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February 25, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-02-25

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Cool to

Viet Peace

Talks, Expand Fighting

American combat role in South
Viet Nam emerged officially yes-
terday as within President Lyndon
B. Johnson's newly proclaimed
policy of "continuing action"
against communist attacks.
At the same time, United States
officials listed as conditions for
Viet Nam peace negotiations: an
end to the attacks by the Com-
munist Viet Cong; and a halt in
the subversion, infiltration and
supply of the guerrillas.
With the guerrilla assaults con-
tinuing, and Rled Chinese Premier
Chou En Lai calling yesterday for
complete, immediate and uncondi-
tional U.S. withdrawal as the price
of negotiations, Johnson was re-
ported cool on the prospect for
peace talks at this time.
United Front'
France,Russia, Britain, and
United Nations Secretary General
U Thant maneuvered behind the
scenes to get negotiations under-
way. But Peking and Hanoi were
reported adamant, and U.S. policy
appeared to be pressing ahead to
improve the military situation and
its bargaining strength if nego-
tiations do come later.
France and the Soviet Union
agreed. yesterday to cooperate to
seek a solution of the Viet Nam
crisis at the international confer-
ence table.
As the two nations reached their
accord at the initiative of the
Russians, these were other devel-
opments in world capitals:

-In Moscow, diplomatic in-
formants said the Soviet Union
would seek at any conference the
neutralization of South Viet Nam,
something the U.S. has not favor-
ed highly.
-In Peking, Premier Chou En-
Lai of Communist China said that
any settlement in Viet Nam would
hinge on withdrawal of U.S. mili-
tary forces.
-In New York, U.N. Secretary-
General U Thant said that he had
made proposals to l the United
States and other nations concern-
ed for a negotiated settlement and
was confident ways could be found
to end the fighting and let the
U.S. withdraw gracefully from
South Viet Nam.
-In Warsaw, U.S. Ambassador
John Moors Cabot met with Com-
munist Chinese Ambassador Wang
Kuo-Chuan in what diplomats
viewed as an attempt to avert an
expanded war in Viet Nam.
Broader Role
First word of the broader U.S.
military role in South Viet Nam
came with a Saigon announce-
ment that American-manned jet
bombers had struck against Viet
Cong positions in central Viet
Nam last Thursday and several
times since then.
Previously, the 24,000 U.S. mili-
tary personnel in South Viet Nam
were supposed to be acting as "ad-
visers." While the Americans sup-
posedly shot back in self-defense,

Labor, Negro Leaders
Urge Vote Registration
MIAMI BEACH (M)-Labor leaders urged yesterday new federal
legislation to prevent southern states such as Alabama and Mississip-
pi from denying Negroes the right to vote.
In Selma, Negro leaders canceled a twilight street march yester-
day and devoted their efforts instead to mobilization campaign for
a coming voter registration day.
Rev. James Bevel, talking with newsmen, emphasized the im-
portance of organizing Monday's right-to-vote march.
"The people who will readily go down to the courthouse and try
to register have already gone down," the minister explained. "What
we are trying to do is reach those who haven't been there before."
"We think the answer lies inr
federal registrars supervising elec-
tions," a spokesman for the AFL-
CIO Executive Council said. J
He said that the AFL-CIO has
been informed that legislation
along these lines is being consid- T ax' R eI or m ,
ered in Washington although its
final form is not yet certain. A r n fim.. nrnt
A. *afa~s... t-act formua*O SSJr t


Nassar, Ulbricht Meet in Cai


direct combat was supposed to be
the function of the South Viet-
The situation was different out-
side of South Viet Nam. Late last
spring American fliers began mis-
sions over Laos, and hit North
Vietnamese targets following the
August attacks on U.S. warships
in the Gulf of Tonkin.
The scope of the U.S. action
broadened early this month with
the reprisal air raids on North
Viet Nam, triggered by Viet Cong
killings of, Americans in South
Viet Nam. Then last week John-
son said "our continuing actions
.will be measured and fitting
and adequate" to meet "the con-
tinuing aggression of others."
The State Department broke
some of the official silence on
what this Johnson policy state-
ment meant in a terse confirma-
tion yesterday of the U.S. bomb-
ings In South Viet Nam.

Clashes in Alabama
Referring to recent clashes in
Alabama over Negro voter regis-
tration demonstrations, AFL-CIO
President George Meany called on
federal officials to bring pressure
"to stop this harassment of poten-
tial voters."
He added that "our whole
democratic system has no mean-
ing as long as the right to vote is
denied to any American."
The big labor federation pledg-
ed it will continue aiding civil
rights groups in registering Ne-
groes to vote, but said that this
can be only partially effective
without federal help.
No Power
Justice department officials
have taken the position it has no
power under present law to police
voter registration.
The Executive Council may
recommend legislation to include
federal supervision of elections as
well as voter registration, the
spokesman indicated.
He said that the Council prob-'
ably will make a more complete
statement after legal advisers de-
termine whether it would be con-
stitutional for the federal govern-
ment to intervene in state elec-

Police Protect Muhammad
From Reported Assassins
CHICAGO (A) - Police guards protecting Elijah Muhammad
from reported assassins intercepted a suspicious crate delivered to the
black muslim leader's home yesterday. But bomb squad experts, after
an examination, pronounced the contents harmless.
A New York police official said that detectives had dug up in-
formation on the Malcom X assassination "as to who may be respon-
sible." However, Asst. Chief Inspector Joseph L. Coyle foresaw no

World News,
My The Assoclted Press
rique Peralta Azurdia's govern-
ment decreed a state of siege
throughout Guatemala yesterday'
because of what was called an at-
tempt to overthrow his regime.
Peralta said "several groups of
armed men have attacked civilians
and authorities as part of a wide-
spread plan to spread terror."
WARSAW - U.S. Ambassador
John M. Cabot met for nearly two
hours with Communist Chinese
Ambassador Wang Kuo-Chuan
yesterday. Speculation was that
they discussed the war in South
Viet Nam, but bath men maintain-
ed tight secrecy.
LONDON - Goverment author-
ities indicated last night they were
skeptical of a French-Soviet
agreement to work for a Viet Nam
peace conference.
"What's the point of calling a
conference now,"' one source ask-
ed, "when there is plainly-Xo pos-
sible basis on which the principal
contenders could negotiate let
alone agree?"
WASHINGTON - President
Lyndon B. Johnson joined close
friends and legal associates of
Felix Frankfurter at a private
memorial service yesterday for the
retired Supreme Court Justice
who died Monday.
E nc
Exchange Slor*,# o

imminent break in the case.
Halt Driver
Police halted the driver who an-
nounced he was delivering a
crated grandfather's clock, from a
department store in Philadelphia,
addressed to Muhammad.
Bodyguards from the Fruit of
Islam sect conferred with Muham-
mad and then informed police he
had not ordered a clock.
Three police specialists in ex-
plosives opened the crate. They
said the crate contained a grand-
father's clock and that a careful
examination of the workings
showed no explosive or incendiary
Harried Police
Harried by telephoned threats,
police worked on their own plans
for protecting Muhammad when
he leaves for the sect's national
convention Friday.
"He hasn't asked for protection
yet, but there will be some type
-o f surveillance," Commander
Robert Lynskey of the special po-
lice task force said.
Muhammad has been under se-
curity guard as tight as that pro-
vided for the President of the
United States since his defected
disciple, Malcom X, was assassi-
nated in New York Sunday while
addressing a rival splinter group.
Didn't Ask
Although the Muslims did not
ask for protection, 'round the
clock police squads were assigned
to the front and rear entrances of
Muhammad's south side mansion
with other squads stationed near-
by or cruising the neighborhood.
Except for a news conference
Monday, Muhammad has remain-
ed in seclusion surrounded by
guards from the Fruit of Islam,
the karate-trained elite corps of
the sect.
Other Muslim guards have tak-
en posts in parked cars in front of
the mansion.
Sgt. William Klimczak, in charge
of the police detail guarding the
home, said the Muslims set up
their own outside watch Tuesday
after receiving reports that three
Malcolm X followers had arrived
in Chicago.

Soviets Claim U.S. Lost UN
Vote Fight on Assessment
UNITED NATIONS WP)-Soviet ambassador Nikolai T. Fedorenko
contended yesterday that the United States lost its fight to take away
the General Assembly vote of Russia and 12 other debtor nations.
The penalty question became a dead issue, he asserted, when the
U.S. agreed to a roll call in the closing hours of the General Assembly
without challenging the voting rights of nations two years in arrears.
Only Procedural
The U.S. maintains that the ballot which defeated Albania's at-
tempt to force a showdown over United Nations peacekeeping dues
was only procedural and did not-
alter the stand on applying the~~
vote penalty against delinquents. L
4.N e , U t Uor

ting and boosting the personal in-
come tax was urged by Prof. War-
ren L. Smith, chairman of- the
economics department, in a paper
released by the Senate-House
Economic Committee's fiscal pol-
icy subcommittee.
Warren is one of a number of
outstanding economists who have
been asked by the subcommittee
to comment on fiscal policy issues
that will be facing Congress.
The report calls for the setting
up of a prearranged formula un-
der which the President could
recommend a short-notice in-
crease or decrease in the personal
income tax "under certain speci-
fied conditions."
Congress,,would then be asked to
give a quick "yes" or "no" to the
President's tax request.
Smith offered the plan of a
fast-action formula with the idea
it might find the Congressional
support that was lacking for the
late President John F. Kennedy's.
1962 plan to give the chief execu~tv.e eg ny a -utn o -
tive emergency tax-cutting pow-
Smith said that by giving the
Congress a more positve role than
present plansucall for, the fast-
action tax cut might meet with
less objection in Congress.
1209 S. University 663-7151

CAIRO ()- President Gamal
Abdel Nasser welcomed Commu-
nist East German President Wal-
ter Ulbricht to Egypt yesterday
with a smiling handshake and a
21-gun salute.
Nasser and his ministers turn-
ed out at the flag-decorated Cairo
railroad station for a full dress of-
ficial welcome despite West Ger-
man warnings of a cutoff in aid if
Ulbricht was accorded such hon-
In Washington the state de-
partment declared yesterday that
the United States does not look
favorably on Ulbricht's visit to
Only Representative
A state department spokesman
said that "We support the Federal
Republic of West Germany as the
only representative of the Ger-
man people."
Ulbricht's one-week visit has
caused a furor in Bonn and could
lead to a diplomatic break. The
West German cabinet met and de-
cided to stick with its decision to
cut off aid. A spokesman said
West Germany still was consider-
ing political reprisals.
Cairo railroad station presented
a tumultous scene. Thousands
packed the square outside while
others were on rooftops. Giant
East German flags fluttered over-
First Time
Ulbricht has never paid an of-
ficial visit to a non-communist
country before.
"In the name of the German
people I wish you all the best for
Arab unity," Ulbricht said in a
brief exchange on the platform.
Later Ulbricht broke through a
line of honor guests to shake
hands with a large cluster of East
Germans, residents of Cairo, who
had come out to welcome him.
People's Fight
In a press statement, Ulbricht
said that East German citizens

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"observe 'with great attention and
sympathy" the fight of the
Egyptian people "against imper-
ialism. oppression and threats,
against colonialism and neo-
Ulbricht said his visit was de-
signed "to deepen relations be-
tween our states and peoples and
promote further friendship be-
tween them."
With Nasser at his side, Ul-
bricht drove triumphantly in an
open car through the teeming
streets to Kubbeh Palace, Nasser's
top official guest house.
Several West German newsmen,
visitors and residents, were barred
by Egyptian authorities from cov-
ering, Ulbricht's arrival.
A foreign ministry spokesman
said the newsmen were kept away
at the request of the East German



In an interview Fedorenko was
asked if Russia would have car-
ried out its threat to quit the
U.N., had the voting penalty been
applied. He replied that his gov-
ernment would have had to "re-
consider its attitude toward the
U.N. organization."
Russia has refused to pay any-
thing toward the Congo or Middle
East operations, claiming they are
illegal because they were voted by
the General Assembly.
Security Council Only
Fedorenko said that "if decis-
ions regarding the establishment,
employment and financing of the
U.N. forces are taken by the Se-
curity Council strictly in accord-
ance with the Charter provisions,
the Soviet Union will be ready to
share in the expenditures of such
armed forces."
On the issue of U.N. peacekeep-
ing a decision might be sought
from the World Court to define
what is meant in the U.N. Charter
by giving the Security Council
primary responsibility for peace-
For information write:
Academic Aids, Box 969
Berkeley, California

Final Compact
GALVESTON (P) - Negotiators,
encouraged that the paralyzing
West'Gulf Coast Longshoremen's
strike might be nearing an end,
yesterday tackled the meticulous
process of putting oral agree-
ments on paper.
Shippers a n d International
Longshoremen's Association bar-
gainers have tentatively come to
terms on all major issues in the
West Gulf District, according to
Assistant U.S. Labor Secretary
James J. Reynolds.
ILA officials feel an agreement
here would serve as a pattern for
settlement in the South Atlantic
District of the ILA.





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