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February 17, 1965 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-02-17

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WEDNESDAY, 17 FEBRUARY 1965

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WEDNSDA, 1 FERUAY 195 TE MCHIAN.A..

Middle East Issue
Entangles Germany
Bonn Stops Economic Aid to UAR;
Suspends Arms Shipments to Israel
BONN ()-Chancellor Ludwig Erhard said yesterday he is
counting on support from the Western allies 'in the Middle East,
where he is in hot water with both Israel and the United Arab Repub-
lic.
Erhard told a meeting of his Christian Democratic Party that
the Allies also are concerned when East German Communist leader
Walter Ulbricht gets an invitation to visit the UAR. The United States
and other Western allies do not recognize the East German govern-
ment.
Despite a German decision to cut off all economic aid to the UAR
because of the invitation to Ulbricht, a dispatch from Cairo said prep-
arations were going ahead for a,
red carpet welcome for the East
German leader. He is scheduled to
arrive Feb. 24.

CHANCELLOR ERHARD
Hubbard Hits
Government'
Distortions
DETROIT ()-Mayor Orville L.
Hubbard of predominately whlite
Dearborn, object of a five-day
search by federal authorities, ap-
peared for arraignment in U.S.
district court yesterday on an in-
dictment growing out of a racial
demonstration.
Hubbard is charged with con-
spiring to neglect and failing his
duty when - demonstrators pelted
a Dearborn home with stones and
garbage on Labor Day of 1963 in
mistaken belief it had been sold
or rented to Negroes. Estimates
of the crowd ranged up to 400.
Hubbard, who said he'd been out
of town at least two of the last
five days didn't quite make his
appearance without arrest. Mar-
shals nabbed him as he talked
with newsmen outside the court-
room to which he was reporting.
'Innocent'.y
He pleaded innocent to the
charges which he termed "a rot-
ten abuse of the mighty power of
the federal government.,;,, based
on one-sided distortions."
Both counts are misdemeanors,
each carrying a maximum penalty,
of a year's imprisonment and a
$1,000 fine.
Despite the rotund mayor's in-
sistence that "My word is my
bond," Judge Thaddeus Mach-
rowicz, a former Congressman,
required him to post .a $5,000
surety bond to appear for trial
later.
Assistant U.S. Attorney George
Merrill said in opposing personal
bond Hubbard had ignored two
requests to come in voluntarily
earlier and had telephoned news
media while officers sought him
fruitlessly.
Statement
After arraignment, Hubbard
handed newsmen a statement
saying:
"We are reliably informed that
the FBI made two investigations
of this incident and _found no
cause for action . . . even more
shocling is the conduct of the
federal law office here. One fed-
eral lawyer alternately threatened
and then offered a 'deal' to one
of our public officials to influence
him to give perjured testimony
and this statement is supported by
an affidavit."
Merrill declined comment on
Hubbard's reported offer of "a
deal." Terming the mayor's state-
ment "a clear violation of ethics"
and Saying the government "can-
not and will not answer" because
to do so "would prejudice time
defendant's rights."

Forced
President Gamal Abdel Nasser
of the UAR has forced Erhard
to stop arms deliveries to Israel
by threatening to establish di-
plomatic relations with East Ger-
many.
In Jerusalem, the Israeli parlia-
ment Monday adopted a resolu-
tion expressing "astonishment and
indignation" at the West German
decision to stop arms aid. Prime
Minister Levi Eskhol said , Israel
would not accept West Germany's
offer of $15 million in cash in
lieu of undelivered arms.
Ex-Chancellor Konrad Adenau-
er, who made the $80 million arms
agreement with Israel in 1960.
told the party meeting the origi-
nal negotiations were carried out
"at the wish of a friendly coun-
try, with its knowledge and ap-
proval, and by other personali-
ties." Adenauer was apparently re-
ferring here to the United States.
Not Much
Gerhard Schroeder, foreign min-
ister, pointed out that there was
not much the Western allies could
do to support West Germany since
they are on poor terms with Nas-
ser themselves.
The chancellor told the closed
caucus of his supporters in par-
liament that Nasser had invited
Ulbricht because of Soviet pres-
sure, not because of West German
arms shipments. Statements were
summarized for reporters by a
party spokesman.
The opposition Social Demo-
cratic Party accused Schroeder of
deceiving members of parliament
about the decision to halt the
deliveries.
\Karl Mommer, Social Demo-
cratic whip, told reporters that
Schroeder had sought the foreign
affairs committee's advice at a
meeting last Wednesday night. He
said it came out later that Er-
hard and Shroeder already had
agreed to stop the shipments.
Mommer insisted that his par-
ty had not even heard anything
about the secret arms agreement
with Israel until 1962.
Taylor Notes
Raid Effects
NEW YORK (P)-Maxwell D.
Taylor, U.S. ambassador to South
Viet Nam, said tonight that Amer-
ican air raids on North Viet Nam
had more psychological than mili-
tary effect.,
Taylor said it is too early to,
assess the effect of the raids, but
added in a television interview,
"Certainly the limited actions
which we have taken-and they've
been deliberately planned-and
moderate responses do suggest the
possibility of other and bigger
forms of reaction in the future."
Taylor said he believed the raids
had a "very dramatic effect" on
the morale of the Americans and
South Vietnamese. r

-Associated Press
PHAN KH4C SUU, left, South Viet Nam's chief of state, and the country's new prime minister,
Dr. Phan Huy Quat, attend a party yesterday where the newly formed government was presented.
Quat Takes Reins in Saigon

Accusation
Endangers
UN Recess
By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS - The Al-
banian delegate to the United
Nations forced the issue of debts
into the open yesterday by de-
manding that a vote be taken on
adjournment. Claiming that the
United States manipulates the
UN, the delegate termed the
bombings of North Viet Nam
"barbaricx."
Albanian delegate Halim Budo
took the floor at the outset of the
afternoon assembly session, at
which delegates hoped to close
shop and go on a standby basis
until Sept. 1 while a study com-
mittee tries to unravel the snarl
over UN peacekeeping operations.
The surprise move by the Al-
banian delegate threw the other
delegates into a turmoil.
Continues
But the debate continued with
emphasis on obtaining at least an
adjournment. Budo insisted that
a vote be taken even on that,
It had been hoped that the
Assembly would adjourn pending
negotiation of the entire issue of
UN peacekeeping debts.
At one point Alex Quaison-
Sackey of Ghana, the Assembly
president, ruled Budo out of order
because he did not submit his de-
mand in writing.
Proposal
Jamil M. Baroody of Saudi
Arabia proposed that the Assem-
bly adjourn pending a call from
the Assembly president. He ap-
pealed to Budo to agree without
a vote.
Baroody declared the Albanian
move should be a warning "to the
two powers concerned that the
United Nations is near being
wrecked."
The United States has served
notice that in the event of a re-
corded vote it would insist upon
application of UN charter penal-
ties that would deprive debtor
nations of their Assembly vote.
Thus the Albanian move Was a
direct challenge to the United
States to act.
The Soviet Union, Frhnce and
11 other, nations are two years
behind in assessments and sub-
ject to challenge over their voting
rights.
The assembly has been operat-
ing under a no-vote truce since
it opened Dec. 1.

Associated Press
SATURN LA UNCHES PROBE

SAIGON P)-A new govern-
ment and a new legislative advi-
sory body took office yesterday
with the blessing of Lt. Gen.
Nguyen Khanh's high command.
A facade of civilian rule that had
been rent by military purges was
restored.
Phan Huy Quat, 55, a former
foreign minister, got the helm as
premier. He called for unity in
the interests of promoting the
U.S.-backed war against the Viet
Cong._
A U.S. embassy spokesman is-
sued a statement saying: "We
welcome the end of this interim
period and look forward to very
close cooperation with this new
government."
Interim Period Ended
The interim period was the
three weeks between Khanh's dis-
missal of Tran Van Huong as
premier Jan. 27 and the installa-
tion of Quat's present cabinet.
Handling the premiership in this
period was Deputy Premier Ngu-
yen Xuan Oanh, a Harvard-edu-
cated economist who is president
of the national bank. Oanh was
omitted from the new cabinet. But
he kept the bank job.
Quat is a former North Viet-
namese who headed south when
the Communists took over Hanoi.
Men from the central and north-
ern 'sections of South Viet Nam
are dominant in his ministries and
militant Buddhists, who have con-
tributed to the downfall of sev-
eral previous governments, are
,strongly represented.
Thuan Gets Post
Significantly, Tran Quant Thuan
again became social welfare min-
ister. Thuan held that post for
a time in Khanh's first cabinet
last year, but quit after a series
of arguments with the strong-
man. In the interval he has serv-
ed as a lay spokesman for the
Buddhists.
The new regime emerged barely
on schedule for the formal induca-
tion ceremony at Gia Long Palace.
Up to the last minute, the list
of ministers was changing and
confused.
A reporter asked one of the
nominees the identity of the new
minister of finance. "I'm sorry, I
don't know," he replied. "I'm a
newcomer here myself."
Finance Minister
The finance minister turned out
to be Tran Van Kien. Quat had
chosen Bui Ton Huan, but Huan
decided not to take the job.
The new legislative advisory
council chosen by Khanh and his
generals is made up of 20 men
representing military, religious

and political groups. It succeeds
the High National Council which
was overthrown in a military
purge last Dec. 19.
The Buddhists, Roman Cath-
olics, Cao Dai and Hoa Hao sects
are each represented by three men.
Rounding out the council are two
civilian politicians, Nguyen Sam
Sanh and Phan Hoan.
The council will keep watch on
the government and handle par-
liamentary chores until a regular
national assembly is chosen.

any Communist aerial attack on
that area, 80 miles south of the
17th parallel. The first battery
was installed last week. Missiles,
launchers and related equipment
were ferried ashore in small land-
ing craft from U.S. Navy vessels
in Da Nang harbor.
-Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap, com-
mander in chief of North Viet
Nam's armed forces, sent a con-
gratulatory message to "the South
Viet Nam Liberation army," mean-
ing the Viet Cong, on the fourth

A Saturn I rocket sent a probe named Pagasus soaring into orbit
yesterday to learn how manned spaceships might be harmed by
the sandblast effect of meteoroids and how to protect them from
the hazard.

U _.

GOOD BOOKS
Bob Marshall's
Book Shop
211 So. State
OPEN 7 NIGHTS
Each Week 'til 10

OLD CHINESE
AND
OLD JAPANESE

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Other Developments anniversary of its founding. As
Elsewhere there were these de- relayed via Radio Peking, he said
velopments: the Viet Cong have achieved re-
-A second battery of 36 U.S. sounding victories in "overwhelm-
Hawk missiles arrived at Da Nang ing the enemy . . . the U.S. im-
air base to join in defense against perialists and their lackeys."
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
UNITED NATIONS - United States Chief Delegate Adlai E.
Stevenson conferred with UN Secretary-General U Thant yesterday
and a UN spokesman said they exchanged views on Viet Nam.,
The spokesman told reporters the exchange of views was "in
the context of the secretary-general's appeal of last Friday" for all-
around restraint and talks to shift "the quest for a solution away,
from the field of battle to the-
conference table."
The UN informant said Steven-
son, who returned from Washing- '1
ton Tuesday night, asked to see tCfltZ lIi
Thant. All U.S. sources would say
of the conference was that the
two discussed "various and sundry
matters," including the work of
the General Assembly.
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Week Presents
ENCE ON
AFRICA

CARACAS - About 100 leftist
students attacked the U.S. em-
bassy yesterd4*, hurling bottles
of ink and denouncing what they
called "Yankee intervention in
Viet Nam."
The demonstration began as a
noisy parade with the students
chanting anti-American slogans.
Then the ink bottles began to fly
as they passed the embassy. Thej
embassy estimated damage at
$200.
NEW YORK-Three American,
Negroes and a Canadian woman,
described as leftist racial fanatics,
were seized yesterday' in a weird
plot to blow up the Statue of Lib-
erty, the Washington Monument
and the Liberty Bell.

February 25-28
Exhibits and Discussions
on South Africa
Speeches on topics as
The South African View of Apartheid
The World Opinion of South Africa
The Effect of Apartheid on South Africans
MORE INFORMATION IN FISHBOWL

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