EDITOR'S NOTE: The University is seeking $55.7 million in state
funds for its 1965-66 operations. This record sum represents an increase
of 11.6 million over the current year'sappropriation of $44.1 million, a
jump of more than 25 per cent. This article is the first of a series ex-
plaining why the University is requesting this unprecedented appropria-
By DAVID BLOCK
The University's record budget request for next year's opera-
tions reflects a continued concern over the relative decline of
faculty salaries here during the past decade, in comparison with
the nation's other leading universities.
According to the official appropriation request booklet sub-
mitted to Governor George Romney last fall, the University has
earmarked $4.5 million of the sought budget increase for staff
and faculty salary raises. This represents almost 40 per cent
of the total $11.6 million increase sought.
It is no secret that the University's faculty salary level has
fallen in recent years from its former high position in relation to
other prominent institutions across the country. In 1958 the
wage level here ranked fourth among the nation's universities.
By 1962 it dropped to 20th place and by 1963-64 the ranking had
fallen to 29th.
Of the $5.9 million increase in operating appropriations re-
ceived for this year, 47.6 per cent went toward faculty and staff
salary raises. However, according to the University's appropria-
tion booklet, despite this improvement "all information available
indicated that salary and wage improvements around the country
have advanced or kept pace to a degree that requires a more
adequate restoration of comparable salary and wage levels."
The decline can be attributed almost entirely to the so-called
"lean years" in state appropriations. From 1957 through 1963
the state consistently trimmed the University's requests for in-
creases in operating appropriations by more than 60 per cent.
Thus, the University during these years has had to function
under budgets which administrators considered insufficient. The
belt tightening necessitated by the "lean-years" prevented the
University from implementing desired 'increases in faculty and
University officials believe that the relative drop in the
salary level here has not severely affected the quality of the
faculty. However, they caution that in the long run this quality
could be damaged if wages at the University continue to lose
ground in comparison with the nation's other leading institutions.
Dean Charles Lehmann of the education school commented
that so far the most noticeable effect of the salary problem has
occurred in the literary college, where an ever increasing number
of classes are being taught by teaching fellows rather than by
full-time members of the faculty.
This is indicative of two recent trends, Lehmann said. First,
a large percentage of those added to the school's teaching staff
in recent years have been graduate students serving as teaching
assistants. This can be attributed in part to the fact that the
University has not had the financial means to continue supporting
the same high percentage of full-time faculty members, he said.
Reduce Teaching Load
Secondly, although the number of full-time teachers has
not declined, the magnitude of their teaching load has been
reduced in recent years, Lehmann said. This effect, has been
indirectly influenced by the relative decline in salaries here.
Prof. James Doi of the education school suggested that the
University has given its faculty members expanded opportunities
for individual work in order to compensate for lagging salary
Last year, when the state cut the University's requested ap-
propriation increase by approximately one third, the portion
earmarked for salary increases was only slightly affected. Ad-
ministrators have declined to speculate whether this high priority
would continue if the fund request for next year's operations is
trimmed in Lansing.
W eakens Board,
By LEONARD PRATT
The vague status of the newly-elected State Board of Education
stems from two conflicting tendencies at the 1962 Constitutional Con-
vention, according to University Executive Vice-President Marvin L.
The first tendency was a desire to coordinate Michigan's educa-
tion. The second was a desire to keep the state's universities and
colleges separate from the executive branch of the state. The com-
bination of the two divergent responsibilities is largely responsible for
the current vague picture, Niehuss said.
Those dissatisfied with Michigan's education felt that the com-
petition stemming from the college's independent status can be
detrimental to education. So they believed a cutback in the autonomy
of the state's colleges was in order.
But the group favoring coordination was counterbalanced by a
bloc believing that the high quality of Michigan's education is directly
related to the autonomy of her colleges.
The synthesis of the two ideas created the board but also placed
restrictions on its spheres of control, Niehuss explained.
Representing the "coordination bloc" in the present setup is the
clause in the board's constitution charging the board with "leader-
ship and general supervision over all public education . . . except as
to institutions of higher education granting baccalaureate degrees,"
and with being "the general planning and coordinating body for all
public education, including higher education. In addition, the board
shall advise the Legislature as to the financial requirements in
Couched in such general terms as "advise" in regard to the
schools' financial needs, the constitution puts the board on a vague
footing, Niehuss said. This vagueness is increased even more con-
sidering-the-mh-i- which the-
Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No. 101 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, 24 JANUARY 1965 SEVEN CENTS SIX PAGES
'Stay-In,' Boycott al s
At Two Local Theatres'
REFORMS FOR AGED:
State Begins Study
Of Tax Relief Plan
By THOMAS R. COPII
Gov. George Romney's Study Commission on Property Tax Relief
for the Aging, a committee appointed to investigate methods for
easing the property tax burden on Michigan's elderly citizens, held
its first meeting Friday.
According to Prof. Robin Barlow of the economics department,
there was "no discussion of the issue" at the meeting, but the group
Against Recent Price
Increase for Tickets
By MICHAEL JULIAR
Efforts by three student orga-
nizations to hold a "stay-In" and
boycott at the Michigan Theatre
last night collapsed.
An estimated 200 students held
a "stay-in" after the 6:30 p.m.
show ended to protest the recent
admission price increase at the
three local movie theatres.
The boycott of the 9 p.m. show
failed as- the theatre filled up
for the performance.
Picket State Theatre
The pickets also marched in
front of the State Theatre, ask-
ing for a complete boycott. Charles
Herbert, manager of the theatre,
said that he was surprised at
the "good" turnout. The Campus
Theatre was not picketed. All
three Ann Arbor theatres are own-
ed by Butterfield.
The three organizations,' Voice
Political Party, the Young Demo-
crats and the Independent Social-
ist Club, picketed outside the the-
atres in cold, snow and slush for
The attempted "stay-in" and
boycott followed a similar dem-
Dnstration Friday evening that was
more successful. More than 600
participated in the "stay-in."
The Friday protest had been urg-
ed by Student Government Council
and had the support of many
student organizations, including
the ones that picketed last night.
SGC had called the "stay-in"
for Friday evening to demonstrate
student support for a meeting
between SGC and Butterfield rep-
resentatives in Detroit scheduled
Not Enough Support
The groups that demonstrated
last night said they felt SGC had
not gone far enough to rally stu-
dent support to convince Butter-
field of student sentiment against
the price rise.
SGC President Douglas Brook;
'65, and Council Member Thomas
Smithson, '65, will represent the
students at the Detroit meeting.
Several student leaders do not ex-
pect Butterfield to lower its ticket
prices. They only expect Butter-
field representatives to clarify
their reasons for the price rise.
Gerald Hoag, manager of the
Michigan Theatre, said Friday
night that he saw no chance of
the prices being lowered.
If prices remain the same after
the meeting, SGC is expected to
take further action at its regular
General admission prices were
raised over Christmas recess at
the three Ann Arbor theatres from
$1 to $1.25.
The protests both nights were
t z;:::,: . .. - p - . -'9 _^2 t>' - ;' 9 - ::x: '-. lii: ' ' '
decided how to attack the prob-
lem and "set up research chan-
Barlow attended the meeting as
a substitute for economics Prof.
Harvey Brazer who was appointed
to the commission by Romney but
was unable to attend the group's
opening meeting. Brazer is not a
stranger to tax studies, as he
assisted in the drafting of Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy's 1963 tax
The commission set a tentative
completion date before the end of
the present legislative session.
Romney -has asked the group to
try to finish its work in time for
action by the present session, but
said in his state of the state
address that if this were not pos-
sible he would call a special ses-
sion of the legislature to consider
the commission's findings.
The commission met shortly
with the governor Friday, and also
with representatives from the gov-
ernor's Commission on Aging and
the State Welfare Department,
who will supervise the research
done for the tax relief group.
The group will also seek inf or-
mation from the State Tax Com-
mission, a federal study on the
problem, an as yet unpublished
California report and the exper-
ience of other states which have
taken steps in this area.
Property tax relief for the elder-
ly, one of the major goals of the
Democratic legislative majority,
came up in the special tax reform
session of 1963, when Romney
tried to get a property tax ex-
emption for senior citizens. But a
provision calling for payment of
the exempted taxes out of the
estate of the elderly citizen after
his death, resulted in the bill's
By SHIRLEY ROSICK
Students in University housing
units yesterday began filling out
questionnaires evaluating their
courses and professors.
A coordinating committee with
representatives from eight major
student groups will publish the
results in a course " description
booklet. They hope to have the
booklet out before Feb. 22, when
preregistration begins. It will be
included as a special supplement
in The Daily.
To reach students in off-campus
housing, questionnaires will be
available at tables set up in the
Union, League, fishbowl and Un-
dergraduate Library. The ques-
tionnaires must be turned in by
Thursday, Jan. 28.
One part' of the questionnaire
is devoted to multiple choice and
short answer questions. Here stu-
dents are asked such things as:
whether the course stimulates in--
terest; whether the instructor en-
courages or discourages class dis-
cussion; whether outside readings
contribute to understanding the
course and whether the course
follows a highly rigid syllabus or
allows students a choice between
a number of suggested readings.
This portion of the questionnaire
will be evaluated by members of
the organizations publishing the
The questionnaire also asks stu-
dents to comment with longer
answers on the general aspects of
courses and on the coordination
between lectures, recitations and
These answers will be evaluated
by a group of juniors and seniors.
Each will evaluate forms on
courses from his major area of
study, but not on courses he has
The booklet committee hopes to
obtain these upperclassmen with
the help of the Literary College
Steering Committee and similar
student committees from the Uni-
versity's other schools.
sidering the emphasis which the+
constitution places on institutional
autonomy, he added.
For example, the constitution
also states : "The power of the
boards of institutions of higher
education provided in this con-
stitution shall not be limited by
under the old constitution, the
Superintendent of Public Instruc-
tion was charged with the general
supervision of state education.
The new constitution removes
institutions of higher education
from under the jurisdiction of the
Board of Education which has re-
placed the superintendent.
"It is clear," Niehuss noted,
"that the planning powers of the
board were seen as most impor-
tant while at the same time recog-
nizing the need to protect the
powers of the individual boards
Unified Budget Request
Several members of the board
have recently commented that
they would be in favor of having
the state colleges request their
annual operations' budgets from
the legislature in some unified
form. Institutional autonomy is
regarded by many as the issue
here as well.
As far as most administrators
are concerned, the principle issue
is not whether autonomy is desir-
able but how much a unified re-
quest would cut into their inde-
Niehuss said he would be
"pleased to see" a plan which
would allow the ten state-support-
ed colleges to get together among
themselves and prepare an over-
all budget whichrwould then be
turned over to the board for its
recommendations to the governor.
He noted that the Board of State
College Presidents, a group com-
posed of the chief executives of
the state-supported colleges, was
working on such a plan.
As an alternate to this idea,
Niehuss felt the University could
submit its own budget directly to
the board for recommendation to
Gov. George Romney.
The key to either proposal,
echoed by many Michigan col-
lege administrators, is the fact the
individual colleges could still
lobby directly with the governor
and legislature if they disagreed
with what the board recommend-
ed. Under this interpretation,
budget lobbying, the bane of
many an administrator, would not
at first sight be eliminated.
PATRONS OF THE MICHIGAN THEATRE mill outside as they
leave "Mary Poppins" or wait to get in. Meanwhile, student
picketers protest the recent admission increase at the three local
theatres. A "stay-in" and boycott failed last night.
Plans Revealed, for Student
Activities Recognition Night
By GAIL BLUMBERG
Plans for a student activities recognition night on March 2
were disclosed yesterday by Nancy Freitag, '65, Women's League
"The program," Miss Freitag said, "is a new effort to coordinate
activities on campus." It will be highlighted by the announcement
of various executive appointments to the University Activities Center
(the joint Michigan Union-League "
organization to be formed this JAZZ FOOD, EVE
spring), Interquadrangle Council, L
lenic Association and tentatively, 'Bd t
Interfraternity Council. r
PROF. ROBIN BARLOW
LONDON (P) - Sir Winston
Churchill's condition took a turn
for the worse yesterday and a
medical spokesman said "I think
he must be moving towards the
Lord Moran, Churchill's friend
and physician, said "the deteriora-
tion in Sir Winston's condition is
It is known that a large quan-
tity of medical equipment has
been installed in the Churchill
AMBASSADOR B. K. NEHRU
By MICHAEL HEFFER
"We have become neighbors
whether we like it or not, and can
no longer live in isolation," B. K.
Nehru, Indian ambassador to the
United States said last night.
Nehru spoke at the inaugura-
tion of the newly created Indo-
A m e r i c a n Sports Association
(IASA) at Rackham Aud. The or-
ganization seeks to promote inter-
national good will through sports
and other cultural activities be-
tween the United States and
"If we are to live peaceably" we
must have cooperation, he said.
The aim of international coopers-
tion is to give citizens "the oppor-
tunity to live good lives of justice,
peace and .prosperity.
"Peace is not only the absence
of war but something powerful
and dynamic," he said. If we want
peace we must "destroy the ele-
ments that again and again de-
stroy peace," he noted.
Nehru felt that hunger is the
greatest element against peace. He
said people on "over two-thirds of
the globe" live in hunger and pov-
erty. "The economic needs of
these people are not satisfied be-
cause their societies are not or-
ganized to meet their needs."
Element of Colonialism
Another such an element is
colonialism. "When you have one
group forceably living over an-
other you have a powder keg,"' he
said. "India was the first to be-
come free in that part, of the
world," said Nehru. Since then
colonialism has been on the wane.
However, o n c e this factor
against peace is eliminated, "there
remains the establishment of jus-
tice and change without force,"
he noted. "Since the United Na-
tions has outlawed the use of
force, there is nothing left to
change the status quo," he said.
This is because "human society
has not yet discovered the means
to make change without using
force," he concluded.
"The function of those interest-
ed in peace is to see that this is
changed," he said. Nehru noted
that most people, when they think
of international cooperation think
of government action, but "real
cooperation goes on through ac-
tivities of multitudes of free men
"These are activities that lead
to cooperation. The function of
groups unconnected with govern-
ments is to carry on this work,"
he added. Nehru pointed to the
minded' Terry Says He Loves Them All
Formerly, recognition night wasi
for women's activities sponsored
by Panhellenic, Assembly, the
League, and the Women's Athletic
Association. With the expected
merger of the Union-League, how-
ever, a special, coordinated type
of event was sought.
The first University Activities'
Center appointments will be made
on Feb. 25, while other participat-
ing activities will make their ap-
pointments prior to recognition
night. The evening will include
the joint announcement of the
new senior officers by the Union
Board of Directors and the League~
Board of Governors.
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs Richard Cutler will be asked
to speak on activities and their
relation to the University. The
five major activities will have ten
minutes each to introduce old and
new oficers. In addition, four ac-
"I'm broadminded-about everything; jazz, food and even color,"
Clark Terry said. The jazz trumpeter who appeared with Oscar
Peterson last night at Hill smiled his perpetual smile.
What about the "new music," avant-garde jazz whose pro-
ponents include the controversial Ornette Coleman and his plastic
saxophone (he played it to rave notices in New York recently), and
the late Eric Dolphy who liked to think of his style of jazz as
"the sounds of outer space."
"I'm broadminded," Terry repeated, "I love them all."
"Don't call it 'avant-garde'," he insisted. "It's just transient
music, a passing fad like the Beatles. The music and the men who
play it are both basically insincere."
"When I think of music, I don't think in terms of new or
old. I think in terms of good or bad, and this 'avant-garde' music is
bad," he emphasized.
'Instinct' in Jazz
Peterson spoke of the necessity for "instinct" in jazz musicians
and praised his sidemen, bassist Ray Brown and drummer Ed
Thigpen, for having this quality.
While Ella Fitzgerald sang everybody's favorite Mack the
Knife) with the backing of a "grand old man of jazz," trumpeter
Roy Eldridge, Peterson sounded off backstage about Charlie Mingus
-another young turk in the jazz world.