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April 03, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-04-03

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Cooperative Bookstores Aim to Improve 5


DTOR' NOTE shi is AthAboe last of a two-hart series dealing with
the operations of Ann Arbor bookstores.
The controversy over book service and book prices in Ann Arbor
has raged for a long time, often furiously. Almost since the be-
ginning of time, there has been effort directed towards the estab-
lishment of University-sponsored bookstores and exchanges to
better the book services in Ann Arbor, and to lower their costs.
Yet, as of today, neither the University nor the student body
is operating a bookstore to compete in the Ann Arbor book market.
Many of those who have been involved closely with the attempts to
establish book operations through the official channels of the
University attribute a large part of the failure to the fact that no
officially University-sponsored book operation is allowed to handle
new books.
This ruling is based on a Regents' policy of 1929, whereby the
University was forbidden to "encourage or approve the establish-
ment of co-operative mercantile organizations within University
buildings or under circumstances that will give such enterprise
advantages in the way of lower rents, freedom from taxation, or
other co-operation on the part of the University."
Dems Compromise
On Tax Aid for Aged
Romney Demands Consideration
Of Pelham Report by Legislature

I By 1929, the Ann Arbor private book industry had been fairly
well established. The Regents apparently based the philosophical
justification for their policy forbidding University competition on
the fact that should the University enter into the retail book busi-
ness with the advantages of tax exemption, free heat, light, and
rent as well as relatively cheap student labor, private bookstore
owners would be in open-market competition with their own tax
dollars at an "unfair" business advantage.
This policy has apparently been attacked ceaselessly since its
inception, but it has remained unchanged. Many schools across the
country do have large scale, fully established cooperative bookstores
where new books are sold at a percentage reduction from list price,
and used books are exchanged with a lower percentage being kept
by the establishment.
For example, Harvard's coop, the oldest in the country, was
established in 1882. It carries clothes and other supplies as well
as books. The store runs on a profit, yet manages to save students
from 5-15 per cent on textbooks, and 10 per cent on law books.
This is largely the claim made by most of the coops around
the country. Some, such as the University of Minnesota's require
an initial membership fee. In addition, the savings to the student

are not, in most cases, passed on immediately in the form of across-
the-board lower prices. Usually the savings are distributed at the
end of the year as "patronage dividends."
Yet these "patronage dividends" do run into substantial
amounts-well over 10 per cent at Yale, Texas, and Stanford among
others. The costs of running a book establishment are great, and
university support is a great aid in overcoming them. For one
thing, state-supported institutions (with some exceptions) do not
pay taxes on their transactions.
This tax exemption, which has been enjoyed in the past by
University exchanges, has proved particularly galling to area book
merchants. Yet the Regents' ruling has, and still does, allow the
University's students to establish a book exchange with tax exemp-
tion, with University facilities, on University property-all the
benefits denied a new book enterprise.
Sellers and Agents
The theory behind allowing a University book exchange, while
forbidding it to sponsor a business in new texts as such is based on
the intrinsic difference between an establishment's buying and
selling an article, and merely acting as an agent in the exchange
between buyer and seller. In the exchange situation, the seller
{ irau

merely "places his trust" in the hands of the exchange to try to
get the asked price for the book, while the buyer is not the ex-
change itself, but the student who walks into the exchange, which
remains an impersonal agent.
Thus, the Regents deem exchanges outside the realm of their
ruling, as they apparently do not consider the book exchange a
form of direct competition.
Thus the exchanges have been allowed to exist-and exist they
have. The Union, since 1939, housed three separate exchanges, the
last one being turned back to the Student Government Council in
1959, after winding up some $200 in the red.
Varied Problems
The problems with running a book exchange are many and
varied. The Union bookstore failed, to quote Union business man-
ager Kunzell, "because of lack of student response and responsi-
bility." Because the Union is open until 12 each night, students
tended to disregard the fact that the book exchange itself was only
open to five. Thus many students left their books in a haphazard
manner all over the Union premises, expecting them to be picked

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom

A compromise between House and Senate Democrats yesterday
all but assured passage of a measure giving property tax relief to
senior citizens, even though Gov. George Romney hinted that the
bill might get no farther than his desk in its present form.
The present bill would cut property taxes for approximately
172,200 elderly homeowners by approximately $13.5 million. The
,' House removed coverage for renters from its relief bill in exchange

VOL. LXXV, No. 157






To Increase
Number Of
Honors Units
Honors Housing, now occupying
Frost and Blagdon Houses in Mary
Markley Hall, will be expanded
next year into South Quadrangle.
Eugene F. Haun, Director of
Residence Halls, said that Hunt
House for women and Frederick
House for men would become part
of the Honors Housing set-up.
Haun said that when freshmen
honor students make their choice
for Honors Housing or regular,
they will not indicate a difference
between South Quad and Markley.
The success of the program was
given as the reason for the en-
largement. "The commitment to
expand was implicit in the situa-
tion," said Haun.
A study conducted through
questionnaires was released early
last semester which evaluated the
' effectiveness of the unique hous-
ing arrangement. The evaluation
committee was headed by Profes-
sors Stephen and Rachel Kaplan
of the psychology department and
Susan L. Mann, '65.
The survey concluded that su-
perior students grouped together
in dormitory houses enjoy the
quadrangle life more than the
average resident.
This was reflected in facts that
showed 42 per cent of Blagdon
women desired to return, while in
the other three Markley houses,
only 20 per cent wished to return.
For the Frost House men, 44 per
cent wanted to return, while only
36 per cent of the average dormi-
tory residents expressed this de-
4 sire.
Kaplan described the housing as
"a congenial, intellectual atmos-
phere." Haun termed the program
an "unqualified success."
Several findings in the survey
indicated the program's success.
Both sexes found the atmosphere
more academic, more conductive to
studying, and less pressured so-

for a promise from the Senate
that a separatebill will be intro-
duced at a later date to give elder-
ly renters the same property tax
The legislative agreement came
just as Alfred Pelham, chairman
of Ronney's Study Commission on
Senior Citizen Tax Relief, was
presenting the committee report
to the governor.
Backs Report
Romney immediately announced
that he was fully behind the
committee's recommendations,
which include a $ 14-16 million
program of sliding-scale benefits
averaging $60 to both renters and
The House-Senate compromise
came when the two bodies seemed
deadlocked over whether or not
renters should be included in the
bill's coverage.
House Speaker Joseph Kowal-
ski (D-Detroit), who guided the
relief bill through the House pass-
age two weeks ago, said a House
caucus was not needed to consider
the apparent deadlock since "we
decided our position earlier."
Nearly Unanimous
Senate Majority Leader Ray-
Imond Dzendzel (D-Detroit) noted
Thursday that the nearly unani-
mous 33-1 vote in favor of the
Senate bill-which did not include
renters-left no room for com-
promise, and that if the House
did not agree with the Senate
plan, there would "be no senior
citizens' property tax relief."
But yesterday the House accept-
ed the compromise bill by a 101-0
vote. A move by Minority Leader
Robert W a 1 d r o n (R - Grosse
Pointe) to reconsider the vote de-
layed final action until next week.
"This will give every legislator
a chance to study the Pelham re-
port and make it possible to
amend the bill which is before
us so that it will include some of
t h e commission's recommenda-
tions," Waldron said. Romney also
said that the legislators should,
study the report before taking any
final action on the measure.
Praises Report
Romney praised the Pelham re-
port, saying I can't see any valid
reason for any action being taken
without careful consideration of
the study committee's report. Fea-
tures of it would obviously result
in a better plan.

To Stay
Edgar Harden, president of'
Northern Michigan University,
withdrew his resignation yester-
day, while Gov. George Romney
indicated that a NMU board mem-
ber will be replaced, probably Lin-
coln Frazier of Marquette.



Haber Maintains Teachers Must Search Focuses On

4 _ _rr. v.v . .,i ,.r ,.. . _ v v v a. v v v v. v v -aa. . . v v a.. " .- . ..+ ... . i. v v v v . v v v .a,.,+ v

Harden had turned in his resig-
nation at a board meeting last By JUDY STONEHILL
Friday after a dispute over gen-
eral administration with Frazier. "Teaching is the primary re-
Harden said that there was a sponsibility of the University,"
"basic difference in philosophy" Dean William Haber of the lit-
between the two. erary college said yesterday in an
The differences arose over a open meeting of the literary col-
"combination of educational phi- lege steering committee.
losophyand my administrative be- In the Regents criteria for pro-
lief that there can be only one motion, the essential qualification
president of a University," Harden is the ability to teach, he added.
explained. Participating with Haber in a
He added that "the issue has forum on "Students' Role in Eval-
been resolved very much to mya uating Individual Faculty," were
satisfaction." Harden explained Prof. Arnold Kaufman of the
that his decision to withdraw his philosophy department and Prof.
resignation came after visiting Donald Brown of the psychology
with Romney and Edwin 0. department.
George, president of the Northern Searchers
Michigan's board of control. In discussing the elements that
He said that he made his deci- are considered when promoting
sion as a result of the action taken faculty members, Haber said that
by the board of control in refus- he "avoids teachers who are purely
ing to accept the resignation. teachers, and not searchers." It is
Frazier on the other hand easy to evaluate the written ma-
handed in his resignation Tues- terial that a teacher has produced,
day at which time Romney de- but criteria for measuring a good
clined comment, However, yester- teacher are much more difficult
day, the governor announced in a to assess, he added. "This is where
news conference that "what's gp.- the student can help us."
ing to happen with Frazier is The Course Evaluation Booklet
definite but I'm not prepared to published by the Daily last Sunday
announce it at this time." was a beginning, Brown said. "I
Seniors Present ' with
Valuable Modern Statue
The senior gift to the University this year, made possible by a4
donation from a well-known sculptor, is a unique work of art valued
at $9000.
The statue, designed by Bernard Rosenthal, is ten feet tall
and cast in bronze, A board of professors and students were set
up to choose this unusual gift. Professors Robert Lytle, Thomas
Clume, Jack Bush, and Robert
Iglehart of the architecture and
design school helped choose the
gift's designer from forty up-and-
:.::::>;:>:::>:=.:>coming sculptors from all over
the country.
The board sent letters to these
artists asking for designs for an
outdoor sculpture. The professors
then narrowed the choice of sculp-I
tors to five of the forty: Richard
Sellars, David Kipp, William Hor-
witt, David Millar, and Bernard
Rosenthal. Rosenthal's statue was
chosen because it was most suited
for outdoor display and because
it had the most universal appeal.
After his sculpture was chosen,
Rosenthal offered the $9000 work I
to the University even though onlyE
$2300 had been allotted for the
class gift. Rosenthal, a member of
the class of '63, will make up the
difference himself as his own gift
to the University.
"The sculpture will be erected
behind the Administration Build-
ing, near West Quadrangle, in an
area that will soon be landscaped
to form a new "Diag," Steve
Garabo said,oneof two students;

am impressed with the attempt,
but not the product," he said.
IAll three members of the panel
felt that the booklet was no
thorough enough, did not cover
enuh courses, and that it was
too timid and cautious in its eval-
uations. Most of its appraisals .
were identical with the Executive "'
Committee's appraisals, Haber
Students could transcend their
giades, Biown said, but they can-
not transcend themselves. Too
often theevaluations are going to
nbe based on personality conflicts,
he said.
Another means of evaluating the
faculty is the questionnaire dis-
tributed in classes at the end of
the semester. Faculty members
read these and they are often very
concerned with what their stu-
tdents say about them, Haber said.
Other suggestions that were of-
fered from the floor were holding "be e
a convocation similar to the
honors convocation to honor good
teachers and taking one class
period to discuss and analyze the
teacher's ability to encourage his -Daily-Thomas R. Copi
students to learn. DEAN WILLIAM HABER of the literary college spoke on the
"The main purpose of education "Student's Role in Evaluating Individual Faculty." Haber main-
is to produce a certain type of taed that students can help faculty assess the value of a sfaculty
person - the educated person," d edeaha teahern
Kaufman said. He pointed out the embe asia tae
four characteristics of such a per-
-onThe deliberative man who re-ST O G E TI E :
flectively decides before he acts,
-The responsible man who as-i
sumes a social role and acts, ie- Uie
-The creative man who has the aB nontauedr st
capacity to satisfy hits aesthetic
experience; and
-The man who contributes to By ROBERT MOORE
our understanding, who adds to
human knowledge. Testimony during yesterday's mass trial of 115 people arrested
Students, however, do not al- in December at the University of California's Berkeley campus in-
ways view their education in this dicated that if California Gov. Edmund G. Brown had not ordered
way, Kaufman said. Rather, they the state police to make arrests, the administration probably would
sacrifice their long term interests not have ordered their arrests.
for short term conveniences. For The information about the arrests came to light when Edward
this reason, it is difficult for W._Strong,_formerchancellorof
them to evaluate the individualW Stong forer cror ofam- _
faculty member in terms thatrd the University of California, said Gur da e ln c
other administrators and faculty that he and a representative ofu
members would appreciate. President Clark Kerr had only
The students position is further been talking about "securing the Berlin Travel
complicated by his relationship to building after the students had
the faculty since the teacher is! left" until they found out Brown BERLIN'(IP-East German bor-
inr authority, Kaufman said. had ordered police action.jdegursltnihcoiud
Brown noted that another dif- ;'Grueling' Session I their harassment of traffic on the
ficulty is to involve the studentj Most of yesterday's session was Berlin Autobahn for a third day.
in important evaluations so that! spent in a "grueling cioss exam- AsodwEy atGra
it doesn't inhibit faculty freedom. I ination" of Strong, who wasjAslwonb EatGr n
---- hi~~v~o,+ ~ ~ Iguards at the eastern and western
hrmighJtA5 nnU .Jasa. nt4 V' entUX wit- E

Voting Rules
Question Standards
Of Vote Qualification;
To ReVote Thursday
Frater'nity presjidents upheld the
Interfraternity Council executive
committee verdict of guilty by a
22-20 margin in Trigon's appeal
of its discrimination case, reliable
sources disclosed yesterday.
Voting irregularities, however,
prompted IFC President Richard
Hoppe, '66, to call for a recount at
the next meeting of the Fraternity
Presidents Assembly.
Sources indicated the voting ir-
regularities were that:
* Status of those voting was
not clear at the time of the vote.
FPA procedural rules for mem-
bership hearings state that only
fraternity presidents or their au-
thorized representatives may cast
* Trigon voted but was not en-
titled to.
* One of the votes was unac-
counted for. Thirty-six fraterni-
ties were represented and entitl-
ed to vote as well as four of the
five senior officers of IFC, the
president voting only to break a
tie, for a total of 40 votes. Tri-
gon's illegal vote makes the total
41, although 42 votes were cast,
* Five houses were not repre-
sented at the meeting.
Last January 12 the IFC exec-
utive committee, consisting of the
five senior officers and represen-
tatives from each of five frater-
nity districts, had found alleged
religious discrimination in Tri-
gon's constitution and rituals, a
violation of IFC bylaws.
The executive committee ruled
January 26 that Trigon must re-
vise their constitution and rituals
by Sept. 1, 1965, or face expulsion
from IFC.
Trigon filed an appeal to FPA
and the executive committee set
March 11 as the date of the ap-
peal. Trigon contended that they
were given insufficient notice of
the date and therefore were un-
able to prepare a defense for
March 11.
Their request for postponement
was denied by the executive com-
mittee and, at their March 11
meeting, FPA passed a motion
denying Trigon the right to ap-
peal, feeling that Trigon had not
dealt in good faith with the fra-
ternity system. It was understood,

rigons Appeal;
DIsputed Tally



. ( \

Plans To Build,
New Offices
Realty Equity, Inc., of Detroit
announced plans yesterday for the
erection in downtown Ann Arbor
of a 21-level apartment-office
building costing $3,870,000. City
Council will have to rezone the
site to make construction possible.

ness but was made to look "really
bad" by defense, according to a
Berkeley student and Daily Cali-
fornian reporter who covered the
Strong, 64, was slow in answer-
ing questions and six times had
to be prompted by the judge to
get on in answering, said the re-
First Day
Earlier, in the first day of the
trial, County Dist. Atty. Frank
Coakley ac~cuised the defendants

ends of the 110-mile road to West
Berlin appeared to be a deliber-
ate protest against a scheduled
cinno fh Wpf CtrmG Pa

liament in West Berlin next week. however, that at some later date
BeFPA could vote to hear the ap-
The guards halted Bundestag peal.
deputy Johannes Mueller, a Ber- A motion to hear the appeal
lin member of Chancellor Ludwig was passed March 25 and FPA
Erhard's ruling Christian Demo- moved immediately into the ap-
cratic party, at Helmstedt at the peal in a closed meeting. The out-
West German frontier. They re- come was not revealed at that
fused to let him drive to West time.
Berlin for the special session, West FPA is Trigon's last channel of
German customs authorities re- appeal within the fraternity sys-

I' -

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