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April 09, 1965 - Image 11

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-04-09

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I onorary Societies Have Long,

Colorful History

National honorary societies serve a valuable academic purpose
in stimulating academic excellence and intellectual endeavor.
Furthermore, they provide a common meeting ground for the
leading talents in a large number of professional and academic
Membership in these societies is highly prized through life
not only for the prestige attached to the groups but also for
the opportunity to retain life-long friendships with one's pro-
fessional peers.
Phi Beta Kappa
Perhaps the best known national honorary society is Phi
Beta Kappa, originally founded as a fraternity at William and
Mary College in 1776. At the time, it was a social club made up
of five students with all the features which characterize modern
fraternities-a ritual with secret obligations, a motto, a grip
and a badge ,in the form of a square silver medal displaying
on one side the Greek letters of its name and on the other side
the monogram SP for Societas Philosophica.
Phi Beta Kappa almost became a victim of the Revolutionary
War when William and Mary College was closed so that its
buildings could be occupied for military purposes by British,
French and American troops in rapid succession. However, a
grant made to one of its members in 1779 enabled the fraternity
to establish chapters at Harvard and Yale. Additional chapters

were opened at Dartmouth and other colleges.,
Sudden Change
The fraternity suddenly changed its character in 1826. From
a social organization it evolved into a nonsecret, purely honorary
society, admitting to its membership a certain proportion of the
scholars of highest standing. At that time, students in classical
studies were most often singled put for the honor.
Women were first elected to the society in 1875 at the
University of Vermont chapter and since that time they have
been admitted on the same basis as men.
In its modern form, Phi Beta Kappa has further altered
its character. No longer are students admitted solely on the basis
of high grades and academic performance. Instead, a search is
on for the "well-rounded" individual-the student who has done
respectably well in school but has also played prominent roles
in extra-curricular activities.
There are now more than 150 chapters of Phi Beta Kappa
with a total membership exceeding 150,000.
Story Repeated
The Phi Beta Kappa story has been repeated in a similar form
by a number of other major honorary societies such as Phi Kappa
Phi, Sigma Xi (for science), Tau Beta Pi (engineering), Alpha
Omega Alpha (medicine) and the Order of the Coif (law).
Professional fraternities serve a similar function to the
honorary societies: They often constitute vital forces for ideas,

experimentation and change in the fields they represent. Nearly
all major professions have their society or fraternity. They main-
tain chapter houses, hold conventidns, publish magazines, have
alumni associations and in many respects function like the
honorary societies.
An example of a thriving professional society is Sigma Delta
Chi, the journalism society. It presents awards to top writers
and broadcasters every year and holds conventions to analyze
developing trends in the field. Currently, it is engaged in a battle
to help preserve the rights of the press to cover trials and
interview witnesses.
Local Level
On the local level, prizes and awards at the University serve
a similar purpose-to stimulate high achievement and act as an
incentive for students. An additional important function is the
granting of financial aids to students who meet certain qualifica-
tions and demonstrate high potential in their field.
Although the many different awards and prizes are too
numerous to mention here, one outstanding example may be
cited. These are the University of Michigan Regents-Alumni
Scholarships, the major form of financial aid available to under-
These are awarded to one graduation senior in each accredited
high school in the state. 175 additional awards are given at large.
The award is given for the freshman year 'but can be renewed

provided the student maintains a 3.0 overall average.
Purpose of Award
The purpose of the award, as expressed by the Regents and
Alumni is "to contribute to the development of leadership and
productive citizenship in all parts of Michigan by making the
University's education resources more widely available to promis-
ing young men and women of the state and to help students of
ability who, without assistance, would find it difficult or impossible
to secure a university education."
Another well-publicized award is the Hopwood Prizes, given to
students who perform the best creative work in the fields of
dramatic Writing, fiction, poetry and the essay. By stipulation
of the donor, James Avery Hopwood (A.B. '05), "the new, the
unusual and the radical are to be especially encouraged." The
winners are selected by a special jury and awards totalling $8,500
are presented annually.
Special Awards
Special awards are presented in most schools of the University
as well as in the Graduate School. These are available in most
fields of concentration and usually comprise a sum of money
or a gift of books.
The students who will be honored today at the annual
Honors Convocation will be presented many of these awards, all
emphasizing the value and respect the University has for high
achievement in academic fields.


CYI rr

, iCit lau



Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom

VOL. LXXV, No. 162




aaFvvlfl I aTavnNI

Guest Serves Unique Role




Prince Bernhard of the Neth-
erlands holds a position that
dates back to the sixteenth
century: Yet, his interest and
foresight have made him one
of the most prominent ambas-
sadors of good will - econom-
ic and cultural - of the twen-
tieth century.
German born, he became
Prince in 1937 when he mar-
ried Juliana, then Princess of
Orange. Prince Bernhard as-
sumed Dutch nationality and
the rank of Captain in the
When Hitler's armies invad-
ed Holland on May 10, 1940,
Prince Bernhard evacuated the
Royal Family to England and
returned to the continent with
the army until the fall of
Returned to England
He then returned to Eng-
land and qualified as a pilot,
becoming the Chief Nether-
lands Liaison Officer with the
British Army. In 1944 he was
appointed Supreme Command-
er of the Netherlands Armed
After the war the Prince
played an important part in
the recovery of the Nether-
lands as Chairman of Joint
Chiefs of Staff, member of
the Council for Military Af-
fairs of the Realm and mem-
ber of the Joint Defense Coun-
Queen Wilhelmina, Juliana',
mother, who had come to the
throne in 1898 returned to her
native Holland in March 1945,
the first time in five years.
Less than half the country
was liberated at the time.
By 1947, life for the Prince
and Princess had returned to
normal. The cares of the
throne, though, b e g a n to
weigh more and more heavily
on the 68 year old queen.
In 1948. Queen Wilhelmina
abdicated the throne and Prin-
cess Juliana was inaugurated
Queen of the Netherlands.-
In her message to the Dutch
people, the Queen who had
served for a half century said,
"There is the burden of ad-

vancing years, a decline in vi-
tality, resistance and working
capacity, in physical strength
which is indispensable if the
mind is to make the right de-
cisions in the grave and intri-
cate problems of which there
ar only too many at the- pres-
ent time. I am faced with this
bare truth and although I am
always aware that man mere-

and much respect as they
moved quickly and graciously
from place to place in their
Michigan tour."
At 'the ceremony, the Queen
called the degree a token of.
"the lively friendship which
exists between our two na-
The Prince shares this sym-
bolic stature in his own coun-
try and abroad. He contribut-
ed greatly to post-war expan-
sion of Netherlands trade. Hi:
interests go beyond, however
the commercial well-being o
his country. He has a strong
interest in cultural, scientific
sports and European affairs.
The 1952 tour marked the
second time the University
played host to royalty. In No-
vember,h1949, His Majesty Mo-
hammed Reza Pahlavi, Shah
of Iran, spent a day in Ann
Since 1952 the only other
royalty to visit the University
has been His Imperial Majesty
Haile Selassie I, Emperor of
Ethiopia. On June 12, 1954,
President Hatcher conferred
upon him the Honorary Degree
r ctor of Civil Law. His Maj-
esty is the descendant of the
oldest, unbroken imperial line
in the entire world.
Prince Bernhard's address
this morning is entitled "The
Role of Universities in the
Free World."
Pfi-nen * rnhard is the found-
er and director of the Prince
Bernhard Fund for the
Advancement of Arts a n d
S-i-ne. in Netherlands and
is President of the European
Cultural Foundation.
Favorite Sport
Horse-back riding is the
Prince's favorite sport. He
serves as President of the In-
ternational Equestrian Feder-
ation. He still enjoys flying
too, and is an honorary mem-
ber of the Royal Aeronautical
The Prince makes several
trips abroad each year, pro-
moting both economic and
cultural interests of his coun-
try. Monday he is speaking at
the Detroit Economic Club on
the Common Market.

' Honors




ly proposes and God disposes,
I believe that I am acting in
the considered interests of you
all and of the State in entrust-
ing the country's rule to Juli-
ana, who has both wisdom and
the vigor of youth."
Came to Michigan
Queen Juliana came to
Michigan, heavily settled by
the Dutch in 1952, at which
time the University bestowed
upon her an Honorary Doctor
of Civil Law Degree.
The presentation in Rack-
ham Lecture hall culminated
the royal family's four day
tour of Michigan. At that time
the Daily reported, "Through-
out the marathon good-will
tour the royal pair's seemingly
tireless cheeerfulness a n d
down-to-earth manner have
brought enthusiastic greetings
from all those visited. Citizens
of Detroit, Grand Rapids,
Lansing, and Holland have
met them with little pomp

In 1925,
Prograin Limited
To Undergraduates
Honors convocations have been
held annually by the University
since the first one was instituted
May 13, 1924, by President Mar-
on LeRoy Burton. At these times
the University recognizes the un-
cergraduate stua(nts who earned
distinguished academic records in
its schools Pnd colt-ges.
Those students who have earn-
ed an all A or "four-point" record
for two consecutive semesters or
more are distinguished as. being
James B. Angell scholars and are
given a special place in the pro-
The honors edition of the Daily
originated in 1953 at the suggest-
ion of Secretary of the University
Erich A. Walter.
The Honors Convocation for
twenty years included both un-
dergraduate and graduate honors
students. "The program for the
convocation used to include the
recipients of fellowships and
scholarships for which students
would compete in all depart-
ments," Walter said.
Then in 1953 the program grew
too large, so the committee ap-
pointed Walter to investigate oth-
er methods of handling the sit-1
It was decided to eliminate:
members of the honorary societies
as well as the graduate honorsc
students from the program, mak-
ing the event entirely an under-c
graduate academic honors convo-f

HONORS STUDENTS are destined to play a major role in the "Great Society," an i
by President Lyndon B. Johnson at graduation ceremonies last May. Standing next
is University President Harlan Hatcher.
Evaluates Honors Prog

rn Today,
0 Academic
President Hatcher
To Preside; Award
Winners Also Cited
His Royal Highness Prince
Bernhard of The Netherlands will
deliver the address at the 42nd
annual honors convocation today
at 10:30 in Hill Aud.
Prince Bernhard will speak
about "The Role of Universities
in the Free World."
Today's convocation provides
official University recognition for
undergraduate students who have
received a 3.5 grade point aver-
age or better over the last two
dea first proposed semesters in any of the under-
to the President graduate schools and colleges of
the University. Freshmen are
judged only on " first-semester
Hatcher Presides
University President H a r I'a n
Hatcher will be presiding at the
a -m convocation.
In addition to honor students,
undergraduates are being recog-
nized in many other areas for
he success of hon- superior achievement. Initiates to
Hunt House and the many campus honorary socie-
se in South Quad- ties and recipients of special
come honors units awards and scholarships are list-
ed in the honors edition of The
e taken by Honors Daly.
e seen in the new Usually the Committee on the
y magazine, Offset, Honors Convocation is made up of
pired and directed three deans, two students, and two
ege honors pupils. ex-officio members, but this year
Council, through its there are three students on the
directors, is always committee. The members are Dean
new methods to David M. French of the Flint
ied needs accord- College, Dean William Haber of
He pointed to the the literary college, Dean Rhoda
ng Program as an R. Russell of the nursing school,
h innovation. Secretary of the University Erich
A. Walter, ex-officio; Director of
i the Office of Registration and
A SRecords Edward G. Groesbeck, ex-
officio; Meredith Lynne Palmer,
r r'65; Mark Sutton, '65, and Mack
rogramn Sutton, '65.
Appoints Members
rnalism President Hatcher appoints the
deans on the committee and also
Council recently selects the students from a list
posal for an honors submitted to him by Student Gov-
ournalism concen- ernment Council.
w unusual qualifi- Convocation procedure is the
)mise. same now as when it originated
rogram will center 42 years ago. The Regents are
rial course which led by the President onto the
nts an opportunity stage, followed by the faculty, clad
journalism faculty in black robes and bright aca-
cuss a special read- demic hoods.
.nd write research
i After the processional and the
journalism student National Anthem, the honors stu-
t other courses in dents are presented, and the con-
, including the in- vocation address is delivered by a
rses on the history prominent figure, who is Prince
nd the courses on Bernhard this year.
ablish" which deals Following selections performed
free speech laws, by the University Men's Glee


> 1'43flnnl-iricr +lgA3 c rcfomcr CmMnhacic Pionnluza of +I-

By BF TZ KLIVANN enectm the systems empnasis
on academic excellence.
After eight years of fullfledged Largest Program
operation, the Honors Program, The Honors Program is "the
lenge Uritsygifted s attempts,t cha belargest and most comprehensive in
judged a success according to Prof. the country," according to Gordus.
Adlon Gordus, Associate Director It already offers close to "'220
AdthHonGorsAsuncil.eDr courses to the honors student. "I
of the Honors Council. don't know of another program
Gordus said that 95 to 98 per that has more than 50," says
cent of honors students continue Gordus.
their education after graduation Approximately 10-15 per cent
or participate in the Peace Corps, of incoihing freshmen are can-
didates for the Honors Program.
Admission is based on many fac-
tors, among which are the College
Board SAT score and the high
school record. Students at the
University may also enter the
program in a later term if they
accumulate a high grade point.


bceause o v
ors housing,
Frederick Hous
rangle will bet
in the fall.
The initiativ
students can b
campus literary
which was ins
by literary coll
The Honors t
students and d
searching for
satisfy diversif
ing to Gordus.
Summer Readi
example of suc
New P
In Jon

Teams Cop Big Ten Titles in Reco

By GIL SAMBERG venge for Roger Staubach's single- teams (athletic and academic). The1
handed annihilation of the Wol- and a New York Giants profes- is anE
I n th e h o m e a l ck e rro o n o
c verines the year before. sional contract because of his ef- L.S.&A.
Mfihigan's vennrabehd r1sernrts r_

Unified Science
Unifies Science Program
extension serving mostly
students and some En-

Michigan State Game forts. gineering students. Composed of,
monumnt, ost ieldHouse, is
a map of the United States with And after beating Michigan Also receiving national, honors two years of mathematics, physics, The Honors
the words "Follow the Wolver- State for the first time in seven was Bill Yearby. and chemistry, it attempts to es- approved a pro
nes Aroud the tioner- andyears in an away thriller, Michi- Tom Cecchini and Rick Volk tablish a strong foundation for program for j
Ines Aound the Nation . andgan went on to whip seven other rated regional and conference ac- scientific knowledge. In addition, trates who sho
This hasn't been a conference foes, while dropping a claim. a tutorial course offers the stu- cations and pr
Michigan athletics, it was yearTHE one-point decision to Purdue for lHoopsters dent an opportunity to serve as The honors p
year And pity the class of 1969 its only season loss. In basketball, Coach Dave a research assistant in a faculty around a tutc
yr. ndinBut the results of the confer- Strack brought back essentially member's project. will offer stude
for not having witnessed it. e re ot ece the same team which had made The Honors Program has also to meet withj
Michigan's teams retained their ence race were not to be decided basketball power for os members to dis
stranglehold on the Big Ten lea- before a last day toe-to-toe battle Mcia extended' into the field of music,
stageodo h i e e-the first time in the 1963-64 sea-', ing program ai
dership through the winter season with Ohio State at Columbus. the firstt ed in t 1air sa where top students may choose pro. m
for the fifth consecutive yearTheir10-w the Midwest Americas Bill Buntin and Cazzie honors concentration involving The honors
ThiA00wnimh Mdetsn phaedia ilby a ir fAl-hnr netation nvolvng paes. os
snow brought the Wolverines a num-rspcalrciasad i
picking up four championships out long-awaited Rose Bowleinvita Russell, the Blue held onto a num rected researchs will also select
of seven sports. logaatdRs oim It ber one national rating for~ most retdrserh the department
Revival of Power tion and a fourth-place national of the season and took second in The Honors Program is design-. troductory co
The revival of football power 964 an Icthe NCAA Tournament at Port- ed to supply the student with a of the press ar
in Ann Arbor opened up the 1964ic the cake land with an overall 24-4 season maximum exposure in depth to "Freedom to Pu
sports stampede. Bump Elliott's The tea i record. Two of their losses were by varied courses during sirst with obscenity,

.. '

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