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December 09, 1964 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-12-09

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See Editorial Page




Partly cloudy,
not as cold

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom


Message Dictates
Defense Plans
Issued by Johnsoni, Wilson After
Alliance Conference in Washington
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson and British
Prime Minister Harold Wilson concluded two days of conferences
here yesterday by issuing a joint communique in which they outlined
nuclear defense objectives.
These are "to cooperate in finding the arrangements which best
meet the legitimate interests of all members of the Atlantic Alliance,
while maintaining existing safeguards on the use of nuclear weapons,
and preventing their further spread."
The North Atlantic Treaty Alliance and a proposed Multi-Lateral
Nuclear Force were the prime topics of the Johnson-Wilson talks. On









Shop Unions
May Create
Rail Strike
CHICAGO (A)-Three shop un-
ions called yesterday a nationwide
railroad strike for Tuesday, Dec.
15 for a wage hike larger than
that recommended by a presiden-
tial board.
The unions, representing about
53,000 machinist, electrical work-
ers and sheet metal workers, .re-
instated a strike call postponed
from Nov. 23.
The move was made after nego-
tiations with the carriers reached
a stalemate in Washington Mon-
A walkout, if other railroad
unions decline to pass through
picket lines, could tie up 90 per
cent of the nation's rail traffic
at a time when passengers are
making Christmas travel plans
and shipment of Christmas par-
cels is at a peak.
Federal Court
The railroads announced they
would go into federal court late
yesterday or early tomorrow to
seek a restraining order against
a strike. Joseph W. Ramsey, gen-
eral vice-president of the Inter-
national Association of Machinists,
said, "The unions are ready to
contest such a move."
Six shop unions were involved
in the Nov. 23 strike call, but
three reached agreements before
the deadline. The agreements fol-
lowed closely the recommendations
of a presidential emergency board
for a 27 cently hourly wage boost
spread over three years.
The three unions still seeking
a settlement postponed the Nov.
23 strike call at the request of
Labor Secretary W. Willard Wirtz.
They went from Chicago to Wash-
ington to confer with Wirtz and
continue negotiations with the
8 of 11
The railroads have since settled
With 8 of their 11 principal non-
operating unions and all 5 operat-
ing unions within the confines of
the 27 cent wage increase pattern
recommended by the presidential
board. The carriers have refused
to go beyond this pattern with
the three shop unions.
However, the unions contend
their members possess certain
skills entitling them to a larger
boost. They contend they are un-
derpaid in relation to comparable
jobs in industiy.
The three shop unions sent
notices to Wirtz, to the National
Mediation Board and to J. E.
Wolfe, chief negotiator for the

1'this the communique "recognized
the importance of strengthening
the Atlantic Alliance in its stra-
tegic nuclear defense."
Johnson and Wilson discussed
existing proposals for this purpose
and an outline of sompe new pro-
posals presented by the British
"A number of elements of this
problem were considered as a pre-
liminary to, further discussions
among interested members of the
alliance." This left the way open
for talks with President Charles
de Gaulle of France, who wants
Europe to go it alone on nuclear
defenses, centered around his own
country's capacity.
It also left the gate open for
talks with Germany, which has
backed the American plan for a
multi-lateral force of surface
ships armed with Polaris weapons
-a proposal the British want to
Johnson, according to inform-
ants, is quite ready to undertake
radical revisions of the proposed
U.S. plan for a 25-ship, 200-mis-
sile fleet to be jointly owned and
manned by all the NATO coun-
tries willing to participate. French
President de Gaulle is adamantly
opposed" to this multi-lateral
plan. West German Chancellor
Ludwig Erhard just as determin-
edly supports it.
The 'American chief executive
and the British head of govern-
ment 'also "reaffirmed their de-
termination to continue to con-
tribute to the maintenance of
peace and stability in the Middle
East and the Far East."
"In this connection," Johnson
and Wilson said, "they recognized
the particular importance of the
military effort which both our
countries are making in support
of legitimate governments in
Southeast Asia, particularly in'
Malaysia and South Viet Nam,
which seek to maintain their in-
dependence and resist subversion."
Some more of the points in the
communique were:
-A determination to support
UN peace-keeping operations, and
to strengthen systems of regional
alliance in Europe, the Middle
East and the Far East.
-Agreement on a need for im-
provement in the balance of pay-
ments and in the productivity and
competitive position of both na-
tions, so as to bolster economic
strength, which it is vital to ful-
filling heavy international respon-
In this connection, Johnson and
Wilson decided to explore possi-
bilities for closer cooperation in
weapons production, and in de-
fense research and development.
A new feature of yesterday's
session was the presence of Vice-
President-elect Hubert H. Hum-
phrey, an innovation which may
indicate the President's desire to
let his deputy plan a major role
in shaping foreign policy.

IFC Passes
Pledge Plans
The Interfraternity Council
executive committee approved a
revised pledge program of Sigma
Alpha Mu fraternity, Executive
Vice-President Stephen Idema,
'65, announced last night.
SAM was required to submit a
new pledge program in order to
regain rushing privileges for next
semester after being found guilty,
of activities which violated IFC
One of the previously traditional
SAM pledge functions was a scav-
enger hunt, including a raid on
Sigma Chi fraternity. This year
the activity resulted in several
injuries, sending SAM pledges to
the hospital.
The IFC executive committee
convicted SAM of violating spe-
cific IFC bylaws and gave Sigma
Chi a serious warning, explain-
ing that Sigma Chi had come dan-
gerously close to an actual viola-
tion. SAM had been fined $200
and deprived of rushing privileges
for next semester unless a re-
vised and acceptable pledge pro-
gram was submitted to the execu-
tive committee by the end of this
IFC President Lawrence Loss-
ing, '65, told the committee that
Student Government Council had
passed a change in SGC member-
ship papers which will allow the
executive committee to review evi-
dence in membership discrimina-
tion cases. The change will allow
the committee to hold the hear-
ing of Trigon fraternity.
Before the change in SGC mem-
bership papers the executive com-
mittee did not feel it had the ex-
plicit power to see the member-
ship clauses.
Student Group
To Investigate
Food Problems
A seven-man student committee
has been formed to evaluate food
conditions in West Quadrangle in
cooperation with that unit's, busi-
ness manager, Gilbert P. Lutz.
The committee was formed at
a meeting recently between Lutz
and more than 50 West Quad-
rangle residents. They were pro-
testing an alleged inadequate
supply of food and poor quality
of meals.
W e s t Quadrangle President
Leonard Weinstein, '65, praised
Lutz' "sincere" efforts to help im-
prove the food situation. The stu-
dents claimed that West Quad-
rangle has occasionally run out
of food before the end of a mneal
hour. They said "the two-choice
main course is often narrowed
down to one choice before even
half the residents have passed
through the meal line."

"States' rights means full pow-
er of the states against the civil
liberties of the Negro in the
south," Charles Morgan, Jr., di-
rector of the Southern Regional
Office of the American Civil Li-
berties Union, said last night.
In a lecture sponsored by the
Ann Arbor and Washtenaw Coun-
ty chapters of the ACLU, Morgan
said that Negroes' rights can be
obtained only through the appli-
cation of power.
According to Morgan, helmeted
state police with dogs and riot
weapons came to Birmingham in
cars with Confederate flag insig-
nias on the bumpers in response
to the demonstrations there. "That
is power!" he exclaimed.
New Law
What is occurring in the South
today is "the struggle between
new law and present order," Mor-
gan continued.
No change will occur without
the application of counter forces
and it is here that the ACLU can
do important things, he indicated.
"No social movement moves
without great force and power be-
hind it initiated by the people
who want it to move." The dem-
onstrations in southern cities
which initiated unrest in the North
and caused the enactment of a
civil rights law are an example
of the political power created by
the civil rights movement, he ex-
Further Power
Voter registration in the South
will establish representatives who
will have further power to improve
conditions, he said.
Racial progress depends on lo-
cal circumstances, Morgan claim-
ed. Industrial cities like Atlanta
and Birmingham will move ahead
long before Mississippi does be-
cause that state is, he said, one
big farm.
Illustrating what he called the
myths that southerners allow
themselves to believe, Morgan re-
lated an anecdote. A southern
lady's maid told her she didn't
"go for Martin Luther King and
that crowd." The woman told all
her nodding friends at every op-
portunity about her satisfied serv-
ant. Finally she told it to Mor-
Yegetable Matter
Apathy is now official at
Xavier University. The student
council there ratified last week
the charter of the "Apathy
One council member said the
purpose of the club will be "to
vegetate, thus making any
worthwhile project or endeavor
on campus as much a failure
as possible."
The club's constitution states
that meetings will be held oce
a semester, anyone attending
being subject to immediate dis-
missal on the grounds of show-
ing interest in apathy.

gan who replied, "Come now. She
doesn't believe that. Everyone else
lies to their employer, why can't
Central Theme
"The South ishnot and has not
been a part of the Union for over
100 years," he said.
Morgan pointed out several
"realities" of the southern politi-
cal scene which indicate, he said,
how the South is "isolated from
the thinking of the rest of the na-
-News of Birmingham's church
bombings never reached the front
pages of newspapers read by 70
per cent of the South; it was put
on page two at best;
-After the Supreme Court rul-
ing on school segregation in 1954
several syndicated columnists who
hailed the decision were no longer
seen in southern newspar, rs;
-Southern television stations
didn't carry several news analysis
programs depicting racial condi-
tions in the South.
Morgan is the first director of
the Southern Regional Office of
the ACLU organized last Septem-

ber. The most well-known of the
civil liberties cases that he has
handled was the successful chal-
lenge of the malapportionment of
the Alabama legislature. This case
resulted in the Supreme Court's
"one man, one vote" decision.

WSU Student-Faculty Body
Defeats NSA Referendum
Wayne State University's Student-Faculty Council last Thursday
night defeated a motion calling for a referendum vote on whether
or not the university should continue its membership in the United
States National Student Association.
The proposal, sponsored by the university's School of Business
Administration Student Council, had been tabled by the council
at its October meeting for lack of='

Law and SouthCollide

evidence concerning the referen-
Larry Glazer, council member
and chairman of the Michigan
Regional NSA, said this week that
the motion was prompted by the
results of a questionnaire the
business school council 'lad dis-
tributed last year.
The questionnaire asked that
students sign if they wanted a
referendum whether or not they
supported membership in the US-
Glazer said that although 98
per cent of the replies were in
favor of a referendum, only 173
answers were received. He claimed
that, considering the publicity the
controversy had received, the
small response to the question-
naire could not in the least be
considered significant.
Council chairman Diane Vanoo-
tighem said that, in the eyes of
the council, sufficient evidence of
demand for the referendum did
not exist.
Also defeated was an alternate
proposal offered by the student
council of Monteith College, a
branch of Wayne, which asked
that 15 per cent of the university
student body sign a petition favor-
ing withdrawal from the USNSA
before the council would schedule
a referendum.

YR's To Study
Rights Plans
The University chapter of the
Young Republicans is forming a
committee to study the best means
"to support civil rights work at
the local level."
The YR's passed resolution last
week calling for the formation of
such a committee to study the
feasibility of the following possible
-"Joining a federation of civil
rights organizations" locally;.,
-"Forming a federation of stu-
dent groups on campus to work
for civil rights in Washtenaw
-"Planning a club project deal-
ing with civil rights locally."
The resolution provides that
these activities "be of a bipartisan
or nonpartisan nature" and that
the committee take no action to
support activities outside the state.
The resolution was introduced by
Alan Sager, '65L. He said such
action shows that "the Young Re-
publican club is keeping faith with
Republican principles by whole-
heartedly supporting civil rights
at the local level."

'No Comment' from
Kerr Until Meeting
Leaders Expect Further Disorders
If Regents Fail To Approve Policy
The University of California at Berkeley faculty yesterday
overwhelmingly endorsed protesting students' demands for
lighter political restrictions and a halt to university action
against students involved in recent demonstrations.
But administration reaction left the three-month-old
controversy up in the air. A spokesman for University of Cali-
fornia President Clark Kerr said that "the action involves
such basic changes in the policies affecting all campuses of
the university, including changes in the standing orders of
the Regents, that no comment will be possible until the Re-
gents have next met." The
California Regents, who must "
approve the new policy be- Indonesian
cause it conflicts with current
regental policies on studentdt
political action, will meet Fri-
All but two members of the po--Librar
litical science and technology de-
partment faculties have threaten-
ed to resign if the faculty reso-
lution, is not accepted, Berkeley JAKARTA, Indonesia (a') - A
ereo ,if accepted, will cies toward the Congo and Ma-
e sutidmonsr aceptedwildlaysia stormed the U.S. Informa-
end student demonstrations and tion Service library in the East
demands that have rocked the Java capital of Surabaja Mon-
campus in recent weeks, according day night, burning books, furi-
toanpoemnorere -er
toeachpokemn, fornthedFerenture, a mobile unit and a car.
Speech Movement, a confederation It was the second U.S. library
o 18 student organizations which tas heysenon d.on
has run the demonstrations. satorskid fyuIndays.nAdmob
Accepted stoned and sacked the American
The faculty of the university cultural center in. Jakarta and its
voted 824-115 to accept the reso- library last Friday, destroying
lution.-f about a fourth of the library's
With the end of the student- 15,000 books.
faculty strike midnight Monday,
the FSM reorganized as a defense
committee for students arrested
in a Dec. 2-3 sit-in in the Berke-
ley administration building. The
814 arrested were released on bail
raised by the faculty, and have
not been arraigned. A spokesman
said the FSM will collect funds
to aid in their defense.
The FSM is reportedly petition-
ing California Gov. Edmund G.
(Pat) Brown for executive am-
nesty in the cases.
Spokesmen for FSM said the
organization's strike was called off
until the Regents' meeting. ^'
Whether the demonstrations end * L
permanently, the spokesman said,
depends on whether the Regents 5$' *.
accept the Senate's proposal. f4.';
Called Off
FSM leader Mario Savio yester-
day called off plans to attempt «
a meeting with Brown until the
results of the Academic Senate
and Regents' meetings were: .. .
known. He did, however, confer PRESIDENT SUKARNO
with Brown by telephone. The
matters discussed were not re- The demonstrators are protest-
leased. ing America's participation with
The faculty-backed resolution Belgium in the rescue of white
supports the core of the student hostages from Congolese rebels
demands. It contained these and U.S. support of Malaysia,
points: which Indonesian President Su-
-There shall be no university karno has threatened to crush.
disciplinary m e a s u r e s against USIS Director Paul Neilson told
members or organizations of the a news conference a mob of about
university community for activi- 1000 banner-waving demonstrators
ties prior to Dec. 8 connected with smashed windows to enter the
the current controversy over po- Surabaja library, which had been
litical speech and activity, closed and locked in anticipation
-Time, place and manner of of trouble.
conducting political activity on Neilson said the demonstrators
the campus shall be subject to also damaged a USIS mobile unit
reasonable regulation to prevent and an automobile outside the
interference with normal functions library building.
of the university; that the regula- The U.S. consul at Surabaja,
tions now in effect for this pur- Allan McLean, reported that the
pose shall remain in effect until raid lasted half an hour. He sad
after a report of the committee olice did not arrive until aftei
on academic freedom.
-That content of speech or th mob left.
advocacy should not be restricted James McHale, reported about E
by the university. Off-campus stu- fourth of the library's 16,000 book
dent political activities shall not t'

be subject to university regula- Were destroyed.
tions. No American staff members
-Future disciplinary measures were in the building, and Indo-
for political activities shall be de- nesia emplyes in the building
termined by a committee appoint- were not hurt.
ed by, and responsible to, the American Ambassador Howard
Berkeley division of the Senate. P. Jones is protesting the Sura-
Jubilant baja attack to officials in Ja-
Savio greeted the resolution as karta. The embassy has not yet
44;.- eeived n answerftoits inte

. ,
5 ,

Halberstam Talks on
"I've never felt that patriotism should be equated with optimism1
in Viet Nam," David Halberstam, Pulitzer prize-winning correspon-
dent for the New York Times in Viet Nam, said in a journalism
department lecture yesterday.
But the attitude of many United States officials that the press
ought to be optimistic rather than realistic has simply aggravated
the situation, he said.
When the French were pushed out by the Communist-dominated
resistance movement in 1954, Halberstam said, it was extremely
difficult to find Vietnamese political leaders who were both anti-
French and anti-Communist. Ngo Dinh Diem was one of the few
who met these qualifications, he said. But, due to his conservative
> n supciu natur. may V.S.TRofficidnia betedpgtoinDiem at<u

V 0
Vet Nam Reality
Halberstam, "We changed from a cool backstage role to full-scale
participation." On Taylor's recommendation advisors, equipment and
vast technical assistance were sent to Viet Nam. The administration
thus committed the country's prestige and its own political image
to a very dangerous situation, Halberstam said.
By 1963, although official statements were highly optimistic,
Halberstam said, reporters felt a "growing pessimism" after traveling
around the country and talking to U.S. and Vietnamese field
Reliance on armor and artillery to bomb whole villages thought
to have several Viet Cong guerillas is "poor in a delicate war like
this." The war is fundamentally political, Halberstam declared, and
charged that the strategic hamlet program whereby peasants threat-
ened by Viet Cong are brought to central, fortified hamlets with



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