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July 26, 1966 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1966-07-26

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GENEVA AGREEMENTS:
DO UNTO OTHERS...
See Editorial Page

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5kA1iFlUU

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FAIR, WARM
High--90
Low-07
Partly cloudy;
chance of thundershowers

Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom

VOL. LXXVI, No. 55S

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 26, 1966

SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

I I

--- {

Supports
Johnson.

China Policy
Williams Campaigning
In Detroit for Final
Week in Senate Race
By DANIEL OKRENT
Special To The Daily
DETROIT-Again following the
lead of the Johnson administra-
tion, former governor and Assis-
tant Secretary of State G. Men-
nen Williams has called for the
"ultimate" inclusion of Mainland
China in any "meaningful dis-
armament negotiations."
Speaking this weekend to a
gathering of campaign workers in
Detroit's West Side 17th Congres-
sional District, Williams included
this point in his outline to main-
tain "increased understanding
even with those with whom we
disagree most," nearly echoing re-
marks by Vice-President Hubert
Humphrey a week earlier.
Final Weeks
Entering the final week of a
campaign in which many see him
heading for a nearly certain vic-
tory, Williams is continuing to
'. ignore his opponent, failing to
mention- Detroit Mayor Jerome
P. Cavanagh at any public ap-
pearances.
In an interview later, Williams
spoke of "several inequities in the
draft system." He did not, how-
ever, mention any corrective pro-
posals.
"I believe that the work of the
Congressional committee now in-
vestigating the draft will lead to
necessary solutions of these in-
equities. I don't believe that I am
currently in any position to make
concrete suggestions," he said.
Draft
As to whether he subscribes to
the lottery draft theory of Sena-
tor Edward Kennedy (D-Mass) or
to Secretary of Defense Robert
McNamara's doctrine of choice be-
tween military or civil duty, the
tall smiling figure who spent 12
years in the Lansing State House
refrained from direct comment,
again affirming that his present
position does not "lend itself" to a
judgment of the draft issue.
Asked what he feels are specific
draft inequities, Williams said that
Michigan's draft quota is twice as
large as that in many other states,
and unjustifiably so. Selective
Service quotas are currently de-
termined and assigned on the
basis of a state's population.
Answers Charge
Williams also brushed off
# charges made by Mayor Cavanagh
following the former Governor's
trip to Washington last Thursday
to meet with New York's Senator
Robert Kennedy.
The Mayor had labeled the trip
an "attempt to bolster a sagging
campaign," implying that Wil-
liams was seeking to capture some
of the limelight constantly attach-
ed to the popular Kennedy. Wil-
liams said there was no panic in-
volved, the meeting having been
arranged considerably before hand.
Optimistic
The campaigns of -both conten-
ders for the seat now held by
Republican Robert Griffin are now
moving toward their final stages.
With the election only a week
away, the Williams camp remains
highly optimistic.
His administrative assistant,
Mike Murray, said that Williams
' will take a two-day rest before
"beginning the campaign for the
general election."

04r hirigau Bae
NEWS WIRE
Late World News
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO-Brig. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell, son of
World War II's "Vinegar Joe," the famed Burma Road general,
was feared down at sea yesterday in a plane missing since one
of its two engines failed Sunday.
The aircraft carrier Yorktown, three destroyers, Coast
Guard cutters, merchant ships and 20 planes pressed a massive
search 700 miles out into the Pacific for the general who trains
the Army's Green Berets, now fighting in Viet Nam.
Stilwell, 54, commander of the Army's Special Warfare Cen-
ter at Ft. Bragg, N.C., flew out Saturday night for Honolulu as
co-pilot with two other men on a DC-3 being ferried to Thai-
land's air force. He got permission to fly as far as Honolulu so he
could increase his instrument rating as a flier.
*~ * * *
WASHINGTON-Sen. Philip A. Hart (D-Mich) introduced
yesterday a bill to abolish the death penalty for federal crimes
and substitute life imprisonment.
"The death penalty is a symbol of a dying order of vengeance
and death," he said, adding that there is no evidence that capi-
tal punishment deters crime,
The bill would not affect capital punishment under state
laws. But Hart said 13 states already have abolished the death
penalty and he hoped his bill would encourage other states to do
so.
CAM LAO, South Viet Nam-The North Vietnamese are
bombarding U.S. Marines with propaganda pamphlets quoting
statements made by U.S. Sens. Wayne Morse of Oregon and Er-
nest Gruening of Alaska, both Democrats.
"The North Vietnamese are throwing the leaflets all over
the area of Operation Hastings and our people are picking them
up," said a Marine officer.
There are about 7000 Marines on Operation Hastings in a
massive search for North Vietnamese just south of the 17th
Parallel demilitarized zone. One of the pamphlets shows a pic-
ture of a woman holding a sign which reads "My son died in
vain. Don't fight. Go to prison."
* * *
WASHINGTON-Edwin O. Reischauer resigned yesterday
as ambassador to Japan, and President Johnson immediately
named U. Alexis Johnson to the important Tokyo post.
For Johnson, whose first Foreign Service assignment was as
a language officer in the Japanese capital in 1935, it was the
achievement of a 31-year goal.
THE MIDLAND CITY COUNCIL unanimously approved
Voice's petition for a rally and parade there Aug. 7 and 8 last
night.
The rally and parade are in conjunction with the picketing
of the Dow Chemical Company for its manufacture of Napalm.
Voice's activities are part of the International days of protest
against the war in Viet Nam scheduled to mark the anniver-
The vote was unanimous and was passed without any discus-
sary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.
sion which was unexpected by the members of Voice present who
feared local opposition. Bill Robbins, who runs a local telephone
interview show, said that his calls were running about even as to
those who were against Voice coming to Midland and those who
felt Voice should be allowed to come.
* * * *
A MEETING with U.S. officials to discuss cutting off all
federal urban renewal aid to Michigan has been requested by the
state leader of the National Association for tl;e Advancement of
Colored People in Ann Arbor it was reported by the AP.
Dr. Albert Wheeler of Ann Arbor said yesterday he asked for
a meeting as soon as possible with Dr. Robert C. Weaver, admin-
istrator of the federal Housing and Home Finance Agency.
Urban reneway policies are causing racial tensions across
the state, Wheeler said. "The situation is really very serious," he
added. "Every community has these tensions, with possible erup-
tions."
He said among Negroes' complaints were lack of adequate
housing for persons displaced by urban renewal, slated demoli-
tion of homes previously designated adequate, and lack of rep-
resentation of affected persons on municipal commissions deal-
ing with urban renewal,
ARTHUR M. EASTMAN, of the English department and
president of the Faculty Advisory Committee to the Regents on
the presidential selection, will serve as a participant at the In-
ternational Seminar on the Teaching and Learning of English.
The seminar will be held at Dartmouth College from Aug. 20 to
Sept. 16, 1966.

-Associated Press
RACIAL TENSION REMAINS IN CLEVELAND
Members of the National Guard remain on watch in the Cleveland Hough Area. The tension of the past week has not yet died down.
CITES RACIAL TEMPERMENT:

Modern Irish

Writers Abandon

Ex-U.S. Aide
Asks New
War Tactics
Cautions Against
'Americanization'
Of Viet Nam Conflict
NEW YORK (A) - A former
presidential assistant, Arthur M.
Schlesinger, Jr., warned yesterday
that increased "Americanization"
of the war in Viet Nam could
make that conflict virtually "un-
winnable."
"The more we Americanize the
war-by increasing our military
presence, by summoning Saigon
leaders, like vassals, to conferences
in an American state, by trans-
forming the local war in Viet Nam
into a global test between Amer-
ica and China-the more wemae
the war unwinnable," Schlesinger
said.
The former top aide to both
Presidents Kennedy and Johnson
was one of five foreign policy ex-
perts asked to describe their per-_
sonal feelings about the war, as
though they had just been asked
by the President, "what should
we do now?"
Bitter Fact
Others were Prof. Hans Morgan.
thau, University of Chicago; Prof.
Henry Kissinger, Harvard; Han-
son W. Baldwin, New York Times
military editor, and Herman Khan,
Hudson Institute director.
"The bitter fact is that the
war in Viet Nam can never be
won as a war of white men against
Asians," Schlesinger said.
He urged that the United States
to encourage a civilian govern-
ment, making sure that the re-
gime "represents the significant
political forces in the country and
is capable both of rallying the
army and carrying out programs
of social reform."
Recommendations
He alsonurged the reconvening
of the Geneva conference, a hold
on the number of American forc-
es in Viet Nam, a tapering off
of the bombing of the North and
discussions with Russia, France,
China and other interested na-
tions about the neutralization, un-
der international guarantee, for
all of Southeast Asia.
Kahn and Kissinger said the
United States cannot pull out of
Viet Nam now.
There would be, they said, what
Kahn called "a disastrous erosion
of faith in the United States"
among those nations to which
we have made commitments.
Development
Further, Kahn urged the devel-
opment of a stable Saigon govern-
ment and a minimizing of the
U.S. nonmilitary role in Viet Nam.
Kissinger said that while mili-
tary action is necessary to defeat
the enemy in Viet Nam, the prime
issues are political and psycholog-
ical.
"If we cannot deal with political,
economic and military problems
as an integrated whole, we will
not be able to deal with them in-
dividually," he said.
Baldwin took the position that
the United States must win in
South Viet Nam, but warned that
it is the "eleventh hour."
"It is not too late to win, but it
soon may be," the newspaperman
said.
Victory
Among" his suggestions for win-
ning were a declaration of nan-
tional emergency by Congress, ac-
companied by authorization for a
mobilization by the President of
500,000 reserves for two-year serv-
ice and increased draft calls as
necessary.
He also called for an all-out
campaign against the passage of
arms from the North to the South

by means of bombardment, quar-
antine, blockade and mining of
land and sea routes, and increas-
ed pressure on guerrillas in the
South.

Lyrical Impressionism of Past

By MEtREDITI EIKER
Irish short story writers are to-
day abandoning the "lyrical im-
pressionism" which has long char-
acterized their writing and striving
instead for a "terse expression"
and a "brashness of idiom," said
Thomas Macintyre visiting in-
structor, writer, and critic.
As part of the Michigan Council
of Teachers of English's sixteenth
annual conference series, Macin-
tyre spoke yesterday on "Writing
Short Stories." The fifth of six
lectures, Macintyre's talk opened
with a brief attempt at defining
the idiom of short story writing,
calling the story the result of a
"fanatic heart" and "efforts at
trapping the lightning of exper-
ience."
Macintyre cited the racial tem-
perament of the Irish people as
being one reason for the growth
and success of the short story in

Ireland. He noted that the Irish
writer takes "an obvious delight
in the challenge of working in a
limited area." The short story, he
observed, is a "work in miniature"
and it takes and "agile artist" to
be successful within such a tiny
framework.
Macintyre pointed out too that
Ireland's fragmented society has
been suited to the short story.
"England," he explained, "has no
tradition of short stories, but ra-
ther has a long history of novel
authors. This is due, in part at
least, to the years of stability
present in the English society."
Ireland, on the other hand, has
no novel tradition and no stability
within its society. "The interest
there," Macintyre said, "has been
in the individual-whether it be
individual gaiety or desolation."
Bitterness engendered by the civil
war in Ireland which came at a

time when the Irish short story
was in its formative years, drove
writers to the more personal form
of short story writing rather than
to the public form of drama.
The Irish short story, said Mac-
intyre, began with "form being
dominant over material." The way
a story was told was most impor-
tant and thus the rambling Irish
tales of the 19th century develop-
ed. "Later, however," he continued,
"material began to take prece-
dence over form.
The lyrical impression and way-
ering rhythm long characteristic
of the Irish short story has reach-
ed the point where "in my genera-
tion it is becoming arthritic and
exhaustive," commented Macin-
tyre. "The tradition does not need
to be added to in a similar idiom,
rather young writers in Ireland
need a new way of stating the
old."
y 'Alive'

Salinger and the Russian author
Babel were seen by Macintyre as
pointing the way for the Irish
short story writer. "In answer to
the Irish problem of too much
lyricism, Babel particularly has
shown what can be done with a
line of high relief-potent and
dramatio-and with a sharp, brash
idiom."
Where the Irish were once gar-
rulous, Macintyre sees them now
as becoming terse. For him the
story of 700-1200 words, the highly
compressed story, can be the most
powerful.
For the young writer in Ireland,
as well as for every artist, Macin-
tyre observed that there are two
things for each to work out-an
individual "landscape" and a
"hand." He defined the "land-1
scape" as being that area of ex-
perience in which the writer can
be most comfortable and forceful.
The writer's "hand" or technique
-his way of saying things differ-
ently-Macintyre saw as being the
greater problem for the Irish
writer.
The landscape-the oppressed
Puritanism-is obvious in Ireland.
The method of expressing it is
not," he said.
On the specific writing of the
short story Macintyre noted that
the "American energy in short
story writing appears to be of the
sort which can be achieved, and
often is, in an afternoon." He said
that Irish writers spend months
working on a piece-weighing lan-
guage and rhythms and polishing
several times.
He said arrangement within a
story is highly important to the
success of its outcome and could
serve to achieve maximum po-
tency and dramatic explosion, par-
ticularly in the compressed work.

Larcom Calls Cit

To Civil Rights Problems

AUG. 2 PRIMARY:
Williams Cavanagh Race for

Senate To Increase

As the date of the Democratic
primary draws near, the Williams-
Cavanagh race for the U.S. Sen-
ate nomination is expected to pro-
duce a final spurt of campaigning
zeal from both candidates.
G. Mennen Williams, who has
ignored his opponent thus far,
refusing to mention his name in
speeches or to meet him in open
debate, says he is certain of vic-
tory. Nevertheless, he plans to
spend up to 14 hours a day cam-
paigning from now until Aug. 2.
At a recent meeting Williams
said that in the next few days,
"toh- a hp A. li of Wl

stands, relying on the force of
his personal popularity to carry
him to victory.
Cavanagh Telegrams
But Cavanagh, attempting to
cut into Williams' sizable lead,
has been sending public telegrams
almost daily, stating his own po-
sition on various issues and re-
questing that the ex-Governor
state his.
Williams has replied to most of
these, usually agreeing with Cava-
nagh in a moderate way.
Some of the issues that the
Detroit mayor has raised are:
__The' war in Viet Nam-Cava.-

Activity
-Michigan politics-Cavanagh
has said Williams helped to alien-
ate labor and management during
his terms as Governor, to the ex-
tent that both groups were harm-
ed. Williams has not answered
this directly, but his campaign
literature claims he helped the
state a great deal during his
tenure in office.
- Africa - Cavanagh's latest
telegram concerns the recent de-
cision of the International Court
of Justice not to take action to
end South Africa's apartheid rule.
The Detroit mayor claims that the

Ann Arbor was described as "a
community that is alive to the '
problems of civil rights," in a+
document prepared by City Ad-
ministrator Guy C. Larcom Jr.
listing human relations activity in;
the city.
The 10-page report, authorized
by the mayor and the City Council,
was sent to Glenn T. Seaborg,
chairman of the Atomic Energy{
Commission. It is part of an at-
tempt on the part of Ann Arbor to
convince the AEC to use a site
in Northfield Township for its
proposed $375 million atomic par-
ticle accelerator.
The chronology of civil rights
activity was written in answer to
another letter recently sent to the
AEC. This was from Dr. Albert H.
Wheeler, state chairman of the
National Association for the Ad-
vancement of Colored People,
Wheeler was very critical of
race relations in Ann Arbor, and
many feared this might damage
the city's chances of successfully
bidding for the accelerator.
The document prepared by Lar-
com and his staff said, "Without
implying that all is well and that
all programs have succeeded or
are proceeding fast enough, Ann
Arbor nevertheless holds forth this
list of documented activity as in-
dications of its sense of responsi-
bility, its intentions and its direc-

one ofvvneei s circiticuisms -Lne C
in his "profile" was in the area shown g
of police relations with the Negro problem
community. relation
In the'area of education, Larcom years."
said that action has been taken by He ad
the Ann Arbor Public Schools to course,
end "de facto" segregation. He munities
added that "The Human Relations tance of
Commission is working with the atomica
School Board to implement prac- Detroit
tices to encourage the hiring of sumably
more Negro teachers." Commis
In addition to the work of the conditio
city government, Larcom said that munitie

cizes ofAnasn Amr aiv
great public interest in the
s of civil rights and racial
s for the past several
dded that "Ann Arbor, of
is only one of many com-
es within commuting dis-
f the proposed site for the
accelerator since the whole
area is available and pre-
the (Atomic Energy)
sion will be concerned with
ns in these other com-)
s."

r,.- of AxThanlnT"'c ohinf ovifinicmc. "fho i-ifi7 anc of Ann Arhnr hA.VP.

STATE COLLEGE OF IOWA:
Questions Right To Expel Students

By EUGENE DOOLEY
Does a state.-controlled college
have the right to dismiss a stu-
dent on the grounds of an un-
satisfactory grade-point index?
Ernest Seeman, the father of
an expelled State College of Iowa
sophomore, maintains that it can-
not and to prove his point has
filed suit in the District Court 'at
Des Moines. The outcome of the
case could have wide range ef-
fects on the entire system of
state-supported higher education.
In the spring of 1966, Edward
.p ,, a., rnha.tinn a+t r in

Defendants named in the suit
were Marshall Beard, registrar at
SCI; J. W. Maucker, president of
SCI; the State Board of Regents,
and the State of Iowa.
The attorney for the defense,
State Solicitor General Timothy
McCarthy, was not available for
comment and left no official
statement concerning the case.
However, according to his office,
he applied on July 5 for a special
appearance in court and, although
no official date has yet been set,
it was believed that litigation
wouildbegin "snmetime in Au-

victory would bring about a low-t
ering of educational standards orE
a lowering of quality. "The col-t
lege that educates most, educatest
best." By most, he added, he<
meant the number of people serv-
ed by an educational institution. t
Rather than viewing a victory1
as detrimental, he felt that a vic-
tory would make higher education1
available to a greater number oft
people.1
When questioned about the pos-
sibility of political publicity on thei
part of the plaintiff, Seeman saids
"The boy's father is running for

tion declined to make an official
statement in connection with the
case. Speaking unofficially, some
members felt that the Seemans
could not win.
In the event of a plaintiff vic-
tory a precedent would be estab-
lished which would make it ille-
gal for any state institution in
Iowa to expel a student because
of grades. Likewise, present grade-
point requirements in specialized
areas of study such as student
teaching and teacher education,
could be struck down.
Another possibility is the illegal-

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