THERE IS A THIRD WAR
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Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVI, No. 54 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 23, 1966 SEVEN CENTS
AA UPReports Great Increase in FacultySa
By MEREDITH EIKER
For the first time since 1958
when the American Association of
;University Professors began its
yearly survey, faculty salaries dur-
ing 1965-66 rose at "an annual
rate sufficient to achieve a doub-
ling over a decade."
In its summer Bulletin issued
earlier this week, the AAUP in-
dexed colleges and universities
across the country according to
faculty "average compensation"
and "minimum compensation"
"For all ranks combined," the
report stated, "compensations in
1965-66 were 7.3 per cent higher'
than they were in the preceding
year," and showed the first in-
creases after a two year decline.
This year the University re-
ceived an average compensation
scale grade of +A and a minimum
compensation scale grade of +B
indicating both an increase in
faculty salaries from the previous
year as well as an increase in
the rate at which University sal-
aries are rising.
Prof. Ralph Loomis of the en-
gineering school, who is also state
chairman of Michigan's AAUP,
explained that an A ranking in-
dicates that salaries at a particu-'
lar institution can be expected to
double within a 10 year period.
"This means," he said, "that fac-
ulty salaries must experience a
6 to 7 per cent raise each year in
order to keep the rating."
Loomis pointed out, however,
that University faculty salaries
have probably increased at a rate
greater than 6 to 7 per cent be-
cause the plus sign before the
grade indicates improvement from
the previous year. "Such improve-
ment," Loomis said, "is only pos-
sible with a better than 6 to 7
per cent rate of increase."
According to the AAUP's "Eco- 4 Northwestern is in the $14,500-j
nomic Status of the Profession
Report," the University ranks high
among institutions with average
compensations for full-time fac-
ulty members of $10,500 and above.
The University is listed along with
Columbia, Duke, Johns Hopkins,
New York State University Gradu-
ate School of Public Affairs and
Yale in the $14,000-14,499 range.
Harvard heads the list with an
average compensation range of
$17,500 and above, while only
Northwestern among the Big Ten
schools leads the University.
14,999 average salary range.
The University's compensation
grades of A on the average scale
and B on the minimum scale are
equivalent to those of Cornell,
Northwestern and Stanford. Lake
Forest College and Parsons College
received the highest grades: A on
the average scale and AA on the
The AAUP report also found
that in general faculty incomes
at liberal arts colleges rose more
rapidly than those at universities,
those at church-related institu-
tions went up faster than those
at public institutions, whose rate
of increase exceeded that at pri-
The survey indicated too that
not all institutions shared equally
in the escalating incomes of higher
education-some institutions still
have salary levels which are ex-
ceedingly low. Colleges lacking
large endowments or those seeking
to educate students from the poor-
er economic groups faced yearly
financial problems and as yet had
not reached what the AAUP con-
sidered to be "adequate" faculty
Southern institutions, which for
years had been found to have
significantly lower salaries than
those in the rest of the country,
closed the faculty compensation
gap somewhat between itself and
other regions during the past five
The AAUP noted, however, that
"regional income differentials for
any profession reflect a variety of
influences" including the fact that
talent may be distributed un-
equally among regions. Cost of
living in a particular location may
affect faculty salaries as well--
a lower cost of living, a lower
Several institutions were singled
out by the AAUP report as having
made "outstanding accomplish-
ments" in efforts to improve the
economic status of their faculties.
Among Michigan schools receiving
such recognition were Michigan
Technological University, Univer-
sity of Detroit, Michigan State
University and Ferris State Col-
The AAUP faculty salary surveys
will continue until 1968, Loomis
said, when the first 10 year period
will be over. He indicated that at
that time new standards and
rating scales would be drawn up.
Hearings On I idhigan Bai
Bem, Kamisar Give
Testimony on Effects - -
Of Police Methods
By MICHAEL HEFFER
Two University professors are
among those testifying before a
Senate subcommittee on the ef-
fects of recent Supreme Court de-
cisions on confessions, interroga-
tions and other police procedures.
Prof. Yale Kamisar of the law
school and Prof. Daryl Bem of the
Center for Research on Language*
and Languages Behavior testified
on the opening day of hearings of
the subcommittee on constitutional
amendments of the Senate com-
mittee on the judiciary, last
Bem said yesterday that the
purpose of the hearings is to in-
vestigate the effect of the con-
troversial Supreme Court decisions
on police work. Policemen across
the nation have claimed the
court's rulings have considerably
tied the hands of policemen in ob-
(The hearings will be partially
televised by the National Broad-
casting Company at 3:30 Sunday.)
Bem, in his appearance at the
hearings, told the senators that
it was quite possible to convince
a witness that false information is
actually true, and that true in-
formation is false. He said it is
even possible to convince someone
to confess to a crime he never
The basis of this claim is that
"there are circumstances in which
the very act of confessing or m ak-
ing a set of statements itself -
fects the individual's own beliefs."
"We find that an individual will
believe his own statements to the
extent that he has made those
statements under a minimum of
inducement or coercion." In other
words, the witness never discovers
he is making a false statement.
Bem illustrated this at the hear-
ings by asking someone questions
about something she had done ear-
lier. As he asked the questions and
she answered correctly, a green
light went on.
Eventually, whenever the green
!light was on, the person began to'
believe she was telling the truth
even when she was not.
In the same way, said Bem, a
clever interrogator could phrase
his questions so that a witness
kept giving correct information.
After a while, said Bem, the wit-
ness, believing he was telling the:
uth, could be led farther and
farther from it.
Bem said this is not really
coercion, but turns out to be much
more effective than force. The
public must be protected from
such practices, he concluded.
"We need to protest the indi-
vidual more," said Bem. Despite;
what policemen claim, they do
not need more sympathy from the
courts, he concluded.
Late World News
By The Assoiated Press
NEW YORK-ONLY TWO incidents, which police termed
minor, disturbed the precarious calm of ,last night in the East
New York section of Brooklyn whei'e racial groups have bat-
tled almost nightly during the past week.
During the evening, a motorcyclist was hit by a brick as
he passed through the area, but was not seriously hurt.
Shortly before midnight, police arrested eight persons from
a group of about 45 who had run down a street screaming, "Get
the whites, get the whites!"
All were charged with unlawful assembly and disorderly con-
duct, and one, who resisted arrest, was charged with felonious
assault on a police officer.
See related story, Page 3.'
SAIGON---THE LEADERS of South Viet Nam's militant
Buddhist minority denied early today that anyone tried to kill a
young monk who died from burns after his gasoline-soaked robes
Police claimed that before the monk died last night he made
a statement indicating he was drugged.
MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY trustees approved a 1966-
67 operating budget of $60.9 million Thursday-up $8.9 million
from last year to handle 3,200 more students, the Associated
Press reported yesterday.
Of the total. $44.2 million is from the state treasury and
$14.9 million will come from student fees. The state appropria-
tion is up $5.6 million from last year.
Philip J. May, MSU vice-president for business, said MSU's
business office also will collect and disburse an additional $70
million for contract research, international aid programs, ath-
letics, student accounts and other auxiliary enterprises.
The school expects 38,730 students on its East Lansing campus
this fall, compared to 35,500 last year. To take care of the addi-
tional students, he said, the new budget provides $4.2 million to
add 266 faculty positions and 257 other jobs.
OAKLAND UNIVERSITY is seeking to establish a profes-
sional resident repertory theatre. Warren M. Huff, Michigan
State University Board of Trustees chairman, has announced
that John Fernald, former principal of London's Royal Academy
of Dramatic Arts, will head the project. Oakland is affiliated with
Fernald will start rehearsals in September with a troupe of
at least 16 actors, aiming for an inaugural performance in
December or January. A minimum of 26 weeks of performances
is planned, including an eight-week summer season.
The idea is to establish the acting company first and then
add a drama academy later next year. The troupe, to be known
as the John Fernald Company of the Meadow Brook Theatre,
will perform in the new 600-seat Matilda R. Wilson Hall on the
Oakland campus. It is anticipated that a new 1,250-seat theatre
will be built on the campus in the near future.
THE PEACE CORPS, for the second 'time in its five and one-
half years, is recruiting volunteers for a specific overseas assign-
ment-in Kenya, where there is a critical need for teachers and
land settlement officers.
The goal is for 160 volunteers to begin training in mid-Sep-
tember and mid-October. The deadline for applications is Aug. 15.
In a crash recruiting program on major college campuses in May
and June, 2800 people responded to a sudden call for 400 volun-
teers to go to America's Pacific Trust Territory (Micronesia).
Peace Corps Director Jack Vaughn, following a recent trip
to Kenya, described the shortage of teachers as "crippling." He
said the Kenyan government had asked for a sharp increase in
the number of volunteers now teaching there and for additional
volunteers to work with land settlement schemes, managing large
tracts of ex-European farmlands on which the government is
settling landless families.
Dies in Riots
Lawless Four Days
CLEVELAND, Ohio (P)-Gunfire
yesterday took the third life since
rioting exploded four days ago in
a Negro slum and blazed into a
nightly guerrilla warfare by fire
"We are fighting a guerrilla
war," said Col. Robert Canter-
bury, commander of nearly 2,000
National Guard troops called up
last Tuesday after two nights of
wild rioting by Negroes.
(Atty. Gen. Nicholas Katzenbach
said last night that the federal
government is "prepared to offer
any assistance which might be
requested or which might reason-
ably be expected" to help halt the
big city racial riots.)
As the fire bomb attacks lulled
last night, Police Chief Richard
Wagner disclosed at a news con-
ference his men had found a
makeshifa fire bomb school.
The third killing came at dawn.
A Negro man, Samuel Winches-
ter, 54, was felled by a bullet near
a bus stop about three miles from
the troubled center of Hough.
Before he died, Winchester
gasped that his assailant was a
white man, shooting from a car.
A few hours later, Negro Coun-
cilman M. Morris Jackson called
on Mayor Ralph S. Locher to de-
mand martial law for he riot-
struck area after violence had left
three dead, more than 30 injured
and heavy, continuing property
Locher conferred with National
Guard officers and police officials.
Then he announced that a curfew
and martial law still was under
consideration but no action had
been decided upon.
An 850-man guard unit from
the Cleveland area was pulled
home from summer training camp
at Camp Grayling, Mich., 24 hours
ahead of the original schedule.,An
aide to Gov. James A. Rhodes said
in Columbus there were nio plans
to use the Guardsmen in Cleve-
land "as of now."
Locher said he expected in-
creased lawlessness over the week-
end. He said he had taken ample
The police chief said he was
convinced that fire bombs were be-
ing manufactured at an East Side
house used by a militant Negro
Fire has wrought heavy damage
in widely scattered areas. In four
nights, firemen answered- nearly
250 calls-many of them ignited
by crude fire bombs, often gaso-
line-filled pint size whisky bottles.
"We know there is a school
training these kids how to make
fire bombs," Wagner said.
-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
GOING OUT IN A BLAZE .0
Much of the remains of the West Physics building were destroyed by fire yesterday morning. The structure, which was being demolish-
ed to make way for an addition to the general library, burst into flames from workmen's torches ignited oil-soaked floors. Dozens of
firemen on the scene used high-pressure fire hoses in an attempt to bring the blaze under control. The east wall of the structure, that
closest to the Undergraduate Library, collapsed into the driveway separating the two buildings, but the other walls, which firemen feared
might collapse, remained standing.
READY IN FALL.
SekRao m nG ogaGoverning Disciwplinary Action,
By PATRICIA O'DONOHUE 1
Student pressure at the Univer-
sity of Georgia has resulted in the
draft of proposals aimed at re-
forming the present student disci-
The students circulated a peti-
tion among the student body and
members of the faculty calling for
a change in the present system
early in the spring. Prof. D. Meade
Feild of the Georgia law school,
with several members of the law
faculty, prepared a draft which is
now being reviewed by a presiden-
tial committee. The committee has
not been able to review the pro-
posal thoroughly, according to
Feild, because they would like to
put the new system into operation
at that time.
Feild noted that in the present
system "if a student were to be
seen on campus with his shirttail
out he would be packed up and
The reform measures would en-
sure the student due process of
law in disciplinary proceedings.
The proposals as they now stand
-The prohibition of illegal
searches and seizures;
-The serving of adequate no-
tice upon students before disci-
plinary proceedings began and
-The right of representation by
a lawyer or lay advisor.
The proposals also outline the
manner in which the hearings
should be conducted;
-The hearings would be held
before a board which would con-
sist of at least three members but
not more than five. The members
of the board should come from the
faculty and at least one member
should come from the law school.
A specific term would be desig-
nated for the members. Full au-
thority to hold hearings, make de-
cisions and to apply penal regula-
tions would be made, which in
turn should be supported by the
-The University of Georgia
would be responsible for providing
sufficient evidence supporting the
chargeagainst the student. At the
conclusion of the hearings the
board should find the student in-
nocent unless sufficient evidence
has been presented.
-The p r osec u tilnig officials
should present evidence by way of
witnesses or documents. Feild said
tions. Both students and officials
would be notified of any pending
-The board would be required
to conduct an open hearing.
-A confession of guilt by a
student would not be accepted un-
less it was voluntary.
-Until the hearing is held, the
status of the student would not
be changed and his right to attend
classes and university functions
wouldremain the same. The pres-
ent practice of seizing ID cards
during an investigation would be
prohibited because such seizure
amounts to punishment before
conviction, the report states. Un-
der the new system the student
would only be required to present
his ID card.
--Upon conviction the student
would be informed of his right to
Feild said that these proposals
were not intended to criticize the
disciplinary officials of Georgia
but that the standards proposed
are merely those things which
seem essential if disciplinary pro-
cedures "are to accord with due
Feilds said that he 'hoped" the
reforms would be accepted in the
fall. He added that while many of-
ficials support the old system the
student pressure for reform is very
Group May Hold Referendum
ToStp loin o Uio Po
REACTION TO THREATENED TRIALS OF PILOTS:
Griffin Predicts 'All-Out War' Demand
LANSING UP} - The trial and erate handling it on a purely po- portedly was not nearly so en-
sentencing of United States air- litical basis," he added. couraging.
men by North Viet Nam could lead Griffin is running unopposed in But there has been "a dramatic
to a public demand for "all-out the Republican primary, while improvement," he said-due prob-
war," U.S. Sen. Robert Griffin (R- former Gov. G. Mennen Williams ably to his appointment to fill
Mich) said yesterday. and Detroit Mayor Jerome Cav- the vacancy created by the death
If Hanoi carried through on its anagh fight for the Democratic of U.S. Sen. Patrick McNamara
threat--and many exnect it will- nomination for the Senate seat last spring, "a trend both here and
general election campaign," he
Griffin, in turn, said that Sen-
ate Minority Leader Everett Dirk-
sen (R-Ill), House Minority Lead-
er Gerald Ford (R-Mich) and Sen.
Thruston Morton (R-Ky) "are an-
xious to help in the Michigan cam-
By CHARLOTTE A. WOLTER
A group of students, faculty and
alumni who are opposing the clos-
ing of the Union Pool and its con-
version into office space, an-
nounced yesterday plans to present
their case to the Union manage-
ment in the near future.
James Nourse, an alumnus who
is acting as spokesman for the
group. said the pool, contrary to
action taken will be to present9
to management a letter outlining
their obligations and to arrange a
meeting to discuss the closing of
If the management does not
agree at that time to halt the
renovation plans, according to the;
Union constitution, the group
must then petition them, with sig-
natures from 200 Union members
who oppose the action. If the Un-
ion management does not wish to
injunction, but added that no
plans for this action have been
Nourse felt that the conversion
of the pool into office space, in
addition to depriving the central
campus of needed recreational
space, was a waste of the Univer-
sity's money. He said that the cost
of refurbishing the pool in order
to attract a larger clientele was a
fraction of the cost of turning it
into office space which could be