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September 18, 1962 - Image 9

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-09-18

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18, 1962 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

II A rv~ ~I~Wwu~uw

RULERS QUIBBLE:
Crisis Threatens
Andorrans' Peace

Phelp SeesFORMER BRITISH COLONY:
EEC Snag Malaysia Fed(

~rationi Shaped from Pacific Isles

By PAUL HOFMANN
ANDORRO LA VELLA, Andorra
--The indomitable traders of this
renees pneiak starklyhtoday about
a 'siege by their big neighbors as
ndorran'd constitutional crisis
hghtened
At the center of the crisis is the
refuisal of one of the principality's
two co-rulers to recognize the sig-
nature of the prime minister, or
syndic, on travel documents.
Policemen of Spain and France
were guarding border points with
unusual sternness. However busi-
ness in this cut-price mountain
bazaar was almost as brisk as
usual.
Andorra was crowded with tour-
ists ,most of them from France,.
but several busloads also from
Barcelona in Spain. The principal-
ity's police force of seven was mo-
bilized to keep the traffic moving
in the narrow streets and direct
the motoristis to parking lots.
Sales Brisk
The citizens of the little state
seemed busy selling merchandise
to the visitors at reduced rates.
Frenchmen and Spaniards had
their cars filled with high-octane
gasoline 'that cost about half the
price in their countries. The visi-
tors snapped up liquor, cigarettes,
transistor radios, drugs and other
bargains. The attractive prices are
officially attributed to the absence
of customs duties and sales taxes.
However, some salesmen mur-
mured to clients: "s mu ggle d
stuff." Andorra's neighbors allege
that smuggling is a major industry
of the principality.
Andorra's police and civilians
were too occupied with the rush to
speak about politics. Only a hand-
ful of insiders, most of them in
commierce, were awaiting word
from the south whether the state
crisis could be solved quickly.
No Representative
The situation in Andorran af-
fairs was emphasized during the
traditional celebration yesterday
in honor of Our Lady of Maritxel,
the patroness of' the principality.
There was no representative of the
~Bishop of Urgel at the ceremony.
The Spanish bishop and Presi-
dent Charles de Gaulle of France
are co-sovereigns of Andorra. The
French president was represented
at the festivities.
Andorra's constitutional con-
struction as a co-principality is a
remnant from the days of feudal-
ism. According to legend, the prin-
cipality was created by Charle-
Inagne.
The French presidents inherited
their positions in Andorra from
the French kings, who inherited
it from the Counts of Foix, near
Toulouse.
Airline To Tie
Russia, Cuba
WASHINGTON (.P)-Russia is
expected soon to start regular air-
line operations to Cuba by way
of North Africa.
United States officials said yes-
terday this would be the logical
result of the annour ed opening
of regular passenger ervice from
Moscow to Rabat, Morocco; Co-
nakry, Guinea, and Accra, Ghana.
The announcement of the Af-
rican passenger line system was
made In Moscow by the Soviet
Airline .Aeroflot.
It followed by about a month,
United States officials said, an
experimental Soviet flight from
Conakry on the Northwest African
coast to Havana. Officials said
they have every expectation that
opce Aerof lot has its African
flights well established it will un-
dertake operations to Havana.

Ten days ago Andorra's twenty-
four-man General Council refused
to seat a new member who was
chosen in a by-election. The most
man Catholic bishop of Urgel in
Spain, notified the General Coun-
cil that the barring of a newly
elected councillor was illegal. As
a result, the bishop said, he no
longer would acknowledge the de-
cisions of the council.
Aragon Vacation
The bishop then went on vaca-
tion in Aragon. De Gaulle went to
Germany.
An Immediate consequence of
the crisis was that Spanish cus-
toms guards no longer recognize
the signature of Andorran officials
on documents covering the milk
and the timber the principality
sells to Spain. Andorran exporters
need the signature of the resident
agent of "the Miter" as the Bishop
is called here, to get Spanish cus-
toms clearance.
Border Checkpoint
At the French border check-
point 6,000 feet up, security police-
men were scrutinizinig every pass-
port and looking into the luggage
compartments of many cars. It
was reported that the French po-
lice headquarters in Toulouse had
received a tip that Rightist terror-
ists implicated in the recent at-
tempt on the life of de Gaulle were
trying to escape into the 191-
square-mile state of Andorra.
A deputation of influential An-
dorrans went to see Bishop Igle-
sias Navarri in his vacation re-
treat, respectfully suggesting "the
Miter" makes peace with the Gen-
eral Council. .
The Andorran radio kept si-
lence on national politics. Instead,
the station advertised an interna-
tional automobile race later this
month.
CopyrIght, 1962, The New York Times
To Seak

In Isolation
By GLORIA BOWLES
Common Market agreements for
high external tariffs on agricul-
ture, if made, would not only dis-
curage hBritis enty but alsot
was to become an area of regional
isolationism," said Prof. D. May-
nard Phelps.
Phelps is acting head of the pro-
gram in international business in
the business administration gradu-
ate school.
"The Common Market would be-
come an inward looking group of
states rather than an outward
looking organization struggling for
freer trade throughout the world."
However, until results of the
London meeting of foreign minis-
ters of the British Commonwealth
are known, "we must hold our
breath" and wait to make any pre-
diction as to the success of British
efforts -for Commonwealth ap-
proval of entry.
Continent over Commonwealth
At the London meeting opening
September 10 and continuing this
week, Prime Minister Macmillan
emphasized that Britain's entry
did not mean choosing Continent
over Commonwealth, but tried to
persuade representatives of the
fourteen nations that they would
benefit in the long run.
"Despite its firm desire to join
the economic pact, the Macmillan
government seems to be facing
greater opposition than antici-
somwha es optimistic for suc-
cess than two or three months ago
where Commonwealth approval is
concerned."
Agricultural Agreement -
Dr. Phelps emphasized that Bri
agreements for agricultural pro-
ducts and raw materials. If the
market agrees to low external
tariffs, then the likelihood is
strong that Britain will join the
''unbelievably successful'' economic
union of six European nations.
West Germany, with less pro-
ductive farms than France, Great
Britain or the Commonwealth na-
tions, is probably holding out for
high external tariffs on agricul-
tural products and raw materials.

newvest nations, is composed of
many former British colonies.
Strongly pro-Western but anxious
to make its own way in the world,
Malaysia will serve as an excellent
proving ground for American foreign
policy. It will be put to the test.)
By DAVID L. BOWEN
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
A new nation is taking shape in
the restless Southeast Pacific.
It is the Federation of Malaysia,
a union of five former and present
dependencies of Great Britain in
the troubled waters between the
southern end of embattled South
Viet Nam and the northern
reaches of sprawling Indonesia.
Prospective members are the
peninsular nation of Malaya, the
city-state of Singapore, and Sara-
wak, Brunei and North Borneo --
all slices on the northern coastline
of the island of Borneo 450 miles
across the South China Sea from
Singapore.
British Colonies
Sarawak and North Borneo are
British colonies. Brunei is a sul-
tanate under British protection.
Singapore, a densely populated
port island, is independent but
Britain handles her defense and
foreign affairs. Malaya became in-
dependent of Britain in 1957 but
retains a friendly relationship
with her former governors.
The driving spirit behind the
proposed federation is the Prime
Minister of M a 1 a y a, Tunku
(Prince) Abdul Rahman. After
weeks of negotiations, he signed
an agreement in London July 31
setting the ground rules for feder-
ation. Target date for emergence
of the new Pacific nation is Aug.
31, 1963.
Unlike many of the new coun-
tries appearing in the ashes of
dying colonial empires, this one
need not start out as a beggar. Its
resources are richly varied.
Principal Products
Sarawak supplies rubber and
gold. Brunei is rich in oil and nat-
ural gas. North Borneo has copra,
lumber and hemp. Malaya has one
of the world's richest tin hoards
plus huge quantities of palm oil,
and rubber. Singapore builds
ships, smelts tin and is one of the
busiest ports in Asia.

Al ie territories add up to
more than 130,000 square miles
and 10 million persons.
There are Malays, Chinese, In-
dians, Pakistanis, Eurasians. In
the Boreoterrtore ther r
Kadazarnand Bajaus, Melanaus
other smaller tribes.n oeso
Tunku Rahmnenhas show n
work together, His Malay party
joined with the Malayan Indian
Congress and the Malayan Chi-
nese Association to form a suc-
cessfu political alliance.t Heras
even further in his personal life.
A Malay and a grandfather, he
has adopted two young Chinese
.girls.
Workable Combination
Creation of a workable racial
mixture has been one of the prob-
lems in planning for the federa-
tion.
Singapore, whose 1.7 million
population will form an, import-
ant bloc in the federation is about
75 per cent Chinese. Powerful
Chinese Leftist elements in Singa-
pore resisted federation plans de-
signed to prevent Chinese domina-
tion of the federation's legislature.
Despite this opposition, Singapore
voted overwhelmingly early this
month in favor of federation. The
merger proposal approved will
give Singapore only 15 instead of
24 or 25 seats . at the federation
capital in Kuala Lumpur that
Singapore could expect if seats
were in direct relation to popula-
Bt Singapore will retain con-
trol over its educational and-labor
policies, where the city's leftist-
inclined Chinese will have most of
their political power.

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13 II

TH -.IHGA NO

YOUR KEY TO SUCCESS5
The Mihgnno

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^USTALIAN - Sir John C.
Eccles, professor of physiology
at the Australian National Uni-.
versity, Canberra, and immedi-
ate past president of the Aus-
tralian Academy of Science will
speak oni "The Control of the
Somaesthetic Pathways to the
Brain," at 4:15 p.m., Oct. 16 in
Rackham Amp.

IMPORTED LGHTWEIGHT
3-SPEED GEARS
HANDBRAKES

SPECIAL

USED

TOYS

"1
I
On

SNTAFF0NC6

Thursday

Sept.

20

4:15 or 7 P.M.
2nd Floor Terrace Room
-Union

p
:air

Hleip direct projects like

entation

World's F

Creative Arts Festival
Hatcher Open House

U

n

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