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May 12, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-05-12

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See Editorial Page


lfl: ian


Rain today,
continued cold

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom
SUournalism Appointment Spurs ┬žontr


EDITOR'S NOTE: First of a
two-part series.
Editorial Director
Special To The Daily
COLUMBUS, Ohio-Once again
Ohio State University is the scene
of controversial administrative ac-
tion, the second in as many years.
The present controversy sur-
rounds the appointment of a new
head of the journalism school.
Last spring controversy erupt-
ed when, after months of quiet,
behind-the-scenes dickering with
the administration, students of the
Free Speech Front, a large-scale
student activist organization, be-
gan demonstrations protesting
OSU's year-old speaker rule.
Led by Jeffrey Schwartz, a sen-
ior political science major, the FSF
staged a number of peaceful
marches in late spring and
through the summer, culminating
in an all-night sit-in by some 300
students in the OSU administra-
tion building.
The rule, which had allowed the
OSU administration to ban at
their own discretion any speaker

they wished, was revoked early
last fall, at which time Marxist
Herbert Aptheker was allowed to
speak on the OSU campus for the
first time.
The new controversy is seen by
many as a sequel to last year's
fight for free speech on campus-
a fight for freedom of the aca-
demic press.
The controversy began March
21, 1965, when George J. Kienzle,
director of the OSU school of
journalism, died. Immediately fol-
lowing his death, J. Osburn Ful-
ler, dean of the College of Arts
and Sciences, appointed a search
committee of journalism faculty
to find a successor.
On April 14 of this year, 14
months and one search committee
later, William E. Hall, head of the
University of Nebraska school of
journalism, announced he would
accept the post as head of the
DSU school, and with this an-
nouncement came a paid adver-
tisement published in the OSU
journalism newspaper, the Lan-
tern, protesting Hall's appoint-

ment and signed by nine of the
journalism school's 14 faculty.
Hall, in return, offered "to find
jobs for any teachers who see fit
to resign." He said he would "not
tolerate Viet Cong in the ranks."
One focal point on the contro-
versy is Paul Barton, professor of
journalism, who was appointed
temporary department head when
Kienzle died. Nine months after
his interim appointment, the fac-
ulty of the school of journalism
voted 12-2 to include Barton's
name on the list of candidates for
permanent department chief.
During his period as department
head, however, Barton became in-
volved in a scrap with OSU Presi-
dent Novice G. Fawcett concerning,
the Lantern. Operating within the
school of journalism, the Lantern
had been subject to an annual
budget review by the OSU admin-
In July, however, Fawcett es-
tablished the Lantern budget re-
view on a quarterly basis. Barton
charged that Fawcett was "put-
ting the Lantern on a financial
leash" by making it subject to

such frequent administration re-
views. Fawcett said the review was
normal procedure and denied any
such intent.
When, in late January, Fuller
received word of the journalism
faculty's move to submit Barton's
name for permanent school head,
he established a second search
committee which included one
journalism professor who had fav-
ored Barton and both who had
opposed him, in addition to two
honorary journalism f a c u l t y
teaching in other schools. Fuller
appointed himself as chairman of
the committee.
On March 16, the new commit-
tee presented three names to the
journalism faculty asking for let-
ters commenting on each. One of
the candidates was Barton, anoth-
er was Hall. Nine of the 14 fac-
ulty wrote letters opposing both
the outside candidates.
On April 14, one name was sub-
mitted to the OSU trustees-that
of Hall. The journalism faculty
was notified of this action the
same morning and the trustees

approved the appointment that
afternoon. A survey of the jour-
nalism department revealed that
only three members actively sup-
ported Hall and only two more
said they would accept him as de-
partment head.
Among the generally unfavor-
able reaction to the method of ap-
pointment, 33 members of the his-
tory department went on record
as opposing the administration's
ignoring faculty opinion.
Part of the OSU administra-
tion's pronounced justification for
the appointment of Hall is a shift
to an emphasis on teaching the
psychological and sociological fac-
tors surrounding the media. Bar-
ton and his supporters favor teach-
ing the "technical" aspects of the
journalistic profession.
Another issue of faculty oppo-
sition is Hall's actual journalism
experience, which they feel is
not extensive enough. Hall had
worked from 1939 to 1946 for the
Albuquerque Tribune, where he be-
came sports editor before enter-
ing teaching. He also supplement-

ed his journalistic experience with
summer newspaper work.
But much of the controversy
within the department has also
centered around Hall himself. In
a taped interview printed in the
Lantern, the day after the an-
nouncement of Hall's appoint-
ment, Hall said "I am not com-
ing to Ohio State to try to win the
faculty popularity contest . . -
There is going to be one team-
one captain. And this does not
mean I want a congregation of
yes-men, but I will not tolerate
feet draggers and obstructionists.
"If the nine protesting faculty
members are as sincere in their
principles as news stories indicate,
there is no alternative but for
them to resign. I built the Ne-
braska faculty from scratch, I can
do it again at Ohio State."
The response from the OSU fac-
ulty was harsh. Ira Harkey, Jr.,
an instructor and an advisor to
the Lantern, said, "Hall's pettish
and intemperate outburst is evi-
dence for the faculty's conviction
that he is unfit to succeed such a

man as Paul Barton. I suggest
that Hall resign immediately from
his new job. If he can gain con-
trol of himself, I will be happy to
help him find a job."
Assistant Prof. Robert C. Mc-
Giffert said, "Hall can go to hell,
I have classes to teach and I
am going to teach them as long
as I am under contract. Before
Hall can rebuild he will have to
wreck and I do not propose to be
a member of his wrecking crew."
Lecturer J. M. Lemmon said
"the differences between Barton
and Hall are the differences be-
tween leadership and dictator-
As if to prove the point, soon
after Hall promised he would ap-
point no one to his staff without
first consulting the OSU journal-
ism faculty, he appointed as his
assistant 26-year-old Donalid Fer-
guson of Nebraska with no men-
tion of the choice until after the
fact. OSU faculty further objected
to the appointment on the basis
that Ferguson had had no exper-
ience working for a newspaper.

WSU Scene

U' Reveals

Of Teach-In Jj f AricI dgitB iait Uncertainty
On Viet Nam N EOn2- ei

is -

Rappaport, Thomas r
Speak; Rain Keeps
Attendance Sparse F
Special To The Daily
DETROIT-Wayne State Un!-
versity held its first major teach-
in yesterday.
It lacked the fire of the Uni-
versity's China Teach-in and the
sense of urgency of the Viet Emer-
gency Teach-in. Furthermore, it
was hampered by rainy weatherj
and what teach-in leaders called
"the apathy of the students who
commute to school."
However, it presented a host of
notable speakers: University Profs.
Anatol Rappoport and Marshall
Sahlins; David Smokler, Univer-
sity student involved in the draft
board sit-in; Tom Mayer, Univer-
sity sociologist of the mechanics
of revolution; Ernest Goodman,
ACLU lawyer, and 20 WSU facul-
ty members.
The highlight of the daylong
program was an appearance by
the American socialist leader Nor-
man Thomas.
Thomas told the crowd of 250
that if he were president today he
would ask for the end of the war
ii Viet Nam. "This enormous
cruelty must be exterpated. I
would negotiate with the National
Liberation Front. . . . I would
withdraw American bases from
Viet Nam . . . and I would work,
for the neutralization of South-
east Asia'"
Thomas discussed the claims of
American arrogance leveled by
Senate foreign relations commit-
Wp tee chairman William 'Fulbright
(D-Ark). He said that he could
not accept the view of American
arrogance or the president's coun-I
ter of American anguish. He said,
"I sorrow for a man who is caught
in a bind."
The bind he described had sev-
eral foundations. Some of these
were a tradition spurring Amei-
cans towards a passion for pos-
session, a religion of nationalism,'
false assumptions and the mean-
ing of past American war affairs,
and pressures arising from do-
mestic and political opinion.
He also rejected the idea that
capitalist imperialism was respon-
sible for the war. He said that this
force had been responsible for
drawing out past wars but that
feelings of righteousness and pre-
occupation were behind the Viet-
namese war.r
The Johnson administration is
increasingly tied to evolving dif-
ficulties according to Thomas. He
said, "I find that we are protect-
ing a country we are devastating.
News media give us tallies of dead
like basketball scores. We have
added to hate between nations by
bringing Korean missionaries to
Viet Nam.
"Can a great society crushing a'
small country be a moral society?"
The teach-in was sponsored by
the WSU chapter of the Commit-I
tee for a Sane Nuclear policy, and
was called "Confrontation with

AN INTERVIEWER FOR Chapman College's "floating cam-
pus" will be in the basement of the Michigan Union today from
9 a.m. through 4:30 p.m. This program offers students a semester
or more of accredited study while traveling aboard the S.S.
MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY told legislators yesterday
that unless MSU's appropriation is boosted by $1.7 million, it
would have to consider a tuition increase.
MSU officials told the House Ways and Means Committee
that the additional money is needed to pay "costs we don't see
any possibility of avoiding."
The university's board of trustees would have to approve any
tuition boost.
A Senate bill, now before the House committee, would give
MSU $44.2 million, $1.15 more than Gov. George Romney recom-
mended. The university, which received $38.6 million this year,
originally asked for $50.6 million for 1966-67.
MSU President John Hannah said the university had hired
300 more teachers and currently was negotiating pay matters
with unions representing nonfaculty employes.
"We're committed to take about 3,200 more students next
year," said Philip May, MSU vice president for finance. This
would bring MSU enrollment to about 38,700 at the East Lansing
May told a newsman the $1.7 million boost still would fall
short of meeting all MSU needs, but would meet commitments,
Hannah told the committee the tuition increase for out-of-
state students probably would be from the current $870 to about
$1,020, bringing in an additional estimated $900,000.
For state residents, a tuition raise from $324 to $354 a year
was proposed.
-Rep. Jack Faxon (D-Detroit), chairman of the committee's
higher education subcommittee, said another alternative would
be a raise in out-of-state tuition only, with state residents con-
tinuing to pay $324.
ing ovations at all of its concerts so far in its 2,000 mile concert
tour, reported Donald A. Morris, director of special programs for
the University.
The 112-piece band gave its final two concerts in the nine-
city American tour ending in Youngstown. The band will arrivej
back in Ann Arbor this afternoon.
PROF. B. J. GEORGE, JR. of the law school has been elected
editor-in-chief of the American Journal of Comparative Law.
The publication is the leading international law journal pub-
lished in America. The late Hessel E. Yntema, University pro-
fessor emeritus of law, was a founder of the journal in 1951 and
its editor-in-chief until his illness. The distinguished legal scholar
died last February.
Editorship of the publication, publshed by the Amercan
Association for the Comparative Study of Law, has been filled
provisionally by Prof. George and Prof. Alfred F. Conard of the
law school.
The naming of George as editor-in-chief thus continues the
University leadership of the publication which reports on legal
developments all over the world.
The association membership includes 24 law schools, includ-
ing Harvard, Yale, Columbia, and the University of Texas. The
Journal serves nearly 2,000 subscribers, with more than a third
of its circulation in foreign countries.
THE LAW SCHOOL will honor its seniors at the first Senior
Day program here today. James Britt Donovan, distinguished
New York attorney and author who conducted negotiations with
the Castro government resulting in the release of over 9,700
Americans and Cuban refugees from Cuba, will be the speaker.
Senior Day will begin at 10 a.m. at the Lawyers Club. Parents,
wives and friends of 333 Law School candidates for the juris
doctor and bachelor of laws degrees, as well as advanced degrees,
will attend.
Candidates for degrees include 300 for the current graduation,

Officias Unaware of
Class Ranking Based
On Senior Grades
Several University officials re-
vealed yesterday that they had
not been aware of crucial Selec-
tive Service guidelines on the de-.
ferment of present and entering
graduating students.
The guidelines, announced by
Selective Serviceadirector Gen,
Lewis Hershey in late March. spe-
cify that male studentsaenterig
graduate or professional schools,
or currently enrolled in one, will
be granted continued 2-S defer-
ments if they achieved a ranking
in the top one-quarter of their
class based on their work only in
their senior undergraduate year.
University Selective S e r v i c e
counselor Thomas Clark was ask-
ed about these guidelines yester-
day. He said he had not been
aware of the provision that the
top one-quarter ranking be used
Solely on the senior undergradu-'
ate year of work.
Ernest Zimmerman, assistant to
the vice-president for academic
afairs, also revealed lack of
knowledge about the guidelines.
He indicated that work on com-
piling class rankings for male stu-
dents had not yet begun. When
asked on what basis these rank-
ings would be made (four-year
accumulated grade-point or senior
year of work), he declined com-
m ent.
Meanwhile, students in the
Voice-Students for a Democratic
Society local chapter local chap-
ter announced plans for a demon-
stration in front of University
President Harlan Hatcher's resi-
dence today at 3 p.m. The stu-
dents will protest the holding of
the Selective Service draft defer-
ment examination in University
buildings Saturday. The Student-
Faculty . Committee to End the
War in Viet Nam is also sponsor-
ing the demonstration.
Their demands are that the
University stop cooperating with
the Selective Service System be-
cause it discriminates against eco-
nomically disadvantaged youths.
The group cited the action of offi-
cials at San Francisco State Col-
lege, who announced that their
university has cancelled the exam-
ination oon its premises.

-Associated Press

SEN. WILLIAM FULBRIGIIT and See. of Defense Robert McNamara may be nose to nose in this
picture, baut observers insist it's an accident.
Survey To Determine Low
Cost Housing Requirements

Stage Sit-in
At Chicago
Ask Administration
Not To Rank Men
For Selective Service
Special To The Daily
CHICAGO-More than 450 Uni-
versity of Chicago students con-
ducted an all-night sit-in at the
school's administrative offices last
night, protesting the university's
cooperation with the Selective
Service system on draft deferment
The students, organized by a
group of Students for a'Democrat-
ic Society members, were cram-
med into sixth floor corridors and
rooms. They were working in
shifts, and all available space on
the floor was occupied by stu-.
The demonstration was order-
ly, and there was no indication
that university officials would take
any action to evict the students
from the premises. A small group
of plainclothed police officers
which had been present early last
night had departed by early this
The university's position is that
it is willing to discuss the issue of
draft deferment tests and class
rankings of students, but only if
the demonstrators end their vigil.
The students may continue their
sit-in through Friday, but no firm
plans have been made yet.
SDS members had been orga-
nizing the demonstration since the
beginning of this month. The uni-
versity's faculty senate refused
to hear them present their case,
and the sit-in demonstration was
then organized.
The students are protesting the
"discriminatory nature of the
draft" and are calling on the
university not to reveal the ranks
of students for the Selective Serv-
ice System.
A spokesman for the students,
Stephen Kindred, described 'their
position as opposed to any class
ranking, but with the additional
demands that the university sus-
pend compilation of student ranks
until the fall. They argue that the
university's cooperation with the
Selective Service System in pro-
viding class ranks and holding the
draft deferment examination on
university grounds threatens the
university's integrity.


A survey which may help de-
termine how much low-cost hous-
ing will be necessary in the fu-
ture to fullfil the needs of low-
income families is now being con-
ducted by the Survey Research
Center, John B. Lansing, SRC
program director, announced re-
The Ford Foundation has award-
ed the University a $155,580 grant
for the project which is being di-
rected by Lansing and Prof. James
N. Morgan, SRC program director.
The survey, called "A Study of
Chains of Moves," will investigate
the extent to which houses that
are sold when a newly constructed
dwelling comes onto the housing
market, thus beginning a chain
of moves, a "trickle down" to low-
er income groups, Lansing said.
He explained that when a new
building is constructed the total
supply of housing is increased. The
people who move into the new unit
will ordinarily vacate another
housing unit, and those who mover
into that unit will benefit indi-

rectly from the construction of
the new unit, releasing still anoth-
er unit in their turn.
Thus, Lansing continued, it is
possible for the effects of any in-
crease in the supply of housing,
even starting with expensive hous-
ing, to "trickle down" to the low-
er income groups.
If the process is extremely fast
and effective, then stimulation of
new housing even for upper income
people provides a general benefit
and may be a preferred policy to
subsidizing new housing for low
income people, Lansing comment-
However, he asserted, "if chains
end before they get to low income
groups, housing must be built for
Chains end when people who
move don't free another dwelling,
as for example when those who
move into a new house leave their
parents' home or if the building
is demolished or left permanently
The plan of the project is to
select several cities on the basis of
size and age, then to choose a

sample of new units and treat
each unit as the start of a chain,
explained Lansing.
Then, he said, the chains are
traced by interviewing the peo-
ple who moved into the house
vacated by those who moved into
the new unit, the people who mov-
ed into their previous house, and
so on back along the chain either
until it ends or until 12 months
have passed after the move into
the newly constructed dwelling.
He said that interviewing has
already begun in Flint, Pittsburgh
and Atlanta. While the results rep-
resent only a preliminary sam-
pling, the method has been suc-
Lansing explained that the find-
ings of the survey would include
measures of the average income
and average degree of crowding,
or number of people in the houses,
at each link in the chains.
The results would emphasize the
average differences in incomes of
occupants as one moved back
from the new units, and the dif-
ferences in the values or rents, he

Fulbriglt Warns Colleges of 'Stifling' Federal Ties

Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-Ark),
chairman of the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee warned a
convocation of educators in Cali-
fornia this week that American
universities were failing in their
"higher purposes" as a result of
the "stiflingly close" relationship
that they had developed with the
federal government.

ment it takes on some of the at-
mosphere of a place of business
while losing that of a place of
learning," Fulbright said.
Fulbright, a leading critic of ad-
ministration policies on the Viet
Nam war, said neither the govern-
ment nor the universities are
"making the best possible use of
their intellectual resources to deal

It is the scholars, he said, who
should examine such questions as:
"To what extent is the war in Viet
Nam a civil war? Does the war in-
crease the security of the United
States by proving our resolve or
reduce it by drafting our material
and moral resources?"
Another area of research, he
said. is the "relationship between

comes too close, too extensive and
too highly valued by the univer-
sities, the higher functions of the
university are in danger of being
"The danger goes beyond con-
tractual associations with the Cen-
tral Intelligence Agency which, un-
fortunate though they are, are so
egregious that once they are

Fulbright's concern was echoed
by Dr. Linus Pauling, Nobel prize-
winning chemist, who urged that
those professors who operated
large - scale, federally - subsidized
research facilities should be push-
ed off the university campus
which, he contended, is not an ap-
propriate place for such "big oper-

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