the Democrats will un-
seat a Republican, giving them
eight seats to the Republicans'
16-a GOP gain of one.
Democrat Gov. Gaylord Nelson
is abandoning the executive man-
sion to seek the Senate seat now
held by Republican Sen. Alexander
The Republican s e n a t o r 's
chances are enhanced by the dra-
matic call to Washington he re-
ceived from President Kennedy
at the height of the Cuban crisis.
Still mindful of LaFollettism, Wis-
consinites are concerned over in-
ternational matters and are lean-
ing to Wiley's foreign policy 'ex-
Meanwhile, a hot fight is taking
place for the spot he vacated.
At present, Wiley is slightly
ahead of Nelson while Republican
Philip Kuehn is favored over
Democrat John Reynolds.
Wiley, a four-term veteran of
the Senate, is considered a moder-
ate while Nelson, 38 years his jun-
ior, is "liberal."
Wisconsin Republicans feel they
have a good chance of taking two
Democratic seats while the Demo-
crats are trying to hold their own.
THE OUTCOME ...
Sen. Wiley will edge out Gov.
Nelson for the Senate seat.
Kuehn should defeat Reynolds
in the gubernatorial race.
House seats will probably re-
main the same (six Republicans,
four Democrats) but any
changes will be in favor of the
SEN. EVERETT M. DIRKSEN
A. Taft, (R), son of the late Re-
publican leader, is favored to win
REP. SIDNEY PATES
. . . Illinois
Legislative Candidates Give Statements on.
1) Essentials: A) Flat-rate in-
come tax, personal and corporate,
B) Rebate of some percentage of
this tax to local governments to
hold property tax down, C) Repeal
of business activities tax, D) Re-
peal of sales tax on food, drugs.
2) It is difficult to express an
"opinion" on a point of law; no
layman is in a position to say
whether or not a court is justi-
fied in holding a certain opinion
on a case in litigation. The Su-
pi'eme Court of the state ruled as
it saw proper on the apportion-
ment and the only reaction laymen
can have is one of gratification or
disappointment. I personally was
glad to see that the court held as
it did, for the whole matter of
apportionment in this state is long
overdue for examination. The Leg-
islature is, for course, gerryman-
dered to maintain Republican in-_
fluence and to favor out-state;
areas. The House comes closer to
the ideal of representation than
the Senate, but neither is fairly
apportioned now. In 1960, 22 Re-
publican senators were elected,
representing 48 per cent of the
voters; the 12 Democratic senators
elected represent 52 per cent of
the voters. The proposals for re-
apportionment made in the new
constitution will not really change
the Senate's composition, save to
make it more overwhelmingly Re.
publican, and I do not believe that
it is the function of a constitu-
tion to guarantee the success of
either party at the polls.
3) A) Fiscal reform, B) In-
creased support of a number of
specialized training programs, con-
solidation of school districts to
guarantee everyone a decent edu-
cation through the twelfth grade,
expansion of the Junior college sys-
tem, greater protection for the
universities from reckless legis-
lators who would destroy their
freedom. (C) Civil rights legisla-
tion guaranteeing real equality in
job opportunities and housing.
D) Solution of the unemploy-
ment problem created by increas-
ing automation. This can be done
by attracting new industries to
the state, making easier the ex-
pansion of existing industries, re-
training and resettlement pro-
grams (some of which are already
in effect), increase in buying
power brought about by fiscal re-
form. The search for new in-
c ndriprfnr enaoschpn-hobea nn
people has been limited. I believe
in the right of free speech as guar-
anteed by our constitution, but I
also believe that a great many
Americans who call themselves
patriots do not.
I do not quite understand what
the question about the legisla-
ture's influence in this area means.
If the question means what it
plainly says, then I think that the
legislature has a good deal of in-
fluence in the matter-witness the
fact that when Wayne University
adopted a liberal speaker policy,
its budget was cut by $300,000 in
a gesture of pure revenge. If the
question means: what influence
should the legislature have in this
matter, then I would reply that
it should of course be entitled to
express its opinion, as representa-
tive of the people, but that it
should not seek to force its opin-
ion on co-equal constitutional
bodies by means of the threat or
use of financial reprisal.
5) This question, relating to in-
creased appropriations for such
state agencies as against reduction
of the state's deficit, is of course
designed to elicit answers that
will embarrass candidates, for no
matter which side is chosen, the
candidate will be found wrong by
an important number of voters.
Let me say that the situation
which brings about any such hy-
pothetical choice was the product
of the present legislature's lack of
concern for the welfare of the
state at large and that nn resnnn-
1) An equitable fiscal reform
program would include reduction
or elimination of personal proper-
ty taxes, reduction of corporate
franchise fees, elimination of busi-
ness activities and intangibles
taxes-and possibly reduction of
real property taxes in many areas
-coupled with a flat rate personal
and corporate income tax. I fought
for and supported such a program
in the 1962 session. Mounting def-
icit and cash crises, inadequate
revenue for education and mental
health, temporary solutions from,
hastily enacted piecemeal pack-
ages, and diversion of opinion on'
solutions have kept Michigan from'
There must be a shifting of the
tax burden from non-productive
property and activities to produc-.
tive business and productive
2) The implementing order ren-
dered by the Michigan Supreme
Court, enjoining the August Pri-
mary of the State Senate, was
fraught with political overtones.
Had it not been for the stay of
execution from a United States
Supreme Court Justice, the order
for an at-large primary election
would have eliminated represen-
tative government in Michigan. I
believe there may be a question
as to the constitutionality of the
1952 amendment to the 1908 Con-
stitution but I also believe the
setting of an election at-large
with the short time limit for
legislative reapportionment was
The one man-one vote argu-
ment is a misleading device to
enhance the power of one political
group in our state. Baker vs. Carr
(The Tennessee Case) never took
a position that a legislative body
had to reflect population factors
alone and I don't believe that a
legislature should be apportioned
by the Judiciary.
I believe the lower chamber
should be on a population basis
and that the 80 per cent-20 per
cent relationship provided for in
the new constitution is a reason-
able compromise for the Senate.
Urban areas do need greater rep-
resentation. I do not favor The in-
PROPOSAL for ADDITIONAL
MILLAGE for PARK PUR-I
POSES: Do you favor raising
an additional $60,000 each year
s.. .. _ . . ... .
flexible apportionment provided
for in the 1952 amendment.
3) Our immediate need is fiscal
An improved business climate,
quality higher education, effective
mental health programming, and
all the other vital requirements
made necessary by our growing
population are dependent upon
taxing and spending reform. Fiscal
reform is not the only answer but
it is an essential first step.
4) Academic policy is rightfully
not the perogative of the legis-
lature. The University is governed
by a constitutional body, the Re-
gents, elected by all the citizens
of Michigan. I personally believe
that all sides of any question
should be presented and I further
believe in the ability of the Re-
gents to determine what is in the
best educational interests of the
students. The legislature does pro-
vide the funds to operate and
develop the University, so it is
not without some influence in this
5) I believe the role of a re-
sponsible legislator is to find the
means to pay for necessary state
expenditures so that we may oper-
ate with a balanced budget which,
of course, includes the reductionI
of past deficits and elminates the
necessity for going further in debt.
That is why I supported the tax-
ing and spending perform pro-
gram during the last session of
1) Removal of the sales tax from
groceries and drugs, repeal of the
unfair business activities tax, re-
vision of property tax to encourage
business and spread burdens more
evenly and equitably. I do favor
such a program and would fight
for it no matter whose lobbyists
would exert pressure to the con-
trary. Also needed are government
reorganization, spending reform,
modernization of accounting pro-
2) Not being a justice of the
United States Supreme Court, I
am reluctant to express opinions
on State Supreme Court rulings.
The ruling appears to have been
beyond criticism on technical
grounds. Along with all other citi-
zens, I am now awaiting the reac-
tion of the higher court. While I
do not see in reapportionment the
cure-all of all of our problems, I
do not appreciate the present sys-
tem which permits a minority of
people, relatively unburdened by
taxes, to determine the fiscal
structure for the entire state. I
find that unhealthy and largely re-
sponsible for our present scal mess.
3) Reflection in the Governor's
office and in the Legislature of
20th century social thought. This
requires election of Democrats to
all offices. It requires reapportion-
ment of the Legislature. The pro-
grams on fiscal reform, on expan-
sion of business, on improved so-
cial services have all been worked
out. All that needs to be done is
to translate them into law, with
changes and amendments to ad-
just to changing conditions. The
most urgent need clearly is to drive
irresponsibility, negativism, ob-
structionism from Lansing.
4) The Legislature should keep
its hands off under the present
constitutional arrangement which
delegates the relevant powers to
the University administration, act-
ing under the Board of Regents
T. John Lesinski-Democrat
Clarence A. Reid-Republican
Secretary of State:
James M. Hare - Democrat
Norman O. Stockmeyer-Re-
whose members are elected by the
people. In 1962 I see no threat em-
anating from exercise of freedom
of speech provided elementary
rules of good taste, morality, and
existing laws are observed. I find
that the predominantly Republican
pressure to keep so-called Com-
munists off the campus is in reality
directed against all progressives,
liberals, and in general against any
speaker who prefers to take the
United States Constitution and the
Declaration of Independence lit-
5) No one should be arguing for
increased appropriations for high-
er education per se. Adequacy in
the light of increasing demands is
the key. Erasing the state's deficit
could be viewed as a valid target
but should not be achieved at the
expense of social services.
1) What do you feel are the
necessary provisions of a fis-
cal reform program centered
around an income tax? Do you
favor such a program and why?
2) What is your opinion of
the Michigan supreme court's
ruling on the Senate apportion-
ment case? What is your feel-
ing in general about apportion-
ment of the Legislature?
3) List what you consider to
be Michigan's most urgent
needs and, as specifically as
possible, state how you think
1) The best basis for constructive
broadbased fiscal reform lies in
adoption and implementation of
the new Constitution. This docu-
ment requires preparation of a
balanced budget by the governor
and adoption of a balanced budget
by the Legislature. It provides ex-
ecutive enforcement of spending
levels within the limits of actual
receipts. It provides for a legisla-
tive auditor general who can en-
force performance as well as post-
fiscal audits. It increases the bor-
owing power of the state to meet
current deficits. It limits property
tax assessments providing real re-
lief in particular to the Detroit
area business community.
I shall do all I can to campaign
for adoption and implementation
of the new Constitution in the in-
terests of a sound fiscal structure
Taxwise I would recommend re-
peal or revision of the Business
Activities Tax; reduction of the
corporation franchise tax from 5
to 2 mills; elimination of the in-
tangibles tax; real and personal
property tax relief to help low in-
come families and make Michigan
a better place to do business; and
provision of greater tax resources
for local units of government.
Within the above framework I
would recommend adoption of a
corporate profits and personal in-
come tax to provide greater equity
in our tax structure.
2) I feel this was a politically
motivated decisionparticularly in
tits precipitate attempt to create
chaos in the fall election, although
I am the first to concede the Sen-
ate needs reapportionment.
I think the apportionment fea-
tures of the new Constitution to
be eminently fair-the House on a
population basis and the Senate
weighted 80 per cent on popula-
tion and 20 per cent on geography.
3) Michigan's most urgent needs
include an end to Lansing's par-
tisan political cold war. Of equal
importance is adoption of the new
Constitution and putting our fis-
cal house in order.
Our greatest concern in this
legislative district is to meet the
growing needs of higher education;
to preserve the preeminence of our
great faculty with appropriate and
regular pay increases; and to pro-
vide a coordinated long-term plan
for capital outlay - the planning
and construction of new buildings.
I have visited all state colleges as
gents, by-laws with respect to
speaker policies at the University.
The Legislature should not involve
itself in this area unless there are
flagrant abuses that become a
matter of serious public concern.
5) Article X, Section 2 of the
present Constitution says "the
Legislature shall provide by law
for an annual tax sufficient wit}i
other resources to pay the estimat-
ed expenses of the state govern-
ment-and such deficiency as may
occur in the resources." I am sworn
to uphold this constitution as your
elected representative and there-
fore am committed to "erasing"
the state deficit.
How could a candidate refuse to
be governed by the provisions of
the existing constitution and also
refuse to endorse the proposed
constitution? Under what basic
law would Michigan then operate?
As a matter of record I am hap-
py to report that this current year
we are reducing the state deficit
by one-third and also providing
i n c r e a s e d appropriations. One
fourth of the record capital out-
lay budget of $26,000,000 came to
the Washtenaw County area in-
cluding approval of my bill for a
new School of Music Building.
Supreme Court Justice:
Paul L. Adams of Sault Ste.