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March 02, 1965 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1965-03-02

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'QUy Mldiigau Batig
Seventy-Fifth Year'

Acquiring Culture as a Commodity

ere Opinions Are ?rte, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN AxacOt, Mrcm.
Trutb Winl Prev*,U

NEws Ptox: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Why Is It Taking So Long 10
End Discrimination at the 'U'?

THE UNIVERSITY is a master trans-
former. It turns $50 million state ap-
propriations into education for 30,000 stu-
dents. It converts a multi-million dollar
endowment fund into splendid buildings
and generous loan programs. It produces
miracles from everyday substances: the
Salk vaccine from monkey kidneys; the
laser ray from a ruby; French teachers
from a bank of gray machinery.
Now, why can't someone someplace in
this university turn the wheels to imple-
ment a nebulous bylaw prohibiting dis-
crimination in student organizations?
One answer is that no one really wants to.
THE BYLAW was itself rather long in
coming. A regulation prohibiting the
recognition of student groups which dis-
criminated has been on the books at low-
er levels since 1949. It took 10 years, but
in 1959 the Regents established their own
bylaw declaring "the University shall not
discriminate against any person because
of race, color, religion, creed, national
origin or ancestry."
Further, this bylaw- pledged the Uni-
versity to work for the elimination of
discrimination in private organizations
recognized by the University. This classi-
fication covers fraternities and sororities.
But from that time in 1959, the major
public efforts have been to clarify the Re-
gents ruling, not enforce it. Privately,
some progress has been made and this is
valuable. But while other campuses
around the nation-Brown, Wisconsin,
Williams, Oregon-have been throwing
fraternities off campus for violating edu-
cational principles and institutional reg-
ulations, the University is a leader of in-
The first requirement for prosecuting
discrimination is to determine whether it
exists. On this count, neither the Regents,
the Office of Student Affairs nor Student
Government Council have much doubt.
Trigon has been in the headlines recent-
ly, but the more blatant cases of discrim-
ination - through alumni pressures,
through unfair rush practices, through
ludicrous initiation pledges-are an es-
tablished fact to hundreds of fraternity
The second requirement for prosecut-
ing discrimination is a belief in its dan-
ger. Discrimination is becoming a house-
hold word today with its constant men-
tion in the news media. But the familiar-
ity seems to have lessened the reluctance
toward discrimination which the aboli-
tionists and integrationists once fostered.
As outging IFC President Larry Lossing
put it, "To the mind of most thinking
Americans today, and particularly to the
mind of college people-affiliated or not
-the criteria of race, color, creed or the
like are not in any way justifiable bases
of discriminating between men."
BUT THE REASONS for prosecution go
much deeper than the injustice. A
university is unique as a laboratory for
Managing Editor Editorial Director
ANN GWIRTZMAN .......Personnel Director
BILL BULLARD . .................. sports Editor
MICH3ALL SATTINGER . . Associate Managing Editor
JOHN KENNY . ....... Assistant Managing Editor
DEBORAH BEATTIE ... Associate Editorial Director
Subscription rates:,$4.50 semester by carrier 1$5 by
mail): $8 yearly by carrier ($9 by mail).
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor. Micb.
Published daily Tuesday through Sunday morning.

developing habits. Students here are torn
from their environments and cultures
during their four years here as they will
never be uprooted again. Unfortunately,
they predominantly find the middle-class
culture which they left at home, but there
are opportunities for diversity: for the
gentile to work with Jew on a central
committee; for the white to live next door
to a Negro in a dormitory; for the sub-
urbanite to learn what the people in the
city are like.
If discrimination is condoned by a poli-
cy of non-prosecution or half-hearted en-
forcement, the stimulus to diversify is
lost. Students are notorious for doing
what they are forced to do-and no more.
They will only thrive in the educationall
laboratory if they are told by positive,
forceful examples that integration and
diversification are to be sought at all
prosecution of discrimination is that
the leadership-the master transformers
-wants to. Here is where the Regents,
and indeed the entire community, take
the blame.
In 1959 the Regental bylaw declared the
University was officially prepared to act.
It took four years to decide who would
act, SGC being given the power in 1963.
It has taken another two years to develop
the "procedures" for acting, the morass of
regulations and statements which detail
what a fraternity or sorority shall submit
to show its innocence, how its evidence
may be found unacceptable, how it may
be indicted, and so on.
SGC's fact-finding body, the member-
ship committee, is still feeling its way on
procedural matters. Interfraternity Coun-
cil, without procedures, without' a special
delegation from the Regents and without
much fanfare, simply went ahead and de-
clared Trigon guilty.
BUT EVEN IFC is not finished. There .is
an appeal before the fraternity presi-
dents' assembly scheduled and Trigon is
ludicrously suggesting court action - in
effect, a direct rebuff to the Regents'
power to set reasonable rules (or isn't
non-discrimination reasonable?).
And what are the head transformers--
the Regents-doing? They're worrying.
Word has leaked out that Trigon is not,
under any condition, to be declared guil-
ty. Indeed, one official in the Adminis-
tration Bldg. said that the object is to
find loopholes in the IFC ruling so that it
may be quietly shuffled into a more con-
venient niche as a special student orga-
And what are other sectors of the Uni-
versity doing to prosecute discrimina-
tion? How vocal are the sorority presi-
dents who were called by their nationals
and told not to consider pledging Negro
women who somehow managed to sneak
into women's rush? How vocal are the
women who were victims of discrimina-
tion by sororities but don't choose to
make it an issue? How vocal are the mem-
bers of the fraternity system who know
that they have sometimes participated in
a discriminatory hash, bowed to alumni,
"walked" a rushee because he was not of
the proper "background?"
THE UNIVERSITY can probably rebuild
the entire world, stock it with better
scientific devices and people it with bril-
liant minds.
But what about its conscience?

"A T THIS WRITING, the num-
ber of Americans undergoing
some cultural experience is in-
creasing at the rate of 97.2 per
minute; to put it another way,
2.860.119 citizens never previously
exposed to culture have experienc-
ed an initial cultural contact
since the closing moments of Pres-
ident Johnson's Inaugural Ad-
dress!" (If culture were germ cul-
ture, we would all be in bed with
a fever Actually the quotation
is from Roger Angell's satirical
essay in a recent New Yorker.
but I suspect that most of us are
so conditioned to quantitative
thinking and to ideas of culture
as an object for acquisition, that
we read it without a qualm or a
A few years ago I read a Uni-
versity handbook for residence hall
staff (presumably outmoded by
now) in which the anonymous
author asked himself what the
University was for, anyway, and
gave himself four answers. The
first raison d'etre was to provide
business and professional men for
the state of Michigan. Perhaps I
deceive myself, but I am unable
to think that I am teaching
Ulysses in order to help someone
sell real estate. When someone
reads and understands Ulysses,
he is changed inwardly, to a de-
gree and In a fashion that unpre-
dictable, but it is doubtful that
Ulysses ever made a dentist better
at filling cavities. In fact, most
of the literature I teachais antip-
athetic to the values of bourgeois
society. Bourgeois society keeps
going despite my efforts, but I can
at least hope to have provided
an alternative vision of life which
will disturb the guilty sleep of
ANOTHER TWO of the four
purposes of this University were
mushy affirmations of its duty
to make or produce good citizens.
(For "citizen" read "Chevrolet"
throughout.) But the fourth is
the one that concerns me here; as

nearly as I can remember, it was
"To enrich ourselves culturally."
By a man's metaphors you shall
know him. The comparison of the
acquisition of objects to the acqui-
sitson of artistic experience is ac-
curate to the feelings of the writ-
er, I am sure. Almost every time
I hear the word "culture" used
(as opposed to words like "poem"
or 'sculpture", it implies a luxury
separate from "life," a luxury

PROF. DONALD HALL of the English de-
partment is a noted poet and popular
campus figure. He came to the University
in 1957 from Harvard. Hall obtained his
B.A. there in 1951, and did graduate work
at Oxford and Stanford. He has published

say "culture" again, just as we
must promise not to say "wealthy"
or "home" when we mean "rich"
or "house." Let's have no more
pamphlets called "Culture on
Campus," and let's have more
quartets, and plays, and art shows,
and poetry-readings, and speakers
on politics. It's silly and useless
to separate (as "culture" does)
the lecture on painting from the
lecture on Southeast Asia.

agencies. Louis Untermeyer has
made a living out of student
unions for decades, telling campus
after campus what America reads
or some other useless subject. He's
a nice old chap, but who needs
him? I needn't mention the other
original star attraction who is the
author (name him! of a book
called How to Succeed in Business
without Really Trying.
A GREAT MANY campuses,
with enormous student activity
funds In the hands of student
committees, go in for the mail
order culture of the lecture
bureaus. We have had only 'a
breath of it here. We have done
very well, it seems to me, on a
variety of levels, and managed to
combine local initiative with pro-
fessional artistic excellence; stu-
dent enthusiasm with adminis-
trative support. Years of hard
work by theatre enthusiasts of
town and gown culminated in
University sponsorship of the Pro-


fessional Theatre Program, which
in turn has brought us great
theatre in the APA and its other
The Centicore Modern Poetry
Bookshop came to Ann Arbor be-
cause its proprietors thought the
town could support it. Generation
publishes a series of books of
poetry-an astonishingly ambi-
tious venture for a college literary
magazine to propose and accom-
plish-because of the imagination
and durability of an editor, and
the equally requisite imagination
of the administrators who provid-
ed financial support.
The battle will continue, on
campus and off, between those
who admire "culture" as an en-
riching commodity, and those who
enjoy as activity the pleasures
of music or theatre or poetry. The
virtuous side of this battle is still
well represented at the University.
NEXT WEEK: John A. Flower


many poems
most recent
Tiger Lilies."

and collections of poems, his
collection being "A Roof of

associated with conspicuous con-
sumption, like a wife's mink coat
or even a wife. And wives are
usually the custodians of this
kind of "culture."
Sometimes when I meet a busi-
nessman on an airplane, he spends
15 minutes telling me how much
he makes a year and how impor-
tant he is, and then, to be polite,
asks me, "What's your line?" If
I'm particularly irritated by his
self-importance, I let him have
it, straight in the eye: "I'm a
poet," I say. "Huh?" he says, be-
ginning to smile, and when he
realizes I'm serious his eyes water
with terror. (Does he think I am
going to make a pass at him?)
Then he recovers and says, "Oh,
yeah. My wife likes that stuff.
Culture." He is boasting. He earns
money so that his wife' can hire
a maid and spend her days read-
ing Anne Morrow Lindbergh as
her mother read Edgar A. Quest
and her daughter reads Lawrence
Ferlinghetti) on the sofa under-
neath the Van Gogh sunflower.
They're enriched, culture-wise.
kills. Let's all promise never to

MSU Funds. Exploit
National Merit Program

To the Editor:
torial (Feb. 27) on the rise
of Michigan State raised a num-
ber of questions of deep concern
to the University. One grows out
of MSU's exploitation of the Na-
tional Merit Scholarship program.
MSU, by contributing large
sums of money to the scholarship
fund vith the stipulation that only
those who attend MSU may re-
ceive any of it, assures itself of
a considerable number of Merit
Scholars. Indeed, since financial
need is not a requirement for
scholarships and all semi-finalists
in the nation are invited to East
Lansing for two days of banquets,
red carpet treatment and propa-
ganda, it is amazing that only 260
Merit Scholars decided to attend
The question is: is it ethical for
the University to compete with
MSU for top students using there
tactics, or more to the point,
should the University do it any-

gan's educational problems found
by building more coed dorms with
classrooms included, hiring a top
professor or two for the Honors
college'and flooding the rest of
the courses with second-rate pro-
fessors and teaching fellows?
This is essentially what State
is doing. Many students are over-
whelmed by the impersonality of
the system, Just as many people
are expressing concern with the
rise in the number of students be-
ing placed in recitation sections
here at the University.
THE POINT I wish to make is
not that the University shouldn't
try to "recruit excellence" (i.e.,
more Merit Scholars than MSU),
but that it shouldn't do it at the
expense of the rest of its out-
standing students who graduated
in the next ten percentiles below
the Merit Scholars.
Contrary to what Killingsworth's
article tries to imply, having three
professors ina poverty symposium
doesn't make State's economic
department outstanding. Neither
does having three professors in
our economics department origin-
ally from State make theirs good
or ours bad. And neither will pay-
ing Merit Scholars to come to the
University make it a better in-
stitution. Such things as a resi-
dential college, more teacher-
student contact and improvements
in course material can.
By no perversion of rhetoric is
it possible to equate the quality
of a University with the number
of Merit Scholars attending it. If
that were true, the cow college
would far outclass Harvard, Yale,
the University and the rest of the
top universities of the world.
-Charles Wright, '68

We're doing well on lectures
here. The Challenge series, the
current poverty series, the invi-
tation to Louis Lomax so happily
supported by a variety of organ-
izations-these are activities and
functions of a variety of people
living in the same place in asso-
ciation with the same institution,
and each of them requires an
expense of enthusiasm that is
worth more to the participating
students than the texts of a hun-
dred lectures.
u *
NOT ALL the happenings are
officially connected with the Uni-
versity, of course-the Once series
of concerts, the great new book-
store-but all are here because the
University is here. And not all our
moments are happy ones. A few
years ago the Union had Robert
Frost to read poetry one year, and
Norman Mailer to be provocative
the next. About the same time
some students invited Ayn Rand,
who is not my idea of a writer
to be taken seriously by anyone
older than 14. But "my idea" is
not the point. Students wanted her
and students got what they want-
ed. There was an encounter, be-
cause the invitations had been
honestly intended.
It was utterly unlike the sensa-
tion-seeking invitation to George
Lincoln Rockwell. And this year's
original cast for the Creative Arts
Festival (before Ogden Nash
dropped out and was brilliantly
replaced by three of the finest
writers in America-Robert Penn
Warren, John Berryman, Robert
Lowell-and became probably the
most exciting arts festival of an
American campus this year) was
apparently picked from the Sears
Roebuck catalogue of the lecture
peared last night in Hill
Auditorium, played a'concert that
was well worth hearing. Miss
Tureck has at her disposal a wide
range of color and touch, all won-
derfully well controlled. There
were moments of exceptional
beauty in her playing; In addition
her approach to the music proved
to be thought-provoking.
T h e opening "Prelude and
Fugue on the name of BACH"
seemed to be an exception. It is
a work of uncertain ascription
(but surely it cannot have been
composed y Bach, even the
youthful Bach, as has been sug-
gested) and of dubious workman-
ship which served wonderfully as
a foil to the delightful "Capriccio
on a Departing Brother."
* * *
THROUGHOUT the great "Par-
tita in B minor," Miss Tureck
seemed to me to be exceptionally
bold in her interpretative deci-
sions. Her wide range of dy-
namics, of tempo, of touch and of
contrapuntal emphasis served to
delineate the separate parts from
which the whole work is composed.
It is a great achievement to be
able to demonstrate the relation
of the parts to the whole, and at
the same time to convey a great
depth of feeling, as Miss Tureck
did in the "B minor Partita." Yet
her performance of "Inventions"
and "Sinfonias" seemed to me
much more rewarding.
She chose to perform the ex-
ceedingly well-known "Invention
in C Major." Here Miss Tureck did
what she is supremely good at
doing, and what she doesn't very
often do. She played the piece very
quietly, with only subtle changes
of dynamics, with little or no
rhythmic accent, and with no

overt emphasis on one line or an-
SHE PLAYED parts of the
"Sinfonia in F minor" the same
way. This way one hears the art
by which two or more melodies,
entirely sufficient in themselves,
at the same time compliment each
other. The same kind of perform-
ance of the "Sinfonia in B minor"

Good, Excellent Music
In Fine Performance
SATURDAY at the Rackham Lecture Hall, the Netherland Chamber
Choir, under the direction of Felix de Nobel, sang a program of
Renaissance and contemporary music. From the first notes of the
"Sanctus" by Non Papa, the audience knew it was in store for a
rare treat.
The audience that cane expecting the typical American concert
sound was surely disappointed. This choir sings with a white, almost
vibratoless tone. Every nuance of the harmony could easily be dis-
tinguished. Most choirs in our country try to gain the mass effect
with a large tone, while the Netherland group never forced the effect
on the listener.
The choir had excellent blend and balance using eight men and
ten women, without the lack of bright tenor tone. Once the listener
accepted the white tone of the group there was little to find fault with
in this concert.
* . * *
THE FIRST HALF of the program consisted entirely of music
from the Renaissance. The "Santus" and "Agnus Dei" of Non. Papa
proved interesting in their unusual modulations and meter changes
Josquin Des Pres and Jacobus Obrecht are considered great
composers of this era and the choir's lean tone let the occasional
sharp dissonances make their total effect,
The short pieces by Belle and Waelrant display the wealth of
little known pieces of the period which should be performed more
often. The "German Magnificat" by Heinrich Schuetz, considered one
of the great pieces of the Renaissance was the last composition of
this predecessor of Bach. The choir gave it an exciting performance.
* * * *
THE SECOND HALF of the program was entirely contemporary
in a very tame, tonal way. The pieces by Andriessen, Badings, Ketting
and Dresden are certainly not the finest compositions of our century,
but de Nobel's translations added meaning to them.
Pizzetti and Dallapiccola were represented by two excellent male-
female relationships. Three Dutch and one Italian folksong were
encores to the program.
The concert contained excellent performances of music which
ranged from good to excellent. De Nobel and his group should be
commended for a fine program.
-Richard LeSueur
Able Director Inpires
A Successful Concert
A SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA from Detroit, led by a Swede, played
music by a Scotch-American, a Finn and a Russian in a highly
successful concert Sunday in Hill Auditorium.
Sixten Ehrling first led the Detroit Symphony in Alan Hovhan-
ness' "Prelude and Quadruple Fugue for Orchestra." Its taut con-
struction and unusual harmonies, under Ehrling's able direction, were
colorful, and the expert string-playing made the introduction par-
ticularly memorable.
Jan Sibelius, whose stature was nearly 'destroyed by the excessive
enthusiasm of his admirers, has gradually been saved in a reaction
to the intolerant intemperance of his detractors. The' "First Sym-
phony," anathematically romantic to, avant-garde ears, is a good
example: it does not show the laconic maturity of Sibelius' later works,
but it is quite clearly an exciting and original work, graced by his
uncanny ability to bind seemingly disparate elements together into
a powerful musical statement and then hurl them all back at the
listener at the climax of the movement.
NEITHER the famous clarinet solo nor the accompanying drum
roll in the first movement were particularly pre-possessing, but from
there things picked up swiftly. The listener leaves Ehrling's brilliant
runs and chromatics with a sense of the symphony's turbulent spirit;
with an appreciation of the crashing chords and dynamic contrasts
that give the symphony so much power.
In the second movement, Ehrling skillfully combined pauses and
shifting emphasis to create a mood of serenity simultaneous with
tension; in the third, the mood became almost breathtakingly boi-
terous, then sad and wistful, and then raced back to the original
and very crisp tempo. 'And though the orchestra very nearly over-
sentimentalized the last movement (of course' so did Sibelius) and
had a few regrettable instances of unconfidence or poor intonation,
in which the flutes were the prime offenders, it kept the symphony's
taut, majestic quality throughout.
* * *Hs
THE "FIRST SYMPHONY" by Shostakovich, which ended thle

program, is usually called "exuberant." But things in Russia in 1926,
when the composer completed the work, were not very conducive
to exuberance; this symphony has a satiric, sardonic and serious side
as well.


looked by Killingsworth, arises
out of the comparison of growth
rates of the two universities.
MSU for top students using their
deed "overseen a vast building
program expansion in East Lan-
sing." It is expected to continue.
Projected estimates have predict-
ed MSU's enrollment may reach
100,000 before 1980, possibly by
1975. Needless to say, even if the
enrollment falls far short of this
figure, MSU should be able to
establish a good honors program
and continue to put at least 260
Merit Scholars in it.
But what about the other 99,000
students? Is the solution to Michi-


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