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May 11, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-05-11

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! Cl l, l' 11111


TOKYO ()-Radio Peking said
Chinese Communist leader Mao
Tze-tung appeared in public yes-
terday, ending speculation that he
was seriously ill. He had not been
officially reported at public func-
tions for six months.
Radiophotos from Peking show-
ed Mao smiling with Premier Meh-
met Shehu of Albania, who is in
the Red capital on an official
There have been reports that
Mao suffered from a heart condi-
tion. The last official word of his

%ppe ars
activity was Nov. 26, when Pe- The
king reported he met with a Cam- tung fE
bodian delegation in Shanghai. U.S. of
Recently, however, a New York and p
report said Mao was at Peking gradua
Airport Feb. 28 to see off Kwame This
Nkrumah, who was ousted from interpr
the presidency of Ghana while vis- known
itng Red China. But Peking never side C1
mentioned this appearance. purgec
Peking and the New China News leaders
Agency broadcast said Mao was lieved
host at a banquet for the Alban- surviva
ians, who are Red China's lone himself
ally in Europe in Peking's feud Som
with Moscow. that th



S peculation

reappearance of Mao Tze-
ailed to shake the belief of
ficials that his health is bad
ower is slipping, perhaps
ally, from his grasp.
view of Mao's condition is
reted here to explain some
political developments in-
hina, including an apparent
of scholars and intellectual
sThe ruling group is be-
to be trying to assure the
l of Mao-ism after Mao
f passes from the scene.
e U.S. authorities believe
he men around Mao are con-

U.S. Rejects Chinese Proposal
To Outlaw Nuclear Warfare

TOKYO (P)-Premier Chou En-
lai of Red China said Tuesday
night the United States turned
down a proposal by Red China
that the two countries agree never
to use nuclear weapons against
each other. He asserted this forced
the Chinese to develop the weap-
ons. '
Commenting on Red China's
third nuclear blast yesterday, Chou
said that "nuclear weapons can
save neither U.S. imperialism nor
the revisionist leading group of
the Soviet Union."
"China has proposed to the
United States that the two coun-
tries undertake the obligation of
not being the first to use nuclear
weapons against each other, but
U.S. imperialism has rejected
China's proposal."
Nuclear Blackmail
He did not say when or where
Sthe proposal was made. He said
that instead, the United States
"continued to develop and mass
produce nuclear weapons of var-
ious kinds, further expanded its
nuclear bases all over the world.
particularly those around China,
and stepped up its nuclear black-
He again accused the United
States and the Soviet Union of
working together to maintain
world domination and to protect
their "nuclear monopoly" and
"In these circumstances, China
cannot but conduct necessary and
limited nuclear tests to develop
nuclear weapons."
Great Encouragement
With an obvious reference to
South Viet Nam, Chou said that
"the success of China's third nu-
clear test is undoubtedly a great
encouragement for the peoples
who are fighting heroically for
their liberation."
"China is developing nucear
weapons, but she absolutely will
not place blind faith in them,"
Chou said. "We will never submit
CI to the nuclea' blackmail of any-
one, nor will we ever use nuclear
weapons to blackmail others."
"As we did on the previous two
occasions of nuclear testing, we
declare again this time that at
no time and in no circumstances
will China be the first to use
nuclear weapons."
Preliminary data indicate yes-
terday's nuclear explosion may
have been Red China's biggest so
The first two Chinese atomic
tests, in October 1964 and May
1965, were in the blast range of
20,000 tons of TNT-about the
size of the American atomic bomb
dropped on Hiroshima, Japan,
near the end of World War II.
The State Department on Mon-
day described Red China's latest
PH. 483-4680
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nuclear test as "in the same
general range as previous Chinese
Sources said it is not known for
certain yet whether China's latest
test involved an atomic or hydro-'
gen device. China announced that
what it called thermonuclear ma-
terial" was included.
A fuller determination of the
nature and size of the explosion
is expected in four or five days.
This third atomic test by Red
China may cause increased pres-
sure from Congress on Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara

to approve a start on an anti-
missile defense for the United
According to intelligence esti-
mates, the Chinese are now work-
ing on a missile with a range
somewhere between 700 and 900
miles. This would be well short of
any ability to strike at the United
States, but would permit China to
threaten other Asian countries
and the Soviet Union.
It is assumed by U.S. officials
that China could have an inter-
continental ballistic missile force
some 10 years from now.

world News Roundup

cerned also about their own secur-
ity and power positions.
Whether there was any connec-
tion in timing between Mao's re-
turn to the headlines and explo-
sion of Red China's third atomic
test, no one here could say.
Leadership Achievement
Authorities noted that the atom-
ic explosion stands as an achieve-
ment for the Chinese leadership,
and that the timing might have
some significance. For the past
year or more, Red China has suf-
fered a variety of setbacks in its
campaign for world leadership in
the Communist movement and off-
setting success presumably is wel-
come in Peking.
Mystery had built up around the
fate of Mao Tze-tung when he
failed to show up at diplomatic
receptions or on other special oc-
casions such as the celebrations
in Peking on May Day.
Red Chinese authorities insisted,
most recently about 10 days ago,
that Mao was not ill. U.S. offi-
cials have made little comment
about the New China News Agen-
cy report on Mao. They said while
they are skeptical of its signifi-
cance, they have no reason to
think it is literally untrue.
Health Prospects
Skepticism arose from questions
which the brief account distribut-
ed by the agency did not answer:
Where has Mao been since Nov.
26? What do his doctors think on
the state of his health? What are
his future health prospects?
There had been some specula-
tion in Western Europe that Mao
was dead. U.S. State Department
experts generally reject that idea
but are convinced that Mao is in
failing health, with either a ma-
jor operation or a serious illness.
A news dispatch from Tokyo,
however, said photos radioed from
Peking gave no sign that he has
lost weight.
International Importance
Inxview of the power Maonhas
exercised, either an operation or
illness would be an event of in-
ternational importance and even
greater political significance in-
side China.
Apart from Mao's age, 72, and
that he sometimes had to be help-
ed to negotiate steps in public,
authorities here found supporting
evidence of their "declining pow-
er" theory in efforts under way
for months in China to reinforce
"Mao-ism" with a kind of religious
faith and fervor.,
Mao's teachings about war, rev-
olution, economic theory, political
organization and science, now in-
cluding the latest atomic explo-
sion, are advertised as containing
all fundamental truth on those
subjects and others.
Death Preparations
This effort to deify Mao and
give his works the force of divine
revelation have been regarded in
Washington and other Western
capitals as public preparation by
Mao's associates for his death.
It comes down to an argument
that nothing fundamental would
change with Mao's passing. Ex-
perts on Communist political strife
say that the men around Mao can
make practical use of this argu-
ment to try to secure their own
positions by identifying themselves
with Mao's teachings.

Autos Show
Decrease in
Stock Market Gains
Despite Reductions
By Car Companies
DETROIT (,P)-Chrysler Corp.
yesterday became the third mem-
ber of the automotive Big Three to
trim auto production schedules.
It said two of its seven assembly
plants would be closed four days,
beginning May 31, "to adjust pro-
duction schedules with inventory.,"
Chrysler's action came hours
after two of the industry's top
executives said the auto safety is-
sue had hurt sales.
Negative Effect
Roy Abernethy, president of
American Motors Corp. and of
the Automobile Manufacturers As-
sociation, said a survey recently
conmpleted by marketing consul-
tants, showed that the auto safety
hearings are having a negative
effect on sales.
Arjay Miller, president of Ford
Motor Co., mentioned what he
termed "harassment" of the auto
safety issue in reporting a slow-
down of Ford production this
Usually reliable sources in the
industry said the slowdown in the
hectic production pace reflected
Cutback Pressure
The pressure of automobile pro-
duction cutbacks seemed to have
waned. The stock market took
casually the announcement by
Chrysler Corp. that it would re-
duce output.
Earlier announcements by Gen-
eral Motors Corp. and Ford Motor
Co. that they would reduce pro-
duction the rest of this month
was blamed in part for the extend-
ed market slump.
The stock market sprang back
in heavy trading yesterday from
a steep, week-long decline.
Tax Increases
However, the background sup-
plied other explanations for the
weakness in stock prices. These
included the statement last week
by William McChesney Martin,
chairman of the Federal Reserve
Board, that there should be a
tax increase; the statement, also
last week, of Gardner Ackley, chief
economic advisor to President
Johnson, that profits may be too
high; warnings of excessive specu-
lation inrthe market, and rising
interest rates and shift by some
investors from stocks to bonds.
On the plus side were the basic
strength of the economy, reports
of record or near record first
quarter profits by many com-
panies, and economists' forecasts
of continued economic expansion.

Five Dead and 29 Wounded.
By Random American Gunfire


SAIGON () - Premier Nguyen
Cao Ky confirmed early today he
intends to remain- in power
through the long process of elect-
ing a civilian government. This,
he said, may take another year.
SAIGON (P)-The U.S. Embassy
expressed deep sympathy yester-
day for Vietnamese victims of
American gunfire that raked a
Saigon street in hair-trigger re-
action to the explosions of a Viet
Cong mine. Compensation was
pledged to stricken families.
The action which led to the
death of five Vietnamese civilians
came during a lull in the war.
Monsoon rains slowed fighting on
the ground and in the air. A U.S.
spokesman announced the Com-
munists sent up neither migs nor
missiles against planes raiding
North Viet Nam.

Lodge Talks with LBJ
On Viet Nam Whar Tactics

A Vietnamese policeman, three
women and a child were killed and
29 persons, including eight Ameri-
cans, were wounded in the inci-
dent that bloodied and scarred
buildings of a street near the
capital's old Opera Square.
Most were hit in a half-hour of
shooting, after the mine blast,
by U.S. sentries and machine gun-
ners who believed-erroneously a
U.S. Army spokesman said later-
that they were under fire from
Viet Cong terrorists. The spokes-
man said shots loosed by an
American Military Policeman
touched off the fusillade.
Seven Vietnamese were arrested
on suspicion of planting the mine,
but all were cleared and freed
after questioning.
Several Injuries
Several Vietnamese were report-
ed knocked from their bicycles and

apparently injured by the blast,
similar to one wlich killed 10
persons at a pickup point for
Korean construction workers April
27. But the rest of the casualties
came from the shooting.
"Our hearts go out to the in-
nocent victims of this affair," the
U.S. Embassy said in a statement.
"The root cause of it is, of course,
the Viet Cong. The mission is
deeply sympathetic to the inno-
cent victims of this event and is
prepared to help in every way we
can those who found themselves
in the way of the fire this morn-
Compensation Paid
The families of the victims will
be paid compensation in accord-
ance with normal procedure in
such cases, a spokesman said.
A U.S. Army spokesman explain-
ed at a news conference:
The firing was started by an
American MP on duty who saw
"a taxi drive up, make a U-turn,
pick up a Vietnamese national and
speed away" after the explosion.
Another MP, on duty a block;
away, heard the blast and the
shooting and opened fire along the
rain-dampened street, which was
crowded with Vietnamese heading
for work.
Tracer bullets led other Military
Policemendeployed in the area to
believe the Viet Cong had opened
up on them.
No Evidence
The spokesman's announcement
that there was no evidence of
Viet Cong fire came some time
after the shooting ended.


By The Associated Prest
NEW YORK-Long Island Rail
Road diesel trainmen struck the
busiest commuter line in the na-
tion at the rush hour last night,
because crewmen aren't allowed to
drink beer with their lunch, but
executives can drink cocktails.
The LIRR called the walkout
illegal and obtained a back-to-
work order in Brooklyn Federal
Court within hours after the
strike was launched. A union at-
torney forecast a quick end to the
The strike cut LIRR service by
20 to 30 per cent as trainmen quit
four diesel lines that serve Long
Island's north shore from a Queens
terminal. Thousands of commuters
were inconvenienced.
DAMASCUS, Syria - Syria
charged yesterday that "imperial-
ist powers" were engineering a
military build-upon the Israeli
and Jordanian frontiers and warn-
ed that Western-owned oil pipe-
lines would be blown up if any
aggression occurred against Syria.
The charge and the warning
were broadcast by Damascus radio,
controlled by Syria's leftist Baath
Socialist party regime.
* * *
WASHINGTON - The Johnson
administration won a hard-earned
victo y yesterday as the House
voted curtailed funds to keep the
rent-subsidy program alive for an-
other year.
By roll-call vote of 192 to 188,,
the House added to an omnibus!
money bill $2 million for subsidy!
payments and $20 million in au-
thority for new contracts during
the fiscal year starting July 1.
President Johnson wanted a total
of $38 million.
Then the House sent the $14,-
017,299,000 measure to the Senate
where another fight is likely over
the rent program.
Earlier yesterday Congress com-
pleted action on an omnibus

emergency bill providing $12.1 mil-
lion in financing and contract'
authority for the rent program for
the remaining part of the present
fiscal year, which ends June 30.
* * *
WASHINGTON - The adminis-
tration's proposed open housing
law would have the effect of plug-
ging any loopholes that exist in
similar state laws, Atty. Gen.
Nicholas Katzenbach said yester-
He told a House judiciary sub-
committee that although state
laws would not be overridden by
the federal law, any exemptions
they contain would be invalid in
any action brought in federal
court. There are 17 such state
DETROIT-Detroit voters turn-
ed down a tax increase described
by school officials as an emer-
gency stop-gap measure as resi-
dents around the state balloted in
special local elections Monday.
The 2.5-mill Detroit property
tax increase, designed to offset a
predicted $11 million city school
deficit, failed by 10,060 votes. The
vote was 79,705 against and 67,646
Wayne County, including De-
troit, also refused to finance a
proposed community college dis-
trict. Voters favored establishing
the district, but turned thumbs
down on a 1.25-mill tax to support
five colleges, three of them in
WASHINGTON - Sen. Robert
F. Kennedy proposed yesterday
that the United States double its
foreign aid to developing nations
over the next few years, declaring
this country has a moral obliga-
tion to help them.
DIAL 662-6264
Marlon Brando "THE CHASE"

WASHINGTON (R) - President
Johnson launched a searching re-
view of programs, policies and
problems in Viet Nam Tuesday in
conferences with his ambassador
to Saigon and his top military and
diplomatic advisers.
The President told reporters he
had had "a very profitable visit"
with Ambassador Henry Cabot
Johnson spent 45 minutes alone
with Lodge. Then he and the am-
bassador met for another 1 /2
hours with Secretary of State
Dean Rusk, Secretary of Defense
Robert S. McNamara and other
members of the National Security
Afterward, Johnson sat in the
presidential chair in the cabinet
room with his experts around the
table and listed for newsmen
topics that were considered:
-From Gen. Earle G. Wheeler,
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of
Staff, what Johnson called a
rather full report on the military
situation in Viet Nam.
-From Lodge, a "rather general
report" and an analysis of the
economic and political issues as he
sees them.
-A discussion of political issues
around the table, led by Rusk.
-A supplementary review of the
military situation by McNamara.
What Johnson had passed on
was nothing beyond generalities
about complex and touchy prob-

Every Student
Who Wants To Know
Can Find the Answer at Hillel
3:30 P.M.

$. s

lems plaguing his administration
from the other side of the globe.
Johnson called Lodge one of
our most dedicated public servants
and capable ambassadors, lauded
Lodge's evaluation of the situation
in Viet Nam, and said that "he
brought back information you
don't always get in written

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