Viet Nam Regime
Has New Trouble
Students, Religious Factions Show
Hostility to Civilian Government
SAIGON W)- - Mushrooming opposition led Premier Tran Van
Huong to beg South Viet Nam's people by radio last night for breath-
ing space for his infant civilian government. He urged them to give
the government a chance to rule before tearing it to pieces.
Prospects of hostile demonstrations by student and religious fac-
tions menaced the cabinet that took over only last Wednesday-with!
the diplomatic blessing of the United States-from Maj. Gen. Nguyen
Khanh's miiltary regime. Trouble could hit today or tomorrow.
Students were expected to take to the streets this weekend in a
demand for dissolution of the government. Buddhist and Roman
Grad Influx Crowds Engine
By JEFFREY GOODMAN
While the University's enrollment was growing by more than
20 per cent over the past four years, the engineering college ex-
panded by only five per cent. In fact, it now has one per cent
fewer undergraduates than it did in 1960.
Yet the engineering college faces academic problems Just as
serious as those of most other units on campus. For graduate en-
rollment there has continued to expand, and it will be at least
four years before these students can be provided all the educational
opportunities which the engineering faculty thinks they should
Specifically, since 1960 graduate enrollment in engineering
has increased by over 25 per cent; the percentage of the whole
college for which graduates now account is more than 27, as'
opposed to 23 per cent in 1960 and a current 25 per cent for grad-
uate-professional enrollment in the whole University.
No one is too sure why the undergraduate enrollment has not
kept pace with the general explosion of high school seniors, but
then the stability of this enrollment has been one of the few really
comforting phenomena the college has had to face.
In two of the years since 1960, for instance, undergraduate
enrollment actually decreased - from 3110 in 1960 to 2870 in
1962. Only recently has it begun climbing again - to 3079 this
year - and it is still not up to the 1960 total.
As a result, the engineering college is perhaps one of the very
few campus units which has close to an adequate supply of class-
rooms and faculty for its undergraduates. Which leaves Associate
Dean Glenn V. Edmonson far more concerned about the college's
troublesome shortage of office space for faculty and graduates.
Both these groups lose, Edmonson feels, if they cannot con-
tinuously communicate with each other on an informal basis. With
crowded offices for professors and no office or desk space for
graduates within the classroom buildings, this kind of contact
Edmonson attributes the growth of the graduate enrolment
to changing conceptions of just where formal education should
be terminated. In addition, he says, students are coming to feel
that the time period between leaving school and acquiring pro-
ductive work is too long without graduate training. Thus a larger
number of people are pursuing advanced degrees in an effort to
gain more specialized knowledge.
While the college is eager to provide this knowledge, the great-
er attention which graduates require is making the lack of adequate
space and staff increasingly acute.
. Laboratory space in which faculty and graduates can pursue
specific research, faculty office space for consultation and coun-
selling, facilities where graduates can study in close proximity to
their professors and research laboratories and enough faculty to
give sufficient attention to students - all these are in short sup-
ply according to Edmonson.
"There is no single rank of faculty - from instructor to full
professor - with an office for every man," he notes. "If he has
to share his room with one or two others, the teacher has a harder
time getting to know students on an individual basis, performing'
his various academic duties and engaging in scholarly pursuits
such as writing."
"The academic progress of our graduate students requires a
relatively large amount of time spent in tutorial-type confronta-
tion and exchange with professors,' he says. Thus the college's
overall teacher-student ratio - a relatively steady 1:16.7 - is
deceiving, since many faculty spend a great deal of time working
only or primarily with graduates.
"'T'hese faculty just cannot handle the same number of grad-
uates as another teacher could ordinarily handle in an under-
graduate classroom," he explains. Comparing salary costs for edu-
cating studnets on the different levels - a rough indication of
the amount of time which must be invested in a student -- PhD
candidates cost approximately six times what freshmen and sopho-
What plans does the engineering college have for alleviating
these shortages? Accordinge to Edmonson, more laboratory space
is fairly hopeful, but it will be at least four years before any sig-
nificant inroads are made in providing the needed graduate and
Most of the buildings now scheduled for North Campus --
where the engineering college will eventually move all its opera-
tions above the sophomore level - or already existing there - will
be laboratories. Sometime this month, the college will move into the
new Fluids Engineering II structure, also largely laboratory. Com-
bined with the Automotive Engineering and Aeronautical buildings
now existing this new facility will be an important.addition to
space for research. The fluids and other buildings also include a
small amount of office space, but nowhere near the amount needed.
Faculty and graduate office shortages will not be decreased until
a large office and classroom building designed in 1959 is con-
This massive structure would be the college's central facility
on North Campus and would in fact shift the great majority of its
activities to that location. Containing over a million and a quarter
square feet, it would include space for offices, laboratories, class-
rooms, design rooms, administration, lounges, a cafeteria, a li-
brary, auditoriums and student activities.
It is still, however, in the planning stage, and no starting
date has been set. While this year's capital outlay request to the
State Legislature asks for funds to prepare blueprints, "at the ear-
liest we are four years away from the relief which this building
will provide," Edmonson says.
Until then, he feels, the college must make do with what it
has and hope that not too much is lost in the way of education.
GEN. NGUYEN KHANH
Of Move to
WASHINGTON (VP)-- Two top
Republicans denied yesterday re-
ports that they are involved in a
move to oust Rep. Charles A. Hal-
leck (R-Ind) as GOP floor leader.
The two, Reps. Gerald R. Ford
(R-Mich) and Melvin R. Laird
(R-Wis), called for party unity
and discounted talk of an anti-
Halleck movement in the depleted
ranks of House Republicans.
Ford is chairman of the' House
Republican conference which se-
lects the party floor leader. He
will be senior Republican on the
appropriations committee in the
Laird ranks high on the GOP
policy committee and was chair-
man of the committee that drafted
the Republican platform at the
GOP National Convention in San
"I haven't been doing anything
Catholic elements also expressed
opposition but, according to some
reports, agreed to hold off mass
action for at least two weeks.
Huong acknowledged that his
government has some weaknesses,
but called for unity and national
discipline to save the nation from
Other American officials talked
informally with leaders of Viet-
namese pressure groups in an ef-
fort to get them to ease up on
Huong's administration, to which
are pinned U.S. hopes for stability
in the war against the Communist
There was no indication that
Huong would resign. He seemed to
be digging in his heels, apparently
with the assurance that at least
the U.S.-backed armed forces were
Buddhist leader Thich Tam
Chau was reported to have con-
sulted with Khanh, who remains
commander in chief of the armed
forces, at Cape St. Jacques, a sea-
side resort and regional military
headquarters 40 miles southeast of
Criticism of the cabinet, made
up of technicians rather than poli-
ticians, spread among religious,
student and political groupings
and even the High National Coun-
cil, the interim legislature that
confirmed Huong in the premier-
Nguyen Xuan Chu q' as coun-
cil chairman Thursday. He was
miffed at the fact the council was
not consulted on selection of the;
new cabinet and complained that
there is insufficient representa-
tion of -political factions.
About 500 members of the na-
tional student union called at a
noisy meeting for dissolution of
the government. Speakers charged
there are "former secret police-
men, drunkards and Diemists"1
(followers of the late Ngo Dinh
Diem) among the 15 ministers.
The students were reported dis-
pleased with Huong's announced
policy of separating politics from
Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No. 60 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1964 SEVEN CENTS EIGHT PAGES
U.S. May Cut Back
Contributions to UN
UNITED NATIONS 01)-The United States. indicated yesterday
it may cut back voluntary contributions to the United Nations as long
as the Soviet Union balks at paying.
U. S. spurces said that the U. S. would not make its customary
annual pledges to the UN special fund and the expanded program
of UN technical assistance at a pledging conference Nov. 16.
Diplomats generally interpreted the U. S. move as linked to
the American attempt to force the Soviet Union to meet its dues
for peacekeeping in the Congo and the Middle East. Because the
Soviets are more than two years in arrears, the U. S. has vowed
to try to strip them of their vote under a provision of the UN charter
Criticism of Goldwater Grows,
Sting Stage for Power Fight
about it," Laird said in a tele-,-
phone interview from Wisconsin. New Unity
"I am not making any campaign. A spokesman for the Roman
It is being done by other people Catholic faction of the Rev. Hoang
and I have discouraged it when Quyen said Catholics and Bud-
I could. As far as I know there is dhists, often at odds in the last
no leadership fight brewing in the 18 months, are prepared to unite
House at this time. This isn't the against the government. Huong's
time to get involved in a fight. statement that politics and reli-
We have a big job cut out for us gion should be separated is open
and first we must unite the to question.
Both faiths are dissatisfied be-
Reports cause Huong did not consult re-
Prior to last Tuesday's election, ligious leaders in selecting the
there were published reports that ministers, he said. SECRETARY-GENERAL THANT
Laird was the choice of a group
of Republicans interested in a
change in leadership. Ford was "
mentioned as a possible compro-Joigo
Ford said in an interview here
he had heard the reports of aIn PlanningCelebration
possible leadership contest but be-
lieved there was no substantial
basis for them. By BRUCE WASSERSTEIN
"Certainly there has been no
sentiment 'expressed to me along Charles W. Joiner, Chairman of the Sesquicentennial Commit-
that line," he said. "We ought to tee and associate dean of the law school, is urging close co-operation
maximize our efforts for unity in- between the Ann Arbor community and the University in planning
stead of trying to tear the party the 150th anniversary celebrations for 1967.
apart." "It is essential to the success of the Sesquicentennial that such
Meeting a relationship exists," Edward Kennedy, Executive Secretary of the
A group of moderate Republi- Committee noted Thursday
cans known as the "Wednesday Declaring that "the city and the University must put their best
Morning Club" met yesterday in
d f o foot forward," Joiner pointed out at a recent Ann Arbor Chamber of
when the assembly convenes Dec.
The UN may postpone the meet-
ing of its General Assembly to al-
low the U. S. and Russia to settle
their argument over the pay-
ments. Secretary-General U Thant
is currently polling delegations to
see if there is general assent to
Members of the U. S. delegation
are spreading the word that the
United States will not make any
pledges until the debate over
peacekeeping finances is resolved,
They quoted American diplomats
as having said that as long as
peacekeeping costs are not fairly
shared, the United States will not
pay more than its specified share
of UN activities.
Although most UN activities are
financed by binding assassments,
the two technical aid programs
depend on voluntary contribu-
tions. Previously the United states
has put up $4 for every $10 pledg-
ed by other nations. In 1963, the
United States pledged up to $36.2
million for the special fund for
pre-investment research and train-
ing and up to $22.5 million, for the
technical assistance program of
fellowships and experts.
U. S. diplomats contend they
have the 80 per cent needed to
strip the Soviets of their vote
under Article 19 of the Charter..
CHINESE PREMIER CHO EN-LAI PARTICIPATES in wreath-laying ceremonies at the grave of
Stalin in Moscow yesterday. Chou was less than enthusiastic later when S o v i e t Premier Leonid
Brezhnev called for a world conference of Communist leaders to iron out problems within the
Chou Cold on Call for Meetingf
MOSCOW (P)-The Soviet Un-
ion's new party leader appealed
yesterday for unity of the world
Communist movement, but Chi-
nese premier Chou En-Lai failed
to join in the applause for a
call to a new conference of the
world's Red leaders.
Chou, on hand with a tough-
minded Peking delegation for bol-
shevik anniversary ,ceremonies
cast a chill on proceedings even
in advance of first party secre-
tary Leonid Brezhnev's speech by
paying homage at the grave of
Joseph Stalin. Destalinization
under Nikita Khrushchev had
been a point of hot Peking-Mos-
The Chinese premier sat direct-
ly behind Brezhnev, virtually
looking over his shoulder, while
Khrushchev's successor as par-
the price o2 uep. Bramford r,.
Morse (R- Mass) to map a pro-
gram for rebuilding the party.
Morse said the matter of a lead-
ship change did not come up but
might be discussed at another
meeting next week.
Rep. John V. Lindsay (R-NY),
who ran ahead of President Lyn.,
don B. Johnson in his ticket-split-
ting Manhattan district, said the
meeting of the moderates had been
scheduled before the election.
"Now that we have all been re-
elected," Lindsay said, "we are
among the people who will have to
rebuild the party from the ashes."
One of those who attended the
meeting said privately the group
was not interested in changing the
leadership but hoped to present a
united front if a fight developed.
JOHNSON CITY, Tex. VP) -
President Lyndon B. Johnson, re-
laxing and working at his LBJ
ranch, moved indirectly yesterday
to scotch speculation that he or
Commerce meeting several areas "
where close co-operation is needed.
He placed special emphasis on
the need for a housing commis-'
sion to assist visitors and partici-
pants in the various celebrations
in. finding suitable lodging facili-
Joiner also urged the formation
of a committee which would work
to get the State Highway Depart-
ment to designate the - locale
of the celebrations for tourists.
This committee would also get
private groups to publicize the
celebrations in their literature.
Among Joiner's other sugges-
tions were the formation of com-
mittees to make Ann Arbor at-
tractive as a tourist center, to
act as host to visitors, and to
give the Sesquicentennial local
Committees have already been
formed to write a history of the
University, in prose and pictorial
form; to handle exhibits, typo-
graphy and insignia design, and
to compose musical works in hon-
or of the celebration.
Economic Boon E
RIGHTISTS RELA TED:
Survey Analyzes 'Super Patriot'
By ROBERT BENDELOW
Do you think that there are many, or few, Communists in the
government? In the schools? In the Republican and Democratic
If you answered yes to most of these questions, you might
be a super patriot, said Mark Chesler and Richard Schmuck, both
of the sociology department, in their lecture yesterday on Some
Sociological Bases of Super Patriotism. The above and similar
questions were used by the two men to determine the description
of a super patriot, the member of a group such as the National
Association for the Advancement of White People.
Such a person is not a psychotic or deranged. He is from any
social and political level; there are as many young members as
there are old. The individual member is most often a religious
fundamentalist, comes from a rural background, and is an anti-
The group he belongs to most likely:
-Takes conservative positions on socio-political issues;
-has fervent nationalism and patriotism: "First, last, and
always an American."
a Dewey to the liberalism of a young, successful, Kennedy. Issues
such as the race question have arisen to spur on the revolt. These
groups are trying to overcome this revolt.
According to Chesler and Schmuck, the members of the groups
are practically stereotypes. They think that "a bunch of rotten
liberals and socialists (are) in the Republican Party." They were,
at the time of the survey, in favor of Barry Goldwater as the
Republican nominee for President, and either George Wallace
or Strom Thurmond for the Democratic nomination.
Chesler and Schmuck based their remarks on the results of
a survey they ran last summer.
A series of questions was put to the participants in the sur-
vey, and the results tabulated:
-60 per cent of the people surveyed said that UN participa-
tion is not a good idea for the United States.
-75 per cent of the super patriots would leave the UN if Red
China was admitted;
-70 per cent disapprove of the NAACP;
-57 per cent feel that integration groups are Communist
- ner cent sav that Farl Warren is definitely soft on Com-
ty leader delivered an 80-min-
ute review of Soviet domestic
and foreign policies and noted
that "there is an obvious need
for a new international meeting
of the fraternal parties."
Khrushchev, prime target of
the Chinese in the long dispute,
also had wanted .a world Com-
munist meeting, a project scorn-
fully denounced by Peking. But
against the background of Brezh-
nev's words, the appeal this time
had at least a note of concilia-
Chou, however, was the only
one of the party leaders present
from a dozen communist-ruled
nations who withheld applause.
Chou did applaud vigorously,
however, when Brezhnev re-
marked that all Communists have
one common goal. In advance of
the Kremlin meeting, Peking's
broadcasts had called for unity
against "imperialism headed by
the United States."
The eve of the Bolshevik revo-
lution anniversary is invariably
an occasion for Soviet policy
statements, as the anniversary it-
self-today-is the occasion for
a parade displaying Soviet might
to Communist leaders gathered
atop Lenin's Red Square tomb.
Brezhnev discussed foreign poli-
cy at length, and at times seemed
to be trying to mollify his Chi-
nese listeners. He reaffirmed Sov-
iet support for Peking's claims to
nationalist-held Formosa and
vowed Soviet backing for Com-
munist efforts in Viet Nam.
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Criticism of
the conservative leadership of de-
feated GOP candidate Sen. Barry
Goldwater snowballed yesterday,
with brickbats flying from all
levels of the Republican hierarchy.
Goldwater's backers were just as
avid in defending him as skirmish-
es broke out that could presage a
full-fledged drive by Republican
liberals and moderates to recap-
ture control of the party which
went to Goldwater at the San
The power struggle for control
of the party will apparently get
under wgy in full force when- Re-
publican leaders meet after the
first of the year in a high-level
conference called by GOP Na-
tional Chairman Dean Burch.
Two state GOP leaders set the
stage for the struggle yesterday as
they demanded that .Burch, a
hand-picked Goldwater man, step
down from his job immediately.
Wisconsin GOP Chairman Tal-
bot Peterson suggested former
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
for the job. Peterson said Gold-
water's candidacy had carried to
defeat a number of Republican
hopefuls, including Wilbur Renk,
the GOP Senate nominee in Wis-
From Rep. Delbert Latta (R-
Ohio) came another proposed
chairman: Ray Bliss,, the party
chieftain in Ohio and an ac-
knowledged "old pro."
Burch replied that Intra-party
bickering should stop, but prom-
ised that he will call a high-level
Republican National Committee
meeting in January to discuss "all
questions of interest to the party,
including that of my chairman-
Sen. Jacob K. Javits (R-NY)
went further in his. criticism yes-
terday. He demanded that Gold.
water himself step down as titular
leader of the party, adding in a
New York news conference that
President Lyndon B. Johnson's
landslide victory was a repudia-
tion of what he called "radical
views" of the GOP ticket.
Javits echoed the sentiments
expressed a day earlier by Gov.
Nelson Rockefeller. Nixon had
accused Rockefeller and other
moderates of contributing to
Goldwater's defeat by not endors.
ing his candidacy. Rockefeller
countered by responding that such
endorsement would have dragged
even more moderates down to de-
feat, and that the only way for