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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the inidividual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mus t be noted in all reprints.
FRIDAY, JULY 29, 1966
NIGHT EDITOR: CAROLE KAPLAN
The Street Art Fair:
Not So Much Fun
DESPITE THE FACT that, as the Ann
Arbor News says, "Everyone appears
to love an art fair," this year's doesn't
live up to even the smallest expectations.
The Art Fair, in conjunction with the
Ann Arbor merchants' field day-nomin-
ally called Bargain Days-is indeed en-
joyable for the city's residents. Some of
the bargains are genuine. The exhibits
can be attractive. And, the milling crowds
and general good-feeling associated with
these days of license give the town a re-
laxed, comfortable atmosphere.
The artists, too, get in on the high-
spirits with booming sales and naive cus-
tomers. Yet, perhaps this is where the
whole idea of the art fair fails because
the emphasis has turned to sales, sales
of everything, rather than the exhibi-
tion and enjoyment of original work.
HE PAINTING at the fair, to put it
mildly, is poor. Those who have gone
beyond the stage of painting covered
bridges and kids with dogs (and there are
few enough of them) have resorted to
gimmicks, and unusual use of various
media, to attract the curious onlooker.
There were perhaps four or five ex-
hibits, some by University students, that
showed some inspiration in the field of
painting. Yet, the crowds still came and
marveled at the nice watercolors and pic-
turesque landscapes, pointed out beatniks
to their wives and bought pastels of the
Fortunately, some of the pottery and
craftwork displays were of higher quality;
there were many works here that one
could proudly buy.
ALL THIS IS NOT to say that the art
fair need appeal only to those who are
art experts, those who can pay the higher
prices for better paintings, that the fair
should seek to exhibit only the most
avant-garde work. Obviously, this sort of
art fair would not only fail to draw many
customers, but would not contribute to
the appreciation of art by all residents
that the fair ostensibly is supposed to
But what should be done is what the
managers of this art fair claim to have
done-careful review of applications for
entrance to the fair, with a prior show-
ing of the work to be exhibited, and judg-
ing on the basis of knowledgeable criti-
cism of each artist's work. If the planners
of the Ann Arbor Art Fair must enlist
the aid of Art School teachers or of some
well-known critic, so much the better. No
one will be completely satisfied with
their decisions, but the quality of the
fair's exhibits will undoubtedly be raised.
BUT, UNTIL THAT IS DONE, the crowds
will come and buy and buy. After all,
that's the purpose, right now, of the fair.
-CHARLOTTE A. WOLTER
The Draft vs.
THE COURSES in the humanities are
gradually being killed by two weapons:
the mass of federal funds devoted to sci-
ence and its partner in education, re-
search, and, now, by the proposed draft-
ing of teachers of all but the "critical"
It all started with Sputnik in 1957. The
public educators in the United States were
struck by the scientific significance of
the Russian venture into space and pro-
ceeded to revamp the American system
of education. And it has been a bleak day
for the non-scientific courses from that
Federal funds are eagerly granted to
the fields of science, more particularly
the public health sciences and, now, the
military sciences and the sciences of com-
NOW THAT TEACHERS are under draft-
able consideration, a national cry has
come forth demanding that the teachers
of "critical" subjects remain in the class-
room. But then, this is not a new demand;
many laborers in "critical" industries re-
main working in the plants rather than
fighting in the paddies.
While science is admittedly an impor-
tant aspect of today's technological world
it should not become the end-all of our
existence, nor our federal funds. It should
not drain the laborers, educators and stu-
dents of our society.
While building an altar to the god of
science we are ignoring the soul of life;
the development of the mind.
If teachers must be drafted, they
should be drafted regardless of the "criti-
cal" value of their subject; if laborers are
to be drafted, they should not be exempt
merely because they supply the tools for
those who are less fortunate than they.
IT IS LAMENTABLE that anyone must
be drafted; the tragedy should not be
increased by discrimination against the
mind-building sciences in favor of the de-
velopment of "bigger and better" mechan-
ical methods of war.
that famous critique of Lord
Chesterfield's letters to his son,
Washington often seems to have
the manners of a dancing-master
and the morals of a whore. In the
appearance of Julious Klien one
finds the quintessential expres-
sion of some of Washington's least
appealing - but omnipresent as-
Klein, a Chicago-based public-
relations man, is typical of the
"best" of the breed: high-powered,
high-pressured and "a top opera-
tor with unlimited guts and gall,"
as a prominent Republican politi-
cian here recently put it.
FOR SOME REASON such op-
erators are deemed important and
useful in our society-even though
they have unusual and at times
obscure duties. Klein, in testimony
before the Senate ethics commit-
tee last Tuesday, was vague about
what he did for his clients (among
them Germand firms like Bayer
Aspirin and Daimler-Benz) and at
one point seemed to imply his
contracts left those duties unspe-
But one of the great unspecified
duties of any Washington PR man
which Klein understandably left
unstated last week-and which
the Senators didn't really have to
hear about anyway-is simple in-
For in Washington, access to
those in power is even better than
knowing who is powerful; it is a
very valuable commodity. Klein
and those like him thus try to
look valuable in this way, or, if
possible, even be valuable.
ONE TECHNIQUE Klein relied
on to look valuable was to rush up
to say "Hello" to Senators and
other dignitaries. Since they rare-
ly refuse to return a greeting, they
look like old Klein buddies.
An even better technique anoth-
er lobbyist hit on was - after
bumping into House Speaker Mc-
Cormack in the elevator, asking
him how he was and being told,
"Fine, thank you:" to write his
clients telling them he'd just had
a most informative discussion
with the Speaker.
But Klein not only said hello to
Senators; he even knew some, in-
cluding Jacob Javits, Hubert Hum-
phrey (who signed a letter saying
Klein "has more friends in the
House and Senate than any other
man I know") and Thomas J.
Therein lies Klein's current no-
toriety, for Klein - after being
grilled by J. W. Fulbright's inves-
tigation on the activities of agents
for foreign governments and busi-
nesses-began losing some of his
German contracts, including one
with a quasi-governmental status
and some very important func-
tionaries among its major backers.
ACCORDING TO columnists
Drew Pearson and Jack Anderson,
Klein got Dodd, whom he has
known since 1945, to go to Ger-
many, ostensibly on Senate busi-
ness (and at Senate expense), but
actually to save Klein's remaining
Some of Pearson's other charg-
es-that Dodd diverted camnpaign
dinner money to his personal use
-are far more significant. But
Dodd's activities for Klein are ty-
pical of the kind of tomfoolery
that Bobby Baker-Baedekers get
away with every day here.
Hence Washington's Chester-
field-like reaction. Too cognizant
of the presence of the many prac-
titioners of Klein's high-pressure,
nervy art to be much surprised,
and too used to its ramifications
to be much outraged, Washington
greeted the testimony of General
Klein with a slightly gleeful air-
not the way the Puritans would
go to view those in the stocks, but
the way the Romans would go to
view those in the Coliseum. One
of the old gang just goofed.
BUT KLEIN didn't disappoint
them when the ethics committee
had him at their hearing last
Tuesday. It was a gorgeous show
from beginning to end.
The star of the show showed
up early, with a Corona in his
mouth and a massive statement
in his hand. About two dozen pho-
tographers swarmed around him,
snapping away feverishly, from
the time he got into the room (be-
fore 9:30) to the time the hearing
was ready to start (10:00). Com-
mittee chairman John Stennis of
Mississippi finally had to order
them all to leave.
Despite the research Klein put
into his "statement"-largely a
diatribe against Pearson which
Stennis wouldn't allow to be put
into the record-he seemed some-'
what unprepared, perhaps not ac-
cidentally. "He just doesn't have
total recall," one observer wise-
For while he was trying dili-
gently to throw up an impene-
trable smokescreen of confusion
and qualification, Klein was more
self - incriminating than evasive.
He reversed, amended, "clarified"
or "remembered" things at will.
I REALLY DON'T know," he'd
say. 'Senator, I take three or four,
or five, trips to Europe so I can't
answer that unless I know what
trip you mean."
Not every person on a list he'd
prepared for Dodd to use as a sug-
gested appointment list in Germ-
any could have helped him with
his contracts, Klein said. Later,
though, he meekly agreed with
Stennis that everybody on the list
could have helped him.
"As you keep on asking me
questions, thank God my memory
comes back," Klein would exclaim.
Later on, when the committee's
efforts failed him, he went back to,
saying, "I really don't remember."
Everyone in the room got a
good chuckle from Klein's twist-
ings and turnings. Yes, he was
being evasive; but the committee
and the audience were willing to
be tolerant. For Klein was being
roasted, slowly but thoroughly,
and senators are not wont to sac-
rifice decorum when the desired
result occurs anyway.
BUT THE PRESS still' hadn't
gotten its pound of flesh-until
after the hearing itself was over.
Then, though, the four dozen as-
sorted reporters came into their
own, first surrounding their prey
before he got up from his table
and then overcoming the cries of
"Come on, Julius, let's go," from
Then the ultimate came, as they
propelled Klein-a former star
reporter for the now-defunct Chi-
cago Herld-Examiner of William
Randolph Hearst-towards a huge,
battery of cameras and micro-
phones outside the hearing room.
With fangs bared, the press
went over the questions the com-
mittee asked to record Klein's
answers to them on TV (the com-
mittee does not allow radio or tele-
vision or photographers inside the
hearing room) to find out if Klein
YET AFTER A quick spate of
such questions the proceedings got
bogged down. The press could
scarcely cross-examine Klein the
way the committee did, and Klein
had by this time been' able to re-
hearse his replies. So the reporters
tried to think of new angles be-
fore the whole thing ran out of
gas. What would their viewers
"It's been said you have more
friends in the House and Senate
than anyone else in Washington,"
said one reporter, smiling, his best
Pepsodent smile. "Where are they
all now? Don't you think you've
lost some friends as a result of
Klein said he thought he had
about as many friends now as he
ever had (which, everything con-
sidered, is probably an accurate
"Don't you think Senator Dodd
let you down by not pushing you
in Germany as much as you'd have
liked?" asked another.
Klein said he was still a very
good friend of Dodd.
A FEW REPORTERS moved
restlessly, and one said "Thank
you," which is the signal for the
end of such press conferences.
Somebody else, though, tried
"You have so many prominent
friends," he asked. "What's the
secret of your success? What's the
basis of your charm?"
A few reporters snickered, since
Klein is a vaguely reptilian man
who has lost most of his hair and
whose "secret" is not charm but
But Klein got the last laugh.
I'm an old newspaperman," he
The crowd laughed-the report-
ers surrounding him a little ner-
vously, his secretary behind him
quite appreciatively. s
"I thought that was the way
you made enemies," said one
newsman with a talent for mak-
ing the obvious obvious. "No,"
Klein beamed, "that's my secret.
I'm just an old newsman."
THERE WASN'T much more the
crowd of newsmen could think of
to ask after that; they already
looked silly enough. "God damn!
An old newspaperman," one of the
reporters murmured to himself as
they all filed out. Klein may have
lost the war-but he certainly
won a battle.
TwoFold Problem of Land Re form
By JAMES M. LONG
Associated Press Staff Writer
ROME (/P)-The world's experts
on land reform agree that it
is needed for economic and social
advancement. But they do not
agree on any one system for ac-
They agree it may bring the
farm worker or tenant farmer a
higheerhstandard of living, but
warn that this may lure him to
the city rather than keep him on
They caution that breaking big
holdings down into small, private-
ly owned farms may not neces-
sarily increase overall production.
And they warn that whatever
system is followed may succeed
only if it is supported and im-
plemented by large government
aid and credits.
LAND REFORM experts from 71
countries around the world
c o u n t r i e s around the world
weighed successes against fail-
ures and difficulties against bene-
fits during a two-week meeting
at the Rome headquarters of the
U.N. Food and Agriculture Organi-
Their overall conclusion was that
economic progress and social jus-
tice require planned and state-
aided reforms in the tenure of
the world's agricultural lands. In
the broad definition which FAO
and national experts follow. land
reform is simply that-a change
in the system of land tenure.
It has been happening all along,
back as far as land holding laws
of the Chinese, the Babylonians
and the Hebrews. In the broad
sense, when the early American
pioneers moved westward and es-
tablished farms and ranches on
lands the Indians had owned, that
too was land reform. The Indians
did not necessarily approve of the
THE TASK TODAY is not just
to watch changes in land tenure
happen, but to direct these
changes to the benefit of rural
society, general economy and im-
How this is accomplished varies
widely, depending on social and
economic conditions and on the
balance between land and popula-
The Communist world-the So-
viet Union. the Communist coun-
tries of Eastern Europe, and Red
China-have carried out almost
total land redistribution based
largely on collective and state
farm systems. So has Israel with
its kibutz and cooperative farm
In the Far East, Japan is far
advanced with land reform. and
Korea, India. Pakistan, Ceylon and
the Philippines are in various
stages of progress toward land re-
distribution or changes in systems
of tenure. To a lesser extent such
programs are getting under way
in Thailand and Malaysia.
In the Near East, land reform
is under way in Iran and Iraq, al-
though less extensively than in
LATIN' AMERICA, with major
land reform and urgent need, is
getting started toward breakdown
of huge estates and redistribution
of tenure, Mexico has its land re-
form system far advanced and
In most countries of South
America there is still far to go. A
UN land tenure report says:
"In most countries of that con-
tinent land resources are adequate
for the current agricultural work-
force. Why, then, are these coun-
tries faced by serious problems of
under-employment and unemploy-
ment in agriculture?
"The answer lies in the system
of land tenure: too few families
supported by the big estates; too
many trying to live off small
This report said that in South
America as.a whole, less than ten
per cent of the holdings contain
90 per cent of the land.
The problem is not only to break
these large estates down into
smaller farms, but to consolidate
too small farms into agricultural
properties that will support the
families working on them. The
FAO report said that 60 per cent
of farm families in Argentina and
88 per cent in Guatemala and
Ecuador live on land holdings too
small to support them.
IN EUROPE there has been
In crowded parts of central Europe
uneconomically small farms have
been consolidated into larger hold-
ings or grouped into cooperatives.
In the large land tenure areas of
southern Italy land redistribution
laws have broken estates down
into smaller, individually owned
farms. In Denmark, high land
taxes caused the automatic break-
down of large holdings.
In the United States, Canada
and Australia the availability of
land in relation to population has
not made land reform necessary
beyond the normal changes which
have taken place under economic
and social growth. In the United
States, for example, the average
size of farms has not decreased in
recent years. The steady flow of
rural population to urban centers
has kept a balance.
In the emerging lands of Africa,
even without population conges-
tion, there is a start toward change
in land tenure. Lands always own-
ed in common by the tribe are
passing into individual ownership.
ESPITE THE TREND toward
these diverseforms of change in
lanl tenure around the world ex-
perts cite some warnings.
One UN report notes that a
breakdown of large holdings into
small farms may not increase
production unless the small farm-
er has adequate equipment and
Another report says many plan-
tations (large holdings) are in-
tensively farmed. But another ex-
pert at FAQ says all too frequently
these are not successful because
of discontent of the hired workers.
The UN report on large planta-
tions adds, however:
"Wage labor on the land can-
not be condemned as such, any
more than in any other section of
economy. If working conditions on
the plantations are unsatisfactory,
that is a matter for legislation .
rather than agrarian reform."
Still another report says:
"Even where (farmer) incomes
have risen, the farmers seem un-
der pressure of a pull from the
non-agricultural sector. When-
ever opportunities arose, the in-
dividual farmers were ready to
leave the farm in search of higher
income. Even when such oppor-
tunities were non'-existent the
rural people expressed hope that
their children should succeed in
moving out of the farm to better
their level of living."
Once More, Once More
Unto the Wars
'The Love Godesses'
And 'Circle of Love'
FROM WITHIN the Albion, the engines
began to heat up. From the old hulk
steam began to pour, burning out gen-
erations of cobwebs. In half an hour the
old freighter was on its way down the
Hudson off to its third war.
I'm beginning to get excited. With the
mothball fleet taking to the high seas
and teachers next on the list to go, it
seems that everyone will get in on the
rpIE TROUBLE with every new genera-
tion is that they have never been to a
war. They have seen the movies of course,
and remember that everyone is supposed
to get Star-Spangled Bannerly all over
during a war.
But while many of the new generation
search for a substitute for nationalism,
everyone around them is still national-
istic, if not chauvanistic. Unfortunately,
the major philisophical substitute for na-
tionalism is communism. Therefore, for
those "liberals" concerned with the in-
justices of every political ideology they
find, the only course seems to be revolt
against the status quo.
Yet the rest of the nation may be about
to commit itself, willing or unwillingly,
to a major war.
In this time of crisis Congress is about
to surrender more powers by giving the
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President the power to halt the air lines
strike for months and months. When the
war starts bringing more crises, we may
all be called on to make some of those
sacrifices our fathers made.
THEN IN 20 YEARS or so, we will sit
back with our grandchildren and watch
Hollywood pictures of the Viet Nam War.
We will think about those few glorious
hours before we too were called on to
fight. And as the picture and the Viet
Nam war come to a close, and the Albion
returns to the mothball fleet, we will for-
get the doubts we had about the war,
settle back to sing "America," and wait
for the next war.
BARRY GOLDWATER has urged Lyn-
don Johnson to take to the streets in
racially troubled areas to calm them
down. Talk "straight from the shoulder
and heart without the thought of a vote"
in mind, he urges. There certainly is
nothing like hearing how an expert at
race relations would go about it.
A few years ago, an editorialist in the
east urged a statute of limitations on gov-
ernments in exile. His idea was that after
a certain time.-sav five or 10 ears.-.-the
By ANDREW LUGG
"THE LOVE Goddesses" con-
sists of a large number of
excepts from American and Euro-
pean films which purport to show
how the sex "motif" in film has
changed as our sexual mores have
become more liberal. It is part of
a continuing process we are told.
From the nickelodeon to super
panchromatic technicolored cine-
mascope, from Lillian Gish to
Sophia Loren the great liberation
unfolds. Ceres, Juna, Prosperpine,
Diana and Minerva, nude or
scantily dressed, parade before us,
accompanied by a commentary
which makes Playboy's recent
"history of Sex in the Cinema"
appear like a classic piece of writ-
ing. Although the film presents
neither a "sociological" survey nor
what the public really wants to
see-dirty movies-it does give
some interesting excerpts.
WITNESS for example: the orgy
scene from D. W. Griffiths' "In-
tolerance" or the excerpts from
Fritz Lang's "Spies" or Abel
Grace's "End of the World." But
better still, that any one of these
were shown in its entirety, since
they are all classic films within
their own right.
The photography of Heddy La-
mar in the nude was an important
cinematic event but to show only
photographs of Marilyn Monroe
(and none of these film stills) and
stills of Brigitte Bardot made the
film look distinctly lop-sided.
However bad "The Love God-
desses" is, it is far superior to
"ThP rirn of Lnvn.
play from Jean Anouilh, who
turn out this sort of rubbish. /
The "message" of this film is
only revealed at the end When the
old "Concierge" of a warm, loving
prostitute's apartment reveals that
she too was once the belle of the
ball. We are led up to this "tour-
de-force" by two hours of juxta-
posed sequences centered on the
love game, conquer or be con-
quered. This entails the husband
expecting his wife to be faithful
but considering himself free to
sow wild oats as long as he is
physically able-the old polyga-
mous/monogamous myth; Albert
who does not quite make it with
Sophie quoting Stendhal in jus-
tification of his failure; the Dra-
goon taking his pick from a fine
array of "Goddesses"-Jane Fon-
da, Anna Karina, etc.
IT MAY BE possible to film
"The battle of the sexes" from the
point of view of a six year old
child, but not Vadim since he is
both too pretentious and a very
poor exponent of the film art.
Slapstick, humour, and lyricism
are interspersed in jerky fashion
which destroys all the potential
charm of the film. Added to this
the color, the composition of the
scenes, and the use of out-of-
focus shots is downright abyssmal,
"Circle 'of Love" might just pos-
sibly have been a whirligig of rau-
cous, wild living. Instead it Is
the most boring film to have been
shown at the Campus Theatre in
a long time.
F -..- - .1 E1 10.