WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 7, 3964
THE MICHIGAN DAIIN
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Soviets Accuse West of Spying
Tshombe Abandons Hid To Crash
Conference of Nonaligned Nations
CAIRO (M--The Congo's Premier Moise Tshombe abandoned last
night his attempt to crash the Conference of Nonaligned Nations after
being told he would not be accepted.
From a suburban palace where he had been kept under virtual
house arrest through the day, Tshombe announced he would leave
immediately for the Congo.
Among the most frequently mentioned reasons for Tshombe's
exclusion were his uses of white mercenaries in combat while he was
trying secede from the Congo as president of the rich province of
Katanga and again since he has become premier at Leopoldville. He'
has been widely accused of serv-
ing as a stooge and promoting
In a bitter statement issued
through an aide, Tshombe de-
nounced what he called the "at-
mosphere inspired by certain del-
egates" and rejected the conten-
tion that his presence would in-
terfere with an attempt to end
civil war in the Congo.
Tshombe also sent an angry
letter to President Abdel Gam-
el Nasser complaining, "I am a
prisoner of my host." He said he
had been cut off from all commu-
nication with the outside world
and even had difficulty getting in
touch with the Congo embassy.
A delegation from the confer-
ence brought word of the ban to
Tshombe at the walled Aruba pal-
ace in suburban Heliopolis earlier
yesterday. They said he would
not be admitted but that Congo
President Joseph Kasavubu wouldf
be most welcome.
MOSCOW (MP)-The Soviet Un-
ion charged yesterday that three
United States military attaches
and a British attache searched
by Russian authorities in the Kha-
barovsk incident were spying. It
was officially hinted they may
be barred from the country.
Russia said the men had taken
900 pictures and filled 26 note-
books during a train trip from
Moscow to the Soviet Far East,
and had thus "engaged in espion-
The foreign ministry announc-
ed it rejected protests by the Unit-
ed States and Britain against what
the two Western allies Monday
called flagrant violations of the
attaches' diplomatic status.
U.S. authorities, rejecting the
accusation of espionage, made it
clear thatntheydid not regard
the Russian charge as a reply.
The American embassy said the
accusation, made in notes relayed
to London and Washington, "was
not responsive to our serious pro-
The Western powers charged the
Russians violated the attaches'
diplomatic immunity by holding
them for about four hours in their
hotel rooms at the Siberian city of
Khabarovsk Sept. 28-29, search-
ing their effects and confiscating
some of their personal belongings,
including a wrist watch.
The four are Lt. Cmdr. Nigel
N. Laville, assistant British naval
attache in Moscow; Col. George A.
Aubrey, the U.S. military attache;
Lt. Col. Karl R. Liewer, Aubrey's
assistant, and Maj. James F.
Smith, an assistant U.S. air at-
Pause in Khabarovsk
They had paused in Khabarovsk
on their wal by train across Si-
Local Plant Problems
Hinder GM Settlement
DETROIT (P)-Chances for an A spot check of union locals
early end of a nationwide United around the country indicated the
Auto Workers strike against Gen- mood of the workers fit the UAW's
eral Motors dimmed yesterday as slogan of "solidarity forever."
negotiations on local plant de- In announcing the national
mands moved at a slow pace. agreement on both economic and
Some local UAW officials pre- non-economic issues, GM Vice-
dicted it might take at least two President Louis G. Seaton said the
weeks to settle their problems and company had agreed to send a
get workers back on assembly letter to all general managers eas-
lines. ing the problem of workers who
Production of GM's 1965 auto- have worked overtime for a long
mobiles was halted when the un- period and want to take time off.
ion pulled more than a quarter-
million workers off their iobs Sent.
AMERICAN AND BRITISH ATTACHES, who are accused by
Soviet officials of espionage activities arrive in Hong Kong yes-
terday en route to Moscow. Their hotel rooms in Siberia were
invaded and searched by Soviets last week.
beria on a trip that has since
taken them to Tokyo and Hong
Kong. They were scheduled to
return to Moscow after a visit
later this week to New Delhi.
By The Associated Press
PRETORIA, South Africa-An-
glican Church leaders in this gov-
ernment headquarters city have
decided to drop all forms of church
apartheid (race segregation) with-
in their diocese, the South Afri-
can Press Association reported yes-
In towns where previously
there were separate churches for
whites and nonwhites, all Angli-
cans will become members of one
parish directed by an integrated
Cites Chan es
In Viet Cong
War Tactie s
SAIGON (M)--A United States
military spokesman said yester-
day the Communist Viet Cong ap-
parently has switched the empha-
his of its campaign from mili-
tary to political means, especial-
ly since the August riots in Saigon.
"Obviously, the military activi-
ties during September were not
decisive one way or the other,"
he said. "Ever since the riots in
Saigon one gets the impression
that the Viet Cong have not
staked their future on the mili-
tary side. They probably are ac-
tve in many other fields.
"There continue to be unfor-
tunate ambushes, but that will
continue to be the case as long
as they control large chunks of
the countryside from which very
little intelligence is forthcoming
and tactical troops are forced back
on their own devices."
Despite new charges by Pre-
mier Nguyen Khanh's government
that regular North Vietnamese
units are moving into South Viet
Nam, the spokesman said U.S au-
thorities have no evidence of sig-
nificant increases in infiltration.
Another high American military
source said he believes the Viet
Cong now knows it cannot win
militarily and is concentrating on
political channels. He said it is
possible the Red guerrillas who
in the past have fought with
rifles may now be armed with
clubs as city rioters.
At the same time the spokesman
said Viet Cong roadblocks and
checkpoints have been established
along key roads closer to Saigon
than ever before--in some cases
within 10 miles.
The monthly military statistics
released by U.S. sources, continued
to look bleak. Government person-
nel losses for September-3,240
killed, wounded or missing - were
more than twice as high as esti-
mates of Viet Cong losses. And
the Viet Cong captured nearly
three times as many weapons from
the government as vice versa.
The Soviet protest said confis-
cated material, including more
than 900 pictures and material in
26 notebooks, showed the attaches
had engaged in espionage, "gross-
ly violating the universally ac-
cepted standards of conduct of
The foreign ministry said it "re-
serves the right to return to the
question of the possibility of the
further stay (of the four) in the
The Soviet Union, in preferring
such charges against Westerners
in past cases, has declared them
persona non grata (unwelcome)
and forced them to leave.
Meanwhile, the three U.S. mili-
tary attaches and a British naval
attache whose hotel rooms in Si-
beria were invaded by Soviet offi-
cials last week are still refusing
to talk to newsmen about the inci-
The four men arrived yesterday
in Hong Kong. Earlier, in Tokyo,
they were kept away from news-
A U.S. embassy official in Tokyo
said they would leave Hong Kong
tomorrow and spend that night in
New Delhi before returning to
their posts in Moscow.
The U.S. State Department in
Washington revealed the hotel
room incident Monday.
Few New Settlements
Despite tentative agreement
Monday on national contract
terms, only two new local-level
working agreements were report-
ed in the 24 hours following na-
Another 115 still remained to
be resolved at 130 GM plants
around the nation, and workers
are not expected to return until
the bulk of these have been set-
In 1961, after GM and the
UAW reached agreement on na-
tional level issues, local strikes
kept the company shut another 11
260,000 on Strike
In calling this year's strike, the
UAW ordered out about 260,000
of the company's hourly-rated
employes. Layoffs of another 20,-
000 by the company brought the
idled to 280,000.
Following selective strike strat-
egy, the union did not include in
its strike call those workers em-
ployed at GM plants which sell
parts and accessories to the firm's
chief rivals-Ford and Chrysler.
But layoffs hit those plants any-
way as the backlog of extra parts
began to fill warehouses.
land remember, only Bass makes weeJugwO
While a cordon of Egyptian
police surrounded the building, lVatican
'Tshombe watched the conference
proceedings on television.
Tshombe's brief Egyptian in-
terlude began w:hen he arrived4
in Cairo before dawn aboard a
scheduled Ethiopian airliner from
Athens after his chartered jet was
denied permission to land Mon-
Egyptian officials at the Hello-
polis Airport hurriedly consulted
with Cairo, then escorted Tshom-
be and his party to the palace.
Tshombe was told then he could
leave it only to leave the country.
Heads of the professed neutral'
states and governments met dur-
ing the day, then issued a com-
munique on a no-questions-asked
basis. The statement never refer-
red to the Congo leader as pre-
mier, only as Moise Tshombe.
The communique said:
"Following deliberation of all
aspects under consideration, the
meeting decided that participation
of Tshombe would be inopportune
as long as the organization of
African unity's Congo ad hoc
committee ... has not fulfilled sat-
isfactorily the mandate entrusted
VATICAN CITY (P-The Vati- w h i t e and nonwhite church
can Ecumenical Council yesterday council,
advanced its drive for Christian In its move away from Apar-
unity past another milestone, vot- theid practices, the diocesan gynod
ing approval for Roman Catholics has now decided to integrate par-
to pray with other Christians. ishes and missions and to discon-
It was a major switch in cen- tinue salary differences between
turies-old Roman Catholic policy white and nonwhite ministers.
against joint worship with non-
Although the emphasis was on CORBODA, Argentina - A mob
common prayers to invoke union of 3000 Peronist demonstrators
of Christians, the provision in a closed around a car carrying Pres-
council schema on Christian unity ident Charles de Gaulle of France
opened the way for bishops to and President Arturo Illia of Ar-
permit common worship under gentina yesterday and broke up
limited circumstances, their motorcade.
In other votes on the unity - * *
schema, the council fathers ap- WASHINGTON-The Teamsters
proved organized public contacts Union says its treasury may be
between Catholics and other Chris- virtually drained fighting a suit
tians to work for unity and agreed by members to recover huge legal
that Catholics everywhere must fees it spent to defend President
undergo a "conversion of heart" James R. Hoffa and other union
toward others. officials in criminal cases.
The Young Lovers
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The committee referred to was
formed to pacify the Congo. It
sent a special delegation to Wash-
ington late last month to request
the United States to cease supply-
ing arms to the Congo.
' In other conference activity,
President Ahmed Sukarno -of In-
donesia called for unification of
the world's nonaligned nations. He
asked them to develop militarily
to struggle against "colonialism in
a new cloak."
Campaigning to crush the Brit-
ish-backed Malaysia Federation,
he pictured "colonialists and im-
perialists" as preying on what
he called the newly emerging forc-
es and underdeveloped nations.
With outside forces disturbing
the peace of Viet Nam, Laos and
"so-called Malaysia," Southeast
Asia is a "turbulent sea of in-
stability," Sukarno declared, add-
ing that the same thing is hap-
pening in Yemen, the Congo and
Friday, Oct. 9
Music by the AMBLERS
Only Bass Makes Weejuns*
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_____ ____________ -~9iI
First Hand Report
Thursday . . . 8:00 p.m.
The CINEMA GUILD Presents
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The black 'n white
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camel and black.
In black and white
from MR. TOM TURNER,
Associate Secretary for WUS International
in Geneva, Switzerland on
out by jacket and
'slim skirt duo in a
blend ... each
"WEEJUNS"-the magic name in
loafers. We are out of most sizes
at present, but will have a ship-
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