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October 31, 1964 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-10-31

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Seventy-Fifth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNVERSITY OF MICniG
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUDUCa-tIOM

".Remember When Hallowe'en Was A One-Day Affair?"

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
A dninistration Handles
British Questions Well

Where Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST.,, ANN ARwOR, MICH.
Truth Will Prevail

NEWS Pxopm: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1964 NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN KENNY

University Trades Education
For Legislative Dollars

THE UNIVERSITY is evolving, by con-
venience and intent, into a highly-lo-
catized institution with a massive in-
state enrollment. Since there is little fi-
nancial incentive to reverse this trend,
it can be expected to continue.
Only the most constituent-oriented leg-
islator or in-bred administrator can ig-
nore what is happening. The University
is selling its education more and more
to state students and, in return, the Leg-
islature pours out more and more dol-
lars.
And like a used car, while the institu-
tion makes its exterior more alluring, its
inner fiber is damaged. In an institution
whose function is to educate and stimu-
late, ideas lose their thrust when they
are sifted by minds developed in the
same local environment and prejudices.
LOCALISM COULD NOT be farther from
the University's 150-year tradition: a
heredity which has been fostered by
federal and state cooperation.
It is the pride of the nation's educa-
tional system, nationally and internation-
ally acclaimed, drawing on a select fac-
ulty and diverse student body from 50
states and a host of foreign countries.
On the other hand, the University is the
bulwark of a massive state-supported ed-
ucation system, awarded the largest state
appropriation, granted full constitutional
status and integrally tied by location and
predilection to the citizens of Michigan.
FROM THIS DUAL STATUS emerges a
crisis of identity: while the institu-
tion stresses its national orientation, its
educational fruits are borne only by
state residents.
This was confirmed last week when the
registrar announced the latest enrollment
statistics, showing there were only 27
out-of-staters in every 100 students.
To this statement was attached an even
more ominous footnote. Officials said
that for the first time "qualified" out-of-
state students were rejected from every
school and college at the University.
WERE THIS A SINGLE occurrence; the
high resident percentage might quick-
ly be blotted from memory. But when the
figures show that this is the sixth year
where the percentage has increased, some

re-evaluation is called for.
Officials try to camouflage the in-
state, out-of-state ratio issue by saying
that they have no set policy, re-evaluat-
ing it on a yearly basis.
THE IRONICAL, even paradoxical, as-
pect of the growing "favoritism" is
that it is ignored at the administrative
level when something other than students
is sought.
When University recruiters search for
football talent, they stress the Univer-
sity's national image and scour the coun-
try. The result is a football roster which
this year contains an equal distribution
of in-state and out-of-state residents.
When officials seek contributions, they
offer alumni the same "national" image.
The University is about to launch a mas-
sive fund drive which will ferret out the
old grands and tell them that the cam-
pus at Ann Arbor is still the great na-
tional and international center it was
years ago.
BUT THE UNIVERSITY must stop fool-
ing itself. The educational purpose of
this institution is being short-changed.
There is no need to re-hash the advan-
tages of cross-fertilization gained from a
diverse student body. Nor is it necessary
to recount the achievements of alumni
across the world who flourished (and
who made the University flourish) by
submitting and hearing other viewpoints.
On the basis of past reputation, the
'University may continue to cram its
classrooms with the best faculty drawn
from worldwide sources. It may find, on,
the basis of objective criteria, a brilliant
student body taken entirely from the high
schools of Michigan.
But this combination will not mesh ef-
fectively. Knowledge, even when gleaned
from the widest possible sources, cannot
expand when it falls on six students from
one city and four more from one of its
suburbs in the same classroom.
THE UNIVERSITY must come to grips
with itself and with the Legislature on
a policy to reduce the in-state flow.
The valuable concept of a cosmopoli-
tan university must not be pushed aside
by the lure of the dollar.
-LAURENCE KIRSHBAUM

By WALTER LIPPMANN
WHILE THE general rule has
been to avoid letting foreign
policy become entangled in this
vicious campaign, the appearance
of the new government in Great
Britain raised question which re-
quired an immediate response in
Washington.
The first was the British mone-
tary crisis which has been build-
ing up for some months and would
have had to be dealt with by
drastic measures whichever party
won the election. The other great
matter has been what to do about
the nuclear problem within the
NATO alliance.
In both matters the administra-
tion has acted promptly and, it
seems to me, wisely in that it has
put the need for order and sta-
bility ahead of its preconceptions
and its previous commitments.
* * *
THE BRITISH have had mone-
tary troubles since the first world
war destroyed their great inter-
national creditor position. After
the second world war the crises
became chronic. Britain has not
been able except at intervals to
earn enough by her exports to
pay for her imports. The certain
consequence of this deficit in the
British balance of payments would,
if strong measures were not taken,
be a flight from the pound ster-
ling and a drain on the British
gold reserves which would result
in a new round of currency de-
valuation and world-wide finan-
cial instability.
In previous crises of this sort,
the remedy used was to throttle
demand at home by tightening
bank credit and other deflation-
ary measures. The remedy chosen
by Harold Wilson is to discourage
imports by imposing a surcharge
on imports and to stimulate ex-
ports by tax incentives at home.
The Wilson remedy runs against
the ideology of free trade. But it
is meant to be temporary, and if
it works the Wilson government
will have the time to inaugurate
the program for the modernization
of British industry, which is the
only lasting cure for Britain's
financial troubles. The alterna-
tive, which would be to deflate
and bring about unemployment
and capital idleness, is in the
modern world as unsound econom-
ically as it is politically suicidal.
The Treasury and the State
Department, which have been kept
fully informed from London, have
accepted the British measures
gracefully and cordially, as is fit-
ting in dealing with a tried and
trusted friend.
* * *
THE OTHER MATTER on which
the administration has had to
take a decision arises out of the
complicated confusion about nu-
clear weapons within the NATO
alliance. There is the great Ameri-
can nuclear deterrent, which is
at least 90 per cent of all the
nuclear forces in the West. There
is General de Gaulle's small nu-
clear force. There is Britain's
small nuclear force. And there is
the yearning of the West Ger-
mans, so it is assumed in some of
the recesses of the State Depart-
ment, for some contact with the
nuclear weapons which by treaty
they are solemnly forbidden to
possess.
And so, a number of thinkers

ELECTION PREDICTIONS:
Important Contests in Illinois

Faculty Committees Are.

. .

if. Bad
TWO WEEKS AGO Prof. Marvin Fel-
heim, writing in the faculty series for
The Daily, decried the proliferation of
committees to solve University problems.
"Where in the picture is there a place
for the emotional and intellectual com-
mitments without which there can be no
teaching, no learning, no true scholar-
ship?" he asked.
The Research Policy Subcommittee of
the University Senate has a solution. "To
facilitate broad faculty participation in
the creation of new research centers and
institutes," it called yesterday for the
appointment of "ad hoc faculty commit-
tees to investigate the purposes in estab-
lishing such units."
Not just one but several committees.
As Felheim said, "We don't lead and plan,
we react." Are 'these committees really
going to solve the problem or are they
part of it?
-R. JOHNSTON
.Good
IF INDEED THE FACULTY is ever to
"lead and plan" instead of just react-
ing to events, it must rise from its col-
lective behind and assume a place in the
decision-making process in this Univer-
sity.
In the matter of establishing new re-
search centers and institutes, faculty
members will have no choice but to. react
-always futilely-if they are not repre-
sented in the setting up of such units.
And the futility of their reaction - the
faculty members' lack of both influence

where vehicles of faculty influence have
not existed previously is in itself justifica-
tion for their establishment.
THE DANGERS, of course, lie in the
possibility that faculty will stop with
such committees. For while the fact that
these committees would be new justifies
their existence, it does not necessarily
ensure that the committees will do as
much as might be done. It does not en-
sure that they will generate Prof. Fel-
heim's "emotional and intellectual com-
mitments without which there can be no
teaching, no learning, no true scholar-
ship."
At this point the burden rests, natural-
ly, with the members of the committees.
They must have the will to be as com-
mitted, as emotional as they can. Only
to the extent that they are bothersome
to the research administrators will they
do this.
The pessimistic view seems to be that
the members could not even do this, since
the committee form is somehow inher-
ently ineffective.
THEY WILL SAY, for instance, that the
faculty can only lead and plan if it
alone is given authority to set up new
centers and institutes. Granted, full au-
thority would be better than partial au-
thority. If you can get it. And if you
can't (or if, as is the case here, it wouldn't
be desirable), does it then follow that
partial authority must not be granted
simply because it is partial?
But the most important point is that
the committees proposed will not nec-
essarily be ineffective. While the re-
search office can always, of course, ig-
nore their recommendations, they would
be authorized to speak on all the possi-
ble issues involved in new research units.

By CAL SKINNER, JR.
and HAROLD WOLMAN
IF PRESENT TRENDS continue,
both President Johnson and
Governor Otto Kerner will carry
Illinois, according to the usually
reliable Chicago Sun-Times straw
poll.
Although Kerner is expected to
trail Johnson by some ten per-
centage points, the President's
coattails should be long enough
to pull the lackluster incumbent
back in for another four years.
This will also sweep away the
Presidential dreams of challenger
Charles H. Percy, the business-
man's businessman.
In what is probably the most
important electoral contest in the
country for Republicans outside of
the Presidency itself, moderate
Republicans across the country
will be watching to see if their
wing of the party is to enjoy a
comeback in the heart of Gold-
water country or if their hopes for
recapture of the party will suffer
a decided setback.
IRONCALLY the fate of mod-
erate Republicans' aspirations lies
in the hands of their factional
enemy, Sen. Barry Goldwater.
They have done all that man can
do in an election to boost Percy's
chances of victory.
The outcome of the guberna-
torial race depends on how much
Percy support a drowning Gold-
water will drag down with him on
November third. Have Percy and
his followers been pyramiding
their political resources for the
past sixteen months to no avail?
Running for his first elective
office, Percy and his photogenic
family set out on the county fair
circuit the summer before last to
gain a political base from which
to win the April Republican pri-
mary. He made headway in mak-
ing his name familiar, but Secre-
tary of State Charles F. Carpen-
tier had what seemed an insur-
mountable advantage: his name
appeared on every Illinois driver's
license. Combined with the some
3000 patronage workers he com-
manded, the Percy volunteers just
didn't seem to have a chance.
* * *
AS THE DEADLINE for filing
for the primary drew near, Car-
pentier stepped out because of a
heart attack. This left Percy as
the only major candidate until
the Old Guard rushed in with
William Scott, 36-year-old State
Treasurer-a Goldwaterite all the
way-to beat down "the represen-
tative of the Eastern Establish-
ment." Carpentier threw his sup-
port to Percy and it was all over.
Percy won 2-1.
Meanwhile, because most of the
energy of the Goldwater support-
ers was diverted to Scott's cam-
paign, Goldwater polled a dis-
appointing 47 per cent of all Re-
publican primary ballots cast.
* * *
EVEN THOUGH the Democrats
had no contests, the turn out in
their primary was surprisingly
high. Unlike the Republicans,
the Democrats of Illinois are

East St. Louis makes a formidable
opponent for any state-wide can-
didate. Added to this is the tra-
ditional increment awarded all in-
cumbants by downstaters. With
the defections generated by Gold-
water's candidacy, the problem be-
comes monumental.
* * *
AND GOLDWATER'S candidacy
is exactly the issue that is hurt-
ing Percy most. In accordance
with his pre-primary promise,
Percy voted with the majority of
the Illinois delegation for Gold-
water at the Republican conven-
tion, which was led by Senator
Everett Dirksen. Kerner is now
making political hay among the
moderate Republican grass roots,
charging that Percy deserted his
moral duty by supporting Gold-
water. Percy responds by charging
that Kerner is a mere appendage
of the Daley dinosaur-the tail
end to be exact.
Besides his positive, "Mr. Clean"
image, Percy has but one other
issue going for him. Although
Kerner's administration has been
quite honest compared with recent
Republican administrations, dur-
ing the past three weeks Theordore
Issacs, Kerner's campaign mana-
ger and closest aide, has been
charged with conflict of interest.

The only way in which Percy
might pull out a victory is if the
Issacs case should develop into a
scandal, implementing Kerner in
some way other than mere associ-
ation-an unlikely situation. In
the meantime, however, the Mar-
shall Field papers and the Tribune
have been giving the issue much
more coverage than it deserves.
Sources close to the scene believe
this slanting of the news may be
producing a "swmpathy vote" for
the Governor, perhaps explaining
Kerner's rising support. Thus, a
minor scandal may be rebounding
to Kerner's advantage.
" * *
IN ADDITION, Kerner has been
having better luck convincing the
Illinois electorate that "a vote
for Percy is a vote for Goldwater."
Campaigning in this manner is
the only way that Kerner stands
a chance of getting elected, for
although he has done nothing
wrong; he has very few outstand-
ing achievements to point to. His
mental health program is good
and he has attracted new industry
to Illinois, but he does not have
the dynamism that his opponent
exudes. Like most other Demo-
cratic candidates this year, he
must depend on Johnson's help
and the anti-Goldwater vote.

in the State Department dreamed
up a scheme, known as MLF,
which stands for "multilateral
force." They sold the scheme part-
ly, but not wholly to President
John Kennedy. When President
Lyndon Johnson took over, he in-
herited the MLF as part of the
Kennedy program.
The only country in NATO
which has been willing to let
itself be seriously interested in the
scheme has been West Germany.
France will have none of it. Brit-
ain has always been opposed,
though possibly a conservative
government might reluctantly
have been drawn into it. The
Italian government hates to say
yes and wishes it dared say no.
T H I S MISCONCEIVED and
misbegotten scheme has been
evaded and avoided in Europe
since it was first put forward.
But during the past few months
it has become disturbing both to
relations between East and West
and to the solidarity of the NATO
alliance itself. Its overzealous sup-
porters at the intermediate levels
of the administration decided they
could secure the agreement of a
reluctant Britain by winning the
support of the Germans, the
Dutch and possibly the Italians.
The British would then come in
because they would not liketo be
left out in the cold. SomeGer-
mans, most unwisely, were tempted
by the mirage of replacing Britain
as the closest ally of the United
States.
Butwhen it appeared from
Bonn that within the NATO al-
liance there might be formed an
inner alliance between Germany
and the United States, the idea
had to be disavowed from Wash-
ington. For a special German-
American alliance in nuclear
weapons would make a shambles
of NATO and chaos of Western
relations with Eastern Europe.
The advent of the Wilson gov-
ernment has coincided with the
realization in the upper levels of
the administration that there was
nothing to be gained by pushing
and that a pause for reflection
would be refreshing. The new
British foreign secretary, Gordon
Walker, came to Washington this
week, and he seems to have had
no difficulty In persuading the
administration to agree that the
working out of a satisfactory solu-
tion of the problems of nuclear
power and command is something
that requires time, and that there
is no emergency which requires a
crash solution.
THUS, the channels of com-
munication between London and
Washington are open, which is a
good augury for the days to come.
(c) 194, The Washington Post Co.
LETTERS:
Sororty
Finances5
To the Editor:
FOUL,MR. EDITOR! As finan-
cial advisor to one of the soror-
ities attacked in your October 15
article on Phi Mu's lamented de-
parture, I am moved to protest.
The long range financial health
of the chapter is my particular re-
sponsibility and hence I feel qual-
ified to state that no one has
"reported financial difficulties" to
Miss Wickins because there are
none. Our budget is balanced, our
credit is good, and charges to the
members have not been increased.
True, Miss Wickins states in
her October 21 letter that "all
the sororities on this campus are
currently financially solvent" but
she doesn't explain how she came
to be mistaken the previous week.
Buried in seven paragraphs of phi-

losophy in the letters column her
retraction, if it was so intended,
hardly counteracts the damage
done by the original front page
misstatement.
In these instances The Daily
quite properly reported what the
reporter was told. True, the facts
were not checked with the groups
involved, but it was reasonable to
assume that Miss Wickins was
informed on sorority matters.
FOR THE OCTOBER 20 article,
however, I must hold The Daily
responsible. Two groups chose, for
reasons I do not fully understand,
to bare their financial souls to
The Daily. The third group is
therefore smeared because they
"refused to release any figures."
By implication, there must be
something to hide. Whatever hap-
pened to the ancient theory that
the burden of proof is on the
accuser?
Kappa Delta is a private organi-
zation. We value highly the in-
dividual freedoms which are part
of our American heritage. One of
those freedoms is the right of
privacy. Our private financial
business is fully reported to the
University and to our banker, both
of whom have a legitimate interest
anrd tenth, of wrhom resect ouri

i

I

I

4

I

4

'L'AV VENTURA':
Revises Viewers' Expectations

WE HAVE BEEN conditioned
by a cinema that retains es-
sential features of traditional dra-
matic and narrative forms, that
takes its cues from the well-made
play and novel. As a result, first
exposure to Antonioni's art left a
taste of innovation. Character was
not revealed in the action, if ac-
tion is defined in terms of plot
and denouement, conflict, climax
and resolution.
"L'Avventura" compelled us to
re-educate our expectations. Plot
becomes less important than char-
acter. Character is revealed, not
in terms of a horizontal move-
ment in the action, but in a ver-
tical accretion of detail and meta-
phor.
IT IS FOUR YEARS since
"L'Avventura" was hissed at Can-
nes and then awarded a consola-
tion prize for the "beauty of its
images." We have had a chance
to see the second and third films
of Antonioni's trilogy, and "Il
Grido," an earlier film, finally
has been distributed in this coun-
try. When one re-examines "L'Av-
ventura," then, the taste of in-
novation is less intense; the ap-
propriate set of expectations has
been established. Initial convic-
tion that this film is a genuine
masterpiece is only confirmed.
It should now be possible to
discuss "L'Avventura" with less
attention to the audacity of its
innovation, with less emphasis on
Antonioni's re-casting of cinema-
tic language. The genius of "L'Av-

A group of wealthy Romans-
including Sandro, an architect,
Anna, his lover, and Claudia, her
best friend, go on a yachting trip
in the South. Anna disappears
from the party. The rest of the
picture takes up the search, as
Sandro's love de-crystallizes and
Claudia finds herself becoming
more and more involved with him.
In terms of the surface action,
"the adventure" is a search for
Anna. And such a search does in-
volve action in a literal sense. The
important thing to note, however,
is Sandro's inability to engage in
this action. His interest in Claudia,
as in the poule at the end of the
film, is easily aroused-and the
search becomes something quite
different. It is in this sense that
a narrative technique shorn of
plot, shorn of resolution in terms
of surface action, is perfectly ap-
propriate.
*-, *
MORE SPECIFICALLY, Sandro
is incapable of creative action.
Late in the film a member of the
group calls him a romantic. This
term registers, not because Sandro
might be in the garden waiting for
dawn, but in a more pejorative
sense. Antonioni comments on his
characters in terms of an aesthetic
scale: a member of the yachting
party clumsily drops an antique
objet d'art;a seventeen year old
painter seduces a middle-aged
cliche in the midst of his can-
vasses-ludicrous, but pointed.
Agrair,,+ a.ha~rnknrnf thh;~

EACH SEQUENCE in "L'Avven-
tura" is a recapitulation of this
kind of comment. Another ex-
ample: Sandro walks, looking at
the architecture of Noto. He no-
tices a student copying a design on
one of the buildings. When the
boy leaves his drawing for a mo-
ment, Sandro absently swings his
key chain and knocks over a bottle
of ink, ruining the drawing. The
boy protests, Sandro asks him how
old he is: "Twenty-three? When I
was twenty-three I looked for
fights too. And I looked harder
than you." Faced with the reality
of another's creative action, San-
dro's only resource is destruction.
The adventure of the title, then,
is not the search, nor is it San-
dro's adventure. Claudia com-
ments at one point that her
childhood was reasonable-that is,
"poor." It is interesting to note
that Antonioni is a Marxist, if
only because "L'Avventura" is so
emphatically non-Marxist
The adventure below the surface
action can be characterized as
spiritual. It is marked by a broad-
ening of Claudia's moral perspec-
tive as she is exposed to the
malaise of an age. She has a fine
sensibility-providing the only
genuinely lyrical moments of the
film.
THE DEPICTION of Claudia is
more convincing than the suggest-
ed explanation of her authenticity.
And this is true of the film as a
whole. Antonioni does not need

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