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December 06, 1964 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-12-06

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Soviets Evaluate Impact of Stanislavsky M


Three leaders from the world
famous Moscow ArtTheatre are
visiting Ann Arbor this weekend
on a cultural exchange mission
sponsored by the State Depart-
The Russian authorities, discus-
sing the impact of the Moscow Art
Theatre and the Stanislavsky
Method of acting on the Western
world are guests of the Univer-
sity's Professional Theatre Pro-
This is the first visit to the
United States for Vasily Toporkov,
Vladimir Prokofyev and Victor
Manyukov. Toporkov and Prokof-
yev worked with Constantine
Stanislavsky before his death in
1938. Stanislavsky was the co-
founder of the Moscow Art Thea-
tre in 1898 and father of the
revolutionary acting technique
which bears his name.
Toporkov also holds the coveted
title of "People's Actor of the
Moscow Art Theatre
Prokofyev supervises the Moscow
Art Theatre's seminars for actors
on the ethics and techniques of
Stanislavsky. Manyukov studied

with Stanislavsky's disciples, and
he now teaches and directs at the
Moscow Art Theatre.
"The Moscow Art Theatre was
a gigantic leap forward, like an
explosion in the theatre world,"
Toporkov explained through an
interpreter at a seminar ,Friday!
afternoon in Lydia Mendelssohn
"Stanislavsky was a brilliantf
actor, teacher and stage director.
A genius, he was the first actor-
director who left behind such a
legacy in his written works and
in the actors he trained," Topor-
kov said.
What is so unique and exciting
about "the method" that Stanis-
lavsky spent his whole life devel-
oping? The answer, Toporkov ex-
plained, lies in Stanislavsky's pur-
pose of wanting to enlighten his
audiences, not just entertain
This required appropriate play-
wrights who could electrify and
move the audience through their
ideas and appropriate actors who
appreciated the seriousness of an
ensemble of actors. It also requir-
ed an audience that woufd "not

just come for entertainment, but
one that would come to give their
attention to the actors," he said.
I Ideal Actor
Manvukov described Stanislav-
sky's ideal actor. He must
-Be an organic actor;
-Be an "acting" actor; and
--Be an actor of an ensemble.
An "organic actor" must be
trained to introduce his own hu-
man nature on the stage. He must
bring to each part his own emo-
tional experiences and make them
a part of his art. This requires
an educated person with a wide
scope of kriowledge, he said.
An "acting actor," sees "the
sequence of actions" each minute
his is on the stage. "He treats
the action as an essential part of
the character he is creating on
stage," Manyukov said.
Stanislavsky thought that thea-
tre art ' was based on the same
principle as a symphony, that is,
the whole is created by a blend-
ing of separate parts. To make
the audience aware that the whole
play is important, the actors must
have a certain respect for their
acting partners in the ensemble.

This ideal in acting resulted
from a lifetime of searching, ex-
perimenting and revising describ-
ed in a movie made in Russia last
year to commemorate the 100th
anniversary of Stanislavsky's
birth. This movie was shown yes-
terday in Trueblood Auditorium
to a selected group of community
and state cultural leaders. They
included Mrs. George Romney,
wife of the governor.
The movie showed Stanislavsky
as a small boy enthralled in the
wonder and beauty of life. The
false aping, or imitation of emo-
tions that he saw on Russian
stages in the late nineteenth cen-
tury did not satisfy him. The
inner quality of the actor was
empty, he thought.
Method Evolves
The first chain in the evolution
of "the method" began when he
as a director introduced imme-
diate feelings in an-actor. He told
the actor what he was supposed to
feel, and the actor felt it.
But the feelings withdrew and
gave way to automated actions,
so Stanislavsky rejected the tech-
nique. He realized that he had to

create the appropriate circum-
stances that would arouse the
actor's feeling subconsciously. The
actor had to live the part, he
had to become transformed into
the character, and only then
could he start rehearsing and
bring his own emotional exper-
iences to the part.
Using Pavlov's physiological
theories, he radically revised his
technique in the late 1920's, and
discovered the method of physical
action. This method starts with
the physical, not the psychological
behavior of the actor. It is based
on the belief that concentration
on the physical body can lead to
a concentration on the life of the
Everything on the stage-light
effects, sets and costumes-must
help the actor achieve the, faith
and enthusiasm in the actions
which lead to a truthful portrayal,
the movie explained.
Prokofyev emphasized this uni-
versality of art when he said,
"Stanislavsky belongs to the entire
theatre world. He got at the very
secret of any branch of art-the

-Daily-James Keson
SITTING AT A PRESS CONFERENCE yesterday afternoon sponsored by the Professional Theatre
Program are from left to right, top row: Mrs. Vasily Toporkov, Robert Schnitzer, executive director
of PTP; bottom row: Vladimir Prokofyev, Mrs. George Romney, Victor Manyukov, and Vasily To-
porkov. The Russians are guests from the Moscow Art Theatre.

See Editorial Page

c Y L

Slirri n


Sunny and turning
much colder

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom


',4fA,> },. ".4 :" . : ......... ......... ....d..J~....f. ....J :La.0:4". r.......... .. . ........ . . . . :....: ."e e:"."............
Free EducationUre

The Regent who made head-
lines last spring for supporting
the disaffiliation of fraternities
and sororities from the Univer-
sity, also holds other novel
Allan R. Sorenson of Midland
advocates tuition - free higher
education and 'unlimited Uni-
versity growth. He presented
these and other opinions in a
recent interview on the views
and role of the Regents.
Sorenson describes free high-
er education as "a goal which
is still an ideal, not to be real-
ized in the near future."
In keeping with this goal,
Sorenson hopes to prevent fu-
ture tuition raises. "The stu-
dent now pays 20 per cent of
the total cost of his education,"
Sorenson explains. "The goal
should be to replace this tuition
percentage with financing from
other sources such as scholar-
ships, loans, and government
aid," he continues.
In opposing a tuition hike,
Sorenson concurs with Regents
William Cudlip of Detroit and
Carl Brablec of Roseville who
have previously said in inter-
views that they do not want to
see any further raise in tuition.
Sorenson agrees further with
Regent Brablec in seeing "no
practical limit" to the growth
of the University. The major
challenge to a university of
such dimensions is to insure
that "students are treated as
individuals and receive the
maximum education," he said.
Sorenson disagrees with the
other Regents, however, in his'
position concerning fraternities
and sororities. He feels that
"sororities and fraternities
should be permitted to be in-

dependent of the University so
that there would be no conflict
between free association and
Sorenson presented this view
in a public statement following
the November, 1963, Regents'
meeting. At this time he sum-
marized his views as follows:
-1) Since they are essential-
ly private, social, housing clubs,
fraternities and s o r o r i t i e s
should not be forced into non-
discriminatory m e m b e r s h i p
-2) S i n c e discrimination
cannot be tolerated within a
public institution, fraternities
and sororities should not be in-
cluded by the University in its
organization; and
-3) The disadvantages to
the fraternities and sororities
of existing outside the Univer-
sity organization are greatly
Sorenson maintains that the
possibility of fraternities and
sororities being independent of
the University is "more immi-
nent than the goal of free high-
er education." He says that he
has received "considerable en-
dorsement" from fraternity and
sorority nationals supporting
his position.
In regard to the in-state-out-
state ratio, Sorenson maintains
that "all qualified in-state stu-
dents should be admitted to the
University regardless of growth
in population."
He adds that there is "a
trend toward federal, or na-
tional education. Higher educa-
tion will eventually not be on
a state basis, and the in-state-
out-state ratio would thereby
be obliterated," he explains.
Sorenson would hope to see
the materialization of this

trend toward federal education,
but it is "a slow evolutionary
process," he notes. "It would be
a mistake for the University to
take any aggressive steps in
this direction."
Concerning the role of stu-
dent government in University
life, Sorenson feels that it
should function as "a channel
of communication between stu-
dents and the administration."
He sees it in this capacity as a
"sounding-board for discrepan-
cies.", Student government is
also a "significant educational
experience for those involved,"
he continues.
In regard to the role of the
student press, Sorenson sees its
function as "keeping before the
students and entire academic
community matters of current
importance that need to be
brought to a focus." The stu-
dent press has the responsibility
for "expressing ideas, however
revolutionary they may sound
to some people."
In viewing his own role as a
member of the Board of Re-
gents, Sorenson emphasizes his
responsibility "in seeing that
the concepts of the University
are furthered." He minimizes
the Regents' part in adminis-
tration, although "it is neces-
sary to keep in touch with the
administration to see that the
University's concepts and poli-
cies are carried out." '
Elected in 1961, Democratic
Regent Sorenson, the youngest
member of the Board of Re-
gents, is a chemical engineer
for Dow Chemical Co. He is a
graduate of the engineering
college and has served as a
member of the Board in Control
of Michigan College of Mining
and Technology at Houghton
from 1959-61.

Ally Talks
By The Associated Press
ter Harold Wilson arrives in
Washington today for his first
meeting with President Lyndon B.
Johnson since their election. The
talks will begin tomorrow.
jJohnson and Wilson, working
thr oughemissaries, are reported
to have laid a basis for probable
agreement next week on the broad
outlines of a new approach to cre-
ation of a NATO nuclear weapons
Major Aims
Wilson is bringing with him
three major aims:
To get the United States to
agree to a cutback in British de-
fense spending, to discuss ways of
I strengthening the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization (NATO) and
i to seek out new formulas for eas-
ing East-West tensions.
The Multilateral Nuclear Force
(MLF) is expected to be the dom-
inant item on the Wilson-Johnson
agenda when they meet tomorrow.
Wilson's planned force would
swallow up the MLF and would
include Britain's nuclear bomber
fleet and its Polaris submarines
now under construction. It would
also include a smaller version of
the MLF, which called for 25
surface ships armed with Polaris
Veto Control
The United States would keep
veto control over use of the weap-
ons. The other countries would
share in developing nuclear strate-
gy and tactics. Only the United
States and the West German gov-
eirnment are really interested in






The Indonesian government said yesterday that "it fully understands the anger"-of student den
strators (shown above) who sacked the American Cultural Center and Library in Jakarta Fr
but regrets the acts occurred. The students were protesting U.S., Belgian intervention in the C
dispute. The sign shown here reads, "Support Congo, crush U.S. and Belgium."

'State Heads
Disagree on
Burch Issue
Big Three' Foresee
Imminent Ouster of
National Chairman
By The Associated Press
DENVER - After hours of
d e b a t e, Republican governors
unanimously approved yesterday a
statement opposing "narrow po-
litical radicalism" and urging the
i " party to adopt leadership that
would represent "a broad view of
But the governors disagreed
whether the resolution was a call
for the removal of Dean Burph as
national chairman and thus a slap
at Sen. Barry Goldwater.
The three biggest names at the
meeting of the GOP's 18 governors
Press and governors-elect , - George
Romney of Michigan, Nelson A.
Rockefeller of New York and Wil-
liam Scranton of Pennsylvania-
said the resolution was a clear call
mon- for Burch's removal.
iday> Others, including Govs. Clif-
iday, ford Hansen of Wyoming and
ongo Paul Fannin of Goldwater's home
state of Arizona said they would
not have approved of the state-
ment if they felt it was a call for
the removal of Burch.
mn aperdt rersnRomney's vote for the state-
change in sentiment for the gov-
issal of ernor who was elevated into na-
fended tional prominence by surviving a
Democratic landslide in Novem-
ber. Friday, he had indicated he
ed the would not favor an oust-Burch
em out bid, declaring "This is not the time
to oust anybody."
of the The governors a 1 s o pushed
Univer- through statements on civil rights
tement and political extremism similar
Chan- to those defeated by Goldwater
forces at the San Francisco con-
d reso- vention in August.
Alumni "We support all necessary ac-
campus tion, public or private, to root out
fficials discrimination and the effects of
ely few discrimination throughout t h e
d their United States. We will not stop
short of this goal," the statement
ifessors declared.
d Stu- Here the governors took a shot
ciences at Goldwater, who voted in the
that a Senate against the civil rights bill.
nediate "We feel it pertinent to remind
tudents our fellow citizens that most Re-
publicans in Congress this year
d Ala- supported the federal Civil Rights
ouncils Act.
uld be Dominant Theme
outside Throughout the meeting the
dominating theme had been de-
rd (R- mands by some of the governors
mediate for the ouster of Burch, who with
Goldwater's complete backing, is
itiment fighting any moves to replace him.


' r:.
."r rv.r."
" Br: ..v:
..1" J

Many Solutions Offered for Berkele

Plumer Collection Put On Display Here

this MLF plan and even in those
two countries it is a matter of ar-
Wilson also seeks specific re-
sults which are impossible with-
out cooperation from Johnson. He
wants to abandon Britain's inde-
pendent nuclear force, handing
over bombers and planned Polaris
submarines to NATO. To accom-
plish this he and his advisers have
decided a reorganization of NATO
in the nuclear weapons field is

The art collection of the late
Prof. James Marshall Plumer goes
on display today in the annual
Museum Class Exhibition in the
Museum of Art. Plumer taught 'in
the art history department.
The collection includes jades,
bronzes, c e r a m i c s, porcelains,
paintings and sculpture from Ja-
pan, China, India, Korea and Ti-
Under the direction of Charles
FBI Denies
RSheriff -Claim
Sheriff Lawrence Rainey claimed
yesterday that FBI agents told
him they had eyewitnesses to the
murders of three civil rights
workers and offered him money
for information about the brutal

H. Sawyer, director of the Mu-
seum of Art, eight graduate stu-
dents have planned, . organized
and coordinated this presentation
of Far Eastern art. The class has
prepared a definitive catalogue of
the "James Marshall Plumer Me-
morial Collection," in which most
of the objects are illustrated and
supplemented with background
In the past the exhibits have
been drawn from Ann Arbor col-
lections and this year is no ex-
ception. The pieces shown are
owned by the University. Some
of them are acquisitions by pur-
chase while others are gifts from
Plumer's wife, friends and stu-
A graduate of Harvard Univer-
sity, Plumer worked at the Fogg
Museum and studied under Lang-
don Warner.
In 1933 he discovered the rare
Temmoku pottery site of the Sung
Plumer served as fine arts ad-
visor to the Supreme Command

plete installation.
"It is the kind of experience
which is invaluable for those in-
terested in the museum profes-
sion. It provides experience and
perspective of their work," Saw-
yer added.

By The Associated Press
BERKELEY -"Expelling 590
arrested student demonstrators
and dismissing Chancellor Edward
Strong were two of many pro-
posed solutions made yesterday to
the current crisis at the University
of California at Berkeley. .
The crisis was touched off
Wednesday when 1100 protestors
of administration policies staged a

sit-in overnight at Sproul Hall,
the university administration
building. On the orders of Gov.
Edmund Brown, more than 800
w e r e arrested starting early
Thursday morning and carted to
jail. Some 590 of those taken to
jail were students.
Assemblyman E. Richard Barnes
(R-San Diego) called for the ex-
pulsion of all 590 students. In


Cagers Turn Back Blue Devils, 8679
Special To The Daily
DURHAM, N.C. - The top-ranked Michigan Wolverines extin-
guished a blazing second half coiheback by fifth-ranked Duke here
last night and went on to win, 86-79.
The second win of the young season for coach Dave Strack's Wol-
verines snapped a 27-game Duke home court winning streak and
avenged Duke's win in the semi-finals of the NCAA tournament last
I year.
Cazzie Russell led the balanced Michigan scoring as he notched
21 points with Oliver Darden and Bill Buntin each collecting 17, Larry,
Tregoning, 12 and John Thompson, 7.:

addition he urged the dism
all faculty members who de
the demonstrators.
A faculty group guarante
$85,000 necessary to bail th
The Berkeley chapter
American Association of t
sity Professors issued a sta
asking for the discharge of
cellor Strong.
In a unanimously adopter
lution the California1
Council urged support of c
administrators and civil o
who discipline the "relative
agitators, malcontents an
misguided sympathizers."
A group of Stanford pro
at the Center for Advance
dents in the Behavioral S
recommended to Brown1
faculty committee should n
the dispute between the s#
and the administration.
Several San Francisco -an
meda :county AFL-CIO c
declared the disputes sho
solved without use of
Assemblyman Don Mulfo
Berkeley):called for an imn
legislative investigation.
Meanwhile, student ser

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