Workers Battle ClosedMississippi Socie
"Mississippi is a totalitarian state that survives only because
it is part of a larger system. It is truly a 'closed society,' walled
in by fear, ignorance, intolerance and restrictive government."
This is the conclusion reached by Sam Walker, '65, one of
six students back in Ann Arbor after spending the summer with
the Council of Federated Organizations' Mississippi Summer
" Project. COFO's civil-rights effort there has focused national
attention on Mississippi in recent months.
Other COFO workers in Ann Arbor at the moment are Diane
Runkle, '65; Barry Goldstein, grad; Eugene Ericksen, grad; Peter
Werner, grad; and Thomas Rowe, a Rhodes Scholar who will be
studying -at Oxford, 'England for the next two years.
The six worked in several cities, ranging from Gulfport, a
relatively moderate tourist town, to McComb, a center of hard-
core segregation which is heavily influenced by the Ku Klux Klan.
COFO's activities included teaching in "freedom schools," working
on voter registration and recruiting members for the Freedom
Two of the students became involved in court action; one
The COFO workers arrived in Ann Arbor reporting a feeling
of satisfaction of having helped "at least a little bit" in the
fight to make racial equality a fact in Mississippi. They also
brought back awareness of the difficulty and complexity of the
struggle that remains.
Negro Adults 'Defeated by System'
"A major problem of the Negro revolution in Mississippi is
the attitude of the Negroes themselves," Walker said. "The adults
have been defeated by the. system.
"They are uneducated and afraid of both violence and
economic reprisal. They lack political experience and thus do
not realize their potential for self-help through political action,
Many have taken refuge in religion, accepting suffering in this
world while looking forward to happiness in the next."
One of COFO's aims is to overcome this defeatist attitude.
As Ericksen expressed it, "We want to get the people to consider
their problems in the light of what they can do about them."
'Raise Level of Self-Respect'
The freedom schools are a means to this end. "The idea
behind the schools is to raise the level of self-respect through
achievement,? Werner remarked. "There are indications that they
were successful with the limited number of people who were able
Werner, who is working on a masters degree in physics,
taught math, science, music and Negro history in Hattiesburg
and McComb. He described his students as warm, frier
of widely varied intelligence and educational background
"There has been no compulsory education in Mississip
1954, and, before this fall, no racial integration on the ele
and secondary level. Many Negro children drop out of sct
early to go to work. Not much effort is made to inspire ti
stay in the Negro schools. Some do achieve, but most
passed on from grade to grade regardless of how little tl
Some freedom schools will continue operation thro
fall, staffed with local people and a nucleus of COFO vo
.who are staying in Mississippi. However, the autumn's
be focused primarily on other areas, such as voter reg
and development of the Freedom Democratic Party. Ti
fields comprised an important second phase of COFO's
activity. Miss Runkle, Ericksen, Rowe and Goldstein wor
clusively with them, and Walker and Werner participat
"At the beginning of the summer, we concentrated
registration," Miss Runkle commented. "We would go fr
to door in Negro neighborhoods, explaining registration
the people, persuading them to apply for registration and
them transportation to the courthouse.
See COFO, Page 2
COFO WORKERS relax outside one of the organization's make-
shift local offices. This one, located in moderate Gulfport, Miss.,
finds several opportunities for action. Its efforts are largely
directed toward improvements in working conditions and free-
dom from exhorbitant rent payments for local Negroes..
Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
Mild with occasional showers
exp ected Monday
I VOL. LXXV, No. 19
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1964
Democrats Pick Derengoski
. . .
TWO OF THE IMPORTANT nominations in yesterday's conven-
tions were: Sen. William Milliken (left) of Traverse City, the GOP
candidate for lietuenant governor. Former Regent Donald' M.D.
Thurber (right) of Detroit, Democratic candidate for the State
Board of Education.
GOP Seleets Milhken
. . . G eC 1 en
As Romne ys Running Mate
DETROIT (P)-Sen. William MVilliken of Traverse City won the
Republican lieutenant governor nomination in a down-to-the-wire.
fight with House Speaker Allison Green at the GOP state convention.
Green, a veteran legislator, was nominated for secretary of state
minutes after he conceded the race to Milliken. The state GOP also
nominated Robert Briggs of Jackson and Alvin Bentley of Owosso
LANSING (AP) - Gubernatorial
candidate Neil Staebler, armed
with a hand-picked running mate,
Robert Derengoski, will lead Mich-
igan Democrats into the fall elec-
State convention delegates yes-
terday ratified decisions reached
by party leaders at a closed caucus
They picked Derengoski, the'
state solicitor general, as nominee
for lieutenant governor and went
down the line on the 12 education
They also awarded one of the I
eight nominations for the state
board of education to former Re-
gent Donald M. D. Thurber of
Secretary of State James Hare
and Atty. Gen. Frank Kelley were
renominated without opposition.
The leadership huddled until
dawn yesterday picking the slate
of education office candidates.
The board of education choices:
For eight year terms: Rev.
Charles Morton, Detroit; Edwin
Novak, Flint; for six-year terms:
Thomas J. Brennan, Detroit; Peter
Oppewall, Grand Rapids. For four-
year terms: Marilyn G. Kelley,
Albion; Carmen Delli Quadry,
Houghton. For two-year terms,
Donald Thurber, Detroit; Leon
The Democrats also nominated
candidates for two seats each on
the Wa3yne StateUniversity Board
of Governors and Michigan State
University Board of Trustees. The
For MSU: Clair White, Bay City,
troit, and William Hall, Detroit.
For WSU: Benjamin Rose, De-
and Frank Hartman, Flint.
By MARK KILLINGSWORTH
Special To The Daily
LANSING-The state Democrat-
'ic Convention yesterday afternoon
refused to seat delegates from
either the Rettinger or Lavan
factions of the ,ivingston Coun-
ty Democratic Party.
Edward Rettinger, the present
Livingston County chairman, and
Martin Lavan, whom Rettinger
and his group had ousted in 1962,
clashed in the Sept. 12 county
After a disturbance, the meet-
ing adjourned. A number of Lav-
an delegates claimed they "re-
convened" the convention at 11
p.m. the same night after one of
See DEMOCRATS, Page 3
By BRUCE WASSERMAN
The University received $500 mil-
lion in loan funds this week be-
cause of a special congressional
policy which releases educational
funds in emergencies.
The appropriations bill which
contains this year's ,allocation of
money for ,the National Defense
Education Act loan program has
not been signed into law yet.
The loan funds were made avail-
able because of the need of col-
lege students for money now that
school has started, a federal offi-
cial reported yesterday.
The appropriation bill for the
Health, Education and Welfare
Department has run late in Con-
gress because of the civil rights
filibuster and the national con-
John J. Pateros, financial man-
agement officer of the HEW dis-
closed yesterday that Congress
authorized the release of the funds
to the University indirectly.
This was done through its pol-
icy permitting emergency releases
The dental, medical and nursing
schools, however, have not re-
ceived any funds. Although the
loan money for these schools ih
included in the same $7 million
HEW appropriation bill, but thesc
funds cannot be appropriated un-
til the bill becomes law.
Not until Spring
This is because the loans foi
students in the health profession
cannot be allocated before the
signing of the appropriations bill.
Prof. John Gosling of the Med-
ical School expects about $150,000
when the bill is passed.. He re-
marked that priority would be giv-
en to freshmen in the Medica
School in the distrbuting of loans
He added, "A fair number of
people are going to Medical School
this year who would not have oth-
erwise gone because of the avail-
ability of these loans."
Associate Dean Robert Doerr of
the dental school said that he ex-
pects to receive about $78,000 in
More than 1,000 students here
received .over .$500,000 in NDEA
funds last year. Congress provided
$447,000. The remainder came
from matching and repayment
See OFFICIALS, Page 8
Of Flareup in Tonkin B~
By HAROLD WOLMAN
Special To The Daily
dent Richard Nixon .yesterday
urged Republicans to submerge
any ideological differences with
Sen. .Barry Goldwater and to
unite in support of the GOP
ticket at all levels.
Speaking before the state Re-
publican convention at Detroit,
Nixon said, "The question is, do
you want a man you disagree with
25 per cent. of the time, or oe
you disagre with 75 per cent of the
time? I say take Goldwater whom
you disagree with only 25 per cent
of the time."
Calling the 1964 election the
most important election of this
century, Nixon told the convention
that the national ticket must fighti
an uphill battle, but that victory
was -possible if the party could 'pull
The former Vice-President dis-
cussed the strength of the GOP
presidential ticket stressing that
Goldwater is currently an under.-
dog and that, as Harry Truman's
victory in 1948 demonstrated, the
American people like an underdog.:
He also expressed optimism that
the Arizona senator's image on
television would prove a decided
However, Nixon also indicated
that there were major problems
facing the GOP candidates. He
emphasized a chief hurdle as the
fact that too many Republicans
say they are going to vote for
Questioned about the defensive
as candidates for the new state
board of education.:
Both men had been prominently
mentioned as Gov. George Rom-
ney's choice for the vacant Re-
gental seat, opened by the death
of William McInally of Jackson.
Briggs, a former vice-president
at the University will be seeking
a six-year term on the state
board. Bentley, renowned author
of the "blue ribbon" interim re-
port on higher education, will be
trying for a eight-year term.
State law requires that the
board,. which will co-ordinate
higher - education finances, be
composed of tnembers serving
The state board choices:
For eight-year terms: Alvin
Bentley, Owosso, and James
O'Neil of Livonia; for six-year
terms: Robert Briggs, Jackson,
and Jack Kreger, Wyandotte; for
four-year terms: Bourke Lodewyk,
Bay City, and Mrs. Julian Hatton,
Grand Haven; for two-year terms:
Ellen Solomonson, Norway, and
Mrs. James Parker, Grand Rapids.
The Republicans also nominated
candidates for two seats each on
the Wayne State University Board
of Governors and Michigan State
University Board of Trustees. The
For Michigan State University:
Paul Bagwell, Grosse Pointe, and
J o h n Pingell, Grosse Pointe
For Wayne State University:
Charles Gershenson, Detroit, and
Wilber Brucker Jr., Detroit.
The Regents at the University
have no terms expiring until 1966.
Meanwhile, Meyer Warshawsky,
South Haven attorney defeated
Ingham County Prosecutor Leo
Farhat and Rockwell Gust of
Grosse Pointe, a former constitu-
UNITS OF THE United States Seventh Fleet were placed on special alert yesterday after reports of
a new flareup in the Gulf of Tonkon. The U.S. Aircraft Carrier Constellation (above) was assigned
to this area during the unsuccessful coup d'etat against the regime of Premier Nguyen Khanh last
MUSIC SCHOOL DEDICA TION:
Hatcer LnksArts Scince
University President H a r 1 a r
Hatcher yesterday linked the cur-
rent flourishing of music and art
to society's advancement of sci-
ence and technology.
Keynoting the dedication cere-
monies for the new music school
building on North Campus, Presi-
dent Hatcher declared that scien-
tific achievement "has been the
foundation for leisure" which fos-
ters musical appreciation.
He also awarded citations and
honorary degrees to prominent
Americans who have contributed
to the progress of ,the arts, in-
cluding composer-conductor Leon-
ard Bernstein and composer Aar-
By ROBERT SHEFFIELD
Dylan before an audience is very different from the Bobby back
stage. Last night, relaxing on a dressing table he added a few more
lines to the stories that one can never be sure of.
But as he said, '"If you can't get it from me where can you get
President Hatcher mentioned1
three , developments in the na-
tion which he said "are bril-
liantly represented by this school
of music, this building, and thisE
--A growth of new centers of'
culture which are not confined
to a few great cities, but are'
found -around university commu-
nities such as Ann Arbor.
-The spread of music educa-
tion throughout the public schoo?
system, enriching community life
and sending to schools of music
"a stream of talent that guaran-
tees the future -of the perform-
ing arts in the United States."
-The widespread "public hlap-
piness and concern for the arts'
in our time."
President Hatcher explained that.
"this building was not the muni-
ficent gift of a single individual
with a personal interest in music.
It came into being as an" expres-
sion of this widespread public
interest and conviction in the im-
portance of the arts in ;the life
of our time," he said.
Honored at the dedication were
Charles A. Sink, president of the,
Is Infterprete d
MOSCOW(QP-An official ver-
sion of Premier Nikita Khrush-
chev's speech on "Terrible Weap-
University Musical Society; Mrs
Aline B. Saarinen, art critic for
the "Today" television show; Aar-
on Copeland; earl V. Moore, dean
emeritus of the music school, and
Bernstein, conductor of the New
York Philharmonic Orchestra.
Later in Week
WASHINGTON -"(P)-The key
decision this year on starting a
Health Care program under Social
Security is expected to be reached
at a Senate-House conference
next Wednesday or Thursday.
Chances for adoption of the
program appear slim. But some of
its supporters among the 12 con-
ferees have cautioned newsmen.
not to write it off completely.
President Johnson reportedly.
has been urging that some form of
Social Security health provision be
included in the final bill.
The key member amxong the.
House conferees will be Rep. Wil-
bur D. Mills (D-Ark), chairman of
the conference and head of the
five-member House group.' The
four other representatives are split
on the issue. The crucial vote rests.
with Mills who has been .against
a program of this type tied to
Social Security in the past.
If Mills votes for the measure it
will mean the House conferees will
accept the Senate Health Care
Fails To Identify
Nationality of Craft
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara an-
nounced yesterday that two U.S.
destroyers opened fire on four un-
identified vessels which approach-
ed them Friday in the Gulf of
He thereby officially confirmed
nearly 22 hours after first report'
reached the Pentagon that there
has been a fresh flareup in the
waters off war-torn Viet Namn.
Reacting to the action, Com-
munist China early this morning
accused the United States of pre-
paring "to step over the brink of
war and commit new acts of war
against North Viet Nam." The
charge was contained in the Pe-
king Daily, the official Commu-
nist party organ.
A Chinese news broadcast from
Hanoi early yesterday morning
had reported heavy activity by
two U.S. warships. The broadcast
mentioned nothing about ten n-
volvement o 'f North Vietnamese
McNamara also did not iden-
tify the vessels. He did say, how-
ever, that they "menaced" the
American destroyers, indicating
"hostile intent" because of "their
dispositions, courses and speed."
But at no point in the secre-
tary's 147-word statement did he
indicate that the four vessels fired
at the American destroyers.
The Pentagon chief said the in-
cident occurred at night. He did
not stay for questions after read-
ing his statement to newsmen at
Later, a Pentagon source whc
specified that he not be Identi-
fied, said McNamara's report "ap-
parently closed the incident for
all practical purposes."
Elsewhere, though, the incident
was anything but closed.
Foreign Minister Xuan Thuy
of North Viet Nam said the U.S.
government "must bear full re-
sponsibility for all serious conse-
quences" arising from it.
The Red Chinese interpreted
the flareup in broader terms,
charging "this is not an isolated
incident." Their newspaper state-
ment cited the recent recall of
Ambassador to Saigon Maxwell
Taylor and recent stepped-up war-
ship and aircraft activity as pre-
texts "for new acts of war."
The incident in Tonkin Bay ap-
parently occurred at 9:30 p.m.
Vietnamese time (8:30 a.m. Ann
He spoke of the evolution of his name. It went from Zimmerman,
"the last name of my first father," to Dillon, "a family name," to
With only a few personal engagements, he spends his time writ-
ing "a book, a play, a movie, and an opera." When pressed for a
release date he said that when they come out it will be "all at once,
and I'll be very tired." He has been working on his book for two years.
Every one of his albums has sold more copies than those before
:; . ti;:...r...