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March 03, 1965 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-03-03

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WEDNESDAY, 8 MARCH 1965

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE THREE

I

WEDNESDAY. ~ MARCH 1965 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE

Spanish

Student

"March" Ban ned
Protest Strict Government Control;
Movement Gains National Support

MADRID (P)-Spanish policet
squelched a planned demonstra-
tion of university students in1
downtown Madrid yesterday, but
support for the youths spread to
other educational centers in Spain.
A directorate of security bant
on a student march on the Min-
istry of Education was rigidly en-
forced by armed police.3
Some used rubber truncheons to
prevent several thousand Univer-
sity of Madrid students from gath-
ering in the heart of the Spanish;
.capital..
Student Syndicate
The immediate target of the
student protest has been the of-
ficial student syndicate whose'
leadership is imposed from above.
The syndicate controls most extra-
curricular activities, as well as
scholarships, and the students
want to be able to name their own
governing body.a
The decision to bring their
movement to public attention was
taken at a meeting in the Faculty
of Law, where several thousand
young men and women gathered.
While the police quelled the
disturbance in Madrid, univer-
sity students in other cities, in-
cluding Barcelona, Granada, Se-
villa and Salamanca, demonstrat-
ed or went on strike in support
of their Madrid colleagues.
Protest Meetings
It was apparent that tempers
had risen steadily since last Wed-
nesday, when a clash between stu-
dents and the police set off a
series of protest meetings and
strikes and brought about renewed
moves to end direct government
control of student affairs.
There has been student agita-
tion in Madrid and other parts of
Spain for several years. In 1956
it led to bloodshed. But both
Spanish and foreign observers ap-
peared to take the present action
more seriously because of the
extremely large proportion of stu-
dents and professors involved in
what is essentially a desire to les-
sen some of the authoritarian
aspects of Spanish life.
Suspend Professors
Four professors have been sus-
pended and the Faculty of Philos-
ophy and Letters has been closed.
Some of the activities of the
Faculty of Medicine have been
suspended. In each case the action
has followed the holding of an
unauthorized student assembly.
Most schools at the university
were closed yesterday in celebra-
tion of the "day of the university
student."' But sponsors of the agi-
tation for reforms said the daily
assemblies of students would be
renewed on the campus today.
Best estimates of the number of
students gathered in downtown
Madrid ran to about 5,000-fewer

than one-third of the enrollment
of regular students at Madrid
University.
Political Character
An official statement said,
"small groups of students" par-
ticipated in the march, adding
"the political character of this
demonstration was shown by the
presence there of some profession-
al agitators who have been recog-
nized and detained by the public
forces."
Students shy away from any
direct assault on Spain's political
regime, but their present action
has inevitably taken on political
overtones and could have wide-
spread repercussions on other
phases of Spanish life.
Police Action
Student sources said security
police acted against the planned
demonstration last night by round-
ing up known student leaders and
several professors accused of
guiding the students for political
reasons.
No confirmation or denial of
the arrests could be obtained from
government spokesmen.
A number of the foreign stu-
dents attending the University of
Madrid have closely followed and
even participated in the current
agitation. Some were involved in
the clash with the police last Wed-
nesday and many have attended
the subsequent students assem-
blies.

India Grain'
Stopped by
Dock Strike
NEW DELHI ()-The United
States dock strike has cut off
American grain aid for India, par-
liament was told yesterday.
"The ships have not come and
we have had to make a cut every-
where," Finance Minister T. T.
Krishnamachari declared.
The United States had been
shipping grain to India at a rate
of more than 20,000 tons a day
since the government's appeal for
help last July. Then the flow of
grain stopped in mid-February.
There has been a mere trickle
of grain since, mostly from un-
affected west coast ports and Aus-
tralia. Most imports of wheat
come from Houston and Galves-
ton so the return to work in At-
lantic ports did not help India's
food shortage.
The last wheat from the United
States reached the markets of
India Monday, two weeks after un-
loading. After that is gone, there
will be no foreign grain for March
and April.
India's domestic wheat crop is
expected to be a good one at 12
million tons, 2.3 million tons more
than last year. But it is harvested
in mid-April and won't reach mar-
kets before May.
Even with the strike in the
United States ending, it will take
about a month for wheat ship-
ments to reach India, and it will
be some time before adequate
supplies reach the markets.
No famine is expected during
the next two crucial months. But
food prices will soar and the gov-
ernment may be faced with more
food riots and bloodshed.

Pledges $60 Million
To UN Special Fund
UNITED NATIONS RP-The United States announced yesterday
it will contribute up to $60 million for the United Nations special
fund and expanded program of technical assistance. It had with-
held the pledge last November because of United States-Soviet
deadlock over peacekeeping debts.
The pledge was submitted with the customary provision that the
United States contribution would not exceed 40 per cent of the total
pledged.
A statement from the United States mission said the pledge
had been deferred because of a "complex series of constitutional and

Expert Says
VotingRle
VNot Harsh
CAMDEN, Ala. (M)-A specialist
in voter registration procedure in
Alabama said yesterday that the
voucher rule which Negroes in
one county say keeps them from
voting is actually not as harsh as
it might appear to be.
The specialist, Mrs. Martha Witt
Smith, who is the registrar con-
sultant for the entire state, said
further that the rule which is un-
der attack in federal court is the
only means that voter registration
boards have in determining wheth-
er an applicant can meet Ala-
bama's residence requirements.
The voucher rule is not used
only in Wilcox County. Its applica-
tion is state wide, but only Negroes
in Wilcox County have filed suit
against it.
. Supporting Witness
A voucher, or a supporting wit-
ness, is a registered voter who can
say that a prospective voter has
lived in the state for one year, in
a county for six months, and in
a precinct for three months.
Negroes in Wilcox, where no
member of their race is registered
to vote, contend that the rule
keeps them off the voting list
even if they are qualified.
Voucher Qualifications
Mrs. Smith pointed out, how-
ever, that a voucher does not have
to be a resident of a county in
order to be a supporting witness
for a prospective voter in that
county. She said that any voter
in Alabama can appear as a sup-
porting witness in Wilcox or in
any other county if he is willing
to sign a sworn statement that he
is acquainted with the applicant.
Mrs. Smith said the voucher
rule is essential in determining
whether prospective voters can
meet the state's residence require-
ments. In addition, she explained,
the supporting witness often is
able to help a registration board
locate an applicant's residence on
a county map to help in determin-
ing in which precinct he resides.
This is expecially helpful in rural
areas, she said.
When the time comes to purge
a voting list of those who have
moved out of a county, the voucher
system gives a board someone on
whom to call to find out whether
a voter is still a resident, she con-
tinued.

MESSAGE ON CITIES:
Johnson Attacks Urban Center Decay

financial discussions were under
way at the time."
It said that it now appears more
time will be needed for more ex-
tended discussions looking toward
a satisfactory solution of the
U.N. financial problems.
"Since we would not wish this
further delay to impair the order-
ly operations of the United Na-
tions' development p r o g r a m,
which we believe is one of the
most important activities carried
on by the United Nations system,
the United States is making its
pledge for 1965 at this time," the
statement concluded.
The General Assembly adjourn-
ed on Feb. 18 without reaching
any agreement of Article 19 of
the U.N. Charter, which says any
member two years in arrears on
assessments must lose their as-
sembly vote.
The Soviet Union, France and
11 other nations are in that cate-
gory because of failure to pay for
U.N. peacekeeping activities. They
contend the assessments are ille-
gal because they were approved
by the General Assembly instead
of the Security Council.
A 33-nation study committee
has been given the task of trying
to resolve the peacekeeping issue
by June 15. The assembly was re-
cessed until Sept. 1.
The United States decision to
make the pledge was made known
by Ambassador Adlai E. Steven-
son in a letter to Secretary-Gen-
eral U Thant.
Israeli, Syrian
Forces Clash
TEL AVIV, Israel (1') -Israeli
and Syrian forces clashed several
times yesterday north of the Sea
of Galilee.
A cease-fire ordered by United
Nations observers went into effect
at five p.m. and was adhered to
by both sides, an Israeli army
spokesman announced.
The spokesman said the inci-
dents started when a Syrian po-
sition at Khirbet Dikha opened
fire on an Israeli tractor near Al-
magor Settlement on a hill inside
Israeli territory.
A Syrian army communique said
shooting erupted in the Doka area
armistice line when an Israeli
tractor failedto heedfaSyrian
warning to withdraw from Arab
land.
The fire was not returned, the
Israeli spokesman said, but Is-
raeli forces replied on three sub-
sequent occasions when a second
Syrian position north of Khirbet
Dikha went into action.

WASHINGTON (A) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson asked Con-
gress yesterday to give big cities
a new arsenal of weapons to at-
tack "two giant and dangerous,
forces converging on our cities:
the forces of growth and decay."
Instead of the customary hous-I
ing message, Johnson sent Con-
gress a "message on the cities,"
described as the first time a Presi-
Dems Want
.Budget Haiti
LANSING (A') - Democrats re-
jected Monday night Gov. George
Romney's plea that they not kill
his proposed budget. They threw
the sharpest-yet verbal jabs of
the legislative session at Romney.
The Republican governor tried
to convince legislative majority
leaders that their plan to scuttle
the executive budget because of a
constitutional technicality was fis-
cally unsound.
The constitution states that no
legislative action can be taken
until the budget is decided upon.
Budget hearings are still being
held and the legislature wishes to
act on other matters.
Democrats saiddunless they
formally kill the document, they
can't move aheaddwith their pro-
gram. Senate and House leaders
agreed to meet with Romney yes-
terday if a mutually satisfactory
time and place could be found,
but they said their stand would
not change.
House Speaker Joseph Kowal-
ski (D-Detroit) ' said Romney
"should take care of the executive
branch and we'll run the legis-
lative."
Majority Floor Leader J. Bob
Traxler (D-Bay City) said Rom-
ney's "consultants seized on this
to drive a wedge into the harmon-
ious relations between the gover-
nor and the Democrat-dominated
legislature. Our action does not
warrant this extreme criticism."

dent ever has laid such stress onl
urban problems.!
Encourage Planning1
The message is designed to en-'
courage planning and action en-
compassing entire metropolitan
areas, White House sources said,
cutting across small local govern-
mental units that have blocked'
such action in the past.3
The package contains proposals
designed to stimulate building of'
more new housing-Johnson said
two million houses annually will
be needed by 1970-and to make"
better use of existing housing. In-
cluded is a broad new program of
rent supplement payments tried in
the past on an experimental basis.
Rent Supplement
"The most crucial new instru-
ment in our effort to improve the
American city is the rent supple-
ment," Johnson said.
Sources said the rent supple-
ment is designed to fill a gap now
existing in housing programs-
families who make too much to be
admitted to low cost housing proj-
ects but can't afford to buy or rent
adequate homes without some as-
sistance.
No Cost Estimates
The message contained no cost
estimate and the White House
said there would be none until
the legislation goes to Congress,
probably next week.
A central theme of the message
is the need for a department of

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housing and urban development to
give urban problems "representa-
tion at the highest level of gov-
ernment."
The late President John F. Ken-
nedy made it a campaign issue in
1960, but suffered a stinging de-
feat in Congress when he tried to
create the department under his
governmental reorganization pow-
ers in 1961. It has been proposed
each year since, but no serious
effort has been made to enact it.
Administration sources indicat-
ed the proposal would be given
major emphasis this year.
To The
1,348 People
Who Voted for Me
for
National Student
Association
Thanks!
Lee Hornberger
Vice-President of IQC

14

14

1'

11

-Associated Press

AN ATLAS-CENTAUR rocket like the one shown above blew up
on its launching pad yesterday. The rocket was launched as a
part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's
project to land astronaut expeditions on the moon. Yesterday's
failure was a disappointing setback to the program's timetable.
Moon Shot Attempt Fal is
Shatters U.S. Space Plans

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arcade jewelry shop
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World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
State Dean Rusk and Soviet Am-
bassador Anatoly F. Dobrynin
traded official views on the Viet
Nam situation yesterday in what
the. Russian envoy termed a "busi-
ness-like" discussion.
* * *
MOSCOW-Repeated Red Chi-
nese attacks accusing Moscow of
splitting the Communist camp
went unanswered yesterday as del-
egates from 18 Communist parties
met for the second day of Soviet-
staged unity talks.
Red China and its allies in the
ideological dispute boycotted the
meeting.
* * *
NEW YORK-Nine adults were
seized by police yesterday during
a s h o r t - lived demonstration
around the board of education
building in Brooklyn protesting
alleged school segregation. Truant
officers also seized about a dozen
children.
* * *
JACKSON, Miss. - The Justice
Department filed notice of appeal
yesterday of a federal court de-
cision dismissing the most serious
charge against 17 men arrested in
the Mississippi civil rights trio
killing.
United States Dist. Atty. Robert
Hauberg, in an unusual move, filed
formal notice with the court that
the Supreme Court would be asked
to rule on the dismissal.

CAPE KENNEDY (P)--An Atlas-
Centaur space rocket exploded in-
to a boiling fireball on its launch-
ing pad yesterday and dealt a
damaging blow to United States
plans to launch a Project Survey-
or spacecraft this year to deter-
mine if the moon's surface can
support astronaut expeditions.
The blazing eruption occurred
two seconds after the rocket
blasted off in an attempt to hurl
a dummy surveyor model toward
a make-believe moon in an im-
portant rehearsal for the actual
attempt.
The fireball mushroomed more
than 200 feet high and flung flam-
ing wreckage over a wide area.
No one was injured, but damage
to the launching pad was exten-
sive, possibly as much as five bil-
lion dollars.
The 120-man launch crew was
sealed inside the concrete block-
house 1.200 feet from the pad for
2%/2 hours before range safety of-
ficials felt it safe enough for
them to leave. The danger result-
ed from several small fires that
threatened fuel storage tanks and
unexploded ordnance devices ejec-
ed from the shattered rocket.
The so-called "Paper Moon"
shot was to have propelled the
dummy surveyor payload to an
empty spot in the sky 248,000
miles away. That's where the
moon will be next fall when an
attempt had been planned to
launch the first "live" surveyor
toward a gentle landing on the
lunar surface. The target firing

date had been in a favorable per-
iod between Sept. 26 and Oct. 2
and the shot yesterday would
have provided valuable engineer-
ing and trajectory information.
The failure ended a streak of
Atlas space - launching successes
which had reached 28. The rocket
was used to launch four astro-
nauts into orbit in the Mercury
program.
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