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September 23, 1962 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-09-23

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S £3~i r 1 tin ZZ*Ai


China Raps Revisionism

Fighting Strikes India Border




US. Quietly

* * s

To Help Great Brtaine

. ;.

Struggle .Begins
To Succeed Adenauer

Associated Press News Analyst"
BONN - The question of when
Konrad Adenauer should retire
and who should succeed him is
shaping more and more into a
serious political dilemma for West
The question has been publicly
debated off and on since 1959'
when the chancellor said he would
retire to run. for the more cere-
monial job of President, then
changed his mind because of the
ensuing feud over a successor.
When Adenauer's Christian
Democratic Party lost its parlia-
mentary majority last fall, Ade-
nauer said he would retire in time
to give his successor a chance to
learn the job before 1965's gen-
eral elections. After this conces-
sion the Free Democrats joined a
coalition that , elected Adenauer
for a fourth term.
Now the question has again be-
come a hot issue.
Threatens Withdrawal
Erich Mende, head of the Free
Democrats, has threatened to take
his party out of the coalition un-
less the 86-year-old chancellor
resigns in the fall of next year.
Mende insists that his threat
be taken seriously even though
it was made in Schleswig-Holstein]
Province, where his party is fight-3
ing to keep its three seats in the
"He can't attack governmenti
policy because his party has a3
hand in making it, so he hacks]
away at the old man," said one


... too clever?

hues, says the question of retire-
ment and successor will be settled
"calmly but also firmly."
But many bets have been made
in Bonn-among politicians and
government officials-that Ade-
nauer, unless illness prevents him,
will say again "you don't change
horses in midstream" and an-
nounce his candidacy for yet an-
other four-year term.
The men most.logically in line
for the chancellorship refrain from
pushing themselves into the lime-
Vice-Chancellor and Economics
Minister Ludvig Erhard, 65,' still
is the Christian Democrat Party's
choice but Adenauer has many
times indicated that he felt the
father of what is called Germany's
economic miracle lacks the poli-
tical ability to be chancellor.
Tough Defense Minister Franz-
JosefhStrauss, whose aspirations
for the top job have long been
an open secret, appears to have
lost support since he was accused
and exonerated of misusing his
office fsor financial gain.
Too Clever
The young and energetic foreign
minister, Gerhard Schroeder,
whose pragmatic handling of
Bonn's foreign policy has won him
orchids from even the socialists,
is in the running. But, his friends
point out, he is too clever to make
any public utterances about pos-
sible chancellor ambitions.
Another possibility is 67-year-
old Heinrich Krone, minister with-
out portfolio and former parlia-
mentary majority leader. Krone,
affectionally known by party
cronies as "papa," has long been
one of Adenauer's closest confi-
They will all tread softly, be-

To Negotiate
New Tariffs,
To Protect Interests
Of Commonwealth
ed States is quietly putting some
of its weight behind British Com-
monwealth efforts to lower Euro-
pean Common Market tariffs.
The maneuver, authorities said
here yesterday, is clearly in this
country's worldwide trade interests
and a simple projection of stand-
ard United States policy toward
the market, which Britain wants
to join.
In essence, the United States
has been telling leaders of the
Commonwealth and six Common
Market countries that tariff re-
ductions made in connection with
Britain's proposed membership
will be given full credit by the
United -States when it negotiates
its own tariff arrangements with
the Market.
Boost Trade
The American objective in such
future negotiations will be to re-
duce trade barriers to the lowest
possible levels to promote the larg-
est possible volume of free world
According to the new projection
of this policy the ultimate purpose
will be served if the British-mar-
ket negotiations make tariff cuts
even before the United States-
Market negotiations begin.
The United States took this po-
sition, informants said, because it
was being accused of getting a
"free ride" on concessions nego-
tiated by Britain. It strongly sup-
ports thedevelopmentofhclose
British economic and other ties
with the European continent.
Work Out Problem
The British finally applied for
ECM membership with the under-
standing it would work out ar-
rangements to protect interests of
the commonwealth countries.
The commonwealth countries
have traditionally enjoyed special
trade rights with Britain.
If the enlarged Common Mar-
ket has reduced tariffs applicable
to all seven countries, the Com-
monwealth nations may feel com-
pensated for their loss of prefer-
ential positions in the British
A cut negotiated by one country
is allowed for all other countries;
that was what caused marketing
officials to say that the United
States was getting a "free ride."

May Inspire
New Quarrel
With Soviets
TOKYO (P) - Red China turned
its ideological guns on "modern
revisionists" yesterday in what
looked like a new round in its
quarrel with the Soviet Union.
The attack, broadcast by the
Peiping Radio, coincided with
similar blasts during the week by
Communist Albania which follows
the Red Chinese line.
Quoting from the People's Daily
Newspaper, Peiping Radio accused
President Josip Tito of Yugoslavia
of betraying Marxism-Leninism,
consorting with "United States
imperialists," and being a coun-
(The Soviet Union, however, ig-
nored the charges, and reaffirmed
its desire for closer ties with Yu-
-Chinese Communist criticism of
what Peiping considers weak So-
viet policy has often been cloaked
under attacks on the Yugoslav
Tito and "other revisionists" in-
correctly assume the "predatory
and aggressive nature of imperial-
ism" has changed, the broadcast
The Albanian Communist re-
gime, in open disgrace with Mos-
cow since last year, pulled no
punches in broadcasts denouncing
both Premier Nikita S. Khrush-
chev and Tito as revisionists.
Call Names
Radio Free Europe, which mon-
itors satellite radios, said the Tir-
ana Radio broadcast a two-page
denunciation from the official Al-
banian Communist Daily which
said "Khrushchev's fine words
about unity are nothing more than
bluff and demagogy.
"They are a mask behind which
he seeks to win time for new, more
dangerous steps against the unity
of the socialist camp and the
Communist movement."
The Albanians attacked Khrush-
chev for selling fighter planes to
India and Tito for criticizing Red
Peiping said that many of Tito's
so-called revisionist remarks have
insulted the "Soviet people" and
"all the military men of the Soviet
Union." Khrushchev and other So-
viet leaders were not mentioned
by name.

By The Associated Press
NEW DELHI-Skirmishing be-
tween Indian and Chinese Com-
munist troops continued yester-
day along India's northeastern
frontier with Tibet.
An Indian spokesman said "there
has been an intermittent exchange
of fire since Friday morning" near
the juncture of India and Tibet
and the Himalayan kingdom of
A Red China broadcast said In-

Senators See Approval
Of Kennedy's Farm Bdill
WASHINGTON (A) - Sen. Hubert H. Humphrey (D-Minn.), pre-
dicted yesterday the Senate will chalk up another partial legislative
victory for President John F. Kennedy next week by completing Con-
gressional approval of a hard-fought farm bill.
"It will be approved byda substantial margin," Humphrey, assist-
ant Senate Democratic leader, told a reporter. "It contains at least
two-thirds of the Administration's requests." Sen. Karl E. Mundt,
(R-SD), one of the many GOP
(, ua opponents of the controversial
U ncontrolled' Imeasure, in a separate interview
said, "it probably will squeak

Spending Hit
By Eisenhower
COLUMBIA, S. C. (A') - For-
mer President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower charged here yesterday that
"uncontrolled spending" by the
Kennedy Administration is piling
up debts that will burden three
generations of Americans.
Eisenhower noted that President
John F. Kennedy cautioned in a
talk at Harrisburg, Pa., several
days ago against returning to
"stagnation and inaction". under
Republican rule.
He defended his own adminis-
tration as a progressive one, and
said the only progress made under
Kennedy has been "toward uncon-
trolled spending and toward regi-
mentation. The budget gets worse
and worse."
He added that living costs are
rising, inflation has set in, and
"our children and grandchildren
will be paying debts we are now
The average American, he said,
now works two and a half hours
each day "just to meet his tax
Eisenhower conferred with GOP
candidates from South Carolina,
Tennessee, Georgia and Florida
before his brief talk.

dian troops provoked a new clash
Friday night after Indians and
Chinese fought a sharp skirmish
Aggravates Chinese
The broadcast said the Indians
"fired more than 400 bullets, threw
two hand grenades and fired two
shells," compelling the Chinese to
fire back. It said "continued arm-
ed attack" by the Indians showed
the situation "is tending toward
further aggravation."

I through as it did in the House.


'Squeak Through'

"The New Frontier is applying
all possiblepressure aagin to try
to save face," Mundt said. "There'
still are a few minor judgeships'
and patronage posts available for
this adjournment-end effort."
By a 202-197 margin, House
leaders won passage Friday of the
compromise plan for curbing mul-
tibillion dollar government-held
surpluses of wheat, corn and live-
stock feed grains.
That reversed House rejection
earlier in the session of a Senate-
approved bill which carried some
of the stiffer controls urged by the
President and Agriculture Secre-
tary Orville L. Freeman.
Stymie Freeman
Many Republicans claim the
New Frontier's proposals on wheat
and corn for 1964 are so compli-
cated and controversial that this
should help GOP candidates, par-
ticularly in the Midwest in the No-
vember congressional elections.

At a news conference yester-
day, Indian Prime Minister Jawah-
arlal Nehru replied that India
cannot tolerate such intrusions.
"We think they (the Chinese)
have no business to be there. We
cannot tolerate this kind of in-
trusion. So far the trouble has
been small, but there is always a
danger of it getting bigger." Nehru
said he hoped for a peaceful set-
tlement of the border dispute.
Other Battles
The clash followed a military
buildup by both sides in the two-
mile-high area near a village
known as Dhola, Tsedong or Che-
dong. India says the village is in-
side the Indian border while the
Chinese claim it is in Tibet. The
scene is 900 miles east of disput-
ed Ladakh, another frontier trou-
ble spot.
In that area, Peiping Radio has
accused Indian troops of menac-
ing Chinese forces near Pancong
Lake. There have been at least
four reportedhclashes in Ladakh
in the last two months.
There was no sign of a break in
the diplomatic deadlock over the
border dispute.
Differ on Talks
The Chinese have proposed talks,
beginning Oct. 15, in Peiping and
shifting later to New Delhi, to
settle the location of the Himalay-
an border between India and Ti-
India has agreed to send a dele-
gation to Peiping on that date ,to
discuss Chinese withdrawal from
12,000 disputed square miles in-
Ladakh as a preliminary to border
The Chinese have refused to
withdraw as a condition of the
TO Investigfate
.radiation Belt
tional Aeronautics and Space Ad-
ministration is planning in Octo-
ber or November a new rocket
probe to check the strength of the
radiation belt created by the Unit-
ed States high altitude nuclear
explosions over the Pacific last
July 9.

... spur' to Russia

More Arms
May Entice
WASHINGTON (A) - Secretary
of State Dean Rusk sees a possi-
bility that Communist China be-
coming a nuclear power may en-
courage Soviet Russia to join in a
ban on nuclear tests.
, Rusk offered this suggestion in
testimony made public yesterday
by Sen. John Stennis (D-Miss);
chairman of a watchdog Senate
defense group studying United
States policies on disarmament
and arms control proposals.
Such a possibility has been sug-
gested before by arms negotiators
and other United States officials
but thus far it has not been re-
flected in the Russian attitude.
"Communist China could achieve
the capability to produce nuclear
weapons within a relatively short
period," Rusk testified, and then
"China's achievement of such a
capability might well make hers
even more irresponsible and ex-
pansionist minded than she is
Rusk conceded that lengthy ne-
gotiations with Soviet leaders thus
far "have so far not produced any
significaht measure of actual
agreement" upon any limitation of
nuclear weapons or testing.


world News Roundup

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The Defense Department should penalize per-
sonnel who use secrecy labels to hide from the public information that
has no bearing on national security, the House Commerce Commit-j
tee recommended yesterday.
,' 4 4 *
UNITED NATIONS-The General Assembly yesterday ratified the
agreement under which the Netherlands will turn over its administra-
tion of West New Guinea to Indonesia,
* * * *
NEWPORT, R.I.-President John F. Kennedy yesterday selected
Llewellyn Thompson, former ambassador to the Soviet Union, to be an
ambassador-at-large, with responsibilities largely in the field of Soviet
ACCRA-Ghana President Kdame Nkrumah's government de-
clared a state of emergency in Accra yesterday and sent squads of
armed police on house-to-house searches for political terrorists.

GL Z utinea ac uldc
Prof. Kenneth Pike, Ph.D.
Sunday at Seven-Collegiate Hour
10:30 a.m. Worship Service
(Temporary Quarters-YM-YWCA
East William & Fifth Ave
4 blocks from Campus)

...loses ground
prominent-Christian Democrat. "In
doing this, Mende is toying with
his own destruction."
Mende is indeed taking a big
chance. If he does not carry out


., ,

I ______ sr _ ___. ._ ___L__ iL_ _

his threat it could mean the end I cause if anyone pushes the old

of the Free
seats out of

Democrats' voice in
where they hold 67

Foxy Leader
Political experts argue that the
foxy old chancellor would not be
beyond forming a coalition with
the socialists if he feels it will
keep him in power And the so-
cialists are likely to try anything
to get into the government
Such a coalition could be pre-
vented if the Christian Democrats
promise enough to a few Free
Democrats to get them to change
parties Adenauer needs only eight
seats for an absolute majority.
Adenauer aides say the "old
man" is by no means tired of his
job and intends to stay on at
least until the end of next year.
The executive secretary of the
Christian Democrats, Herman Duf

man out and then something goes
wrong-be it in foreign policy or
an economic setback-the whole
nation might say "this would not
have happened if the old man
was still around."
One thing seems certain: solving
the dilemma over Adenauer's re-
tirement and succession will be
a crucial test of West Germany's
young democracy.
Watch G. R.
on T.V.

Basic Christian-Protestant Beliefs
8:30 P.M., Tuesdays Beginning September 25)
528-D, Student Activities Building Basement)
Instructor: Mrs. Patricia Pickett Stoneburner, AB, B.D.
Understanding The New Testament
7:15 P.M., Tuesdays, (Beginning September 25)
528-D, Student Activities Building (Basement)
Instructor: William S. Baker, Ph.D.
Under Inter-denomisational Auspices
Christian Doctrine and Practice
8:00 P.M., Mondays, (Beginning September 24)
University Lutheran Chapel, 1511 Washtenaw Avenue
Instructor: The Reverend Alfred Scheips
Major Trends in Jewish Thought
8:00 P.M., Tuesdays (Beginning October 9)
B'Nai B'Rith Hillel Foundation, 1429 Hill Street
Instructor: Rabbi Harold S. White


! r1CII Y 1V . I liCl.-11117.



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