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March 14, 1965 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-03-14

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Indirect Go
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third in a series of three articles dealing
with indirect costs of research at the University.
By ROBERT JOHNSTON
Acting Editor
The University receives $6 million per year for indirect
costs and renders no complete, explicit public account on this
sum-to Lansing, to state and national taxpayers, to students, or
to the faculty.
The very existence of this account is alluded to only rarely
in public statements and records connected with the University.
The indirect-cost reimbursement account's actual amount and
the actual uses to which this money is put are known only to
those with privileged access to University records.
Friction Points
Nevertheless it is apparent from what is known that there
are three general areas where indirect costs are a source of present
or potential tension:
-The University's relationship with the state Legislature;
-The University's relationship with the federal government;

04

sts: Source
. The Legislature. Every year since time immemorial Univer-
sity officials have put together a budget request for the state
funds needed to run this institution and trekked to Lansing
to submit the proposal.
The Legislators and the state budget officers examine the re-
quest, ask some questions, balance education needs against road-
building plans and political considerations and finally come up
with some sort of figure on how much the University is to have
from the state. This figure is neatly divided into 12 monthly
installments, and the state's monthly allowance to the University
is duly established.
Federal Ascendancy
But now there is a new element in the situation. Last year
the University received more money from the federal government
(including funds for buildings) than from the state (not including
building funds, which are budgeted separately by the state).
Somewhat paradoxically, as this federal money has played
an increasingly larger role in financing the University, state
officials have become increasingly inquisitive, administrators
say, about what the University does with its money. Being con-
stitutionally autonomous, the University does not have to answer
the questions. Being dependent on the friendly attitude of the

of

Tension

in

Research

r

Legislature for one third of the University's funds, it usually
gives some sort of answer anyway.
Despite these inquiries, public discussion of the indirect-
costs account is rare. The University is receiving $6 million per
year from research sponsors to cover so-called indirect costs,
some of which are the same type of costs that General Funds
from the state (and tuition) go for. How is the state to know
if the General Funds money might not be paying the indirect
costs bills, while the money being collected for indirect costs
goes for other purposes?
The Other Side
But of course it can work both ways. Indirect-cost fund
money may be paying bills that the University is unable to cover
with the often lean Lansing appropriation.
(Some states require their universities to return to the public
treasury funds received for indirect costs-on the theory that
indirect costs, by definition, have already been paid for by
state appropriations. Given the University's constitutional status,
such a requirement is impossible here.)
Since the University budget is not public and indirect cost
receipts and allocations are not explicitly mentioned in either
the appropriations request or the financial statement, it seems

doubtful that the legislators have either a clear or a complete
picture of the situation.
0 The federal government. Most of the very early post-war
research was on a contract basis in which the sponsor paid the
indirect costs. But as new federal agencies entered the picture
at a rapidly increasing rate-the National Science Foundation,
the National Institutes of Health, the Atomic Energy Commission,
the Public Health Service-they insisted that their money was
somehow better for the University than strictly regulated defense
department contracts, and a low ceiling was placed on the amounts
these agencies could pay for indirect costs.
For a long time 15 per cent of the total grant was the
maximum, while University accounting (using government criteria)
showed that indirect costs amounted to about 30 per cent of
total research figures. Later Congress raised the limit to 20 per
cent; considerable lobbying is now being done on a regular basis
to get the figure raised again. Meanwhile many government
agencies are anxious to lower the sums they pay for indirect
costs ("more research per dollar" for them).
The University, for its part, has accepted most such grants
in spite of limitations, on the theory that research is essential to
See RECEIVE, Page 2

and
-The "Is the research hurting education?" question.

New Faculty Group Is Cancelling Classes in Viet Nam F

protest

One-day Walkout Set
To Focus on Asia War
Administration Opposes Methods,
Hatcher Calls Plan 'Unacceptable'

lilt iau
Seventy-Fsour Years of Editorial Freedom

Daitj&

By ROBERT MOORE
At least 20 University teachers will cancel their classes in
a one-day demonstration to protest United States policies in
Viet Nam, an ad-hoc group of faculty members announced
yesterday.
Administrators here, including University President Har-
lan Hatcher and Dean William Haber of the literary college,
assailed the proposed work stoppage as inappropriate and
irresponsible. It would take place March 24.
The unofficial faculty group, just formed Thursday,

VOL. LXXV, No. 140 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, 14 MARCH 1965 SEVEN CENTS FOURTEEN PAGES

Johnson

Will Submit Broad Plan

plans to have sympathetic fac

PROF. JOHN W. ELIOT

Official Admits
Report Opposes
Flint Growth
By LEONARD PRATT
An unidentified member of
Gov. George Romney's "Blue Rib-
bon" Citizens' Committee on
Higher Education said yesterday
that predictions about the com-
mittee's upcoming report which
appeared in The Daily Friday
were "fairly accurate," according
to University Executive Vice-
President Marvin L. Niehuss.
Friday's reports said the com-
mittee would support Romney's
request for a delay in the Univer-
sity's Flint campus expansion un-
til an all-over review was made
of the state's educational pattern.
Niehuss also noted that a ver-
sion of the committee's report,
which was tentatively approved by
the body in Lansing yesterday,
stated there might be some bene-
fit in the establishment of college
branches, but they should be made
independent as soon as possible.
The idea of allowing the Uni-
versity to proceed with Flint ex-
pansion plans with the under-
standing that Flint College would
eventually be made independent
has been publicly proposed twice
before. Rep. Marvin Esch (R-Ann
Arbor) proposed a bill which would
make Flint independent after sev-,
eral years. In addition, Dear-
born's Thomas J. Brennan, presi-
dent of the board of education,I
made the suggestion to University
President Harlan H. Hatcher.
Irving Bluestone, co-chairman
of the blue ribbon committee, had
no comment on the committee's
actions. He said that since Fri-
day's "leak," the group had agreed
to make no individual statements
to the press.
Niehuss said that the commit-
tee's recommendations are not
necessarily binding on other state
agencies. He felt the State Board
of Education, the body respon-
sible for deciding whether or not
the committee's recommendations
should be implemented, would ac-
cept the report's flexibility and
would not be bound by specific

ulty members call off classwork
and research in favor of plan-
ned "alternative activities"
focusing on the Viet Nam
problem.
These activities would be, cen-
tered on a temporary school mod-
elled after the civil rights "Free-
dom School."
President Hatcher expressed h,
displeasure in this way. "There
is a time and place for making
protests, but dismissing classes is
certainly not an acceptable one.'I
His response was echoed by Ha-
ber
But neither man knew of any
University regulation or state law
against a protest of this type. It
is believed to be the first foreign
policy strike ever staged by fac-
ulty members.
"U.S. escalation of the war is a
danger to the world, is conducted
without the consent of the Viet-
namese people, and offers oppor-
tunities for those who desire a
war with China," the statement
read.
The faculty members emphasiz-
ed that the work stoppage is in
no way a protest against the ad-
uinistration, but is meant to
dramatize their cause.
Although hesitant to name an
exact figure, members expect 40
to 100 faculty members to partici-
pate; invitations will be extended
to faculty members and student,
this week. The group will also hold
meetings and contact as many
people as possible through infor-
mal means.
Prof. William A. Gamson of the
sociology department said the
group was aware that the pro-
test would stir up resentment
among some people. "Surely every-
one involved realizes that there
will be people who think this
form of action is inappropriate.
But it is atmatter of individual
conscience. The situation is ser-
ious eough to warrant action."
William P. Livant of the Men-
tal Health Research Institute, an-
other member of the group, said
that "it is up to the individual to
decide what is the best way for
an educator to fulfill his duty to
the public. He must do what is
most important to be done at the
particular time and place."
The group gave an official an-
nouncement to The Daily Satur-
day. It lists 13 University teachers
who are members of the group,
Profs. Gamson, Leon Mayhew an
Charles Moskos are from the so-
ciology department as well as in-
structors Morris Friedell, Thoma
Mayer and John Scott. Profs
Marc Pilisuk, Richard Mann and
Livant are from the psychology I
department, Prof. Johan Eliot of
the health development depart-
ment and the public health school.
Prof. Anatole Rapoport of the
Mental Health Research Institute,
Prof. Frithjof Bergmann of the
philosophy department, Julien
Gendell of the chemistry depart-
ment and Joel Isaacson of the
history of art department are all
listed in the announcement.
The members of the group wil1
spend the next week planning the
1 activite and imniemenann of|

'}-
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i

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In sure

Negro

* .* * * * * * * * Congress Is Getting
Ill' Cops Regional Ti te, 87- 85,Measure Tomorrow

By GIL SAMBERG -- ---____
Special To The Daily LOCAL
LO ALDE MONST R ATIONS:
LEXINGTON, Ky.-They had to
fool around with last-minute
heroics as usual, but the MichiganR
Wolverines polished off the NCAA
Mideast regional by disposing of
Vanderbilt here last night, 87-85.1
Once more, it was Cazzie Russell By MARILYN SLATER Voice also consid
who provided the margin of differ- and ROBERT BENDELOW group of Michigai
ence in the home stretch as the join a massive S5
Wolverines earned the berth in Demonstrations in reaction to sit-in in Washing
next Friday's NCAA semifinals incidents in Selma, Ala. were being ganized to curtailr
against last night's upset winner scheduled locally while President throughout the city
in the East, Princeton. Lyndon B. Johnson met with Ala-
When the shot had to be good bama's Governor George Wallace "We will not pa
and the man had to be there in in Washington yesterday. Washington demon
the closing moments, it was Rus- Supporters of Voice Political ever, unless there i
sell in the corner, under the Party, meeting in Ann Arbor yes- currence of violen
boards, or on the outside. terday, scheduled a sit-in for early which fails to rec
And after taking charge of the next week at the Federal Bldg. in federal attention,"
last minute of stalling, the All- Detroit. ferring to a group
America even calmed down Coach SNCC will sponsor the demon-
Dave Strack whose nerves were stration which will include 75 to Discussing possib
I Dve trak woseneres eretion in Selma, Voit
shaved as close as the score 150 participants the members es- couraged individual
throughout the frenzied second timated. We must act immediate- touaagn The d
half until Michigan was finally ly while public opinion is still in to Alabama. "The
home free with seven seconds left. a state of outrage at the Selma ent is too great. A
Cazzie, Bill Lead incidents," a Voice member said. northern college stu
Russell finished with 26 points, EMU Demonstration ing on Selma cou
tieing Bill Buntin for the Mich- greater difficulties
iensing lead.ntiey fore Mich- In Ypsilanti, students, faculty organization there.'
igan scoring lead. They were back- and staff of Eastern Michigan cation from the
ed up by Oliver Darden's 14, Larry University also plan to stage a SNCC organization
Tregoning's 11 and G e r g e demonstration. They will sponsor a few experience
Pomey's 6. a "50-mile march" Monday and afwepeine
Russell picked up 17 points in Tuesday to "memoralize the tragic workers.
the tension-packed final period, death of the Rev. James Reeb in
as the Blue ended up with a field Selma."
goal percentage of .606 in the sec- The demonstration, which was
ond half-coming from a medicore organized by independent studentsf
39 per cent first half. Vanderbilt instead of a student organization.
was close behind with a cool 55.3 instao atudent onation,
per entin he scon peiodoff will start at 11 a.m. Monday, and
per cenn theesecond period h continue until noon Tuesday. The
first 20 minutes demonstrators say that they have
Th2 mtes' 'the support of the faculty and ad-
America Clyde Lee, turned in onemnistration at EMU.
of the best performances of his Fifty Miles
career in the second half as he Each half hour, one of fifty
played all but 90 seconds with four groups will walk a mile. They will
fouls on him, be joined, a spokesman for the .~:~*
No Help students said, by local clergymen.
He hauled in a. game-leading 20 There is a group of teachers con-
rebounds and notched 28 points,|tacting other faculty members and
but just couldn't get enough help asking them to join in the march,
from the rest of the Commodores. the spokesman added.
Keith Thomas, a junior guard, The marchers will carry a paper
added to the scoring with 21 while ballot which will be put into a
Vanderbilt's captain, John Ed Mil- ballot box as a symbolism of a{
ler, followed with 17. Bob Grace vote by EMU for freedom.
snared 12 rebounds but Vandy's "We insist upon vigorous fed-
board strength fell off from there. eral enforcement of all laws
Still, the Blue were out rebound- guaranteeing rights of all people,
ed in both halves, coming out on including Negroes. We call on
the short end of the 49-45 totals. Johnson to send federal troops to
The statistics were tighter in protect these rights if necessary,"
all departments than any since a Voice member emphasized.
Michigan's December Cobo Hall The sit-in demonstration, mem-
triumph over Wichita by an iden- bers believe, will dramatize the
tical score. alledged social injustice which un-
Both teams picked up 15 points derlies the present civil rights
on free throws, but the Wolverines conflict in Selma, Alabama. FO
fired in one more field goal, mak- Final Decisions

It Would Simplify Registration,
Permit Federal Intervention

Racial Strife

ered sending a
in students to
NCC-sponsored
ton, D.C., or-
normal activity
Y.
articipate in a
astration, how-
s a serious re-
ce in Alabama
eive necessazy
a member, re-
decision, said.
le student ac-,
ce leaders dis-
lis from going
danger at pres-
lso, a group of
dents des,.end-
Id only cause
for the SNCCI
" A communi-
Montgomery
requested only
d civil rights

Voting

Rights

These demonstrations were
sparked by the recent death of
Rev. James J. Reeb of Boston,
who was beaten by white men
while participating in a civil
rights demonstration in Selma.
He died Tuesday of a fractured
skull.
Earlier Reaction
Earlier reaction in Ann Arbor
was expressed by a group of 400
ministers, civil officials and Uni-
versity officials in a march from
Central Campus down Huron St.
to the downtown district in a
"March of Reparation."
The march was held to express
sympathy for the treatment of
civil rights demonstrators in Sel-
ma.
Among the marchers were May-
or Cecil 0. Creal, City Adminis-
trator Guy C. Larcom, Jr., Hu-
man Relations Director David C.
Cowley, Vice-President for Stu-
dent Affairs Richard L Cutler.

By The Associated Press
President Lyndon B. Johnson said yesterday he will ask
Congress tomorrow to enact a law to strike down all discrimi-
nation in voter registration.
Shortly after a two-and-one-half hour meeting with Gov.
George Wallace (D-Ala), Johnson told a news conference
that to deny the right to vote-the focal point of the current
civil rights upheaval-"is to deny democracy itself."
Johnson pledged "all the resources of this great and
powerful government"-even federal troops if necessary-
to achieve victory in what he-

termed the civil rights "battle
of human dignity."
Summarizing the measure, he
said:
"Whenever there is discrimina-
tion, this law will strike down all
restrictions used tordenypeople
the right to vote. It will estab-
lish a simple, uniform standard
which cannot be used, however in-
genious the effort, to flaunt (sic)
our Constitution."
The legislation would provide
these specifics:
-Persons attempting to regis-
ter to vote would only be re-
quired to fill out a simple form
listing such everyday bits of in-
formation as name, age, address
and length of residency;
-If local registrars failed to
register qualified voters, this
would be done by local people
appointed for that task by the
bipartisan civil service commis-
sion;
--Federal registrars would go to
work in any state or election dis-
trict where 50 per cent of eligi-
ble voters were not registered or!
50 per cent did not vote in a gen-
eral election;
--The law would apply to state
and local elections as well as
balloting for federal offices, and
-Wherever people were not per-
mitted to vote, all ballots in the
district would be impounded un-
til those deprived had an oppor-
tunity to vote.
Addressing himself to broad-
er aspects of the civil rights prob-
lem, Johnson said the events in
Selma "were an American trag-
edy" but are only part of "a
protest against a very deep and
unjust flaw in American democ-
racy itself"-the inability of some
minority groups to participate in
their government through the bal.,
lot.
As he spoke, more than 1000
t' - .pan man ihia mcam ine

President Sees
Scant Easing
Of Viet Tension
WASHINGTON (P) -- President
Lyndon B. Johnson said yesterday
that the United States still has
not had any indication from North
Viet Nam that it is "prepared,
willing, or ready" to stop opera-
tions against South Viet Nam.
This, he declared, is the miss-
ing element in all talk about ne-
gotiations to end the conflict.
The President told a news con-
ference that in any negotiation
there must be someone to nego-
tiate with and someone willing
to negotiate.
The situation in South Viet Nara
he described as "very difficult"
because of changes in govern-
ments.
He added that he did not think
things had improved in the last
weeks-roughly the period in
which the United States has been
making air strikes against bases
in North Viet Nam.
Near Da Nang in Viet Nam, a
dozen Viet Cong guerrillas tried
to probe Unitd States Marine po-
sitions yesterday morning.
Each time they were met with
a storm of mortar and machine
gun fire and withdrew.
Marines knew the Viet Cong
were there by a radar device that
can pinpoint guerrillas anywhere.
It is a miniature version of the
dish-type radar common atop air-
port control towers.
The Viet Cong conducted them-
selves in a trained military man-
ner, the radar showed, but they
were foiled by modern technology.
A daylight patrol failed to find
any Viet Cong bodies, blood trails
or any other signs.

-Daily-Thomas R. Copi

UN TA IN PERFORMS j
-{

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