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May 24, 1966 - Image 7

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-05-24

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See Editorial Page


ilkt Cigaui


fair and cooler tonight

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom







The University of California at
Berkeley has been declared the
r "best balanced distinguished uni-
versity" in graduate education by
a nationwide survey, An Assess-
ment of Quality in Graduate Edu-
cation, which the American Coun-
cil on Education released over the
weekend. However, had engineer-
ing been omitted from the study,
Harvard would clearly have
emerged as first.
The University here appeared
among the leading group in three
of the five general categories
surveyed-humanities, social sci-
ences, biological sciences, physical
sciences, and engineering - along
with Columbia, Illinois, Yale,
Princeton, and California Institute
of Technology. Harvard and Stan-
ford were listed in four of these
divisions while MIT, Chicago, and
Wisconsin were noted in two.
The report, which has been in
preparation for two years, is bas-

ed on an opinion poll of more
than 4000 university department
chairmen, professors, deans, and
other top administrators. Begun
in 1964, the survey assesses the
comparative quality of 29 aca-
demic disciplines within the 106
major universities which produce
90 per cent of all doctorates.
Dr. Allan M. Cartter, vice-presi-
dent of the American Council on
Education and director of the
study, declined to name the "top
five" or "top 10" graduate schools.
"Universities do not make com-
mitments in all fields," he said,
"and therefore they should not be
judged on a simple average of
their departmental ratings."
The survey, however, allows for
several conclusions:
-Excellence carries an expen-
sive price tag. The top-ranking
universities averaged $14,700 in
annual faculty compensation, com-
pared with $9,500 in the low-
ranking institutions.

- Departmental strength is
closely linked with the quantity of
publication by faculty members.
The 10 most productive depart-
ments of economics, for example,
accounted for 56 per cent of
all publications reviewed during a
four year period.
-Research libraries are a pre-
requisite for all-around quality.
Collections among the top insti-
tutions ranged from 1.3 million to
8 million volumes.
Also, the Eastern Seaboard was
found to be maintaining its strong
academic lead, followed by the
Midwest and Far West. While no
Southern university has yet
achieved a prominent place in the
report's judgment, the survey stat-
ed that the South might make
"the greatest advance in institu-
tional quality in the next decade
or two."
The great importance of the
survey, however, lies in the con-
fidential reports on their own uni-

versities which will be given to
the presidents and deans of each
of the 106 participating universi-
ties. These will have more detailed
information than will be publish-
ed in the report available to the
Foreseeing the probability of aca-
demic controversy, Logan Wilson,
president of the council, said that
"the findings themselves will
please some and displease others.
In any such discussions it will be
recognized, I trust, that this in-
quiry was not undertaken either
to soothe or disturb academic
Wilson continued that the study-
was not intended "merely to sup-
ply a conversation piece in col-
lege and university circles," but
rather to "effect improvement, a
first step (being) to appraise ex-
isting strengths and weaknesses."
The American Council of Edu-
cation, founded in 1918, is a non-
governmental organization estab-

lished to advance education and
strengthen educational quality and
prestige through cooperative ac-
tion. Its annual meeting brings to-
gether the nation's leading col-
lege and university presidents.
It supports or opposes proposed
legislation affecting education,
speaks for its members on such
issues as academic freedom or the
government's role in higher edu-
cation, and publishes research and
reference material.
In the past the council has
taken a lead in efforts to stamp
out diploma mills. It has publish-
ed guides to young people inter-
ested in college teaching. More re-
cently, it has taken an interest in
training future educational admin-
Cartter, in directing the study
for the council, said, "The edu-
cational community has been ac-
cused of fostering 'a conspiracy of
silence' concerning qualitative as-
pects of higher education; per-

haps this study and its possible
successors will help to belie that
He said too, though, that the
study was only concerned with
graduate education and therefore
did not represent a judgment of
undergraduate excellence. Many
top-ranking colleges do not offer
Ph.D. studies and consequently
were not included in the assess-
ment. Moreover, many critics have
charged that emphasis on gradu-
ate education tends to hurt the
quality of undergraduate instruc-
Cartter as well anticipated pos-
sible criticism of the report as
being based on subjective opin-
ions rather than objective or fixed
yardsticks. To this he answered:
"The present study is a survey
of informed opinion. The opin-
ions sought are what in a court
of law would be called 'the testi-
mony of expert witnesses'-those
persons who teach in each field,

who are well-qualified to judge."
Such judgments of scholars
across the country were based on
responses to questions including,
"How would you rate the institu-
tions below if you were selecting
a graduate school to work for a
doctorate in your field today?"
Taking into account "the accessi-
bility of faculty and their scholar-
ly competence, curricula, educa-
tional and research facilities, and
the quality of graduate students,"
the University was found to be
"distinguished" in the categories of
humanities, social sciences, and
biological sciences.
It also ranked among the 10
leaders in 20 of the 29 disciplines
surveyed: classics, French, philos-
ophy, Spanish, anthropology, eco-
nomics, geography, history, politi-
cal science, sociology, botany,
pharmacology, physiology, psy-
chology, zoology, astronomy, and
chemical, civil, electrical, and
mechanical engineering.



Down at 2nd
Draft Test
Officials Say Light
Turnout Result of
Hershey's Statement I
school officials say the light turn-
out for the second session of the
draft deferment quiz may be a re-
sult of draft director Lewis B.
Hershey's statement that few col-
legians actually will be drafted.
About 250,000 students had been
expected to take Saturday's exami-
nation. Considerably fewer showed
up at testing centers in all 50
states, Puerto Rico and the Pan-
ama Canal Zone
At the first session May 14,j
4 about 400,000 students took the
three-hour, 150-question test.
But Len. Gen. Hershey, Selec-
tive Service director, told a re-
porter last week in Dallas, Tex.,}
that few if any college studentsI
will be drafted unless the monthly
draft quota jumps over 30,000I
Hershey said there are enough
nonstudents and college dropouts
to fill current military needs. Next
month's quota was set at 15,000
men and the list has jumped over
30,000 only twice this year, in
January and in May.
One official who linked the light
turnout to Hershey's speech was
James C. Windsor, dean of stu-
dents at Christopher Newport
College, Newport News, Va., where
only five of a scheduled 222 took
the test.
Windsor said he believed Her-
shey's statement plus the civil.
war in South Viet Nam and a gen-
eral vagueness concerning the
test's effectiveness "has put a
negative tone on the whole thing,"
There also was a light turnout
of demonstrators against the draft
and the Viet Nam war.
Realtively quiet demonstrations
occurred at Southern Methodist
University in Dallas, Stanford
University in California, Oberlin
College in Ohio and St. Vincent's
College in Pennsylvania. Two per-,
sons were arrested at SMU and
charged with unauthorized distri-
bution of printed matter.
The final tests will be givenj
June 3 and 14.k
"Apparently the students found
something else to do Saturday
morning," said James C. Windsor,
dean of students at Christopher
Newport College, Newport News,
Va. "We were all ready but they
just didn't come."

'ree Speech Special Meeting
3 11Mturiigt3au Iily Defended by



,l-w 7 -n, . Ait

EuomwW Vw o

Selection is seeking suggestions from students for possible candi-
dates for the University Presidency. University President Harlan
Hatcher is to retire next year. Laurie Bahr, '66, acting chairman
of the group, asks that names be forwarded to her at 316 E.
Madison, Apt. No. 15.
LANSING (A)-JUNE 1 IS THE DEADLINE for applying for
the final test in the current series for college deferments, State
Selective Service headquarters said yesterday.
The test may be taken by any registrant 18 or older who in-
tends to ask occupational deferment as a college student. Results
will be reported to his local board.
The makeup test is scheduled for any registrants who were
late in applying for the first series of tests or for others who wish
to take the tests now.
Applications can be requested from any local Selective
Service board. The applications must be postmarked no later
than June 1.
About 60,000 Michigan students took the first series of tests
held in May and June, Selective Service officials said.
igan congressional delegation have written President Johnson in
support of a proposed site near Ann Arbor for a huge atom
The 200 billion electron volt-proton accelerator laboratory is
estimated to cost some $375 million if and when it is authorized by
The National Academy of Science has narrowed more than
200 site proposals to six, including the one near Ann Arbor, after
a study authorized by the Atomic Energy Commission. TheI
others are in California, Colorado, Illinois, New York and Wis-
began an investigation yesterday into the collapse Thursday of
a $2 million parking garage under construction near University
Allan W. Harvey, commission director, said Ray Lepola, an
inspector from Detroit, would conduct the inquiry.
A preliminary investigation by University officials and con-
tractors on the project indicated Friday that "high level gusts
of wind funnelling down through the building" led to its collapse.I
James F. Brinkerhoff, University director of plant extension,
said the pillars in the structure had not been braced. He said it
was "not normal practice" to use braces in such cases.
L. Goddard said yesterday his agency is making the drug LSD aj
prime target of the new drug abuse control law.
"It is our clear intention to move vigorously against those who
manufacture or distribute LSD, or possess significant quantities
of the drug which could be sold or otherwise distributed," Goddard
"These will be our prime targets in coming months as we
begin to exercise this new enforcement authority," Goddard told
the Senate subcommittee on juvenile delinquency.

Vigorous Anti-War
Demonstrators Give
Comfort to Enemies
PITTSBURGH P-Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara de-
fended Sunday student protests
against U.S. policy in Viet Nam
even though he said they give
comfort to the enemy.
"However, much as we may dis-
agree with some aspects of it, we
can be genuinely proud that free
discussion is so vigorous on the
American campus today," McNa-
mara said.
The secretary spoke at com-
mencement ceremonies of Chat-
ham College as about 130 sign-
carrying pickets walked outside
chanting, "End the war in Viet
Nam, bring the troops home."
Serious Protest
In remarks studded with his-
torical allusions, McNamara said!
that campus complaints and pro-
tests are not really so very new.
"Of course, there is a serious di-
mension to the protest among
some students today," he said.
"But whatever comfort some of
the extremist protest may be giv-
ing our enemies-and it is clear
from Hanoi's own statements that
it is-let us be perfectly clear
about our principles and our pri-
orities. This is a nation in which
the freedom of dissent is absolute-
ly fundamental,"

u enuiit-Au visuryUd

-Associated Press


Vietnamese troops loyal to Premier Nguyen Cao Ky inspect the cache of arms and ammunition cap-
tured in Da Nang's Tinh Hoi pagoda after the surrender of some 400 rebel soldiers yesterday. The
dissident troops surrendered to an overwhelming ring of loyal marines and 13 armored. cars which
slowly had tightened a stranglehold on the center of Buddhist-inspired opposition in the country's
second largest city. (See related story, Page 3).


e May Take Results

The defense secretary contended I Yk. 3 11111 IL 3 L L
that underlying the specific pro-
tests on Viet Nam and other issues
there is a generalized theme in- 0Fx1
volving a vague fear that society O f F ax
"has fallen victim to bureaucratic
tyranny of technology and auto- By LEONARD PRATT
cracy that is gradually deperson- An attempt will be made to-
alizing and alienating modern morrow by the Michigan House's
man himself. Committee on Colleges and Uni-


MSU Investigation

'Hatcher TO
Confer With
Proposal Calls for
Student Advisors to
'U' Vice-Presidents
A proposal for a Student Ad-
visory Board to the President of
the University prepared by student
leaders will be discussed by Presi-
dent Harlan Hatcher and Univer-
sity vice-presidents at a special
meeting this afternoon.
The proposal is a result of ef-
forts by student leaders in Student
Government Council, Graduate
Student Council and other organi-
zations to formulate a plan where-
by students and administrators
can work cooperatively to solve
problems of major student con-
The plan, which will have to be
approved by President Hatcher,
SGC and GSC before it can be
established, states that the Ad-
visory Board System "shall be
composed of (1) an Advisory Board
to the President to deal with mat-
ters of general concern and (2)
lower Vice - Presidential Advisory
Boards working on more specific
According to the plan, the Ad-
visory Board to the President will
be composed of the chairmen of
each of the Vice-Presidential Ad-
visory Boards, the presidents of
SGC, GSC, UAC, and the editor of
The Daily and a general chair-
man. This board would be con-
cerned with such things as the
philosophy and direction of the
University, the overall operation
of the Advisory Board System,
alumni relations, and any matter
referred to it by the lower ad-
visory boards.
The proposal states that the
position for the Vice-Presidential
Advisory Boards shall be filled by
petitioning to an SGC-GSC in-
terviewing committee, subject to
approval by both bodies. Final de-
termination will be made by the
President of the University and
the Vice-President for Student
Affairs. Any University student
could serve on the boards.
The Advisory Board to the Vice.
President of Academic Affairs
would concern itself with quality
of instruction, facility develop-
ment, curriculum innovation and
revision, and the nature of fac-
ulty-student contact outside of
the classroom.
The Vice-President of Student
Affairs would be advised on such
matters as housing, conduct and
regulations, student economic wel-
fare, student government, health
and recreation faciilties, student
community relations, and student
The Advisory Board to the
Vice-President of Business and

he will investigate the hiring of legislator has termed
a Daily sophomore reporter as lateral functioning."

his "uni-I

, I am a human'
He noted that at the University
of California students carried signs
saying: "I am a human being;
do not fold, bend or multilate."
"It is a sentiment we can all
emphatically agree with," McNa-
mnara said. "I very much wish that
college students in Peking and
Hanoi were allowed to carry the
same signs on their campuses."
Chatham conferred an honor-
ary doctor of law degree on Mc-
Namara. His daughter, Kathleen,
21, was in the graduating class.

versities to take control of Rep.
Jack Faxon's (D-Detroit) inves-
tigation of Michigan State Uni-
versity's relations with the Viet-
namese government of Premier
Ngo Dinh Diem.
Rep. Vincent J. Petitpren (D-
Wayne) intends to call Faxon be-
fore his committee and ask him
to turn over the findings of his
investigation, which he had car-
red out as chairman of the sub-
committee on higher education of
the House Ways and Means Com-
Petitpren has also indicated that

Faxon's aide in the MSU case. He.
has suggested that the reporter is
being paid more than is custom-
Lansing sources have suggested
that the charges, which originat-
ed with Jane Denison, a United
Press International reporter and
daughter of MSU's public relations
director, are attempts to derail
Faxon's investigation of the Cen-
tral Intelligence Agency's infiltra-
tion of the MSU project.
This is not the first time Faxon
has been in trouble with his fel-
low legislators, though it is the
first time they have gone so far
in their attempts to curg what one


Faxon was attacked by several
legislators in November when he
announced an investigation of the
University's tuition increase last
fall. They charged then that his
investigation did "not have the
sanction of his committee chair-
His later investigation of Wayne
State University's system of police
protection for its students came
under similar attacks.
Petitpren has protested that, in
the MSU case, Faxon is "infring-
ing on our committee's preroga-
"We have no intention of let-
ting him bypass our committee,"
Petitpren said. "If you let a rep-
resentative go shooting off on in-
vestigations, we're going to have
a lot of problems."
Both House Speaker Joseph Ko-
walski (D-Detroift) and Faxon's
committee chairman, Einar Er-
landsen (D-Escanaba) have said
that Faxon was acting "entirely on
his own" when he called MSU
President John Hannah to con-
front the editors of Ramparts
magazine, which originally pub-
lished the attack on MSU, last
Incident Occurs
it Watts Area
LOS ANGELES (IP) - Sproadic

Women in Men's Dormitories Forces 'Love Nests'

A Harvard University psychia-
trist has warned that many uni-
versities unwittingly have been
putting pressure on their students
to establish "love nests" by per-
mitting women to visit men's dor-
Dr. Graham Blaine said that
such liberality on the part of the
college administration confuses
rather than helps students.

tion constitutes a reversal of his
earlier contentions.
Blaine pointed out that in co-
educational colleges that have giv-
en their students freeĀ° access to
bedrooms, the students themselves
have asked that restrictions be
"They have sensed a pressure to
engage in a type of sexual activ-
ity which felt inappropriate to

Meanwhile, social commentator
Max Lerner declared that the
"new morality" among college girls
which states that sex "is fine,
provided you are in love" isn't
doing for coeds what they des-
perately hope it will.
Sex To Escape Isolation
Girls are using sex in an ef-W
fort to break out of isolation and
"get through" to someone - but

est, witty, pathetic and hilarious"'
conversation among nine college
Way To 'Get Through'
He reported that one of them,
a coed from the University of Wis-
consin, seemed to be speaking for
her generation when she said,
"Sex becomes a way to feel like
somebody, to feel like somebody
cares what happens to you. Sex

sult, missing the spell of en- communication with her and loss
chantment, the budding of won- of control over her," Lerner said.
der at the experience of love, the The principle of creativeness and
flowering of knowledge through the feeling of enchantment are of
the whole sequence of sharing. greatest significance in the fulfill-
Sex a Short Cut ing love-sex relationship, Lerner
"Missing these, she misses also noted.
the full completion of the sexual "Instead of the happiness of the
relationship when it fits into the 'adjusted,' sex can mean joy. Per-
rest of her life. Instead she uses haps you are walking along the
sex as a short cut, to reduce her beach with someone you love, per-
hor~. cf~fi u Aii-1 'h m ai an mf-

1 ;


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