SATURDAY, 9 JANUARY 1965
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SATURDAY, 9 JANUARY 1985 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAflI' TTWVfl
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Martial Law Invoked in Syria
To Smooth Path to Socialism
Thrusts in Malaysia
DAMASCUS, Syria (P) - Lt.
Gen. Amin Hafez invoked martial
law yesterday to smooth Syria's
path toward socialism.
The soldier-politician, who is
president, premier and military
governor of this Arab nation, es-
tablished a five-man tribunal em-
powered to pass death sentences in
wiping out "reactionary attempts
to hamper the socialization proc-
"Internal reactionaries in col-
laboration with imperialist allies
abroad" have campaigned to cast
doubts on recent measures of the
ruling Baath Socialist Party, Ha-
These measures include the na-
tionalization of 115 industrial
companies, including the leading
cement and sugar plants. The
companies were estimated to be
worth about $100 million.
Loss of Capital
This operation has been attend-
ed by unconfirmed reports of a
A flight of capital. It is estimated as
much as $180 million may have
been smuggled out of the country.
Hafez mentioned no foreign na-
tion by name, but said:
"The (Syrian) capitalists are
powerful because of their money
and their imperialist allies abroad.
They have begun a propaganda
campaign to slander the social-
ist measures in Syria.
"But Syria's revolutionary re-
gime will mercilessly settle ac-
counts with this clique of trai-
tors. The regime will wipe out
anyone who stands in the way of
its liberationist policies."
Prompt support was expressed
by Syrian newspapers and the
General Federation of Trade Un-
Hafez' statement was carried
under headlines such as "Death
to the Enemies of the People."
The Labor Federation pledges
Syrian workers will "fight anti-
socialist reactionary intrigues by
The chairman of the new tri-
bunal is Col. Salah Dhilli, who
has presided over all Syria's emer-
gency courts since the Baath Par-
ty came to power in March 1963.
He and his fellow judges will
take up cases involving:
-Internal security violations.
-Opposition to the implemen-
tation of socialization in Syria,
whether by word or deed.
-Attacks on mosques a n d
churches or government, army
and factory buildings, and the
sowing of sectarian dissension.
-Engineering of unjustified
price increases and the smug-
gling of Syrian capital abroad.
-Acceptance of money from, or
cooperation with, a foreign nation
'to oppose the government.I
Admirers of a blueprint for
Arab unity drawn up by Presi-
dent Gamal Abdel Nasser of
Egypt have been accused of fo-
menting revolutionary plotting in
Syria, which was once united
with Egypt in the United Arab
However, Syria's trend toward
socialization has seemed to please
Sthe Nasser administration inj
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
1Associated Press special Correspondent'
dent Sukarno may be preparing
for strong new thrusts against
neighboring Malaysia, intended to
stop short of provoking general
war in Southeast Asia.
Indonesia's departure from the
United Nations and concomitant
pronouncements from Jakarta and
Peking sent shudders through the
world's chancelleries. The danger
of broad conflict in Southeast
( Asia seems to be growing.
Malaysia's foreign ministry
speculates that the "crush Ma-
laysia" venture has been planned
jointly by Indonesia and Red
China. Peking's foreign minister
Chen Yi visited Jakarta last
August. Sukarno visited China in
The plan may be to create
revolutionary chaos in Malaysia
without going far enough to pro-
vide the country's protectors suf-
ficient provocation for drastic
countermeasures against Indone-
sia. The plan also may be rely-
ing on support from the large
Chinese minority inside Malaysian
Warning from Australia
Four months ago, Australia is-
sued a warning that "unprovoked
aggression in the territories of
Malaysia must be countered and
will be countered." Foreign Minis-
ter Paul Hasluck said Australia
has clear commitments in partner-
ship with Britain regarding the
defense of Malaysia.
Indonesia's regular army may
now be as large as 400,000, equip-
ped with Soviet weapons. In con-
testing with China for Indonesian
support of Soviet aims in Asia,
the Russians were reported to have
given Indonesia an additional
$150 million worth of arms in
1964. In all, building up Indonesia
over the years cost the U.S.S.R.
well over a billion dollars.
British and Commonwealth1
forces which can be considered
committed to Malaysia's defense
now probably total about 50,000,
plus naval and air support. Ma-
laysia's own regular armed forces
total less than 20,000, plus 35,000
in paramilitary forces guarding
Evidently getting ready for a
critical situation, Peking propa-
ganda accuses the United States
and Britain of plotting measures
against Indonesia. The Peking
People's Daily said a few days ago
that "should United States and
British imperialism dare to launch
armed provocations against Indo-
nesia, they will not only meet with
strong rebuffs by the Indonesian
people, but will be firmly oppos-
ed by other Asian peoples."
This was short of a pledge of
Chinese participation in a show-
down, but it did indicate realiza-
tion that increased Indonesian
thrusts against Malaysia could
bring strong countermeasures.
The threat of new war in South-
east Asia creates problems for
Moscow and Washington. Moscow
invested much effort and money
in trying to persuade Indonesia
to support the U.S.S.R.'s claim to
be an Asian nation with valid in-
terests in shaping the continent's
destinies, but it failed.
For all practical purposes,
Sukarno's country now is in a
Peking-dominated bloc. Inside
Indonesia, the only really organ-
ized and functioning political
party is the Communist Party
numbering 2.5 million. The only
force from which could oppose it
is the army, and even its high-
ranking officers have professed to
see no peril in the Communist
Enlarged hostilities in Indonesia
would place Moscow in an uncom-
fortable position, requiring it to
make a stand which could hardly
be on the side of those denounced
by the Communist world as im-
There would be worry in Wash-
ington, too, should the British
Commonwealth be pushed toward
open armed conflict in Southeast
That could change the whole
strategic picture in Viet Nam, with
an immediate prospect of enlarg-
ed war there. It also could spell
direct United States involvement
in the Indonesia-Malaysia situa-
tion. The U.S. 7th Fleet, in Asian
waters, could be involved on the
side of America's allies in a show-
NATO MULTILATERAL FORCE:
U.S. Proposes Nuclear Weapons System
By BEM PRICE
Associated Press Newsfeatures Writer
WASHINGTON-For four years
the United States has been talk-
ing about creating a nuclear
weapons system for the North At-
lantic Treaty Organization which
would be called the Multilateral
Force-MLF, for short.
Basically, the purpose is to make
the United States and Europe
partners in the operation and
maintenance of a separate nuclear
deterrent against possible Soviet
The partnership would in no
way affect United States' control
of its own nuclear force.
Support and Opposition
MLF has been endorsed by West
Germany and opposed by France,
with Great Britain more or less
on the fence so far.
The smaller nations within the
NATO alliance currently seem
content to abide by whatever ac-
cord is reached by the larger pow- given some voice, it will build'
ers. its own nuclear force-something
As now proposed, MLF would the Soviet Union opposes violent-
consist of 25 surface vessels oper- ly and which is feared in large
ating in the Atlantic and Mediter- parts of Europe.
ranean. Each would be armed Even if MLF came into being,
with eight Polaris missiles. the use of the weapons would be
Cost subject to veto by the participat-
The creation of the force would ing nations. This gives rise to
cost an estimated $2.5 billion. An- questions among military men
nual operating costs would be whether such a force could be
about $160 million. The expenses run by what amounts to a com-
would be borne by the NATO mittee.
nations. Pros and Cons
France's opposition stems from On the international political
tefance'level, there are those who say that
the fact that President Charles dvlpeto L ol ed
de Gaulle wants an independent development of MLF would lead
nuclear force, one in which the to a hardening of Soviet atti-
United States would have no voice. tudes toward the West, which
might undo all the efforts to date
West Germany, which is right to relax tensions in the Cold War.
up against Soviet-controlled terri-
tory, has long sought a voice in One of the United States' mo-
t~ha rntrnlof nn.IP Ar ~tLives in proposing the MLF was to
forestall the spread of nuclear
weapons manufacturing by pro-
viding them weapons ready-made
-under international control.
The MLF idea was first advanc-
ed at a meeting of the NATO na-
tions in December, 1960, by Chris-
tian A. Herter, then U.S. secre-
tary of state.
Taking part in the MLF discus-
sions are the United States, West
Germany, Great Britain, Italy,
Turkey, Greece and the Nether-
10:30 a.m. SELF-ANALYSIS
7:00 p.m. SAVAGE AUCAS TODAY
professor kenneth pike, Ph.D.
University Reformed Church
East Huron by Rackham
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara has
spelled out the procedures under which the Pentagon may cut off
federal funds from state units because of persistent racial discrimi-
Units that could be affected include state National Guard orga-
* nizations, the Civil Air Patrol, and several defense programs. The
ne conuo of nucieura a diiuts
The argument has been advanc-
ed that unless West Germany is
Pentagon disclosed yesterday that
(Continued from Page 2)
pus. These vacancies are caused by
illness or graduation, etc. Any per-
sons who would like to fill these
positions as well as usher for the
Professional Theatre Plays in Hill Aud.
will please apply in person at the Box
Office at Hill Aud. on Tues., Jan. 12,
from 7 p.m. to "9 p.m.
Please see Mr. Warner.
Mars Candies, Chicago - Statistical
Services Manager. MS In Math Statis-
tics. 3 yrs. exper. in use of math &
statistics for sales forecasting, prod.
scheduling & inventory control sys-
Dow Corning oCrp., Midland, Mich. -
Personnel Trainee in industrial rela-
tions. Male with 2-5 yrs. personnel ex-
per. Immed. opening.
Veterans Administration Center, Boise,
Idaho- Physical Therapist for well
equipped Physical Medicine & Reha-
bilitation unit of general hospital.
Toledo Board of Education, Toledo
Ohio--Accountant. Grad to start next
month in business office. Exper. not
Scott Co. of Calif., Oakland, Calif.-
Engrs. for mechanical contracting firm.
Pref. bkgd. In beat, power, or air con-
ditioning. Also indust. & civil engrs.
with bkgd. in sanitary or water treat-
For further information, please call
764-7460, General Div., Bureau of Ap-
pointments, 3200 SAB.
SUMMER PLACEMENT SERVICE:
The following co-ed camps will inter-
view at Summer Placement on Jan. 12.
Manitou-Wabbing, Canada-All types
of counselors and music majors. Must
be at least 19.
Camp Wahanowin, Canada--All types
Details available at Summer Place-
McNamara issued a 26-page direc-
tive Dec. 28 designed to carry out
provisions of the 1964 civil rights
The McNamara directive re-
serves to the secretary of defense
all authority to approve any de-
cision to cut off or deny funds
on grounds of racial discrimina-
It sets up a procedure stressing
efforts to obtain voluntary com-
pliance from states and localities.
WASHINGTON - The Senate
broke out of an impasse over pro-
posals to strengthen its anti-
filibuster rule yesterday by shunt-
ing the dispute off to its rules
committee for two months.
WASHINGTON - Two women
and a man who refused to answer
behind closed doors questions by
the House Committee on Un-
American Activities pleaded inno-
cent yesterday to contempt of
The women are Dagmar Wil-
son and Donna Allen of Washing-
ton, who are leaders of the Wom-
en Strike for Peace, an organiza-
tion that opposes the use of nu-
clear weapons. The man is Rus-
sell Nixon of New York City, who
manages the National Guardian,
a weekly newspaper that calls it-
We have the MECHANICS
and the PARTS.
NEW CAR DEALER
319 W. Huron
The U. of M.
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Sun., Jan. 10, 1965 ... 7:30 P.M.
for "Yeomen of the Guard"
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