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Seventy-Two Years of Editorial Freedom
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1962
Railway Strike Ends,
Goes to Arbitration
Wirtz, O'Neill Come to Agreement;
Northwestern To Resume Service
WASHINGTON OP) - President John F. Kennedy announced settle-
ment last night of the 30-day Telegraphers' strike against the Chicago
and Northwestern Railway. The railroad said trains will be rolling
again over its 10,600 miles of track within a few days.
The strike-ending agreement, engineered by Secretary of Labor
W. Willard Wirtz and Federal mediator Francis A. O'Neill Jr., sent
tp arbitration four unsettled issues, including key questions on elim-
ination ofJ obs
by the rail-
The three arbitrators to be
named within 24 hours by the un-
ion, the railroad ant by agreement
between the two, are to hand down
their binding decision within 10
The strike on the nine-state
northwestern railroad was the first
handled by Wirtz as Secretary of
Labor since he took over from Ar-
thur J. Goldberg late in August.
The 1,000 members of the AFL-
CIO Order of Railroad Telegraph-
ers walked off their jobs Aug. 30,
in a dispute that hinged on job
Railroad chairman . Ben W.
Heineman said, "We would hope
that the freight trains would com-
mence operation as promptly as
possible, certainly within the next
day or so."
He said commuter service would
be restored in time for the Monday
morning rush hour. Through pas-
senger service will resume after
the tracks have been inspected,
Agreement came-after five days
of talks on a dispute over back-
to-work arrangements that de-
railed negotiations at the last min-
ute, when the telegraphers and
the railroad had agreed on most
Wirtz summoned 22 leaders of
railroad unions, members of the
Railway Labor Executives Associa-
tion, to conferences yesterday on
This issue was settled with an
agreement that will- return the
striking telegraphers to their jobs
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -, The Senate
voted Thursday to remove the
Communist disclaimer affidavit
previously required for National
Science Foundation grants.
The provision was included in
a repealer which removed the nec-
essary disclaimer, required before
under the government's college
student loan program.
Sen. Wayne Morse, (D-Ore.),
chairman of the Senate Education
Subcommittee, handled the mea-
sure on the floor.
The Senate action would substi-
tute for the affidavit, a criminal
provision fixing a $10,000 maxi-
mum fine and up to five years im-
REGENT EUGENE B. POWER
... lecture policy
The committee set up by the
Michigan Coordinating Council on
Higher Education to formulate a
uniform policy on off-campus
speakers for the state's public-
supported colleges and universities.
hopes to have its report ready by
Nov. 15, Regent Eugene B. Power
The committee has received
numerous requests from groups
wishing to be heard on the speak-
er question, including the Ameri-
can Civil Liberties Union and the
American Association of Univer-
sity Presidents. Regent Power
said that the committee would try
to hear from all groups who wish
to discuss the problem.
Members of the committee in-
clude Regent Power, Prof. Samuel
Estep of the law school,, Regent
Donald Thurber, Russell Seibert
of Western Michigan University,
Benjamin Burdick of the Wayne
State University Board of Gover-
nors, Provost Russell Seibert of
Western Michigan University, and
Dean Paul Varg of the Michigan
State University literary college.
The role of this group is to at-
tempt to come to an agreement
on a uniform philosophy on off-
Implementation of the Coordin-
ating Council's decision, and its'
administration on each campus,
will be up to the individual schools,
Regent Power explained.
Model After 'U'
Regent Power said that the Uni-
versity's new policy on off-campus
speakers should be an influential
force in the committee's delibera-
tions. He praised the policy as "an
excellent way to place responsibil-
ity concerning speakers, while
maintaining a minimum of re-
He noted some confusion re-
garding the purpose of the Public
Discussion Committee, set up as
part of the University's new speak-
er policy. Power said the function
of this board was simply to bring
speakers on important issues to
campus, and to try to ensure that
these talks. would present both
sides of issues.
He emphasized that the PDC
will have no censoring or review-
Bulk of New Request,
In Public Assistance
LANSING-The Michigan Wel-
fare Commission yesterday for the
first time, voted to seek a $100
million budget from the Legisla-
The actual request, totaling
$104.7 million, was adopted at the
commission's meeting in Adrian
and compares with a current bud-
get of only $95.4 million. Included
in this year's record figure is $98.9
million for operation and $5.8 mil-
lion for capital outlay.
Cite Federal Grants
According to State Welfare Di-
rector W. J. Maxey, federal
grants would raise the total spent
on Michigan welfare programs to
over $156 million. This year's to-
tal, however, is expected to reach
only $6 million less than that
Public assistance grants account
for the bulk of the commission's
request and this would directly af-
fect about 400,000 persons, accord-
ing to Maxey. This is about five
per cent of the total Michigan
Three Major Areas
The three major areas -of added
costshwould be medical assistance
to the aged, Aid to Dependent
Children and the building program
at Boys' Training School at Whit-
In addition, some of the larger
items in the proposed budget in-
clude old age assistance grants,
aid to the blind and the disabled
and general relief.
Although no new welfare pro-
grams are included in the com-
mission's budget request, next year
will see the first full year's opera-
tion of a new conservation rehabil-
itation camp for delinquent youth
in northern Michigan. The exact
site of the new camp has not yet
This year, the Legislature gave
$100,000 for the operation of the
rehabilitation camp and $80,000
for its construction.
Educators To Visit
'U' in U.S. Study
Four Japanese military educa-
tors, including the vice-superin-
tendent of the Japanese Defense
Academy, will arrive at the Uni-
versity tomorrow evening in an ef-
fort to learn more about American
methods of teaching and academic
Cites Educational Challenges'
By KENNETH WINTER
Rapidly - growing enrollments,
the spiralling need for educated
citizens, the role of pure research
in a growing economy, and the
problems of the individual student
in a world where everything gets
increasingly bigger-these are four
of the crucial challenges facing
higher education today, Univer-
sity President Harlan Hatcher said
last night at the University Press
Regarding growing pressure on
enrollments, he spoke with ur-
gency on the need to meet them
with adequate facilities. "The lee
time we had at our disposal dur-
ing the 1940's is used up," he
"I find .too many families that
have not calculated their respon-
sibilities with respect to this
crisis," President Hatcher added.
He urged parents to consider
the problem of how they were go-
ing to educate their children, and
pointed out that gifts and state
appropriations - "however gener-
ous they may be"-will not be able
to keep pace with the growing
need for educational facilities.
He went on to view the new de-
mand for highly educated people
In modern society. Specifically, he
noted the explosive demand for
scientists and technicians in the
space age, but he added that the
demand is equally great in other
Moving on to universities and
business, he noted the recent de-
velopment of the idea that alert
businessmen can turn the discov-
eries of pure research into prac-
tical business enterprise. When
this occurs, the economy of the
area where the research is cen-
tered often benefits when the new
industry is established there.
Finally, President Hatcher turn-
ed to the problems of students in
this fast-moving, mass society.
"They feel that they are onlook-
ers - detatched spectators - for
longer than at any time in his-
tory," he said.
He observed that young people
today often feel a sense of despair
about their nation. Students fre-
quently dislike compulsory mili-
tary service, and see hypocrisy in
many American governmental pol-
icies and institutions, he said.
President Hatcher noted student
concern over such issues as nuc-
lear warfare, the House Un-Amer-
ican Activities Committee, and ra-
cial discrimination. "We're play-
ing out the celebration of the
100th anniversary of the Emanci-
pation Proclamation at Oxford,
Miss.," he remarked.
EDUCATION PROBLEMS - University President Harlan Hatcher
(left) and Prof. William Haber, chairman of the economics de-
partment, spoke on the problems of education yesterday. They
both emphasized the problems of population growth resulting in
increased enrollment pressure.
Haber Tells of Demand
For School Expansion
"The real minority group of tomorrow will be determined by
educational shortcomings," Prof. William Haber, chairman of the
economics department, told the University Press Club yesterday.
Prof. Haber cited several reasons why more people will need more
education in the years to come.
First, he explained, people today must have some education to
get a job. "A high school education has become an indispensable pre-
__A\requisite to employment. Unskill-
ed jobs are being eliminated rap-
arbits idly," Prof. Haber observed.
With U.S. Aid
VANDENBERG AIR F O R C E
BASE- ()-A- Canadian spacecraft,
the first designed and built by
a nation other than the United
States or the Soviet Union, roared
aloft last night toward polar or-
The spacecraft - dubbed the
Alouette-packed the longest radio
antenna ever carried into space.
The satellite is designed to study
disruptions in the ionosphere -
an electrically charged layer of
air-which interferes with radio
The experiment is a joint effort
with the United States. The United
States supplied the launch site at
this Pacific missile range base and
the launch vehicles.
FROM 182 HIGH SCHOOLS:
The second problem is "the sim-
ple fact of population growth-and
a fiscal structure that doesn't keep
up with it."
The concurrence of. these two
factors has -brought on a crisis in
education, and "the crisis exists
at all levels," Prof. Haber noted.
There is, for example, the prob-
lem of high school drop-outs.
With increased competition for
jobs, and a declining number of
(See related stories Page 2)
unskilled jobs, students without
high school diplomas are "un-
wanted and unneeded," he said.
The problem of getting enough
support for higher education is
even more difficult, Prof. Haber
noted. Support for grade schools
and high schools is easier to come
by, because at these levels educa-
tion is almost always compulsory
and universal, he explained.
But at the college level, reach-
ed even today by only one out of
three young people, the demand
for support is seen by the general
public as less acute.
Compounding the financial prob-
lem will be the increased demand
for space for more students-a de-
mand coming ooth from youths
wishing to get in, and from a so-
ciety with a growing appetite for
the fruits of education, Prof. Hab-
System Must Grow
"In the aggregate, then, there
is no choice for, colleges and uni-
versities, but ' to grow larger, or
more numerous-or both," Prof.
To make this growth possible,
the state's fiscal power must be
stabilized, Prof. Haber said. He
advocated a state income tax.
To Integrate School,
Maintain Law, Order
NEW ORLEANS ()-The Fifth
United States Circuit Court of
Appeals yesterday held Gov. Ross
Barnett of Mississippi in civil con-.
tempt for blocking desegregation
at the University of Mississippi.
The court gave Barnett until 11
a.m. Tuesday to purge himself of
If he does not comply by $hat
time, the court ordered that he be
committed to the custody of the
United States Attorney General
and fined $10,000 a day until he
The court defined compliance as
(1) ceasing all resistance to the
orders of the federal courts for
desegregation and (2) maintain-
ing law and order at the Missis-
sippi campus and cooperating
with officers and agents of the
Assistant United States Atty.
Gen. Burke Marshall told the fifth
United States Court that the Jus-
tice Department is prepared to
enforce any sanctions on Barnett
if he does not comply with edicts
to stop blocking integration at
The court went ahead with the
contempt trial despite the absence
of Barnett from the courtroom.
Barnett in Jackson
The 64-year-old Governor-who
has vowed to go to jail rather than
integrate the University of Missis-
sippi - was reported in Jackson.
Meanwhile, at Oxford, Missis-
sippi mysteriously dispersed its
citizens army of peace officers yes-
terday, giving no sign whether it
will continue to fight enrollment
of James H. Meredith, a Negro, in
the all-white university.
In Memphis, the 110 engineers
from Ft. Campbell, Ky., and Mil-
lington naval air station, stand
ready to help with administration
and logistics of the growing force
of marshals. These are the first
troops called out in the dispute.
The justice department in
Washington would not say when
the task force might move out to
force entrance of Meredith into
He said the Defense Department
had not been asked yet for troop
assistance other than some house-
keeping help for the marshals.
The defense secretary noted
some units in United States forces
are always on alert for possible re-
action to overseas emergencies.
In Washington, Secretary of De-
fense Robert S. McNamara said,
"We're prepared to respond to
whatever emergencies may devel-
But, despite the momentary lull
in the furious collision of state
and federal governments - great-
est for Mississippi since the civil
war - seven Mississippi members
of Congress warned the nearly un-
precedented situation could ex-
In Jackson, the Mississippi
Legislature in °special session to
reapportion quickly jerked the rug
from under a proposed resolution
that would have sought to sever
Mississippi's relations with the
The measure would have peti-
tioned the Congress to cut the con-
nection with Mississippi and the
Union if the federal government
didn't like the way the state op-
To Feature 13,000 Students
By MARJORIE BRAHMS
Marching music and enthusias-
tic cheers will float over Ann Ar-
bor today as another football sea-
son - and another colorful Band
Day - brings crowds out to Mich-
Begun 14 years ago by Prof.
William D. Revelli, director of
bands, Band Day has become an
annual event, now imitated all
over the United States by high
school bands participating in the
excitement of college football.
This year 182 high school bands
will participate in Band Day -
a total of over 13,000 Michigan
high school students. Fourteen
years ago there were only 28
Pre-game festivities will feature
in Hawaii, where the band will
play "Little Grass Shack."
Before the team hits the field in
its clash against Nebraska, about
1,500 drum majors and twirlers
and the University Marching Band
will also display their skills.
At half-time, the thousands of
brightly uniformed musicians will
march out onto the field. The 182
bands will be able to take the field
in about 35 seconds, Prof. Revelli
said. About 40 seconds are re-
quired for the band to be seated
after the show.
"The main problem in conduct-
ing so large a group is achieving,
precision and unity," Prof. Revelli
said. Sound, unlike sight, takes
time to travel and the crucial
fractions of a second are enough
to create disunity.
Statistically speaking, it takes
about 50,000 sheets of music and
$1 million worth of musical instru-
ments to put on Band Day, Prof.
Numbers scheduled for the half-
time program include "Anchors
Aweigh," "Marine Hymn," "U.S.
Field Artillery March," "Old Man
River," "Whiffenpoof Song" and
"Stars and Stripes Forever."
The massed bands facing west
will be conducted by Prof. Revelli.
Prof. George R. Cavender, assist-
ant director of bands, will conduct
the band facing east.
The festivities will begin about
11:40 a.m., as the football players
begin final preparations for the
opening game. Each band will then
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