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March 09, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-03-09

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See Editorial Page




Chance of occasional
light snow

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
j .


Explore Role of Judiciary

Stress Priority of 'Teaching Excellence'

*.,Si .

The history of Joint Judi-
clary Council is a story of con-
flict and calm, of controversy
and peace-making, of change
and tradition, of formal and in-
formal battles and treaties.
The story began in 1948-
when Men's and Women's Ju-
diciary Councils converted por-
tions of their memberships in-
to a joint council. In 1953
JJC was officially approved,
and Men's Judiciary was dis-
banded. f
Although JJC was compos-
ed of five .men and five wom-
en, it tried almost exclusively
men's' cases. Most women's
cases were still handled by
Women's Judiciary or Women's
Panel, an investigating board.
The duties of JJC were to
hear and decide or refer to
the proper authorities "all
cases arising under the regula-
tions of the University" refer-
red to it as an appellate au-
thority for cases decided by
residence hall judiciaries and
by "hearing and adjudicating
disputes involving organized
student groups." All JJC deci-
sions. had to be confirmed by
the Subcommittee on Disci-
pline, which was comprised of
three faculty members.
1952 Cases
Notices of discipline from
1952 show that during a typi-
cal three-month period, JJC
heard 102 cases. In 37 of these
cases there was a "no violation"
decision .The remaining stu-
dents were fined or warned for
violations of drinking regula-
tions, for falsifying records, for
stealing from the library, for
special auto violations, for il-
legal handling of football tick-
ets, 'and for "conduct unbe-
coming a student." Later rec-
ords also show several deci-
sions in panty raid and fra-
ternity cases.


By 1962 many complaints
about JJC had grown up, most
of them in three areas:;
-The separate channeling
of men's and women's cases.
-"Double jeopardy," the pos-
sibility of being fined, for the
same offense, by the city for
violating a municipal law and
by JJC for breaking a Univer-
sity regulation.
-"Due process." Complaints
in this area were mainly con-
cerned with the inability of a
student whose case was being
heard by JJC to use counsel
and witness, to hear the charg-
es against him before the hear-
ing, or to appeal the decision.
In 1963 Women's Judiciary
and Women's Panel were merg-
ed with JJC, thus eliminating
the first complaint by "bal-
ancing the judicial structure to
serve equal numbers of men's
and women's cases and ulti-
mately to strengthen the judi-
cial structure."
The new constitution also

changed several rules of pro-
cedure by giving the student
the option of an open hearing,
witnesses, and an all male or
female board at his hearing.
JJC was ,required to present a
copy of the charges topthe stu-
A request for a new disciplin-
ary committee to act as a board
of final appeal was handled
the same year by replacing
the Subcommittee on Disci-
pline by a Committee on Stand-
ards and Conduct. The com-
mittee is composed of three
faculty members and two stu-
Meanwhile, controversy wa,
brewing over the appendix to
the new constitution, which was
added by the Office of Stu-
dent Affairs during the sum-
mer of 1963. The appendix pro-
vided for a Referral Committee
to handle "severe and delicate"
cases that would otherwise be
within the jurisdiction of JJC.
JJC members objected to this
abridgement of their powe'rs
and asked Vice-President for
Student Affairs James A. Lewis
to remove the clause describin
the powers of the Referr,6
Committee from the appendix.
The clause was never removed.
and the complaints apparently
died down.
The main controversies still
existing are those of "due proc-
ess" and "double jeopardy."
Many students feel that more
formal JJC procedures would bc
fairer to the student and that
a case falling under municipal
jurisdiction should not also be
under University jurisdiction.
JJC's answer to these criti-
cisms is that JJC is not a le-
gal court, but a "peer counsel-
ing" body, and that students
fined by a municipal court are
generally given only a warning
by JJC.

Excellence in teaching should have the highest
priority in judging the quality of a university, its depart-
ments and its professors, a special faculty task-force
suggested recently.
Proposing criteria and conditions for high-level fac-
ulty performance, the faculty Senate Committee on Staff
Excellence is attempting to "provide a basis for general
discussion and re-examination of departmental practices
and attitudes," according to Prof. Arnold Kaufman of the
philosophy department, member of the committee and
author of its 12-page report.
In defining the teaching function of faculty and
their departments, the committee emphasizes that
"teaching is misconceived if it is thought of as a kind of.
mental input. The great teacher does not put things in
the minds of students. What he does is create the in-
centive to learn and imparts the skills which enable
this learning to be successfully accomplished."
With "excellent teaching" postulated as the central
basis of departmental and individual quality, the com-
mittee delineates three other functions it deems essential
{to a good faculty:
-Scholarly productivity-Teachers should be "ac-
tively engaged in making a contribution to knowledge"
which need not be limited to publication but may also
include preparations for teaching, developing ways of

better serving the community and contributing to the
growth of personal skills and capacities;
-Service to the University, involving "participation
in the affairs of the University in making contributions
to the general intellectual climate" and
While the committee will devote later reports to
these other three functions, the current draft - still
awaiting final approval from the committee-concen-
trates on teaching. The report has been in the making for
over a year, a product of numerous discussions by the
In addition to definitions, the report is concerned
with the conditions, criteria and "points of optimal
assessment" important in achieving and evaluating ex-
cellence in teaching.
With respect to conditions-"those rules, procedures,
forms of organization, allocation of resources, etc., which
will result in excellence"-the report distinguishes be-
tween recruitment of personnel and their treatment
after hiring. In light of certain requisite virtues for the
good teacher-"knowledge, teaching skills, concern for
students, integrity, a sense of fairness . . . responsibility
and civility"-its recommendations for recruiting include
the following:
-"Participation of a significant and representative
proportion of the department in the selection procedure;"
-"Formulation of clear departmental policy indicating
the importance attached to teaching and its communi-

cation to everyone invited to join the staff;"
-Evaluation of potential department members solely
on their teaching abilities: "a person's political, moral or
religious outlooks ought not to be considered except as
they reflect his sense of responsibility and capacity for
civil behavior."
Treatment after hiring would ideally include:
-"An environment free of any hint of constraint on
the direction of thought or on freedom to speak and
write what one pleases, limited only by the general re-
quirements that what is said be reasoned.... Specifically,
this implies that no administrative pressure may be
applied to make the opinions held . , . more responsive
to the views prevailing within our society;
-"Maximum participation by members of the de-
partment-including non-tenure staff-in making of de-
cisions that affect the life of the department and
-"A system of rewards for teaching," utilizing the
recommendations of students and departmental col-
In order to maintain optimal quality of faculty,
departments might insist that class sizes do not "fluc-
tuate according to the vagaries of University and de-
partmental economic exigencies, diminish exploitation
of undergraduates through excessive use of graduate
teachers" and institute evaluative and training proced-
ures for those graduate students still teaching, the report

PavliltWns Council B r ewster Sees No
Seat After RecountT eeseTnr
so Reverse enure
As a result of a recount of Student -Government Council election By CLARENCE FANTO concerned with critical analysis change
ballots for which he applied, Paul Pavlik, '66, has won a seat, on of thought through the methods of reading
pn Prof. Richard J. Bernstein science and linguistics-"nonphi- works ai
Council. However, GROUP President Robert Golden, '67A&D, said apparently lost last night his losophical philosophy," according of stude
last night that GROUP will demand another recount of ballots. tenure battle with Yale University. to Weiss. "The
"I have on tape that James Boughey, '66, said something to Kingman Brewster Jr., presi- Prof. Norwood R. Hanson, one c h a n t
the effect that on a long election night, people tend to get tired and dent of the school, issued a state- of the five senior philosophy pro- demonst
give votes to the other side. Boughey continues that he did so and ment making it clear he saw no fessors who voted to withdraw weighed

ri In
N eed
of heart. One was a re-
of Bernstein's published
nd the other was the effect
nt demonstrations.
Pavlovian response of
i n g, protesting, bellicose
rators should not be
against the carefully de-
d verdict of. seasoned
hle wrote. Otherwise, he
Yale would become a ba-
public university, drifting
y on the winds of student
ce and fashion."

High Court Voids Louisiana Voter Test

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-In a landmark
decision expected to aid the cur-
rent Negro voter registration
drive, the United States Supreme
Court yesterday voided Louisiana's
rule that prospective voters must
successfully interpret the U.S. or
state constitutions.
The court also upheld the right
of a U.S. Attorney General to
bring suit against a state and its
officials to protect the voting
rights of Negroes under federal
The ruling on the right to
bring suit reversed a decision by
a U.S. district court in Jackson,
Miss., dismissing a U.S. suit filed
against Mississippi under federal
voting laws.
Justice Hugo L. Black, speaking
for the court, said Mississippi
would "without justification in
reason diminish the power of the
courts to' protect the people of
this country against deprivation
and 'destruction by states of their
federally guaranteed rights."
He said the suit should be
brought to trial without a delay.
The Supreme Court struck down
as a violation of the 14th amend-
menit the Louisiana law requiring
applicants to interpret reasonably
any section of the state or U.S.
constitutions. Louisiana has aban-1
doned this law but other states,
have similar ones.,
Black said of the Louisiana law:
"As evidence showed, colored
people, even some with the most
advanced education and scholar-
ship, were declared by voting reg-
istrars with less education to have
an unsatisfactory understanding
of the constitution of Louisiana
or the United States. This is not
a ,test but a trap sufficient to stop
even the most brilliant man on
the way td the voting booth."
Black said it was an arbitrary
device registrars used with un-
Lewis Unable
To Talk Here

limited discretion to purge from
the voting rolls "thousands of
Negroes, but virtually no whites."
He noted that a similar Alabama
law had been declared unconsti-
tutional by the court.
The court also agreed to review
a decision upholding Virginia's
$1.50 annual poll tax as a require-
ment to vote in state and munici-
pal elections.
In a rare decision rejecting an
appeal by a Negro complaining
that he was convicted of a crime
by a jury without Negro jurors,
the court decided 6-3 that a
Negro is not necessarily denied his
rights when peremptory challenges
by the prosecution results in no
Negroes being called from a ven-
ire which includes Negroes.
In other decisions, the court:
-Ruled unanimously that a per-

son may be exempted from mili-
tary service on religious grounds,
no matter how "incomprehensible"
his beliefs may be to others, so
long as he is sincere in his be-
--Sent back to lower courts to
decide whether state or federal'
grounds are involved in a chal-
lenge to a California law which
requires an adult son or daughter
to contribute toward the cost of
treating an incompetent mother in
a state mental hospital.
-Agreed to examine the right
of the Federal Power Commission
to impose price ceilings on initial
sales of natural gas in interstate
commerce. The case, stemming
from a southern Louisiana rate
situation, could affect the gas bills
of millions of consumers through-
out the country.

doesn't feel he was morally
wrong," Golden said.
In response, Boughey said, "I
did not count the ballots for SGC
election night. I was counting the
ballots for the presidency of the
literary college."
Pavlilk Replaces Stern
Pavlik replaces Myles Stern, '66,
who, according to the original
tally, had amassed 877 votes.
However,da retabulation ofvthe
ballots by the Credentials and
Rules Committee of SGC Sunday
night turned up a mistake of "ap-
proximately 150 votes" on the
adding machine, Sherry Miller,
'65, administrative vice-president
of SGC, said.
In a recount of all of the bal-
lots, Stern then lost 21 votes
making his final total only 715
while Pavlik gained two votes
making his total final 838. This
increase in Pavlik's total made
him the eighth elected member,
leading Donald Resnick, '68, by
ten votes.
"On the basis of Boughey's
statement and the 150 vote dis-
crepancy, GROUP will ask for
another recount," Golden said.
There were no further changes
in position although changes in
vote totals were found. Paula
Cameron, '67, led all candidates
in the original tally last Monday
night with 1285 votes. After the
final recount she had amassed
1313 votes.
Other Changes
Other members whose totals
changed were Steven Schwartz,
'68, from 1186 to 1185, Mickey
Eisenberg, '67, from 1170 to 1164,
Jack Winder, '66, from 1078 to
1048, Susan Ness, '68. from 1028
to 1016, Christopher Mansfield,
'66, from 979 to 987, Steven Dan-
iels, '67, from 895 to 874, and Don-
ald Resnick, '68, from 851 to 828.
The Credentials and Rules Com-
mittee recounted only the votes
for SGC Sunday night because
"there were not enough votes to
make much difference in the tally
with the other offices up for elec-
tion," according to Miss Miller.


McNeil Discusses Planning
social Welfare Programs
The role of government in community planning should be
strengthened and coordinated with voluntary agencies, C. F. McNeil,
director of the Health and Welfare Council of Pennsylvania, said
last night.1
"Social services and basic planning under government must
grow and develop," he said. "At the same time, however, a strong
system of voluntary service organizations is needed," he said.
"There is too little recognition of these groups."'
The main question is whether social planning will continue
under private or government auspices, or a combination of both, he
asserted. He noted that there area--
experiments all over the U.S. in { TT A p
this field. SPOOIN RIVER :
He pointed to the success of the
Philadelphia Anti-Poverty League, Yb
which is an independent orga-
nization including both private
and governmental groups. This
arrangement has been successful,I
he said.
In comparing the situation of
today with that of 30 years ago,
McNeil noted that in the past pri-
vate agencies led the way in ex-
perimenting in social work and in

Plans Review
Of Grievances
A Student Government Counci;
grievance box will be placed in
the Fishbowl next Monday and
from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. to "in-
crease student communication,"
Susan Ness, '68, newly-elected SGC
member, said yesterday.
She expressed hope that "spe-
cific, tangible grievances" will be
put into the box. These grievances
do not have to be signed.
"The Student Concerns Com-
mittee hopes to channel vague stu-
dent criticism of SGC into con-
structive criticism concerning
practical issues," Miss Ness said.
Miss Ness also expects advice
on the areas in which SGC is
working or ought to be working.
This area might include problems
met by students living in apart-
ments or problems of counseling'
and course availability, she said.
Miss Ness said that the Student
Concerns Committee of SGC will
receive grievances. One area of
grievances will concern the pur-
pose of SGC. 1

reason to overrule the tenure com-
mittee's original decision against
Bernstein. He thus threw the issue
back to the committee, which is
conducting a review of Bern-
stein's case.
The :popular, 32-year-old asso-
ciate professor of philosophy, last
week failed to gain tenure and,
as a result, 60 Yale students staged
a continuous 79-hour protest dem-
onstration against the tenure
committee's decision.
Bernstein also had the backing
of the philosophy department un-
til last weekend when the senior
professors suddenly withdrew their
support by a 5-2 vote. No official
reason was given for the reversal,
but there was evidence that in-
ternal dissension within the de-
partment had caused the shift.
Lack of Support
Brewster said the tenure com-
mittee had been influenced by a
"lack of unqualified support" for
I Bernstein when the philosophy de-
partment recommended him for' a
senior post. Late last week,
Brewster said, he asked the de-
partment for an 'unambiguous
statement" on Bernstein. The
answer came in the department's
reversal of its original unanimous
support for Bernstein. Brewster
l did not explain what he meant by
the alleged lack of support for
Bernstein among the depart-
ment's senior professors.
Brewster also announced the
establishment of a student-faculty
committee to review the present
qualifications an associate pro-
fessor must have to obtain a full
professorship. The committee will
also conduct a complete review ofj
the tenure system.
Many students and some young
faculty members, citing the "pub-
lish or perish" theory of faculty
appointments believe the original
denial by the tenure committee
was caused by the lack of enough
published material by Bernstein.
Bernstein has had two books and
a number of articles published,
Student reaction to Brewster's
statement was subdued. Steve
Schatzow, an associate editor of
the Yale Daily News, told The

support from Bernstein, said he
had given "unqualified support" to
Bernstein when the philosophy
professors made their original
recommendations last November.
He cited two reasons for his

said, "Y
nana re

PASSIVE RESISTANCE in East Quadrangle has resulted from
a recent University announcement that many rooms will be
doubled up next fall. A protest petition is currently circulating.
East Quad Protests 'U'Plans
To Double Up Rooms in Fall
"The following rooms are scheduled to have on additional person
next fall," began the terse announcement on the Green House Bul-
letin Board.
"We the undersigned protest the overcrowding' of facilities plan-
ned for August 1965 which will undermine the purpose of the resi-
dence halls," began the not so terse petition with more than a hun-
dred signatures being passed around East Quadrangle.
The Greene House announcement was typical of others posted
throughout East Quadrangle affecting a total of 178 rooms. Similar



_ E Daily that no new demonstrations
are being planned. "Everyone is
exhausted and disgusted with the
situation," he said.
'Designed to Placate'
Schatzow v i e w e d Brewster's
ural Life Portrayed statement as designed to placate
the students and faculty.
"But President Brewster has
By JUDY STONEHILL been placed in a bad light, along
with the philosophy department.
The passions, frustrations, dreams and defeats of the townspeople Brewster, in an executive memo,
of Spoon River, Ill., will come to life tomorrow night in the Profes- failed to emphasize creative teach-
sional Theatre Program's play of the month, "Spoon River." Based ing over the standard five-year
on Edgar Lee Masters' "Spoon River Anthology," the Broadway show tenure plan," he said.

announcements about doubling up
are going up in women's residence
halls, among them Lloyd and
Petitions of protest are spread-
ing throughout East Quadrangle.
In Greene House, where plans are
being made to put two men in 49
singles, Allen Dickey, '68, said,
"This is outrageous, the Univer-
sity knew of the baby boom; why
didn't they plan ahead for this
The University has begun to
inform students in residence halls
that they are bracing for more
overcrowding next fall of the var-
iety that brought more than 800
students into doubled up facilities
last fall.
Tom Rothschild, '66, contended
that the expansion "will make
studying and living conditions im-
Reaction in the girls dormitor-
ies was somewhat less vehement.
Unlike East Quadrangle, there is
no organized protest in Lloyd Hall.
"I'm resigned to the idea of con-

Students Rally
At St. ,john's
NEW YORK (P)--Some 500 stu-
dents at St. John's University, the
largest Roman Catholic university
in the country, booed the name
of its president at a rally yes-
terday, and booed a priest who
urged them not to air controver-
sies in public.
The student meeting, described
by one observer as part politi-
cal, part academic and part bas-
ketball rally, was called with uni-
versity approval by Students for
AcademicFreedom, a group that
wants controversial clubs and
speakers permitted on campus.
The administration called the
rally "unfortunate and unneces-
The main speaker, William
Graves, a 21-year-old philosophy
honor stent drew cho erandi

community welfare planning. For
Student Nonviolent Coordinat- example, during the depression
ing Committee headquarters in qualified public social workers had
Atlanta told The Daily yesterday to be recruited from private agen-
that SNCC leader John Lewis will cies,. he said.
be unable to make a scheduled Today, voluntary agencies still
campus' appearance. The head- lead in experimenting, but often
quarters said SNCC field secretary through the use of government
T- n n+n Cinv o )in..c n. .. .i refindc. hP coa u n Pi n ir, aneiac

adapts the epitaph form to reveal the secrets of the people buried on
the hill.
The good and evil people lie side by side on the hill in Spoon
River. They look back on their lives and try to unravel the mystery
of the punishments and the inequalities life fixed upon them. The
villagers' epitaphs are underscored by the folk music of Barbara
Porter and Gil Turner. Tempo changes from the rousing hoe-down,
to the sa eehinaof e ruseho ne.I

Schatzow said he felt the rea-
son for the philosophy depart-
ment's reversal of its support for
Bernstein was that "most of the
members felt they could not prove
that Bernstein would fulfill the
requirements for the post of full
professor within five years, as re-
quired by the tenure system."




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