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January 31, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-01-31

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See Editorial Pa-

Y r e

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom

:43 a t I

Partly cloudy with
snow flurries in morning



Burundi Expels
Rejects Commun

TOKYO 0P)-Communist China
announced yesterday its diplomats
had been expelled from the Afri-
can kingdom of Burundi.
A tiny landlocked nation adjoin-
ing the Congo, Burundi has been
generally regarded as one of the
chief centers of Chinese intrigue
in Africa.
The announcement by the New
China News Agency over Peking
radio gave no reason for the break.

It said Burundi had "unilaterally"
suspended diplomatic relations
with China and that Peking's dip-
lomats had been ordered to leave
"within two days."
Chinese Ambassador Liu Yu-
feng lodged "a strong protest"
with Burundi's Premier Joseph
Bamina, the broadcast said.
In what seemed to be a refer-
ence to a political struggle in
Burundi over the surge of Pe-

Kosygin Plans Visit
To North Viet Nam
SAIGON(A')-Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin will pay an official
visit to North Viet Nam, anti-American backer of the guerrillas in
South Viet Nam.
A Tass announcement issued here early yesterday morning gave
no date but said Kosygin would leave "shortly" at the invitation
of the North Vietnamese government.
Ho Chi-Minh, a veteran Communist who was trained in Moscow,
heads that government which, however, has taken a pro-Peking line
in the ideological dispute between the Soviet Union and Communist

Agree on 2-Day
SStudy Period
The faculties of all colleges at
the University have given general
approval to a Student Govern-
ment Council request for a longer
"reading period" before final
exams, Vice-President for Aca-
demic Affairs Roger W. Heyns re-
ported yesterday.
SGC asked Heyns to consider
extending the present one-day
pre-exam study period last De-
cember. Heyns then submitted the
suggestion to the faculties of the
different colleges to determine
faculty sentiment on the matter.
Although the faculty responses
differ somewhat on secondary
points, all favor some form of the
proposed longer period. Heyns's
office is currently evaluating the
reports and working out adminis-
trative details.
Since extending the "reading
period" would require a calendar
change, the proposal must be ap-
proved by the Regents before go-
ing into effect. While Heyns did
not say yesterday whether he
plans to take the issue to the
Regents,. he indicated two weeks
ago that his recommendation will
probably go along with faculty
At that time, however, he doubt-
ed that the change could be made
before next fall.

China. Kosygin's trip appeared to
have at least two purposes:
-To demonstrate Soviet sup-
port for North Viet Nam and the
guerrillas battling the Saigon re-
gime and its American advisors;
-To win back North Viet-
namese support in the dispute
with China.
Meanwhile South Viet Nam ap-
peared headed into a week of
peace as the Viet Cong announced
a seven day cease-fire to celebrate
the Lunar New Year.
The Buddhists also observe the
New Year holiday but there were
indications they plan to resume
anti-government activity as soon
as the celebration ends.
Extremist youth groups in cen-
tral Viet Nam have said they are
not satisfied with Wednesday's
coup in which Premier Tran Van
Houng was overthrown. They want
Brig. Gen. Nguyen Chanh Thi,
the military governor of central
Viet Nam, to become Premier.
The youths have also said they
want United States Ambassador
Maxwell D. Taylor thrown out of
the country.
The Viet Cong New Year cease-
fire has become an annual affair
and is usually respected. Govern-
ment forces remain on combat
alert but in past years no impor-
tant military activity took place.
A Viet Cong broadcast said the
guerrillas "will not attack posi-
tions and units of the Saigon
puppet troops to allow them to
return to their families and native
villages to enjoy the festival ...7
with the condition that they will
not carry any arms whatever." 1
Lt. Gen. Nguyen Khanh,. who1
took over from Nremier Huong
in Wednesday's coup went walk-
ing through Saigon Friday night.
Khanh's general staff was re-
ported still deeply split. A U.S.
official said of him, "He's already
riding three horses at one time
and he's a pretty good horse-t
man. But he's always in an un-
:stable condition of control."
The South Vietnamese liaison
mission sent a protest note to the
International Control Commission
on Indochina charging that the
Viet Cong is "nothing but a name
masking an armed aggression di-t
rected from without by North Viet
Nam." The note listed weaponsl
made in Communist countries thati
have been captured from the guer-

ist China
king's influence there, the broad-
cast said the ambassador agreed
to withdrawal after "taking into
consideration the difficulties fac-
ing your (Bamina's) government."
The announcement hopefully
called the suspension of relations
"temporary." It said Peking would
give "sympathetic consideration"
to any request by the Burundi
government to resume relations.
Embarrassing Blow
Burundi's decision seems to deal
an embarrassing blow to the Chi-
nese in the race with the West
and their estranged Communist
partner, the Soviet Union, for a
major role in Africa.
Lying east of the Congo on the
northern shore of Lake Tanganyi-
ka, Burundi has been a major cen-
ter for Chinese ambitions below
the Sahara.
From their large embassy in
Bujumbura, Burundi's capital,
Chinese agents are said to have
supplied, financed and advised the
Congolese rebels as well as dissi-
dent elements in other new Afri-
can nations.
Last May, a young Chinese dip-
lomat.defected to the West in Bur-
undi and said the country had
been designated as a center for in-
On Jan. 15, an assassin shot
and killed Premier Pierre Ngen-
dandumwe, who had been reap-
pointed recently to check rising
Chinese influence in Burundi.
Political Rivalry
There is intense political rivalry
in Burundi between pro-Chinese
leaders of the Tuts tribe, who
had once dominated the country,
and the so-called "young Turks"
of the Hutu tribe, many of them
trained in the West. A young
man described as a Tutsi extrem-
ist has been charged with the as-
Burundi, formerly part of the
Belgian trust territory of Rwan-
da-Urundi, received its independ-
ence in July 1962. With just un-
der 3 million people living on 10,-
747 square miles of land-a little
larger than Vermont-Burundi is
Africa's most densely populated
Czechs Push
Freer Economy
PRAGUE (IP)-Communist Czec-
hoslovakia has decided to intro-
duce the principle of supply and
demand into its economy.
The Communist Party's central
committee adopted a plan in
Prague Friday which will decen-
tralize control over state enter-
prises and stress the profit mo-
tive. It will go into effect this
"E a c h enterprise's production
volume will be measured by actual
financial results, not merely by
the degree of plan fulfillment," a
resolution said.
Under the plan, the central
government will retain control of
overall economic policy but pro-
duction planning, financing and
market research will be left to
managers of individual enter-
Part of the incomes of enter-
prises will go for bonuses for em-
ployes to boost labor morale, the
committee said.
Fixed price systems will be re-
placed under the plan by one mak-
ing adjustment to world prices
and the day-by-day market situa-

NEW YORK-Louis Nizer, attorney and author of "My Life in
Court," spoke on "A Fair Trial and a Free Press" yesterday at the
Overseas Press Club.
His object was to point out the conflict between the First Amend-
ment, which guarantees a free press, and the Sixth Amendment,
which guarantees a fair trial by an impartial jury.
Nizer and Holmes Browne, director of public affairs for the Office
of Economic Opportunity, were the main speakers at a luncheon

Nizer, Browne Speak
To College Editors
Attorney Discusses Press 'Rights';
Poverty Program Fate Predicted
Personnel Director

-Daily-John Pollock
Members of the course description booklet coordinating committee, shown above, yesterday finished
all the questionnaires. About 8,000 questionnaires were returned, Gary Cunningham, '66, chairman of
the committee, said. Processing of the information will begin tomorrow. According to the schedule,
the booklet will be out in time for preregistration. It will then be printed as a special supplement to
The Daily.


Romney Sets Surplus Policy

George Romney confirmed reports
yesterday that he intends to hold
onto part of the state's general
fund surplus in the coming fis-
cal year.
Romney, who will deliver his,
1965-66 budget message to the
Legislature Tuesday, told the
Michigan Press Association that
increased taxes or deficit spend-
ing will result "if we attack our
surplus by spending it all im-
mediately-or by chopping away
at it by means of piece-meal tax
Surplus Spending
But some of the surplus will
have to be spent in the coming
fiscal year, he said. Quoting from
his own state-of-the-state mes-
sage at the opening of the Leg-
islature, he said:
"It is clear we can improve serv-
ices where necessary in the com-
ing year only by spending a great
deal more than our present tax
structure will produce."
Romney wants to save $75 mil-
lion of the surplus. Most esti-
mates place the surplus at a
minimum of about $100 million
and possibly as high as $125 mil-
lion, it was reported recently.
Adding the remaining $25 mil-
lion to expectable revenues, and
keeping normal cost increases in
mind, the budget for the coming
year works out to about $800 mil-
'Too Fat and Sassy'
But, Romney told representa-
tives of Michigan's daily and week-
ly newspapers, the surplus al-
most makes the state "too fat
and sassy for our own good right
"We need to begin building im-
mediately to insure that Michigan
doesn't get caught in another of
its historic cycles that will lead to
difficulty and financial deficien-
cy in the near future," he added.
Romney and Democratic leaders
have been going through an "Al-
phonse-Gaston" routine on fiscal
reform-each insisting on waiting

_ _.1+

for the other to make the next
Romney has said he will not
make the first proposal. He wants
legislative leaders to come to him
to work out a bipartisan program.
He is ready to start "anytime
-right now," he said.

His last proposal in the special
session of 1963, was soundly de-
feated in the Legislature.
"I've been over the top before
only to look back and find that
the others supposedly interested in
tax reform had stopped to dig
foxholes," Romney told newsmen.

Registration Open for SGC,
Publication Board Positions
Registration for this spring's campus elections, to be held March
1, will begin tomorrow and run until February 12 at 5:00.
Registration for the election will be held in Rm. 1532 SAB
between 2 p.m. and 5 p.m.
Positions will be open on Student Government Council, the
Board in Control of Intercollegiate Athletics, the Board in Control
of Student Publications and the senior class officers.
Nine seats on SGC will be filled at this election. Gary Cunning-
ham, '66, Rachel Amado, '67, and Robert Bodkin, '66E, will remain
on Council for another term. -

given for the 250 students attend-*
ing the seventh World Affairs
Conference for college editors this
Newspaper Influence
In particular, Nizer was con-
cerned with the prejudicing of the
public and the future jury which
can occur before and after a trial
has taken place when newspapers
print either statements about
suspects from lawyers and detec-
tives or confessions obtained by
illegal means.
Nizer maintained that publica-
tions of statements prior to trials
is particularly subversive to the
judicial process because it direct-
ly affects the jury. Being drawn
out of the public, members of the
jury composed a "microcosmic
democracy," he said.
In a jury, not only has the wis-
dom of the common man been
submitted to, but also a cross-
section of justice has been achiev-
ed, and "When we multiply judg-
ments, we reduce the incidence of
Danger to Democracy
This is a subtle, esoteric but
sound principle, he added, .w'nich
only works if it is pure, without
prejudices. "If we poison the jury
system, we subvert one of the
highest functions of democracy."
A juror who has read inflam-
matory statements in newspapers
before the trial may claim he is
entering it with an open mind,
but he cannot really disavow
prejudice, Nizer said.
Regarding newspaper's rights,
Nizer said theConstitution guar-
antees the right to publish, and1
not what some newspapermen call
"the right to know."
Holmes Browne, speaking on
"The Poverty Program," said the
War on Poverty which President
Lyndon B. Johnson launched on
Feb. 8 is something every Amer-
ican has to get into.
Future Success
Browne predicted the war will
lose ground in the next few years
and then become significantly ef-
fective. Still new, the war will not
be able to stem the flow of the
increasing members of the 16-21
age group applying for jobs with-
out proper training or education,
he said. I
But a two-fold attack aims to
put a "repair patch" on this lack
of education:
1) Peewee Prep-a program that
will give prekindergarten educa-
tion to the children of poverty,
these children will start school in
June or July in hopes of filling
the holes in their educational
background; and
2) Job corps-a program that
will reach those already in the
16-21 age group, who cannot read
on their own. Job Corps hopes to'
give these people the educational
and technical tools that will help
them get and hold jobs.
Though only a little more than
100 days old, the program has
met with nation-wide support,
Browne said. On ;the state level
there are now 52 sites for corps

Lay Churchill
To Last Rest
L O N D O N (R) - Sir Winston
Churchill was laid to rest yester-
day besides the graves of his
parents in Bladon churchyard,
with only family mourners in
The old statesman slipped into
history after a majestic and
solemn state funeral at St. Paul's
Cathedral. Following the 30 min-
ute service, attended by 3000
royalty, commoners and heads of
state from e v e r y continent,
Churchill's coffin was taken up
the Thames River to Festival Pier
and Waterloo Station. From there,
it was taken by train to Bladon.
Among the dignitaries who
gathered at St. Paul's to honor
the 90-year-old former prime
minister were former President

Rules Change
Due to a change in the election
rule of SGC, students will now
elect the president and executive
vice-president of SGC, as well as
the regular student members.
Students interested in running
for a seat on SGC need not peti-
tion. They must, however, submit
an affadavit of academic eligibil-
ity, a $5 registration fee and a
There are three positions to be
filled for the Board in Control of
Student Publications. Students Ai-
terested in serving on this board
must submit petitions with 150
signatures, a $5 registration fee
and an affadavit of academic
One position is vacant on the
Board in Control of Intercollegiate
Athletics. Since the election rules
have been changed, the person
elected to this position must be
currently a sophomore. Interested
students must submit petitions
with 300 signatures.
The new election rules also re-
quire that all candidates submit
Class Officers
First semester seniors and sec-
ond semester juniors will also
elect next year's senior class of-
ficers in the literary college, the
engineering school and the school
of business administration. Stu-
dents interested in being class
officers must submit petitions, a
$5 registration fee and an affada-
vit of academic eligibility.
Students petitioning for senior
positions in the Literary College
must have the signatures of 80
first semester seniors and second
semester juniors. The engineering
school requires petitions with 40
signatures and the school of Busi-
ness Administration requires pe-
titions with 25 signatures.
Committee To
Visit Academy
WASHINGTON (P)-The special
committee to investigate the
nh~atinLY seandahl at the Air ForceP

NSA To Plan
New Assembly
The executive committee of the
Michigan region of the National
Student Association will meet here
today to formulate plans for the
proposed Michigan Student Legis-
lature and to forge plans for stu-
dent reaction to the report of
Governor Romney's Blue Ribbon
Committee on Higher Education.
The Michigan Student Legisla-
ture will be composed of students
interested in politics.
Students will be given the op-
portunity to study problems of
state government using the knowl-
edge acquired in political science,
sociology and economic courses.
The members of the Michigan
region of NSA hope that after the
publication of the report of the
Blue Ribbon Committee, students,
working within the structure of
the report, can study the various
proposals and plans of the report.
A meeting will be held in March
to structure the student study of
the Blue Ribbon report and today
the executive committee will
finalize plans for this meeting.

Dwight D. Eisenhower, Chief Jus-
tice Earl Warren, Undersecretary
of State W. Averell Harriman,
President Charles de Gaulle of
France, King Baudouin of Bel-
gium, Queen Juliana of the Neth-
erlands, King Frederick of Den-
mark, King Olav of Norway and
King Constantine of Greece.
Police estimated that more than
a million faithful poured out of
their homes in a raw wind to line
the London route of march.
Some sat in the streets all Friday
night to watch the procession from
Westminster Hall to St. Paul's.
Churchill's coffin had lain in state
in the Hall for three days while
306,166 persons passed in awed
respect and affection.
The people yesterday packed
Whitehall, Trafalgar Square, the
Strand and Fleet Street and Lud-
gate Hill, leading up to the ca-
thedral. Some wrapped themselves
in newspapers to protect them-
selves from the biting cold.
At the graveside were Lady
Churchill, 79, her son Randolph,
and her daughter Mary Soames.

'M' Cagers Smash Purdue, 98-81

Exchanges Stress Engineering

Special To The Daily
WEST LAFAYETTE-After a slow start, Michigan's Wolverines
went on a scoring splurge at the end of the first half, built up a 21-
point lead, then rolled on to rout Purdue 98-81 here yesterday.
The Big Ten's leading team with a perfect 5-0 mark was dealt
a severe jolt when Captain Larry Tregoning was felled early in the
second half with an ankle injury and had to be carried off the court.
(Tregoning, although still in pain, went to University Hospital
last night for x-rays which clearly showed "no evidence of any break,"
according to trainer Jim Hunt. The captain suffered some "soft tissue
injury and is expected to be ready to go" in the Iowa game a week
from Monday at Yost Field House, Hunt said.)
Accurate shooting by the Wolverines-exactly 50 per cent-com-
bined with domination of the backboards-62-46 edge-proved the
key to the second victory over Purdue in eight days.

EDITOR'S NOTE: This article is
the second in a two-part series
dealing with the exchange program
between Tuskegee Institute and the
The exchange program between
the University and Tuskegee In-
stitute, originally designed to fo-
cus primarily on the humanities,
has recently expanded greatly in
the field of engineering.
Prof. Arthur Hansen of the
school of engineering, as a part of
the engineering faculty exchange
between the two schols, will leave
for Tuskegee in February to teach
in their school of engineering.

faculty exchange program.
Last year, the department of
electrical engineering sent to Tus-
kegee some IBM equipment be-
longing to the University but not
used in recent years. It is expected
that this equipment will be of
value tothe engineering program
at Tuskegee.
Prof. R. M. Caddell spent thiree1
days at the beginning of this year
at Tuskegee in an advisory capa-
city to the engineering faculty
there. Prof. Caddell was informed
that the basic problem at Tuske- '
gee and at southern universities in,
general is one of inadequate prep-
Basic Causes
According to Prof. Caddell, the

be of direct help to them."
The overall philosophy of the
program is. one of continued co-
operation and mutual educational
development between the two uni-
Specific Help
Prof. N. Edd Miller, coordinator
of the program, outlined the pro-
gram as being one of "specific
assistance to a smaller college.
This is the kind of endeavor which
would be useful to higher educa-
tion in general."
Progf. Miller foresaw no defini-
tive end to the program. He ex-
pects that the program will con-
tinue to expand in many other
areas of possible mutual study
such as an exchange of students


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