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April 14, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-04-14

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Literary College



EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first of a two-part series on teaching
fellows at the University.
The greatest influence on the undergraduate's educational
experience during his first few years at the University is the teach-
ing fellow, that blend of student and teacher who dominates the
freshman and sophomore classrooms.
Confronted with bulging lectures, impersonal speakers and
busy faculty, the undergraduate finds respite in the smaller reci-
tations, taught in most cases by teaching fellows.
In the literary college, the teaching fellows compose 30 per
cent of the teaching staff, figured on an equivalent basis. Although
there are approximately 550 teaching fellows, the number is re-
duced to 291.4 full-time equivalent teaching fellows, since their
teaching load is a fraction of full-time.
Steady Rise
Figures indicate a steady rise in teaching fellows at the Uni-
versity. According to Robert P. Sauve, assistant to the dean of the
literary college, there were only four teaching fellows in 1933. The
figure rose gradually till the end of the war, when the first large

enrollment increases occurred as soldiers returned to fill the class-
Almost all the teaching fellows teach freshman-sophomore
level courses. In English 123, for example, 85 per cent of the classes
are headed by teaching fellows. Of the 2000 elections made by
students in the German department, half are headed by teaching
fellows. In beginning chemistry courses, teaching fellows are in
charge of the labs and recitations.
What then is the teaching fellow, with whom the undergrad-
uate is at one time or another involved? He is a graduate student
who is learning to teach as he learns what to teach and who is
helping to pay his way through school on a modest salary.
After PhD
A large number of teaching fellows in the literary college plan
to teach after their PhD. The figures run from "virtually all" in
the English, German and romance languages departments to about
"a half or three-quarters" in the chemistry department. The
science departments indicate a slightly lower prospective teacher
percentage while the percentage in the humanities is quite high.
In the area of finances, the teaching fellowship comes under
criticism. The teaching fellow in the literary college receives $784
for instructing one four-hour course for one, semester, according

to Prof. Clarence Pott of the German department. Thus, a teach-
ing fellow in the German department. Thus, a teaching fellow in
the German department who instructs two sections of four-hour
courses for two semesters would receive $3,136.
Average Salary
In addition, a teaching fellow has the privilege of paying in-
state fees, which amount to $350 per year, a saving of $650 to the
out-of-state graduate student. In general, the department heads
select $2,350 as the average teaching fellow's salary. This covers
a six-hour teaching load for two semesters.
"The general feeling is that we are falling slightly behind" in
comparison with several other universities in salaries for teaching
fellows, Sauve commented. A recent survey of universities across
the country by the University of Oklahoma showed $2200 as the
median stipend for the average "graduate assistant." The fellow-
ships ranged from a maximum of $3600 for experienced half-time
graduate assistants to $1200 for a nine month, half-time graduate
In a more specific survey by the University's mathematics
department, the salaries here are compared to other institutions.
Using $2350 for a six-hour week minus a $290 tuition payment,
the net salary of $2060 for University teaching fellows in mathe-

matics falls behind Berkeley by $290, Illinois by $340 and Wiscon-
sin by $197. The report estimates "that our greatest competition"
comes from these three schools.
Pay Raise
The University hopes to offset this deficit next year with a
slight pay raise for teaching fellows. Sauve said "there probably
will be a pay raise" of about five per cent. This figure was included
in the 10 per cent salary increase submitted in the budget to the
legislature. Sauve indicated the increment would strengthen the
University's competitive position in the fellowship field.
The teaching fellow is limited by a literary college tenure
rule to four years of instruction. Various departments estimate
most teaching fellows stay between two and three years, depend-
ing upon their abilities and the department's needs.
Prof. Leon H. Mayhew of the sociology department said "we
tend not to want to use a teaching fellow more than two years."
He indicated that in their third year, graduate students whom the
department wished to keep were promoted to pre-doctoral in-
The teaching load during these years varies according to de-
partments. In English, the teaching fellow usually teaches nine
See TEACHING, Page 2

See Editorial Page


4.Alt t a
r4 n


Mild with chance
of showers

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom



Propose Revisions of ELI Policy.
By CAROL COHEN students in dining, social and ath- can customs and life at the Uni-

'U' Towers Evokes Conflict

A group of American students
and English Language Institute
students met in Wenley House,
West Quadrangle, yesterday and
decided to send a letter of com-
plaint to John Catford, director
of the English Language Institute,
and Eugene Haun, director of
University Residence Halls. The
letter expressed discontent with
present policies concerning the
relationship between the Univer-
sity and the ELI students.
The major change proposed by
the group is the elimination of the
University regulation prohibiting
American and foreign students
from sharing rooms in the dormi-
tories. This restriction, which
gives the University a protective
role, is considered a major factor
in the isolation of the ELI stu-
A second proposal asks the
University to provide more infor-
mation to all the students in order
to promote integrated activities.
It is aimed at ending the separa-
tion between ELI and American

letic activities as well as in the
dormitory rooms.
Big Brother
Also proposed is a "big brother"
program within the residence halls
led by an international chairman
in each of the men's houses. This
program would be a function of
the house government along with
its social and academic affairs.
Yesterday's meeting was the
first occasion that the ELI stu-
dents gathered to voice this dis-
content. One student expressed
the feelings of many when he
said, "We want to be friends with
the Americans, so we can learn
English and get to know their
customs. We came here to meet
Americans, not to stay just with
other foreign students."
They also showed regret over
the lack of communication be-
tween themselves and the Ameri-
can students and emphasized the
value of living together as a means
to close this gap. Living together,
they said, would enable them to
get an accurate picture of Ameri-

Students Blamed
The blame for this situation was
placed with the American and
ELI students as well as with the
All three groups must take an
active part in integrating the for-
eign students into the University
community, they agreed. Especial-
ly important is a program to pub-
licize the opportunities through
which this can be done.
One student cited the custom
of reserving special tables for the
ELI students at the beginning of
the semester, thus setting a pre-
cedent for continued separation.
Improve Relationships
The students felt that meal
times were good opportunities for
improving relationships and re-
sented this obstacle to their inte-
gration in the residence halls.
Another situation of this type
also mentioned concerned the
residence halls. While American
students are introduced to their
house mothers and resident ad-
visors, the ELI students have
little or no contact with the staff.
This must be corrected if the
ELI students are to be considered
equal with the other residents of
the dorms, they said.
Language Barrier
The language barrier was not
considered a major problem.
As one ELI student said, "We
can help you with your Spanish
and in turn you can give us help
in English."
ELI students also expressed
hope that in the future they will
be able to participate in the intra-
mural athletic program as mem-
bers of their respective housing
This, too, would be an integrat-I
ing factor, they said.

University Towers, the high-.
rise apartment building at
South University and Forest,
has periodically been the sub-
ject of charges and counter-
Every few weeks an anony-
mous charge is made that the
construction will not be ready
for occupancy by the beginning
of the fall term. Each charge is
answered by a reassurance from
Robert E. Weaver, co-owner of
the building, that construction
will be finished by August 15.
Although Weaver expects the
building to be finished within
an 11-month period after the
beginning of construction last
fall, Ann Arbor architects, con-
struction companies, and com-
munity planning authorities
have given estimates of any-
where from 14 to 24 months.
Pessimistic Outlook
One architect who has had
experience in the construction
of high-rise apartment build-
ings in other cities has estimat-
ed that construction can be
finished only if work proceeds
around the clock and if no un-
expected holdups occur. An-
other admits the possibility of
completion of only the first
three or four floors.
Although many people in
architecture and construction
have refused to offer an opinion
due to lack of information, no
person in these fields, with the
exception of those connected
with the high-rise, have yet
publicly affirmed Weaver's pre-
The Office of Student Affairs
has prohibited junior women
from signing agreements to
lease until construction is fin-
ished. Both that office and

the Student Government Coun-
cil's Off-Campus Housing Com-
mittee have advised students
not to gamble on completion of
the building.
Students Committed
Despite these statements
over 300 students had already
signed agreements to lease, and
deposits now total over $9000.
The owners plan to lease to 450
students before the completion
of the building. According to
the lease the student has the
right to break the agreement if
the building is not ready for
occupancy by August 10, but
most authorities doubt if this
number of students could find
adequate residences as late as
the beginning of the fall semes-
One University official be-
lieves that these students could
be temporarily housed in East-
ern Michigan University dor-
mitories which would not be in.
use at that time. Placing the
students in local motels is an-
other possibility. Weaver has
denied that either of these pos-
sibilities have been considered.
Many students have been
concerned with the use of the
Critical Construction Plan by
which progress of construction
is assessed and a date of com-
pletion is projected. This plan
has been used in Ann Arbor
only once in the past. Accord-
ing to Weaver and an Ann Ar-
bor architect this is because
few Ann Arbor construction
projects have been of the mag-
nitude which would make this
plan of practical value.
No Delay
Weaver also believes that
there will be no summer holdup
due to a shortage of skilled
labor in Ann Arbor. Already

the builders have brought labor
in from other states and, ac-
cording to Weaver, the number
will be expanded if necessary.
One Ann Arbor authority chal-
lenges the possibility of such
action because of the nation-
wide building boom expected
this summer.
One architect doubts Wea-
ver's sincerity when he promises
to bring in labor, to work extra
shifts, and other problems in-
volved in a work speedup. Ac-
cording to this architect the
extra costs would be unfeasible
especially since the owners
have little to lose if the building
is not ready for occupancy on
schedule. The owners would
only have to repay the deposits
which are in a separate escrow
account without accompanying
penalty payments. The apart-
ments could still be rented after
completion with little loss to
the owners.
Criticize Design
Local architects have also
been especially critical of the
design of the high-rise, have
called it an ugly monster and
have claimed that the style is
out-dated by at least 35 years.
These critics would have de-
signed the building in a "Z"
shape -rather than in its pres-
ent "U" shape. put it back fur-
ther from the sidewalk leaving
room for landscape, and design-
ed to lie on only two lots leav-
ing the third free for a swim-
ming pool, rather than using
the full three lots to build an
aesthetically pleasing building.
The fourth lot is under a dif-
ferent zoning classification and
would have required a provision
for parking facilities. They will
be provided for now, although
not as originally planned.

Coordination on
Protest Outlined
Faculty from Seven Colleges To
Help Implement Teach-In Plan
The Faculty-Student Committee To Stop the War in Viet Nam
will form an inter-university conference to help the committee co-
ordinate its proposed national teach-in.
Leaders of the committee saw the division of work among seven
different universities as the best way to overcome problems of money
and manpower which had threatened to cripple their teach-in plans.
The formation of this conference and other details of the teach-in
were discussed yesterday in a meeting attended by about 90 people,

IFC Plans Picnic, Slides
For Pre-Fall Semester Rush
Interfraternity Council is planning an experimental project for
this summer which may become a semi-annual event for pre-
semester rush. A slide program for use in mass rush meetings and,
with administration approval, in conjunction with the University's
summer orientation program, is also being formulated.
This summer's special project is a picnic to be held by IFC,
at a forest preserve in the Chicago area. Fall freshmen and their

New History
Courses Deal
With Science
A new series of courses
history of science will be of
ed beginning with the fall t
of 1965.
The new courses, to be of
ed by the history department
upperclassmen and graduates,
be open to all students.
"The courses will be espec
useful to students in the nat
or social sciences," Prof. J
Bowditch, the department ch
man, said.
Courses Added
Two courses, History 593
594, are being prepared for
fall semester. More adva
courses on the history of scie
including courses on the grade
level, are now being planned
the winter term of 1965-66.
History 593, the first course
ing offered this fall, is histor
science up to 1500. It will inc
the development of scien
ideas from antiquity to 1500
the emphasis on Greek contr
tions, the transmission of
ence through Islam and medi
developments leading to the sc
tific revolution.
The course will also cover
organization of science, chant
ideas of scientific method,
conceptual developments in
principal branches of science.
Science Since 1500
History 594 is history of
ence since 1500. The course
include the development of sc

---parents will be ir
pose of the picnic
general introducti
tion to the Univ
student point of v
per, '66, IFC trey
"We plan to set
booths with repr
the University. as
in nity members to
ffer- and their parents
term to expect when t
fall," IFC Rush
ffer- ard Van House,
for formation will foc
will athletics, social1
activities in Ann
ially "We will havea
ural Chicago to see h(
[ohn it may be expan
lair- for next summer
plan somethingJ
mesters in the
and people an idea
the like at the Uni
nced said.

nvited. The pur-
is to provide "a
on and orienta-
ersity from the
iew, Robert Tep-
asurer, said yes-
on Booths
t up information
esentatives from
well as frater-
give freshmen
an idea of what

CenterFocuses on Conflict Management

approximately 40 of them faculty
They agreed that the confer-
ence should be under the control
of the Faculty-Student Committee
and should serve mainly as a
means of implementing the pres-
ent plans for the teach-in.
Delegations invited so far are
from Columbia University, Har-
vard University, the University of
Wisconsin, Michigan State Uni-
versity, Washington University
and the University of Chicago.
Monday, members of the Fac-
ulty-Student Committee had con-
tacted colleagues at each of these
universities who might be inter-
ested in participating in the teach-
in. All except Harvard and Wash-
ington have definitely replied, but
committee members say they are
sure that all will send from one
to three delegates each to the con-
ference which will be held Satur-
day in Ann Arbor.
The Faculty-Student Committee
has been considering the possibil-
ity of affiliation with other uni-
versities for a long time, and has
been in contact with them ever
since its own teach-in March 24
when it began organizing and en-
couraging teach-ins at other cam-
Answer Doubts
But after Saturday's meeting,
where members expressed serious
doubts that the committee could
handle cost and time expenses of
the national teach-in by itself, it
became clear to committee lead-
ers that close affiliation would
solve many of the problems.
At the meeting Saturday, the
biggest problem appeared to be
one of time. Faculty members,
said that they could not spend
more than 20-25 hours a week on
the national teach-in because of
their academic duties.
The cooperation of people from
seven universities would allow the
Faculty-Student Committee to di-
vide the work and responsibility
among other people.
Another problem that threaten-
ed to cripple teach-in plans was
money. The fund-raising will
probably also be divided among
the conference members, especial-
ly since there are representatives
from the relatively rich and active
Boston, New York and Chicago
Specific Plans
The specific plans .which the
University delegation will present
to the people from other univer-
sities on students was also dis-
Previously, the committee had
set May 8 as the target date for
the teach-in, but now are consid-
ering May 15 and May 22 as well
because of the double problem of
preparation time and exam sched-
ules of .various schools.
Six University faculty members
will be on the inter--niersitev

SDS Protest
March Nears
Final Stage
The March on Washington to
end the war in Viet Nam is pick-
ing up momentum at the Univer-
sity as April 17, the date of the
march, draws closer.
Organized nationally by Stu-
dents for a Democratic Society,
"this march is one effective way
to make our government aware of
the extent of the popular protest
against the Viet Nam War," Roger
Manela, Grad, spokesman for the
University's chapter of SDSrsaid
"Well over 10,000 people are
expected to register their protest
against the war with buses com-
ing from as far as California,"
Manela said. A collection has pro-
vided the funds for the transpor-
tation of a group of Negro high
school students from Mississippi.
Reservations In
At this time, Manela said, over
130 people have made reservations
for the trip from the University.
He hoped that the University
would send a contingent of ap-
proximately 250.
The cost of the trip was orig-
inally set at $20 but donations
have decreased the cost by about
half, he said. Some individual
faculty from the Faculty-Student
Committee to End the War in
Viet Nam have contributed $720,
the cost of one bus, to enable stu-
dents who wish to come but can-
not possibly afford the trip.
University students, faculty,
Ann Arbor High School students
and Ann Arbor residents are
among those already signed up.
He strongly emphasized that the
march is "being coordinated by
SDS but is purely non-sectarian."
The range of those participating
will be from the "strongly mili-
tant" to those "only wishing to
express their concern" for the
present Viet Nam policy, he said.
The program in Washington will
include picketing of the White
House, a march down the Mall
to the Capitol Building and a
meeting with both student and
adult speakers. Those speaking
will be journalist I. F. Stone, Sen.
Ernest Gruening (D-Alaska), Bob
Parris, Student Non-Violent Co-
ordinating Committee field sec-
retary and director of the Mis-
sissippi Summer Project, Paul
Potter, president of SDS, and Iva
Pearce, a representative of the
Citizens United for Adeauate Wel-

hey arrive in the EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the search movement. According to
chairman Rich- first part in a threepart series on E Boulding, this can be divided into
'67E, said. In- Resolution. three intersecting movements;i
us on academics, conflict studies, international sys-i
life and general By BARBARA SEYFRIED tem studies, and peace research.9
Arbor. The purpose of the Center for
a pilot project in R pups~nlcRslto The conflict studies movement
Spilt poject nd Research on Conflict Resolution is the crystallization of a new
dedtworks, and refined is to take conflict and make it field of study in the social sciences1
r. We may also into a science, Prof. Kenneth E. based on the notion of conflictE
for between se- Boulding of the economics de- as an abstract system.
winter to give partment and research director of This movement focuses on the
of what life is the center explained. development of the growing body
versity," Tepper of conflict theory.
The research at the center Improvement of Study1
, however, is part of a larger re- A movement for the reform1

and improvement of the study of
international systems involves an
interdisciplinary approach bring-
ing economists, sociologists, psy-
chologists and anthropologists in-
to the field of international stud-
ies, as well as the more tradi-
tional political scientists and his-
torians, who dominated it in an.
earlier phase.
It involves applying modern
mathematical, statistical a n d
computer techniques to interna-
tional problems, somewhat in con-
trast to the more literary and his-

torical methods of the previous
The third movement, the peace
research movement proper, is
concerned with applied social
science, and is motivated primar-
ily by the question of finding out
what policies on the part of both
government and private organi-
zations increase the probability of
stable peace..
Set of Value Judgments
It involves a set of value judg-
ments rejecting the ultimate legi-
timacy of war and the institutions
which support it. It is differen-
tiated from a movement for peace
in that it claims that the prob-
lem of how to get peace is largely
unsolved-it seeks to use the re-
sources of the social sciences to
obtain more knowledge and bet-
ter answers to the question of
what policy to follow, Boulding
War is a means of testing real-
ity in the sense that communica-
tions that lead to erroneous
conclusions can precipitate an at-
tack. The outcome of a war also
depends upon the accuracy of the
information coming through the
system and the accuracy with
which it is evaluated.
The trouble with war as a
means of testing reality is that
war is obsolete, he added.
To help solve the problem of an
padpaitp infnrmatinn s v v s t em

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