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October 11, 1964 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-10-11

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_. _ ,n _,




'Black Belt' Plan Seeks

Voter Registration

By ROBERTA POLLACK "The purpose of the Freedom'
"The profound mistake of the Democratic Party was to bringI
"Th pro oundem nisake ofthe more accurate representation to
civil rights movement is that it the Democratic convention. Un-
does not recognize that the prob- fortunately, President Lyndon B.
lems it fights are not peculiar to Johnson didn't want the delegates
the Negro, but are ills of the to be seated because it would

-Associated Press
Demonstrations for a "free Quebec" occurred as Queen Elizabeth of Great Britain visited that prov-
ince yesterday. Greeted with shouts of "Quebec Libre" (Free Quebec) and "Le Quebec au Quebecois"
(Quebec for the Quebecers), she pleaded for respect for divergent points of view. "This country is
the meeting place of two great civilizations, each contributing its own genius and quality. These
qualities are not contradictory, but complement one another," she said.

whole nation," Stokey Carmichael,
a Southern leader in the civil
rights movement, said recently.
Carmichael spoke before a
Friends of SNCC meeting where
he enumerated the "ills of the na-
tion" and described the "Black
Belt" program, an effort to regis-
ter Negro voters.
The program is designed to re-
cruit students into the South to
help -register the 800,000 unregis-
tered Negro voters in the belt
which stretches from the coast of
Virginia to Mississippi and Ar-
kansas, Carmichael said.
To be registered, an applicant
is shown a passage of the con-
stitution. One question requires
an interpretation of that passage.
Another question asks the appli-
cant to interpret the "duties" of a
citizen, he explained.
"Who decides the legitimacy
of the answer? The county regis-
trar. And if the Negro is able to,
pass this rigorous exam, his namel
appears in the paper for two weeks
so that the white community boy-
cotts him. People are afraid to
register," Carmichael said.
It is even feasible for a white
citizen to' have a Negro's registra-
tion nullified by telling the regis-
trar that the individual in ques-
i al

jeopardize the Southern vote,"
Carmichael said, expressing great

In reference to the Negro's in-
ability to influence governmental
action, Carmichael quoted one
worker: "Somehow you get the
feeling that decisions are made at
the to: and then sold at the bot-
tom." Carmichael indicated that
the public's impotence was not
limited to minority groups like the
Negroes. He said most of the
populationfaced a similar in-
ability to direct the actions of
their representatives.
The area of housing and high
rent is another problem he desig-
nated exis-s not only for the Ne-
gro, but also for a large percentage
of the white population. Accord-
ing to Carmichael, "These prob-
lems are accentuated for the Negro
because he is at the bottom of the
economic ladder and because he
is discriminated against. He feels
the strain, and he feels it hard."
Carmichael also described the
cotton cycle schools that still exist
in the south. "Students are in
school during the hot summers
and are out by the middle of Sep-
tember so they can pick cotton.
The student is trained only in
cotton-picking-he knows nothing
else. When he becomes dissatis-
fied, he leaves and migrates to the
city, and what can he do there?
He has never received a skilled
education and yet has to compete
for jobs."
The number of jobs for unskilled
laborers is dwindling and he ends
up in a ghetto, involved in vice
, illegal matters to make a liv-
ing," he added.
Technology and automation will
not create more jobs, and this is
true not only for the Negro, but
also for his white counter-part.
The need is for skilled laborers

who have been trained or educated
to fulfill certain functions, he said.
College Financing
"Financial burdens make it vir-
tually impossible for many to get
a higher education, however.
Those in college today are from
families with an above average
income or are gifted enough to
receive scholarships. The Negro,
because he is at the bottom of the
social ladder, finds the problems
much more acute."
Drawing a conclusion from these
two situations he asked, "How can
this nation - demand skilled labor
and higher education, but not pro-
vide it? The nation, as long as the
demand exists, should provide the
opportunity of higher education
for everybody."
In view of this situation, Car-
michael explained why it was
necessary for the Negro to take
concerted, organized action. "Up
until the 1954 Supreme Court de-

cision, no decision had ever been
passed favorable to the Negro. If
people had not demonstrated, no-
thing would have happened then
either. It was not until James
Meredith tried to get into Mis-
sissippi and people began demon-
strating, that conditions improved
at all."
Fair Demonstration
In this light he justified the
stall-in that had been planned by
Negro leaders to create confusion
at the World's Fair.
"Everybody denounced t h a t
stall-in, but nobody tried to find
out why it was planned. Here were
millions of dollars being spent on
a world extravaganza when there
is no money for houses, schools,
and jobs. No one stopped to say
anything about that, they only
said the fair would increase world
brotherhood. That's right, pay two
dollars to get in and watch world
brotherhood grow."



Tieant Hints Delay in UN Start


dissatisfaction with the complex-
ion of the political scene.
Plea to Students
Carmichael appealed to students
to take two weeks off from school
between Oct. 18 and Oct. 26 to
help register the Southern Negroes.
"Before we deal with the issues we
have to have a say in our govern-
ment," he said.
WMU To Seek.



'" B Th Assciaes Pesstionis mmor
By The Associated Press Security Council Thursday. It call- postponement seemed implausible "We've ma
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. -ed for the enforcement of Ar- because of the rigid U.S. and ambiguous qu
Secretary-General U Thant yes- ticle 19 of the UN charter which Soviet stands. tionnaires int
terday revived the possibilty of provides that members two years However, in his replies yester- ties," he said
postponing the opening of the in arrears shall lose their assembly day, he was seen as injecting a Misre
General Assembly here to resolve vt . . new note of optimism that a
the 'dispute over peace-keeping The Soviet delegate, Nikolai settlement might be reached be- The registr
costs. The date is currently set Federenko, answered this docu- fore the U.S. follows its stated are directly r
for Nov. 10. ment Friday assailing the U.S. intensions to take the fight to the and national
Thant, responding to reporters for its insistence that the "illegal" assembly on the first day. misrepresenta
inquiries as he arrived f orerk, peace-keeping operations be sup- "If there is a prospect of some Eastland (D-:
said a few weeks delay might be ported.Soviets refuse to pay their t of compromise formula-if Cengressthe
"useful" if there was a good chance arrears of $52.6 million on the there is a definite prospect-then folk, Va. 72 p
of conciliation between the Unit- arrears o 5 mt ony the I think a postponement of a few population do
ed States and Soviet Russia on grounds that only the Security weeks might be useful," he said. of the populat
thi isue.Council may initiate and finance "I may perhaps come out with 48 hp cent
this issue.peace-keeping activities. The gen- I ia ten toe t 48 per cent is
The dispute hinges on Soviet re- WMU has a proposed total some idea then to break the dead-it is black," C
fusal to foot their assessed por- for both emergency forces, al- lock, he added.
tion of the costs for'maintaining though the security council had Against Delay Icthf sc
UN emergency forces in the Con- given initial authorization to the A U.S. spokesman said the ad- trict Of Missi
go and Middle East. Congo force. ministration continues to oppose a Party is putt
U.S. Position After the memorandum and postponement which has been sug- for elec
U.S. ositin Afer th memrendtedndpreviously. The delay. would IWhitney who
The U.S. position was outlined in counter-attack by the Soviets, U lastd frvowwsly to day month. gressnfrey
a memorandum submitted to the Thant declared Friday that the The administration contends 68 per cente
the issue is not bilateral, but a Negro and mo
Sproblem between those countries registered. Ne
which have not paid their assess- cent of the vo
W orld Nvs ounaments and the rest of the UN in an election
members. The purpos(
Itowants all the pressure on the is to have the
By The Associated Press Russians now to get them to pay. resent the pe
The Russians threaten to with- "A congressm
DETROIT-A special three-man panel created by Gov. George draw from the organization if 000 a year
Romney to attempt to settle the 89-day old Detroit newspaper strike their tote is rescinded. poverty is. He
has terminated negotiations with no settlement in view. I The Soviet Union and nine other living in a slu
Included in the panel were Prof. Russell A. Smith of the Law countries ae two years behind in resents the l
School, Bishop Richard S. Emrich of the Episcopal diocese of Mich- their UN dues. Carmichael d
igan and Wayne State University President Clarence Hilberry. - -
Hilberry said the group is preparing a statement which will
include recommendations for further action.IEVERYONE INTEREST

naged to get some
uestions off the ques-
two Mississippi ooun-I

Sunday, October 11

7:30 P.M

ation manipulations$
eflected in the state .
I representation or
tion. Senator James Sfl 4
Miss) is returned to
a vote of five per KALAMA2
population. In Nor- for a 60 per
er cent of the voting funds for W
esn't vote. 63 per cent versity for tl
tion is unregistered- was on its
unregistered because terday.
"armichael indicated. The WMU
nd congressional dis- newly indepe
ssippi, the Freedom new state c
ting a Mrs. Hamer the state fo
ion against James compares to
has served in Con- the 1964-65 s
ears. In this district, WMU ha
of the population is budget of $1
ost of whom are un- 66 as again
ver more than 20 per million budge
ting population votes The truste
n, he said. the request
e of the registration while Wester
representatives rep- utation for 8
eople of their state. in operation,
an who makes $25,- omy which i
doesn't know what changes the;
e doesn't know what-
m is. He hardly rep-
eople of the South," FROM

ate Funds
ZOO OP)- - A request
cent increase in state
estern Michigan Uni-
he 1965-66 school year
way to Lansing yes-
board of trustees, a
enent group under the
onstitution, is asking
r $12.3 million. This
the $7.7 million for
chool year.
s a proposal total
15.6 million for 1965-
st the present $10.6
es said in support of
for larger funds that
n Michigan has a rep-
a low cost per student
s, this is "false econ-
n the long run short-

Multipurpose Room, UGLI





LONDON - Britain's Labor Party last night appeared to be
strengthening its chances of seizing victory in Thursday's national
A Gallup poll put the Labor lead now at 6 per cent.
This-if borne out at the polls-would be more than enough to
wipe out the Conservative voting margin in the House of Commons

and give Britain its first Socialist
administration in 13 years.
NICOSIA - The Turkish Army
contingent on Cyprus has asked
Turkey to parachute fuel and
other supplies to its base unless;
the Greek Cypriot government
eases rationing restrictions on the
650-man unit.
Airdrops would mean violation
of Cyprus airspace rules.

- ____ __ _f 4 a i

Come to an Organizational Meeting

This un-syndicated column re-
fleets one aspect of the concern
for current social and religious
issues that is felt at Northside
Presbyterian Church, which meets
in the Phi Chi Medical Fraternity
Building, 2250 Fuller Road, Ann
Arbor. Another aspect of that con-
cern may be observed in regular
discussions of those issues follow-
ing the 10:45 a.m. Sunday worship
service of Northside Pres, to which
the public is invited.
* * *

Evenings b

NO 8-8878
by Appointment


4:00 p.m.,

Room 3D, Union

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Probably the place where you
and I-as members of an aca-
effectively help the colored per-
son is in the area of education.
This includes a variety of pos-
In the first place, we can be
watch-dogs to see that laws
about non-discrimination
against race, color, or creed in
admissions to schools, in hiring,
and in housing in this commu-
nity are not infringed.
On the positivee side, we can
create an atmosphere of ac-
ceptance so that the Negro will
feel accepted as a human being
into our academic and social
Some, who have lived un-
der depressed for so long, may
require convincing that they
are humans, and that they pos-
sess as much dignity and po-
tential as anyone else.
Special tutorial projects, de-
signed to enable' culturally-de-
prived individuals to compete
successfully with those in their
broader peer groups, are an-
other means of educational as-
sistance for thesse people.
Finally, we need to attack an-
other problem directly. Isn't
prejudice the result of feelings
of insecurity or other appre-
hensions arising from misun-
derstanding? If so, then we
need to challenge qualified in-
dividuals in anthropology, ge-
netics, sociology, and other per-
tinent areas to write articles
to quash misconceptions in
these areas with respect to the
Negro. Such articles, aimed at

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