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November 01, 1962 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-11-01

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Seventy-Third Year
Truth Will Prevall"'>
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.



Parkinson's Law
And the OAA

T HERE IS a very good book called "Parkin-
son's Law," in which C. Northcote Parkin-
son sets up a theory intended to explain th
movements of big business, major organiza
tions, governmental bureaus and their admin-
You read it and laugh because it is excellen
farce, and, because big business is no part of
your life, the abstractions of which he speaks
remain abstractions.
However, when you suddenly come across a
working extension of Parkinson's Law right
here at the University, the humor ceases to
exist on a hypothetical or impossible level and
becomes something totally different and midly
PARINSON'S LAW, the law of "The Rising
Pyramid," is a two-part theory. The first
section gives the law and the second, itself
separated into two related divisions, proves the
law to be valid.
The law is something like this:
"Work expands so as to fill the time avail-
able for its completion." Thus, the more time
you have, the more work will be done-this
is not to say that there will be a greater
quantity of actual work, nor that the quality
of the final product will be related whatso-
ever; to the amount, of time you have, but
rather thaththe amount of time permits more
attention to be focused on a given area.
As an example, Parkinson chooses post card
writing which, for a busy man, might take
as much as three minutes, but, for an elderly
woman with nothing else to do, could con-
ceivably occupy her entire day, as she secures
post card, stamp, pen, ink, address and message.
angle," states, first, that "An official wants
to multily subordinates, not rivals," and, sec-
ond, "Officials make work for each other."
He points out that for either real or imagin-
ary reasons, a 40 or 45-year-old administrator
will almost inevitably find his work exhausting
-and the resulting lack of enthusiasm causes
a general decline in quality and quantity of
his labor.
Fearful that this might have an effect on
his status in the organization, the adminis-
trator must solve the problem of lessening
capacity. He has three possible alternatives.
THE FIRST is leaving his position in the
organization. Second he might arrange for
his employer to hire someone who would be
of equal rank with him on the staff to ease
his work load. Lastly, he could try to have
appropriated for himself subordinate staff
Of course, the latter is the only feasible
solution, for the first would permanently sep-
erate the administrator from his position and
the second would give him a rival.
Moreover, if he does succeed in acquiring
subordinates, he has to have more than one,
since a single associate would be an associate
of equal rank, and would thus be a rival.
SO THE middle-aged administrator-let us
call his A-is permitted to have his two
subordinates, B and C.
As time passes, however, one of his assistants,
B, also begins to lag in his work, and requests
two assistants of his own. At this point, A is
willing to add two more men to his staff, but
realizes that if B has assistants and if C has
none, C will feel slighted, and his work might
also begin to decline. Thus A decides to give B
his assistants, D and E, and throws in F and
o for C's use.
Seven men are now doing what one was
originally able to accomplish.
SUPPOSE A is told he must draw up a
document. He figures that D's special field,
for example=finances, would cover it, and so
sends it to him. However, after some work, D
realizes that the topic being reported on will
affect not only finances, but also the business'
employees, and so sends it to his fellow worker
E, who takes care of personnel problems. E
completes the draft and sends it to his superior,
B, who sees certain difficulties, including a
possible lack of backing by the company's
shareholders which D and E overlooked, and
amends the document drastically.
B sends it to his peer C, who is in charge
of the production side of the organization.
In turn C sends it to his subordinate F who

at this point goes on leave. The rough draft
finally is given to G, in charge of the opera-
tional problems of this phase of the business.
He changes the document slightly, sends it
back to C, who returns it to D, and it is at
long last presented to A, who, wishing to avoid
charges of irresponsibility and poor grammar,
disregards wholly what his subordinates have
done and instead writes it up exactly as he
would have had none of the understaffmen
ever existed.
THUS, no one of the administration has been
idle; no one has shirked his duty. Every-
one has done a conscientious job, and the
result, as Parkinson puts it, is that "far more
people have taken far longer to produce the
same product."

In this remarkable staff, Heyns has one ad-
-ministrative dean,~three vice-presidential as-
e sistants (each given his own "special area" of
- academic affairs), an administrative assistant,
- one dean of state-wide education, and the
heads of the offices of registration and records
t and admissions.
At any rate, despite distinct and diverse
titles, and despite a clear division of labor,
of superiors from their subordinates, the inner
workings of the OAA are at the very least
LET US BEGIN our sojourn into the inner
sanctum of the academic affairs office by
looking at the job of administrative dean
Robert Williams, as defined by Heyns in a
letter to University deans and directors.
Williams' duties "can be described briefly
as those of planning and institutional research.
He will assist in the formulation of the Uni-
versity's academic plans and policies with re-
spect to present problems, in the development
of solutions to future problems," Heyns writes.
He adds that Williams will also be'lookin,
into special areas, such as the relation of
the University to Michigan's junior colleges,
and the needs for new types of educational
programs, and cooperative arrangements with
other institutions in state.
HOWEVER, Williams, who until this year had
compiled the annual budget request, will
henceforth have nothing whatsoever to do with
the budget, according to Heyns.
This of course presents a problem-for it is,
or will be, difficult to deal with the future with-
out control over the present finances.
It is also very strange that Williams will be
probing the bearing of the University on the
ultimate aims ,of education in Michigan, but
that Harold Dorr, who holds the title of dean
of state-wide education will, Heyns says, "con-
tinue to be responsible for several summer ac-
tivities not yet readily transferable (to year-
round operations), such as the general summer
session announcement and the Fresh Air Camp,
and also the Music Camp. He will, of course,
continue his supervisory responsibilities" of
state wide education, "including extension."
So, the dean of state-wide education will
be in charge of getting out the summer session
booklet and preparing Interlochen for year-
round operations.
It would appear that Williams' job of looking
into future planning includes the very distant
future, since year-round operation is no where
in his domain. Perhaps Williams will be plan-
ning the possible and far-off New College.
AT ANY RATE, one of Heyns' vice-presiden-
tial assistants, Stephen Spurr, is in charge
of the full-year calander, and related problems.
He will also work on a study on out-of-state
student enrollment -policy and practices. How-
ever, Spurr, in solving the multitudinous prob-
lems involved in implementing year-round
operation, and in his work with the out-of-state
student survey, has control neither of the
future (which is the administrative dean's
territory), nor over the budget, and, evidently,
his hold on the present is at best tenuous.
Meanwhile another of Heyns' vice-presidential
assistants, N. Edd Miller, formerly director of1
the summer session (the area now given to1
Dorr), "will be responsible for academic per-1
sonnel matters" which, of course, excludes1
problems stemming from salaries, from finan-
cial grants, from certain aspects of the future,1
of the present, and from year-round calander-
THIS LEAVES, as Heyns puts it, matters'
"such as appointments and Regents com-
munications concerning personnel. He will as-
sist the schools, colleges and other units in
administering University policy concerning
academic personnel," which, it could be said, is
not quite full-time work. But of course, a good
amount of Regents communiques, and of as-
sistnce might occur this year.
What's left? Almost nothing, but, apparentlyt
due to a fear that there might be some pieces
remaining, Theodore Drews has been put ina
charge of the Office of Institutional Research,r
"responsible to Williams, (and) will conduct
studies of internal operations such as spacet
utilization and instructional costs." This is

also rather odd, for Williams, as Heyns hasf
already been very careful to point out, has no r
control over money.
Yet Drews is responsible to Williams-a
seeming contradiction-since Drews' job in-a
cludes studies of salaries and institutional costs
-which will, if used at all, be included in thep
budget request.-
It is all very confusing, because everything,
is quite fragmented, and at the same time,c
everything appears to be overlapping. Between c
the fragmentation and the overlap are a bevvy I
of secretaries, ready to carry notes, communi-
ques, Miltown, and whatever else might be a
necessary to the OAA from department to e
department, from assistant to assistant.'
AND ALWAYS at the top, ready to re-write n
the drafts, is Vice-President Heyns.n

Other Foreign News
l C-
. SE
s 1
New Outpost on the Cultural Frontier

Candidates Pass Over
Significant Issues

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
third in a four-part series on the
issues of the state elections.)
campaigning so far, aside from
personalities, has been the income
However, although people don't
seem to be paying very much at-
tention to them, there are other
important issues. The next gov-
ernor and the next Legislature
must deal with higher education,
mental health, civil rights, re-
organization of the executive
branch of state government and
with Michigan's permanently un-
In the field of higher education
both George Romney and Gov.
John B. Swainson have grossly
failed. Probably because it is a
subject that does not seem to
interest too many people, both
candidates have talked in mean-
ingless generalities. Romney es-
pecially has tied greater educa-
tional funds to economic growth.
He has not said anything about
what the state's colleges and uni-
versities are going to do in the
four or five years it will take
any program to stimulate industry
to be effective. Nor has he made
any distinction between the pur-
suit of quantity and quality in
higher education. Similarly, Swain-
son talks about higher education
in terms of the number of stu-
dents public institutions can ac-
commodate. Both have also over-
emphasized the relation between
university research and industry
as opposed to research and edu-
cation. The purpose of academic
research is only peripherally in-
IN THE FIELD ,of mental
health, Romney has proposed a
broad program to expand and im-
prove the state's mental health
program. However, he must have
beefn rather embarrased recently
when a. Detroit Receiving Hospital
official and member of the State
Mental Health Commission Dr.
James Graves pointed out that
his program was already being
instituted. There is noquestion
that Swainson has long advocated
increased mental health appro-
priations and is responsible for the
present program. Although it does
not yet meet the full needs of
Michigan, mental health is an
area for which the Democrats
have long worked.
Civil rights is a more complex
area. Both Romney and Swain-
son have backed the controversial
rule nine which forbids bias in the
sale of real estate. Romney has,
in fact, come out publicly with a
very strong civil rights platform
which may aid him in gaining a
portion of Detroit's Negro popu-
- lation which in recentiyears has
been solidly Democratic.

More conservative members of
his party do not support Ronmey'a
position and Norman Stockmeyer,
the GOP candidate for secretary
of state has not been to enthu-
siastic over rule nine. In all like-
lihood, Romney's unequivical stand
for civil rights will, if he is elect-
ed, prevent any weakening of the
present rules.
The Democratic party has main-
tained a strong stand on civil
rights and is working to keep the
vote of Negroes and other minor-
ity groups in the state.
state executive branch is another
issue where both candidates agree
that action is necessary but neither
has been too specific. Four years
ago, the Legislature passed a law
allowing the Governor to submit
reorganization plans to it which
would become effective if not re-
jected by the Legislature. Swain-
son, earlier this year, submitted
a partial reorganization plan which
was rejected. Romney has given no
details of what he wants although
he has bitterly criticized the rres-
ent setup.
Michigan's permanently unem-
ployed present the most serious
problem of al. Under the Swain-
son administration, Michigan has
begun participation in a federal
job retraining program. Both can-
didates are trying to convince ad-
ditional industry to move into the
But the industries either one
might attract, if successful, are
service firms, requiring large pools
of skilled labor. While these neces-
sary skills are available in Michi-
gan, the greatest number of un-
employed are unskilledeand wil
probably not benefit very much
from any new influx of industry/
Neither candidate has faced this
issue squarely or has admitted
that some individuals in the state
will likely never be employed
again. Even the auto industry.
Michigan's traditional cornuc'ipia,
will never reach its past empltoy-
ment level.
* * *
contention could be named. The
new constitution, although it is
not directly an issue in this elec-
tion, is. important for Michigan's
future. The Ford-Canton decision,
with its obligation of businessmen
to pay for strikes in other states,
is still very much a live issue.
Similarly, if the income tax is
not passed in the coming year,
there may be a move to outlaw
municipalities from charging in-
come' taxes on non-residents as
Detroit is presently doing. The
state's obligation to local school
systems is another important
They all deserve more considera-
tion than they've been getting

gasps for life on Broadway
and American producers grab Brit-
ish imports rather than employ
American talent, a hopeful sign
looms on the broad, barren cultur-
al territory which is off off-Broad-
A renaissance of the performing
arts is currently blossoming in
cities across the nation, being ac-
tivated by those nine companies
receiving doles from the Ford
Foundation's recent $6 million
grant and a host of other com-
panies of exceptional ability.
Howard Taubman, in the Octo-
ber 21 issue of the New York
Times,- sees the Broadway situa-
tion as dismal at best. Yet he ad-
vises "But look near Broadway and
beyond and you will detect signs
that may portend a reversal of
the years of discouragement and
decay. Regional theatres once re-
garded patronizingly by the indif-
ferent at home and the supercili-
ous in New York are being accept-
ed respectfully, and fresh finan-
cial support has appeared. New
resident companies are being
formed. Professionals are allying
themselves with universities."
* * *
WHERE IS American theatre
going? Presently it is in transi-
tion in locale and centers of ac-
tivity. The trend is away from the
big city lights, out toward the
heretofore "hick" towns and col-
lege towns. Touring companies
have been reaching the American
cultural backwoods for years but,

unfortunately, these companies are
neither numerous enough, often
not competent and usually not
hardy enough to bring their pro-
ductions to all the areas that want
and need-them.
Now theatre is decentralizing.
Taubman notes "drama's stirring
potentialities. Commercial theatre
has an abundant supply of shod-
"What it needs is a host of fine
resident companies throughout the
land where talent may develop and
where audiences may again become
habituated to live theatre." Luckily
for the future of theatre, these
companies are spring up.
s. *
TRAVELING across the country,
there is the Arena Stage in Wash-
ington, the Actors Studio in New
York, McCarter Theatre at Prince-
ton, the Shakespeare Theatre in
Connecticut, the Fred Miller The-
atre in Milwaukee, Mummers
Theatre in Oklahoma City, the Al-
ley Theatre in Houston, the Thea-
tre Group in Los Angeles, and the
San Francisco Actors Workshop.
Cincinnati has decided to estab-
lish a professional troupe and
Sir Tyrone Guthrie is developing
a theatre at the University of
Ann Arbor has taken a prom-
inent role in stimulating the re-
vival. Long a leader in the field
of non-Broadway theatre, with the
Drama Season, Civic Theatre, Uni-
versity Players, Laboratory Play-
bill, the well-established Universi-
ty Musical Society, and student
productions, Ann Arbor, under the
guiding financial and spiritual

hand of the University, has now
added the Professional Theatre
Program to its list of credits.
* * *
players, the crux of the Profes-
sional Theatre Program, has been
mixed. Unlike other groups, these
players did not demand a theatre
of their own before they came to
Michigan. They have accepted the
limitations of working in Lydia
Mendelssohn, of scheduling their
shows with regard to student pro-
ductions and of working with stu-
dents. The APA both employs fel-
lowship grantees and encourages
high school and University stu-
dents to partake in the program
by offering them substantial dis-
The difficulties of operation
seem to be offset by other factors
in Taubman's 'opinion : "Talk to
the APA actors in Ann Arbor and
you will find they are there, not
on Broadway at higher fees, be-
cause they want relief from the
rat race, from the play that dies
several nights after it opens, from
the hit role which types them for
life. They yearn for a measure of
continuity and a possibility of
Ellis Rabb, Who borrowed the
phrase "organic unity" to describe
the working philosophy behind
APA, believes that now the group
may work together, without fight-
ing for economic survival against
the notorious labor unions of New
York. It will be striving for excel-
lence in theatre rather than the
commercial success measured on
Broadway in glittering dollar signs.
It was Eva LeGallienne's dream
to establish a repertory theatre
of high quality and low prices.
She came to Ann Arbor to perform
in "Ghosts" to show her faith in
the APA, to prove to the company
and the theatre-going public that
here was something worth work-
ing for.
** * *
THE QUALITY of production,
by consensus, is brilliant, the act-
ing superb and imaginative, the
benefit to Ann Arbor as a cul-
tural center notable.
It is now the community's re-
sponsibility to applaud loudly its
residence company. Soon to tour
the state of Michigan, the per-
formers will bring their produc-
tions to many towns which cannot
support a theatre of their own.
Doubtless, much improvement
must be made. The company, for
the most part, works for minimal
wages, without a satisfactory the-
atre and under strenuous time lim-
its. Its contract runs for three
years and the University has ex-
pressed unofficial concern over
the vague possibility of the group's
breaking the contract. At the same
time, the University has reaffirm-
ed its own delight in having the
company and its desire to retain
IN FORESEEING the future,
Taubman makes the optimistic
prognosis of "hopeful."

APA in Merry England
NAPOLEON 'Sir Timothy Bellboys' Bonaparte, alias Will Geer, in-
vades the APA repertory this week on the grassy green banks of
the Lydia Mendelssohn theatre.
The vehicle is "A Penny for a Song" by English playwright John-
Whiting. "Y-year" and "P-place" are respectively 1804 and Sir
Timothy Bellboys' garden in Dorset, England,
The world John Whiting and the APA actors wish to lead. the
audience into is that of "transitory dreams" and 'illusion that is in

Show Stock but Pleasant

University Musical Society de-
cided in expanding its program to
include musical comedies.
The musical comedy is a par-
ticular American donation to the
world of theatrical and musical
art. It has grown from gaudy, com-
mercial beginnings to sophisticat-
ed, artistic accomplishment.
Although it has not been ascer-
tained, the Metropolitan Opera
Company may add Rodgers and
Hammerstein's "Carousel" to its
repertoire in 1965.
* * *
HOWEVER, while commend-
able, it is unfortunate that the
Society should have chosen "The
Sound of Music" as the first such
production, although, the Society
would have small choice since
there are currently no touring
companies of the few great musi-
cals ("Porgy and Bess," "My Fair
Lady," "West Side Story").
The book by Howard Lindsay
and Russel Crouse based on the
en c h anting autobiography of
Maria Trapp is mundanely tradi-
tional and poorly srtuctured. From
operetta there is the over-used
middle European locale, from early
musical revues comes the over-

escape from Austria, while the
Nuns sing "Climb Every Moun-
tain." (Actually the family escaped
by merely taking a vacation to
Italy and not returning.)
* * *
THE only outstanding achieve-
ment of this musical (and typical
of Rogers-Hammerstein shows) is
the excellent use of reprises for
dramatic effect.
Richard Rodgers' music as al-
ways is appropriate but seldom
soars above the usual Broadway
product. "Do Re M" (vivaciously
sung by Jeannie Carson), "No Way
to Stop It" (flatly rendered by
John VanDreelen, Marijane Mar-
isle, and Wally Griffin), and the
Preludium are the outstanding
musical numbers.
Butsit is Oscar Hammerstein's
irrepressibly o p t i m i s t i c lyrics
coupled with the music that makes
"Sound of Music" a sure-fire hit
in spite of its sentimental, poorly
written book.
* * *
ALTHOUGH last night's bus-
and-truck production was inade-
quate in many ways (flat singers,
scanty scenery, and a faulty sound
system), it was in many ways su-
nanr f. a*I n nathenl.k flahRnna-

fact reality." At least most of the
time that is the world they try to
lead the audience into. Unfortun-
ately every once in a while Mr.
Whiting seems to get dissatisfied
with his very satisfying and
charming bits of nothing and trys
to add a little reality and pro-
fundity to the scene. At this point,
I get very dissatisfied and even
somewhat embarrassed.
* * *
PERHAPS THE most blatant
and out of place example of this
is a small scene in the first act,
which is generally lively gay sim-
ple comedy without a care or a
profundity in the world. A charm-
ing middle-aged gentleman named
Hallam Matthews turns very
maudlin and profound about the
worth of youth and the sad mem-
ories of middle age. It was like
putting a "ban the bomb" banner,
on the top of a spinning carousel.
The second act was interspersed
with these small profundities to
the point of not being funny any-
more, and that is a shame.
This is the kind of play and
the kind of production with which
it is almost necessary to forget all
preconceptions and realities, check
them like your coat and pick them
up on your way out. If you do this
you will be treated. to a very
charming and very funny two
hours of delightful nothing. You
will laugh without having to cry
or think. You will not understand
because there is nothing to under-
stand except laughter. You will
enjoy yourself as you would with
"Alice in Wonderland" or "Winnie
the Pooh." And hopefully you will
have retained just enougn good
sense to ignore the sad attempts
at wisdom.
* * *
THE ACTING, as usual for the

to the
To the Editor:
IN RESPONSE to Daniel Shafer's
editorial about the Undergrad-
uate Library I would like to ex-
press an opinion I believe to be
prevalent on campus, and one
which Mr. Shafer should be aware
of. That is, namely, that the
UGLI is an excellent place for
studying (just see how many stu-
dents use it) partly because of
the informality allowed. One is
permitted to relaxc(by removing
one's shoes or placing one's feet
on the table, for example) and
this relaxation allows one to con-
centrate more easily.
Admittedly, there are certain
areas where the noise level is dis-
turbing; these are mainly near
the staircase. The best remedy for
this situation is for the student so
disturbed to remind the offender
that in a library silence is the
rule and that discussion is allowed
in the group study rooms and in
the basement lounge. Certainly a
complete structure of ;judicial
panel and disciplinary code, em-
bodying even (as Mr. Shafer sug-
gested) possible expulsion from
the UGLI, is not necessary.
-Paul Bernstein, '66
Correction. .
To the Editor:
Rumsey House, West Quad-
rangle, wish to make it known that
the article in Phe October 28th is-
sue of The Daily incorrectly stated
that Allen-Rumsey intended to


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