f FRIDAY, 26 MARCH 1965
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, 26 MARCH 1965 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
LBJ Asks Congress
! For Increased Aid
To Depressed Areas
Peace in Vie TNam
WASHINGTON (M)-President Lyndon B. Johnson said yesterday
the United States never will be second to anyone in seeking a Viet
Nam settlement "that is based on an end of Communist aggression."
At the same time, Johnson said the U.S. looks forward to the time
when all of Southeast Asia will need "economic and social cooperation
for progress in peace"-a statement that did not exclude the possibil-
ity of future eventual aid even to North Viet Nam.
The President, saying "It is important for us all to keep a cool
and clear view of the situation in Viet Nam," told has cabinet, "The
U.S. still seeks to avoid wider war."
This was basically a repetition of the often-stated U.S. position
on the lingering war in South Viet Nam. But Johnson said also this
nation looks forward
to a day when all Southeast Asia "will need not
" military support and assistance
Use of Gas
SAIGON, Viet Nam (RP)-Offi-
cials on the scene in Viet Nam
have left it to Washington to an-
swer international repercussions
over the disclosure that non-
lethal gases were used in the
war against the Viet Cong.
The critical international re-
action to the use of gas was the
latest in a series of similar re-
In 1962, American planes began
dumping chemical weed killer over
stretches of jungle adpoining ca-
nals and roads, to destroy cover
used by guerrillas for ambushes.
Success was limited, but the
program was continued. North
Viet Nam made defoliation a ma-
Jor propaganda theme, claiming
the American chemicals were kill-
Ing crops and people. At first, in-
ternational reaction was loudly
critical, but eventually the at-
tacks tapered off. Defoliation still
is carried out and little is said
The use of gasoline-based in-
cendiary munitions such as na-
palm has brought periodic outcries
-from critics of American policy.
The criticism of tear gas is linked
to the use of napalm.
against aggression but only eco-
nomic cooperation for progress in
Johnson seemed to hint that
the U.S. stands ready to assist
even Communist North Viet Nam
in a tranquil Southeast Asia.
The President returned to this
theme in these words:
"Wider and broader programsI
can be expected in the future
from Asian leaders and Asian
councils-and in such programs
we would want to help. This is
the proper business of our future
WASHINGTON W) - Secretary
:)f the Air Force Eugene M. Zuck-
ert announced yesterday he has
accepted resignations of 105 ca-
dets who admitted involvement in
cheating at the Air Force Acade-
The Air Force said that 103
cadets will be relieved from ac-
tive duty, and will enter the re-
serve, pending completion of their
"Their eligibility to receive
honorable discharges upon com-
pletion of their military obliga-
tion will not be affected by this
incident," the announcement said.
Project To Assist
27 Million People
WASHINGTON (P) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson asked Con-
gress yesterday to vote for a broad
program to combat the problems
of economically backward areas at
a cost of nearly half a billion
dollars a year,
Johnson, sending to the Capi-
tol a special message on area and
regional economic development,
said his blueprint would help de-
pressed areas with a total popu-
lation of about 27 million people.
Much of the nearly $500 mil-
lion each year would finance pub-
lic works projects designed to
make communities more attrac-
tive to industry.
The President proposed creation
of an economic development ad-
ministration within the Commerce
Department to direct the pro-
gram. This agency would take
over the powers and functions of
the present Area Redevelopment
Administration, which would go
out of business.
In asking for $250 million a year
for grants to finance develop-
ment facilities, Johnson said fed-
eral funds would be matched lo-
cally on a 50-50 basis. However,
he said federal aid to the most
needy communities could go as
high as 80 per cent of the proj-
ect's cost if the community was
unable to raise its full 50 per
The $170 million a year for
loans would go into a revolving
fund and help finance low-cost
40-year loans for development fa-
cilities. Four per cent loans to
cover up to 65 per cent of the
cost of land, buildings, machin-
ery and equipment for industrial
or commercial facilities and funds
to guarantee working capital
loans up to 90 per cent would also
"The conditions of our dis-
tressed areas today are among our
most important economic prob-
lems," Johnson told Congress
"They hold back the progress of
the nation, and breed despair."
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11S PE'Cl AI
War.Crime FISCAL REFORMi:
Un til 1970 By THOMAS R. COPI
House Democrats tried to
BONN, Germany ()')-The West squeeze a fiscal reform program
BermnunGesayP)-te est- out of a reluctant Gov. George
German Bundestag voted yester- I Romney this week by inviting him
day to extend the statute of lim- to "make specific proposals to the
itations on murder by Nazi war Legislature."
criminals by five years, until Jan. .
1, 1970. This action by the Democratic
The vote prompted Justice Min- caucus followed by only a few
ister Ewald Bucher to hand in hours the introduction of a bill
his resignation. He had argued y George Montgomery (D-De-
that any change in the statute's troit) calling for a five per cent
statewide income tax.
deadline, originally to expire this Tewincome tax
year, violated the constitution. Theincome apprxiately 2hich
Bucher quit only a few hours islators, including some Republi-
after the Bundestag approved the cans, would "serve as a vehicle
xtension bill 344-96. Four mem- for fiscal reform" legislation. ac-
bers abstained. Bucher's Free cording to Montgomery.
Democratic Party was the only Tax Bill
group to oppose it virtually as Introduction of the tax bill
one bloc. The Social Democrats came after nearly two months of
had voted for the bill, while jousting between Romney and the
Chancellor Ludwig Erhard's Chris- Democratic majority in the Legis-
tian Democrats were divided. tature over the question of tax
The five-year extension idea }reform.
was proposed by former Chancel- Neither side has been willing to
for Konrad Adenauer, a Christian introduce a specific fiscal reform
Democrat. But many lawyers in program, each claiming that it
addition to Bucher contend the is the responsibility of the oth-
bill violates a provision of the con- er to do so.
stitution saying that no act shall Romney called for fiscal reform
be punished unless it was pun- in his state-of-the-state message
ishable when committed. Thus the in January, but has been reluc-
bill may face its toughest test in want to introduce a specific pro-
the Constitutional Court. gram since his fiscal reform pack-
The bill is based on the argu- age was defeated by a Republi-
ment that West German courts can-dominated Legislature in
did not have full power to make 1963. He maintains that it is
investigations and start prosecu- the Democrats' duty as the ma-
tions until late in 1949, when the jority party to introduce a tax
allied occupation officially came plan.
to an end. Counting 20 years from Romney's Responsibility?
that time, the hunt can go on The Democrats, on the other
through 1969. hand, say that it is Romney's re-
A century-old German law says sponsibility as governor to detail
a murder shall not be prosecuted a tax change program.
more than 20 years after it was Wednesday's Democratic caucus,
committed. So any murderer who as well as issuing to Romney the
killed before 1945, the year the request for a package of specific
Nazi regime collapsed, could have proposals, officially offered to
expected to go free if his crime 'explore all avenues" leading to
was not uncovered until this year. eventual fiscal reform.
For most of the country the After the one-hour caucus,
cut-off date was to have been Louse Speaker Joseph Kowalski
May 8, the 20th anniversary of (D-Detroit) said the Democrats
the German .surrender in World would "in advance and without
War II. About 13,000 prosecutions knowing the content of his pro-
already started would, in any case, posals-accept full responsibility
have continued. for having the governer's program
Yesterday's decision came after
much pulling and hauling among
- West Germany's political parties,
and heavy pressure from abroad Relax in
in favor of the extension. Last No-
vember Erhard's government an-
nounced that it would not seek
extension of the hunt. This is
an election year, and polls show-
ed that an extension was highly
I unpopular with the voters.
+ I BY MANSFIELD
tts Study Tax Plans
prepared in bill form, exactly as
he directs." Kowalski added that
all specific tax reform proposals
would be brought before the Dem-
ocratic caucus for "review and dis-
Following Montgomery's initial
foray into the field of tax revi-
sion, a flood of tax reform legis-
lation is expected, although the
outlook .for passage of a fiscal re-a
form package this year is bleak,
according to Lansing sources.
my bill and other proposals will
lead toward this goal."
Kowalski said Wednesday that
Romney "has a standing invita-
tion to my office to come in at
any time to discuss the specifics
of the fiscal reform program he
is urging the Legislature to adopt
In a press conference yesterday.
Romney said he had accepted
Kowalski's invitation, and would
try to find out from the Demo-
Montgomery, who heads the cratic leader whether he thinks
House general taxation commit- fiscal reform is necessary now
tee, gives fiscal reform less than and whether the Democrats would
a 50-50 chance of passage, al- be willing to "work for a mean-
though he says "we must achieve ingful bipartisan program of fiscal
fiscal reform this year and I hope reform."
12 to 3:30!
e music center, inc.
304 SOUTH THAYER
world News Roundup
By The Associated Press
SAIGON-Bombs and rockets rained from United States Air Force
' jets yesterday on a suspected Viet Cong headquarters in the jungles of
Tay Ninh province, which adjoins the Cambodian frontier 60 miles
Snorthwest of Saigon.
A Communist-controlled area 290 miles northeast of Saigon in
Binh Dinh province was another mtjor target of F-100 fighters and
B-57 bombers in an explosive followup to Peking's hint that Commu-
nist China might send fighting men to help the Communist guerrillas.
ANN ARBOR-George Meader, former representative from Michi-
gan's Second District, was yesterday appointed associate counsel to
the new joint Committee on Organization of Congress. Prior to his
11 years in the House, Meader had been active in the area of con-
BUDAPEST, Hungary-Defense Minister Raul Castro of Cuba
went to Bullgaria yesterday after a two-day visit during which he
surveyed Cuban-Hungarian relations with Premier Janos Kadar and
other Hungarian leaders. Castro is making an East European swing.
* * * *
WASHINGTON-President Lyndon B. Johnson and members of
his cabinet urged yesterday that fair principles of employment be ap-
plied in all federal agencies throughout the country.
r Read (nd Use
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