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February 19, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-02-19

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McNamara Calls Viet
War 'Key to Stemming
Communist Advances'!

Seeks Help Stevenson Sanctions
In Check Voting

Goad "rain
WASHINGTON (R) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson asked busi-
ness yesterday "to join hands with
me in a voluntary partnership"
to stem the gold-dollar drain. He
urged banks and industry to cut
overseas spending, lending and in-
vestment "to the bone."}

UNITED NATIONS (P)-The United States agreed to a procedural
vote in the United Nations General Assembly yesterday and thus avert-
ed a showdown with the Soviet Union over voting rights.
At a drama-packed session of the Assembly, chief U.S. delegate
Adlai E. Stevenson announced the last-minute U.S. decision despite
repeated attempts from Albanian Ambassador Halim Budo to inter-
rupt him.
Budo, regarded by many delegates as the voice of Communist
China, threw the Assembly into a turmoil just as he did on Tuesday.

*Irr****A** ********** ** ** **~******.~ik**** '
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9-12 P.M. Music by
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Tickets available at North Hall
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* Formal Three Dollars per Couple

Says Crisis


-Associated Press

ence data stacked ready, appeared yesterday before the Housef
Armed Services Committee. At a closed door hearing McNamarax
gave his annual military posture statement and discussed inter-
national problems in detail.
Predicts Serious Problems
From China's Nuclear PlansI
WASHINGTON (QP)-Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamarat
said yesterday he sees a most disturbing prospect in Communist
China's determination to produce modern nuclear armaments.
McNamara projected the possibility of Chinese nuclear attackt
some years into the future, saying true nuclear capability takes time
to create.+
Although it may be a slow road for the Communist Chinese,
McNamara said, "there is no reason to suppose that the Chinese can-
not in time produce medium-range and even long-range ballistic
missile systems and arm them with thermonuclear warheads. Given!
the hostility the regime has shown,
this is a most disturbing long
range prospect," he said.
World 'News 4 House Testimony
In testimony prepared for the
-g House Armed Services Committee,
R oR~un duhe said that China's success in
detonating a nuclear test device
last fall indicates that the Chinese
By the Associated Press leaders "are determined to pro-
duce modern armament, everl
JAKARTA-A mob of Commu- though the cost be great."
nist-inspired yoaths attacked the Later, without naming the Com-
United States consulate in Me- munist Chinese but apparently
dan yesterday in the fifth such meaning them, McNamara said
assault on official American prop- "there is also the possibility in
erties in Indonesia in the last "six the 1970's of a small nuclear at-
months. As in the past, U.S. diplo- tack on the United States by a
mats filed an official protest with nation possessing only a primi-
the Indonesian government. tive nuclear force."
* Time Element
DAMASCUS-Kuwait has invit- However, he added, the time
ed an official Communist Chinese necessary for "additional nations
delegation to visit the oil-rich to develop and deploy an effec-
country to promote economic co- tive ballistic missile system cap-
operation and commerce between able of reaching the U.S. Is great-
the two countries, Kuwait Radio er than the time we require to
announced yesterday. d deploy the defense."
McNamara's 207-page public
* *statement was a censored, much
ASWAN, Egypt-Egypt's Presi- ' shorter version of his secret tes-
dent Gabal Abdel Nasser accused timony before the House commit-
West Germany yesterday of be- tee, holding its annual hearings
traying the Arabs, encouraging ag- on defense posture and procure-
gression against the Arab world ment.
and "sucking the blood" of Egyp- And in the statement, McNa-
tians with exorbitant rates of in- mara discussed the trouble-spots
terest for its economic aid. of the world.

Serious But
Not Hopeless
Expects Russians To
Avoid Nuclear Peril
WASHINGTON (A') - Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara
yesterday described the Viet Nam
crisis as "grave, but by no means
hopeless," and expressed doubt the
Communist Chinese would step in,
with a major attack.
- Despite Peking's militancy, Mc-
Namara said in a report to the
House Armed Services Committee,
the Communist Chinese "have
shown great caution when con-
fronted with a determined dis-
play of military power."
Appreciate Perils
McNamara expressed belief that
the new leaders of the Soviet Un-
ion "fully appreciate the perils of
general nuclear war and the dan-
ger of local wars escalating into
nuclear war."
He made clear that he saw no
alternative than for the United
States to remain in South Viet
Nam, supporting the government
against Communist guerrillas.
He described the war as a key
to stemming Communist expan-
sion not only in Asia but in othe'r
developing nations.
Greater Efforts
Leaving the committee room,
McNamara told newsmen that
greater efforts willnbe required
of South Viet Nam in the coming
year, including a boost in its mil-
itary force. This may require a
small increase in the number of
Americans sent there to help with
training, as well as more combat
equipment, he said.
He noted that one of the chief
reasons for the dramatic rif, be-
tween Russia and China "was pre-
cisely the extent to which violence
should be used in overthrowing
non-Communist governments."
Thus, he declared, a Communist
success in South Viet Nam would
be claimed "as proof positive" that
the tough, militant Peking posi-
tion was the correct one.
"The stakes in South Viet Nam
are far greater than the loss of
one small country to. Commu-
nism," he said.

Behind the President's appeal This time he challenged a r
for voluntary business action to Quaison-Sackey of Ghana that no v
slash the flow of private capital mand for a return to normal vot-
abroad lay an unspoken threat I ing procedures until the Assembly
to require such action through leg- acted first on whether to revoke
islation if his plea is ignored. a no-vote truce in effect since it'
The payments deficit represents
the difference between the amount opened Dec. 1.
Americans and their government Avoids Showdown
spend, lend, invest and give away
abroad and the smaller amount dThe truce was agreed upon in
received from foreign sources. order to avoid a showdown over
The President said the nation, UN Charter Article19, which says
"lik an god copan," ustmembers two years in arrears in
stop the overseas drain on its assessments shall lose their vote.
cash reserves. The Soviet Union, France, and 11
aer esterdays.other nations are in that cate-
.Later yesterday, in a move de-grybcuefrfsa oayor
signed to benefit business, the gory because of refusal to pay for
Treasury relaxed its depreciation peacekeeping assessments.
rules to make an estimated 95 Quaison-Sackey was pushing
per cent of industry eligible this for approval by acclamation of
year for the faster tax deprecia- an interim budget and authority
tion write-offs adopted in 1962. to establish a committee to re-
Officials explained that under view'the entire question of peace-
previous rules only 60 per cent keeping. He hoped to recess the
of the nation's companies would Assembly until Sept. 1.
have qualified.

-uling of Assembly President Alex
vote could be taken on Albania's de-
Troops Attack
Viet Cong Site
SAIGON-Troops, planes and;
patrol boats closed in yesterday
on a strongly defended cove 235
miles northeast of Saigon, hoping.
to choke off a possibly significant
flow of sea-borne supplies to the
Viet Cong.
Immediate aims were to wipe
out Viet Cong guerrilla nests rim-
ming the cove and get a look at


Alice Lloyd Hall
Mqin Lounge
"The Iguanas" will play

a steel hulled ship-a camouflaged
100-footer - capsized there by,
Vietnamese aerial bombs Tuesday.
A U.S. spokesman in Saigon de-
clined comment on a charge by!
North Viet Nam that four United
States-Vietnamese patrol boats
shelled the North Vietnamese
coastal village of Quynh Lap early



i .

Uganda Joins
Congo Attacks
LEOPOLDVILLE () - Soldiers'
from Uganda and Congolese reb-
els attacked the Congo on two
fronts and overran an outpost
near the border, military sources
here claimed yesterday.
The fighting followed Ugandan
charges that Congolese planes
bombed two villages in Uganda
last week and that the Congo-
lese army attacked a frontier post
near Lake Edward.
Apparent objective of the at-
tacks is the airport at Bunia, cap-
ital of Kibali-Ituri Province. The
Ugandans apparently think the at-
tack on the villages came from
The informants here said the
thrusts into Congolese territory
from Uganda began Tuesday. The
town of Mahagi, a Congolese out-
post about five miles from the
frontier, was overrun. Mahagi is
about 80 miles northeast of Bunia.
The raiding force struck south-
ward and Wednesday attacked the
s m a 11 Congolese garrison at
Nioka, about 20 miles southwest
Ugandans had taken part in an
of Mahagi. Almost immediately
afterward, Premier Milton Obote
of Uganda accused the Congo of
bombing Ugandan villages.

On hischallengeBudo was snow-
ed under by a vote of 97 against,
two in favor and '13 abstentions.
Only Mauritania voted with Al-
bania. France was the only major
power among the 13 abstainers.



t K -..& '. h


Stevenson Angry
Budo's repeated attempts to in-
terrupt Stevenson and seize the
floor angered the U:S. delegate
who demanded of Qualson-Sack-
ey "will you please ask for order
in the hall."
He said that inasmuch as the
procedural vote dealt only with
the issue of whether the Assem-
bly should continue on a non-vot-
ing basis "and not with the sub-
stantive business of the Assembly,
the United States considers that
such a vote would not involve or
prejudice the question of the ap-
plicability of Article 19, and that
the question can in no way be af-
fected by it."


Pool room, ping pong room, and
bowling alleys open to coeds

Stevenson told the Assembly
that the truce was agreed upon in
order to avoid a confrontation "on
a matter of basic principle, so that
an agreed solution consonant with
the provisions of the Charter can
be reached."


m m wrm nn Now

EMIL HOLZ, Conductor
TIME: 4 P.M.
In Cooperation with the Ann Arbor Public Schools
ERIC GRAF, Flutist
Winners of Youth Soloist Competition

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