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September 28, 1962 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-09-28

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Seventy-Third Year
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Nixon Fights
For Political Life

Wo men's Hours:
A Matter of Time

WITHIN TEN days curfews for senior women
will be non-existent. If one glances back-
ward through the history of the University and
particularly of women at the University, the
ruling seems shockingly radical. In the context
of the modern woman and her multi-faceted
environment, exacting great demands and
granting great opportunities in the University,
this permission seems fair.
Every concerned person is aware that indi-
viduals and forces wielding power stand deter-
mineddly against any form of change in the
way of increasing student freedom. These fac-
tors have been cajoled, pacified, promised, got-
ten around and sometimes blatantly fought.
The privileges of self-responsibility are coming
slowly. The forces still exist.
It is natural for parents to be interested in

The Task

AFTER attempting to serve a series of dis-
senting masters, Argentine president Jose
Guido is now faced with the task of rebuilding
his shattered country. By the latest turn of in-
tracene military strife, Guido is now on his
own to return the country to civilian control.
The legalist faction now backing Guido has
placed a great responsibility upon him. He must
end the economic chaos that the recent insta-
bility has caused and recreate democratic in-
stitutions. If this drift continues, the Peron-
ists, the cause of the military action in the
first place, will grow, seize power and impose a
new totalitarianism.
Further, Argentina is scourged, with the so-
cial. disease of anti-semitism. The neo-Nazi
movements are growing stronger, more bold
and more violent. So far there has not been
enough public pressure to force neo-Nazi sym-
pathizers in the police and military to do their
job and persecute the assaulters, the arsonists
and the desecrators.
Guido has an enormous task to perform. To
date, he has shown much more courage than
expected when he was made a figure-head after
the defeat of the plucky Arturo Frondizi. If
Guide succeeds in his task or even makes a
grand attempt, he will go down in Argentine
history as the man who saved the country from
itself. If he does not meet the challenge, he
will be remembered as the quisling of Argen-
tina's democratic institutions.

the welfare of their young people away from
home. But, adolescents are receiving increasing
freedom at home because of the nature of in-
dustrial society. More and more women come
to the University as freshman and realize that,
although they are more independent of emo-
tional obligation, they have more stringent cur-
fews and other rules reducing general freedom
than they had while living with their families.
Further, one would argue that contemporary
universities ought to grant more freedoms to
students than they would have living under the
parental roof. The philosophy of the University,
as conceded in the Reed Report, takes into
account the essentials of young adulthood and
sanctions a more responsible and self-determin-
ing community with at least graduated liber-
ties. To a large extent, "in loco parentis" re-
mains though.
"IN LOCO PARENTIS" as a University policy
is the result of collective beliefs and attitudes
on the part of many people. These feelings, ob-
viously, will not change in a day, a year, or even
a decade. Students, especially women students,
have not had significant rights in the past.
It is difficult for many honest and good people
to agree to the granting of privileges to stu-
dents in a way that may be deemed sudden, for
fear that they might not be "prepared" or,
worse, that they will never be prepared for
these freedoms. It is in respects similar to the
southern attitude on the integration question.
At the University few doubt that greater self-
responsibility for women students, and stu-
dents in general, will not eventually be won.
The question is when and how.
Like the people in the civil rights struggle,
active and articulate forces must work and
never stop working at the University in order
to insure the students' rights. A failure of
effort here can spell nothing but stagnation
and a feeling on the part of opposition that
the college students are going back to their
"place" again-over-aged adolescents who are
indulgently being subjected to four years in a
frivolous ivory tower before they settle down
to the serious business of being adults.
As a measure the revoking of senior women's
hours is promising. Vice-President for Student
Affairs James A. Lewis' speech to Assembly
Association on the possibility for further ad-
vances was of some promise. But the final say
on the question of future student freedoms lies
exactly -where it belongs, in the laps of the


IN THIS year of one spectacular
political campaign after anoth-
er, it would seem, of late, that the
California race has been lost in
the shuffle. Kennedy, McCormack,
and Lodge in Massachusetts,
Rockefeller and Morgenthau in
New York, Swainson and Romney
in Michigan, have all but driven
Richard M. Nixon and Governor
Edmond Brown from the head-
That is not to say, by any means,
that Mr. Nixon isn't still fighting
for his political life. Nor is it to
say that convincing evidence has
suddenly established Nixon as a
Certainly it is enough for a man
to suffer "Six Crises" in his life-
time, but the former vice-president
faced a seventh crisis at the be-
ginning of the year when he had
to decide whether or not to run
for governor. His reasoning was
sound, up to a point. Considering
Kennedy unbeatable in 1964, he
had no desire to make another try
for the Republican presidential
nomination until 1968.
* * *
NIXON DID NOT, at the time,
understand how much of a dent
Assemblyman Joseph 'C. Shell
could put in his candidacy. Before
the June primary in California
many observers held that if Shell
captured more than 20 per cen't of
the Republican vote, Nixon
couldn't win in November. The
right-winger accumulated a good
35-per cent.
f Nixon could do little about Shell,
but there is a more important fac-
tor which he may have misinter-
preted when he- decided to seek
the statehouse. In spite of the va-
garies of California politics, the
Democratic party is in the midst
of a strong period which gives no
sign of ebbing. It is only four
years, after all, since Brown and
Sen. Clair Engle overwhelmed two'
nationally prominent Republicans,
William Knowland and Goodwin
Knight. Knowland, of course, had
been supposed to use the govern-
or's chair as a stepping stone to
the presidency.
The Democratic party in Cali-
fornia is united. It has a 3-2 mar-
gin in voter registration and .a
candidate who, if not quite a
knight in shining armor, at least
has a fairly clean slate.
* * *
TO BEAT this combine Nixon
needs 90 per cent of a large Re-
publican turnout and 20 per cent
of the Democratic turnout. He'll
have a hard time getting either.
June primary totals gave the ex-
Vice President 1,287,599 votes to
Shell's 670,000. If the Shell sup-
porters, or a, healthy percentage
of them, stay home in November,
Nixon is dead. Rumor has it they
will do just that. They feel that
if he loses, the party will have to
turn to their brand of Republican-
ism. Shell, interestingly enough,
has already predicted Nixon's de-
In the same primary, with only
53 per cent of registered Demo-
crats voting as compared with 69
per cent of registered Republicans,

... political goner?

Solution Demands Compromise


The Old Baligame

pulled the biggest steal in baseball this
year--even bigger than Maury Wills' 97 thefts
of bases.
Frick, for the second year in succession, has
ruined the hopes and aspirations of a base-
longest records ever to be carried in the books
of the major leagues.
Maury Wills, the fleet-footed shortstop of
the Los Angeles Dodgers, saw his official
chances of breaking Ty Cobb's mark of 96
stolen bases in one season tossed out the win-
dow by Frick last week.
ALTHOUGH WILLS has been threatening
the record since the first day of baseball
action and the newspapers had been carrying
the story in headlines for over a month, Frick
deliberately, and rather sadistically, held off his
final decision until the eve of the 154th game.
Why did the commissioner wait until the
last possible moment to release his decision?
Surely he could have pondered the situation
several weeks before.
Wills failed in his bid to steal three bases
in this last legal game. He felt that had he
known sooner that Frick would come forth with
such a decision he could have wrapped up the
mark last week or even earlier.
ANOTHER POINT deals 'with simple logic. If
Ty Cobb had 156 games in which to set the
standard, why did Wills have only 154 in which
to break it?
Editorial Staff
Editorial Director . City Editor
CAROLINE DOW.. ....... .....Personnel Director
JUDITH BLEIER.................Associate City Editor
FRED RUSSELL KRAMER .. Assoc. Editorial Director
CYNTHIA NEU ......,.......Co-Magazine Editor
HARRY PERLSTADT...........Co-Magazine Editor
TOM WEB3ER ......................... Sports Editor
DAvE ANDREWS........... Associate Sports Editor
JAN WINKLEMAN............Associate Sports Editor
Business Staff
LEE SOLAR. Business Manager

Cobb did steal two bases in these extra two
contests, thus raising his total from 94 to 96.
In actuality, then, Wills broke the real record
of 94 in the correct number of games, not to
mention that he had 97 through 156 games
as of Sunday.
Frick, two years in a row, has missed getting
baseball back into the national limelight. With
declining baseball attendance in many corners,
the sport has as it's major drawing card top-
flight ball players gunning for lofty old records.
Bill Veeck, retired baseball executive, stated
that Frick in his decisions against Roger Maris
last year and Wills this year, has greatly dam-
aged the public's enthusiasm for attending
games to watch records smashed.
SEVERAL SOLUTIONS can be offered to
remedy the incompetence of Ford Frick.
Perhaps he can give his decisions a bit earlier;
but mostly, it would be easier just to start an
entire new set of records for the 162 game
schedule. In this way, the records could be
kept by themselves and people would know
which records were being threatened in the
course of the year.
Wills has been cheated, not to say the entire
game of baseball and the American public, No
wonder many people are arguing for profes-
sional football to be the national sport.
"JUST AS the early Greeks learned to
try to have their rulers and them-
selves established, so man has now been
painfully learning that there are more
permanent and lasting laws which cannot j
be changed by either sovereign kings or
sovereign people, but which must be ob-
served by both. And that government is
merely a convenience, superimposed on
Divine Commandments and on the natural
laws that flow only from the Creator of
man. and man's universe.
".. . democracy is a weapon of dema-
goguery and a perennial fraud. I think that
a constitutional republic is the best of all
forms of government man has yet devised.
Our Founding Fathers thought so too, and
the wises~t. Romns ~hadr alrea~dyconmeto

LAST WEEK in Argentina, the
"nationalist" faction of the ar-
my rebelled against the controlling
military powers and puppet Pres-
ident Jose Guido.
After a day of tank movements
and artillery fire in Buenos Aires
the rebellion was successful. Pres-
ident Guido dissolved his cabinet
of military officers and promised
to form a new civilian government
with the support of the nationalist
forces. Some would congratulate
President Guido for his courage
and decision and now wait to see
if he can hold this new position.
However, President Guido's new
allegiance to the "nationalist"
military faction, does not in any
way add legitimacy to his regime.
For Guido, this was a decision of
political survival. The power and
therefore the fate of democracy
rests with the currently dominant
coalition of generals.
Democracy, as the United States
knows it, is unattainable in Argen-
tina. The low level of literacy
among the working masses make
them susceptible to the demagog-
uery and economic exploitation of
former dictator Juan Peron. The
Peron name, however, is associat-
ed with the interests of the work-
ing class. Peronists today control
one-third of the labor vote.
When Peron gained the sup-
port of the masses and over-ex-
tended national credit, he was also
threatening the survival of the
upper class which fills the ranks
of the army. In 1955 the army,
the largest in South America, de-
posed Peron.
IF THE STRENGTH of one man
could make a democracy a real-
ity in Argentina, former Presi-
dent Arturo Frondizi would al-
ready have done so. Frondizi was
freely elected. During his five
years as president, he put the
country on an economic austerity
program that is still necessary if
Argentina is to regain financial
solvency and the foreign invest-
ment needed for economic growth.
In the last election Frondizi took
the first step toward representa-
tive government by letting Peron-
ists run for election. However, the
economic austerity program prov-
ed unpopular with the masses. Per-
onists won too heavily in the elec-
tion to suit the military coalition.
Last March, Frondizi was arrest-
ed and put in jail, two years be-
fore the end of his term. Congress
was dissolved and the election an-
Until last week, the "democratic"
military faction has had control
of the government. This faction
is composed of the anti-Peronist
upper class that feels democracy
is impossible if the Peronists are
allowed to become an empowered
unloyal opposition. They wanted a
military dictatorship for about
eight years to eliminate the lead-
ers and popularity of Peronist
* * ".

this and one must, therefore, ques-
tion their motivation. An exploitive
dictatorship is good for even the
landed and wealthy if they are
part of the in-group.
PERHAPS the presently power-
ful generals are sincerely work-
ing toward democracy. If so there
are three steps they must take.
First, they must solidify their
position. There is division among
their ranks on policy and the Navy
is in outright opposition.
Second they must hold a free
election. All parties and interest
groups, including the Peronists,
must be able to run candidates. A
president and Congress without a
popular mandate can only expect
interference from the Peronists
and the military.
Third, the military must stay
out of politics. This is the most
urgent and yet most difficult re-
quirement to fulfill. Only the pa-
triotism and intelligence of the
generals keeps them from using
their ridiculously large army. Pow-

er by force is like dope, once it
has been used, it's hard to stop.
* * *.
HOPEFULLY the generals will
do all they can to hasten democ-
racy. But in the future the fate of
democracy will depend on the
strength and policies of the Per-.
onists. If a sufficient part of the
population will, elect another dem-
agogue that promises the econom-
ically impossible, then Argentina
is still not ready for democracy.
(Lines of communication are still
kept open between Peron in Spain
and the Peronist leaders.) On the
other hand, the responsibility of
office could influence the methods
of the Peronists enough to make
them a valuable loyal-opposition.
Nothing in the present Argen-
tine situation seems to justify a
confident expectation of democra-
cy just around the corner. But Ar-
gentina could have a democracy
within the next decade if all those
who now have power and those
who will have power cooperate and
work intelligently toward that end.

Bookstore Owners Justified"

Governor Brown polled 450,000
more votes than Nixon. The aspir-
ant finds himself in a particularly
precarious position. If he tries to
'appeal to Democratic dissidents he
will unquestionably lose the con-
servative element in his own party.
In trying to conciliate the Shell
faction he will sacrifice needed
Democratic votes.
* * *
RICHARD NIXON has had what
the cliche-makers call a "meteor-
ic" career. An analysis of that ca-
reer, however, reveals that only
twice has he been personally re-
sponsible for impressive victories.
In both 1946 and 1950 he sat in
the driver's seat of Communist
scare campaigns to become, re-
spetcively, a Congressman and a
Senator. "Checkers" and "Joe
Smith" aside, Nixon had a fairly
easy task as Ike's running-mate.
But the ex-Vice President was
no whirlwind in his quest for the
presidency. His race for governor
has even more obstacles. If Rich-
ard Nixon is fighting for his pol-
tical life, it looks like his last
breath is near.
YUrn _- Yum'
A ma teur
THERE IS an argument often
given to reviewers on college
newspapers along the line that it
is unfair to judge college produc-
tions by professional Standards.
I'm afraid it is equally unfair to
judge civic theatre productions by
student standards. This is unfor-
tunate and saddening.
The Ann Arbor Civic Theatre
opened its season last night with a
production of Lawrence Roman's
comedy on love and sex, "Under
the Yum-Yum Tree."
The play itself is not bad, not
bad at all, in fact. It didn't do too
well on Broadway, but as students
and intellectuals that is not sup-
posed to mean anything to us any-
way. It's cute. It's funny. Perhaps
most of all it's about a subject
dear to the hearts of most college
students, you got it-sex and of
course, love, with the usual dose
of "Platonicism."
* * *
THE INGENUE, a required part
of all plays lately, moves into the
Telegraph Hill apartment of a di-
vorced aunt and decides she wants
to find out if she and her boyfriend
are compatible before she marries
him. So she invites him to live
with her, platonically of course.
Ouch. That's the boyfriend's reac-
tion too.
The issue is complicated by a
slightly lascivious and prudish
aunt, and the volunteer, self-sac-
rificing stud service of Telegraph
Hill. This guy is Hogan, and has
some of the best lines in the play.
The unfortunate thing about all
this is that there was really no
cast to carry it off with. The so-
phisticated aunt was typecast and
stuck religiously to her type. Ho-
gan made his type a little more
interesting and much more enter-
taining, but then he really had the
best part.
The ingenue and her lawyer boy-
friend were the main stumbling
blocks of the production. The in-
genue much more than the lawyer.
It's not really their fault, however.
It is just impossible to believe that
the girl is in her second year of
college or that the boy is a lawyer.
This becomes even more painfully
obvious when placed against the
age of Hogan and the aunt.
* * *
THE ACTING itself never really
reaches the pace that a basically
"cute" show like this needs to

carry it off. It needs speed, action
and confidence, which these people
just don't quite have.
They also didn't have the lines
at a couple of painful points. Each

To the Editor:
IN TODAY'S Daily an editorial by
David Marcus reads the riot act
to local booksellers because some
of their prices on new texts do not
conform exactly to listings in
"Books in Print." If Mr. Marcus
had spent two minutes talking to
any bookseller or librarian he
would discover that "Books in
Print" is now over a year old .. .
that most of the prices in it were
actually prepared by the publishers
in May and June of 1961. All pub-
lishers' prices are quoted to the
bookseller subject to change with-
out notice.
There are other statements of
opinion in this editorial which do
not stand up well to even casual
scrutiny. Thus he mentions the sit-
uation in Detroit approvingly. It is
true that Wayne University sub-
sidizes the sale of texts to their
students. Part of the costs of the
subsidy are hidden, part direct.
But if Mr. Marcus had taken some
time to write a quick letter to Dun
and Bradstreet he could obtain in-
formation that the average net
profit in retail bookselling is about
two per cent of the retail dollar.
For the sake of the argument
let us assume the Wayne Univer-
sity retail operation is twice as ef-
ficient as the national average.
This still means that every time
a student buys a dollar book from
Wayne for 90 cents, that Univer-
sity puts up at least six cents in
cold cash to complete the trans-
action. This has been cited recent-
ly by members of the Wayne
Board of Governors as a justifica-
tion for a hike in tuition charges
to students.
* * *
MR. MARCUS appears never to
have heard a proverb I've just
coined: "You can't pour coffee out
of an empty pot." When a school
subsidizes student book buying the

The other side of this coin is in-
teresting also. If a school has ar-
rived at the point of financial well-
being, where it feels it has ade-
quate revenues to subsidize stu-
dent book buying, wouldn't it be
simpler for that school merely to
reduce student tuition fees a com-
parable sum, leaving existing book-
distributing facilities in private
To this point Mr. Marcus gives
little attention. He states that at
Wayne a "privately owned book
company manages to operate rath-
er successfully right around the
corner by catering to the non-aca-
demic reading needs of WSU stu-
dents." In fact, the situation in
non-academic books in the entire
Wayne area is not a happy one.
The non-assigned book (not the
"non-academic book" which is
Mr. Marcus' unfortunate phrase)
needs far better attention than it
possibly can receive in Detroit's
"cultural center." As one who op-
erated, unsuccessfully, a store in
that neighborhood - one of sev-
eral attempts made over the years
to buck the Wayne subsidy - I
can suggest, again, that Mr. Mar-
cus has investigated very inade-
* * *
THE FOUR best college book-
towns in the country are Harvard,
Yale, Princeton, and Ann Arbor.
We are head and shoulders above
any other Big Ten school; and any
other campus in the country ex-
cept the three largest Ivy League
schools. (On the West Coast
Berkeley might be an exception;
proximity to a large urban con-
centration complicates the gener-
alization.) The Daily editorial ig-
nores this most important consid-
Mr. Marcus would not have to
go as far as Detroit. He could
check the situation in neighbor-
ing Ypsilanti where there are two

Why doesn't The Daily write an
editorial pointing out the exciting
availability of good and great
books in the Ann Arbor stores?
How about just once urging stu-
dents to revise their attitude to-
ward books and money, consider-
ing spending as much for books
as for movies and cokes? There is
not a single store in Detroit which
compares favorably with any of
our Ann Arbor stores. There are
hardly any good bookstores any-
where in the U.S., but Ann Arbor
has six!
The contention of this letter is
that there is a direct and causal
relationship between this fact and
the non-existence of a subsidized,
institutionally-owned store on our
campus. It is the further conten-
tion that a genuine concern by The
Daily in the educational process
would produce an occasional edi-
torial urging students to spend
more, not less, money and time
on books and in bookstores.
-Bob Marshall
To the Editor:
THE EDITORIAL on sit-down
dinners was evidently very
important, because it was given a
dominant position on the editorial
page over "The Real Trouble with
Red China," which I realize only
involved the world in general and
not the University of Michigan
campus in particular.
However, the eternal grouches
against conformity are not best
presented in discussing sit-down
dinners where people are encour-
aged to eat like people instead of
fork to mouth assembly lines. Miss
Wacker seems to think that by
throwing in former Dean of Wo-
men, Deborah Bacon's name she
can imediately start a stand-up-
in-line strike.



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