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August 05, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1966-08-05

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A PROBLEM OF CARING,
NOT OF KILLING
See Editorial Page

Lwt

Iat

MILD
Nigh-84
Low-5
Partly cloudy;
continued fair

Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom

VOL. LXXVI, No. 63S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 5, 1966

SEVEN CENTS

FOUR 1P'

.Re-election
Bidii al
For Murphy
Collins Announces He
Wants Democratic
Regent Nomination
By PATRICIA O'DONOHUE
Regent Irene Murphy officially
announced yesterday that she will
run for re-election to the Board of
Regents.
John J. Collins, president of
Wayne National Life Insurance
Company, +and former chairman
of the State Democratic Party
from 1962-63, also announced of-
ficially that he will campaign for
the Democratic nomination to the
Board of Regents. He made this
intention clear two weeks ago
when he wrote a letter to prom-
inent members of the party ex-
pressing his desire for the post.
He has been campaigning for the
nomination since that time.
Collins is seeking Regent Carl
Brablec's seat. The terms of Mrs.
Murphy and Brablec, both Demo-
crats, expire December 31 but Bra-
blec will not seek re-nomination.
Mrs. Murphy said "I make my-
self available only because of the
critical need at this time for con-
tinuity ... We Regents have gone
on double-time in our complex
task of searching for a replace-
ment to President Harlan H.;
Hatcher who retires next year. We
will be midway in this sensitive
rocess when my term will expire.
The wisdom we use in the selection
will determine the leadership of
the University for the next 15
years."
During her term of office, Mrs.
Murphy has consistently spoken
fdr low tuition, control of students'
living costs; nondiscrimination;
public meetings; increased stu-
dent wages; an "open" campus for
speakers, faculty, students; a sin-
cere respect for expressions of
conscience, including dissent; and
efforts to break up a massive
campus into small, personalized
student units.
"This climate of freedom," said
Mrs. Murphy, "attracts exciting,
creative faculty and students, as
well as gifts and grants from
sponsors who wish to invest in our
creative ability."
Collins said that if nominated
and elected he would work "to
provide more student housing and
provide it as inexpensively as pos-
sible."
Collins added that he could ad-
vocate a closer relationship be-
tween the University, the Legisla-
trthe State Board of Education
and the Governor. He said that
' the, University has "not fitted into
the scheme of things" in the plan
for coordination between the
state's institutions of higher edu-
cation, and that the University
"has to be sensitive to the Legis-
lature and the Governor in the
future."
Collins said the University "has
got to play- a structured role" in
the state and not worry so much
about autonomy, or it may loose
even more of its autonomy.
"The Board of Regents must
maintain its autonomy over its
faculty, educational program and
its philosophy of education," but
should recognize it must work with
other branches of the state gov-
ernment,"' he added.
Collins said, "The University has
got to take a leadership role-it
has been all too often a "reluctant
partner" with other "arms of state
government.

Pen'tagon

Ann ounces

Senate

Rise

in

Draft Calls

Passe's
Work'

Air

Back

WASHINGTON (P)- The need
for military replacements in Viet
Nam sent draft calls escalating
yesterday.
The Pentagon announced the
September call of 31,300 is being
raised to 37,300, and set an Oc-
tober draft of 46,200, highest for
any month since the Korean war.
The boost in September require-
ments was attributed toa reduc-
tion in estimated Army enlist-
ments for the month, based on
the most recent enlistment data.
The October call is the highest
since the 53,000 sought in May
1963, near the end of the Korean
war. Peak calls during that con-
flict reached 80,000.

Spokesman said, however, a sea-
sonal factor is involved. In the
fall, many young men cease vol-
unteering for service because of
college enrollment, which in turn
exempts them from the draft.
All inductees in both the Sep-
tember and October calls are to
go to the Army.
There have been unofficial re-
ports that the U.S. force in Viet
Nam would approach 400,000 by
the end of this year.
With some 283,000 men now in
Viet Nam, the armed services al-
ready have surpassed their an-
nounced strength goal of 3,093,000
a year ahead of time and indica-

4as-

r

(

NEWS WIRE

tions are that the buildup will
continue.
Just how big the increase will be
is not certain. Deputy Secretary
of Defense Cyrus R. Vance said
recently "we do not know yet"
what the ceiling on military man-
power will be.
The Viet Nam war, of course, is
the major determining factor on
future military levels.
The 3 million-plus level was not
scheduled to be reached until next
June 30, but the mark was reach-
ed and slightly surpassed by June
30 of this year.
As of June, 30, the Army stood
34,000 short of its projected level
of 1,199,764. The Marines had
261,659 compared with a goal of
278,184.
Both the Navy and Air Force
have gone over their stated goals
of 727,873 and 853,359, respective-
ly, by several thousand men.
The House Armed Services Corn-
mittee, meanwhile, deferred until
early next year further hearings
on administration and operation
of the draft law.
In announcing the a c t i o n,
Chairman L. Mendel Rivers (D-
SC) said the committee would
have "very positive recommenda-
tions" for the new Congress early
in 1967.
The committee recently held six
days of public hearings dealing'
with complaints of inequities in
administration of the draft law.
Rivers said the committee wants
to wait until President Johnson
and the recently established Na-
tional Advisory Commission on
Selective Service makes recom-
mendations.
"It appears abundantly evident
to me that we must continue to
have a draft law for the foresee-
able future, but I am not certain
that the present draft law is
working as well as it could," Riv-
ers said in a statement.
wL

Late World News
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO-INTERLAKE STEEL Corp. announced last night
a price increase in sheet and strip steel, becoming the 11th firm
to raise its prices since an increase initiated Tuesday by Inland
Steel Co.
Interlake chairman G. Findley Griffiths said a base price
increase of 15 cents per hundred pounds for prime grade hot
rolled strip, hot rolled sheets and cold rolled sheets would be-
come effective Aug. 10.
NASHVILLE, TENN.-FORMER Gov. Buford Ellington won
the Democratic nomination for governor of Tennessee last night.
His opponent, John Jay Hooker Jr., conceded when Ellington
moved ahead, 227,186 to 190,743.
* * *'*
BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA - President Juan Carlos
Ongania moved last night to end the turmoil within the state
universities by promising to restore their autonomy. However,
he set no timetable.
Ongania made the announcement at his first news confer-
ence since his military regime ousted the civilian government of
President Arturo Illia five weeks ago.
A NOON RALLY ON THE DIAG will be the main feature of
today's International Days of Protest activities commemorating
the bombing of Hiroshima. A puppet show will be presented dur-
ing the rally.
University students' Ken Fireman and Rich Gordon will dis-
cuss the Vietnamese war and Monday's picketing of the Dow
Chemical Co. in Midland. A silent vigil by Voice members and
others observing Hiroshima Day will be held from 10 a.m. until
noon on the Diag as well.
GOV. GEORGE ROMNEY, at the Governor's Conference on
Mental Health, said he will seek a supplemental mental health
appropriation from the Legislature. The additional funds are
needed to meet the rapidly increasing state services in mental
health. More money is also needed to operate new buildings at
Plymouth State Home and Training School because they were
completed ahead of schedule.
However, Charles Orlebeck, special advisor to the governor,
said that the additional funds "will have little or no effect" on
the University's mental health facilities. He said that the sup-
plemental appropriation was requested to improve the state hos-
pitals and training schools which had expanded more rapidly
than the Legislature had anticipated when drawing up the
budget.
CONGRESSMAN WESTON E. VIVIAN (D-Ann Arbor) will
speak tonight before the Ann Arbor City Democratic Party meet-
ing. Title of his speech will be "Issues Facing the 89th Congress."
Vivian has been in Washington completing hearings held by
the House Natural Resources Subcommittee of the Committee on
Government Operations of which he is a member.

to

Orde

wmfllai House01OK

Flights Be

-Associated Press
SPECIAL BRIGADE
A Skull and Crossbone trooper, member of a special outfit in South Viet Nam, stands near a burning
house in the Mekong Delta area.

Settlement Would
Last for 30 Days,
Other Options Open
WASHINGTON (A)-The Senat
passed and sent to the Hous
late yesterday a measure tha
would send striking airline me
chanics back to work for 30 days
and let President Johnson keen
them there for as long as si
months.
The vote was 54 to 33.
Senate passage after three day
of debate sent the measure to th
House, where a timetable for ac
tion is uncertain.
Passage came shortly after th
Senate, by a 51-36 vote, adopted
the compromise designed to hav
Congress and the President shar
responsibility.
This version supplanted a meas
ure which would have handed
Johnson the job of ordering th
35,400 strikers back to work.
It was adopted after the Sen
ate had rejected, 66 to 21, a pro
posal that it delay all strike-end-
ing action for six days to encour
age another try at private nego
tiations.
Chairman Harley O. Stagger
(D-W Va) called a meeting of th
House Commerce Committee tc
consider the legislation this morn
ing. Committee members wer
noncommittal in their views o
the measure.
No Weekend Session
Staggers told newsmen he ex
pects the hearing to take two o
three days and he plans no week
end session-thus apparently fore
closing any chance for final Hous
action early next week.
Staggers said Secretary of La
bor W. Willard Wirtz and the chie
spokesman for the two sides wi
be the first witnesses.
White House press secretary Bi
D. Moyers was asked about tl
President's position on the Senate
adopted resolution and he said'
think I made the President's posi
tion clear yesterday." Moyers salc
Wednesday-the administration ha
recommended no specific legisla
tion.
There was no immediate rear
tion from the Machinists' Unic
but the striking mechanics' chie
hinted yesterday that if they, ar
,forced back to work they ma
work slowly.
William J. Curton, chief nego
tiator for the five struck lines, is
sued a statement welcoming th
Senate action and expressing cor
fidenice, the House "will responr
quickly to its public responsibilit
and end this strike as soon i
possible."

do VI- t AA 0 Y -" N

Legality of ,Mtate Aid to Uhurch
Supported Schools .Examined

By MICHAEL HEFFER
The United States Supreme
Court will soon have a chance to
make an important decision on
the question of the constitution-
ality of certain legislative aid to
church-supported schools.
The court will be asked to re-
view a Maryland Court of Appeals
decision in which state matching
fund grants to three colleges were

declared unconstitutional.
The court ruled that the grants
violated the First Amendment to
the U.S. Constitution: "Congress
shall make no law respecting an
establishment of religion, or pro-
hibiting the free exercise thereof."
This amendment is applied to the
states through the 14th Amend-
ment.
Church-state relations have led

INSURE VALIDITY:
Todd Proposes Press Corps
Observe Vietnamese Election

University To Receive,
Cost Compensation,
By LEONARD PRATT all research remains below 20 per
Co-Editor cent.
The University will receive an Actually there are three new'
average of $1.47 from the federal rates. Health science research per-
government for every federal dollar formed on the Ann Arbor campus
it pays to men working on con- is granted an additional 55 per
tracted federal research here until cent of salary costs for indirect
June 30. 1967, under new indirect uses. Research on campus other'
cost guidelines negotiated recently than in the health sciences will,
by federal and University officials obtain 45 per cent of all salary
and announced yesterday by the costs in indirect cost money. Wil-
Office of Research Administration. low Run research will be given
43 per cent of salary costs.
This reimbursement -- which
pays for the clerical and upkeep
costs a university incurs while
performing research but which is
omitted from the contract charges
-is retroactive to Janr1,196 hae-
cording to the announcement. It
is up slightly from last year's fig- o
ure of 43 per cent.
Indirect cost funds are a crea- Colegiate Press Service
ture of the federal research done "A classic film on perhaps the
since World War If. They are a greatestc inl othe century," said
result of the nation's universities' the poster in Mensah Sarbah Hall
discovery that they lose money at the University of Ghana. "You
when they assume that other costs are cordially invited."
do not change when additional re-arcodlyinte.
search work is undertaken at an The classic film, sponsored by
institution, the university's Student Repre-
Other costs - secretarial, sentative Council, turned out to be
groundskeeping, janitorial - do the U. S. Information Agency's
rise andsindirect costs charges are recent and controversial tribute to
an attempt by the colleges to President John Kennedy. As a
charge those added costs back on special bonus, a re-run of the
their contractors. "Hootenany" television show film,
Average reimbursement rates for ed at the University of. Virginia
all research projects still remain and featuring South African sing-
s m er Miriam Makeba, was thrown in.

to many constitutional issues deal-1
ing with schools. In practice, thel
states have made many laws that
affect church-affiliated schools.
In June, the Michigan Legis-
lature passed a law providing tui-
tion grants to needy students at- ,
tending private colleges and uni-
versities, including church-affil-,
iated institutions.
Opponents of the bill attacked
it as involving government with
religion.
In the Maryland case, the court
based its decision on whether each
institution involved was secular or
religious. There were four colleges
involved and threetwere found to
be religious, and therefore could.
not have the state aid.
The court said "there is little{
controversy over the facts in any
of the cases, rather the dispute is
as to the legal effects of the
facts."
The court found there was gen-
eral agreement on factors that de-
termine whether an institution is
secular or religious. These were:
1) The purpose of the college;
2) The college's personnel-stu-
dents, f a c ul t y, administrators,
board members--and any religious
requirement of them or any con-

trol over them exercised by a re-
ligious body;
3) The college's relationship1
with religious bodies in regard to
aid, ownership and affiliation;
4) The place of religion in the
college's program, in regard to the
character, extent and requirements
of religious observation.
In upholding aid to one of the
colleges, the court said the col-
lege's "stated purposes in relation
to religion are not of a fervent,
intense, or passionate nature, but
based largely upon its historical
background... "
The court added that the gov-
erning board of that college was
not controlled by a religious body,
and a church supplies only 2.2 per
cent of its budget.
In one case where it invalidated
aid, it said the college was "relig-
iously oriented," advertised "our,
philosophy is a Christian philoso-
phy" and had religious require-
ments for its board members.
A dissenting judge said Mary-
land had a 180-year tradition of
aid to these private schools.; He
said the four colleges offer edu-
cation comparable to that at other
institutions and served the public
need in doing so.

Film Tribute Shown
University S tudents,

Three Steps
The measure the Senate acee
ed would operate in three steps
1) A 30-day congressional b
to work order, effective if
when the measure becomes la
2) A 60-day extension at Jo
son's option, triggered by his
pointment of a special dispi
panel to mediate between ur
and airlines.
3) Another 90-day extens
again left to Johnson, to be
in effect by extending the life
the panel-and on advice of
mediators themselves.
Sen. Winston L. Prouty (R-
made an unsuccessful bid to p
pone until Aug. 10 any actior
legislation that would force
end to the walkout.
Senate Republican leader
erett M. Dirksen of Illinons
any such move would tell
country that Congress has
courage and no guts.
Democratic leader Mike Mi
field's motion to table the p
ponement plan was approved 6
21.
Prouty said union and air
negotiators could produce
agreement-and win ratifica
in a vote of machinists-if (
gress stepped aside. He sail
contract settlement might
come by Tuesday night or M
nesday.
There were no union-man
ment negotiations yesterday as

By DAVID KNOKE
Special To The Daily
WASHINGTON, D.C.-Rep. Paul
6 H. Todd, Jr. (D-Mich) proposed
yesterday that the secretary of
state "vigorously push" for the
creation of teams of observers
from the International Press Corps
to oversee South Viet Nam's Sept.
15 Constitutional Assembly elec-
tion.
The Constitutent Assembly will
write a Constitution charting
South Viet Nam's governmental
course, and a national election will
be held next year.
"I can't see how we can accept
results of any unobserved elections
as credible," Todd said in a speech

pends on getting facts-facts
about who is permitted to vote
and where, about how the ballots
are distributed, and counted, and
so on. What group of people---sl-
ready on the scene-is more quali-
fied to get the facts than the
international press corps?
"To lose the opportunity to es-
tablish any observer team will in-
crease the political turmoil, the
instability and duration of the
conflict," he said.
Todd told the Daily that he
had contacted Secretary of State
Dean Rusk several weeks ago but
had not yet received any response
on his proposal. He indicated,
honevr. that he felt the eationn

"Complete territorial control is
not a prerequisite to improvement
of the political structure," Todd
said in his speech. "Although it is
clear that North Viet Nam now
cannot conquer South Viet Nam,
we must realize that soldiers, alone
cannot rid the South of insur-
gency. This implies that the U.S.
and South Viet Nam should con-
centrate upon improving social
conditions more than at the
present."
In testimony before the House
Appropriations Subcommittee on
May 11, released yesterday, Rusk
said he felt that the Vietnamese
"just do not like the idea very
much that they have to be super-

elude the Kennedy film from the
ban.
Such a bill cleared Congress and
was signed by the President last
fall and the film only recently.
had its U. S. premiere in New
York.
Not sure whether they would be
able to see the film back in the
United States, a group of 29
American students and faculty,
members cancelled a scheduled
discussion meeting and joined the
Ghanaian students at the showing
in Ghana.
The film alternates between
scenes of the- Kennedy funeral

frankly presented-even on such
touchy issues as racial discrimina-
tion where the behavior of many
Americans is certain to disturb
Africans and other nonwhite
peoples of the world.
At the University of Ghana the
film was well received and there
is no doubt that John F. Kennedy
remains a popular figure among
Africans. The film sparked oc-
casional laughter, but none aimed
at JFK.
Laughter greeted some mild
tirades on the evils of communism,
which, fortunately, occupied only
a few minutes of the film. Some

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